If you suspect your child has a peanut allergy, you should have them tested by a medical professional. Even when precautions are taken, inadvertent exposures can and do occur. An epinephrine injector can help reduce the risk of allergic reactions in children with peanut allergies.
- The new guidelines from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and other organizations recommend giving very small amounts of peanuts to children at a young age to train their immune systems, so it does not overreact and cause a dangerous allergic reaction.
- Instead of whole peanuts, which are choking hazards, the guidelines recommend alternatives, such as watered-down peanut butter or easy-to-gum, peanut-flavored gum.
- Peanut-containing foods should be introduced to high-risk babies when they are four to six months old. They should have their first taste in the doctor's office or at home with a parent watching for any reactions.
- Babies with a moderate risk have milder reactions, which are typically treated with over-the-counter creams. At about six months, babies should begin eating peanut-based foods at home.
- Most babies are at low risk, and parents can begin introducing peanut-based foods alongside other solids when babies are aged about six months old.
- To develop tolerance, peanut-based foods must be included in the regular diet three times a week after discussing with your doctor.
You should consult with your pediatrician before making any dietary decisions or changes for your child.
Is peanut allergy curable?
There is no cure for peanut allergies. Severely allergic individuals must avoid exposure at all costs to avoid potentially fatal reactions.
Treatment for an allergic reaction from peanuts may include:
- Over-the-counter antihistamines, such as Benadryl can treat minor allergic responses in children in some situations.
- Auto-injector, most widely called EpiPen, administers medication (epinephrine) to treat signs of an allergic response immediately. A child may touch peanuts or have them by mistake, so you, your child, or caretakers should always carry the auto-injector.
- If your kid has a severe allergic response and requires immediate medical attention, physicians may prescribe steroids to reduce inflammation and prevent symptoms from recurring or worsening.
- If your kid develops asthma symptoms due to a severe allergic reaction, physicians may recommend using an inhaler or a nebulizer to help them breathe more easily.
Children with peanut allergies can stay safe if they are mindful of their surroundings. The following are some ways to prevent allergic reactions:
- Teach your child to avoid touching their eyes, nose, or mouth after touching peanuts.
- Read all food labels for ingredient and packaging information.
- When dining out, inquire about peanut-containing foods.
- Always keep two epinephrine injectors on hand.
- Declaring "peanut-free" zones in classrooms and cafeterias at schools and childcare centers can help keep your child safe.
- If your child develops allergy symptoms, contact their pediatrician right away or dial 911. Allergic reactions can progress quickly, so seek treatment as soon as possible.
A variety of therapeutic interventions for peanut allergy are currently being researched.
Oral immunotherapy study for desensitization
Oral immunotherapy trains the body's immune system to tolerate a food to which it is currently hypersensitive. This is accomplished by consuming extremely small amounts of the allergen regularly, gradually increasing the amount consumed.
Living with a peanut allergy can be stressful, but with a little more care and preparation, the child can eat their favorite foods.
What are the common signs and symptoms of peanut allergy in children?
Allergies to peanuts can cause moderate to life-threatening symptoms in susceptible children. If your child has a peanut allergy, they will most likely experience an allergic reaction within minutes. Sometimes, a delayed reaction after hours could be seen.
In the United States, more than 1 million children have a peanut allergy, and only one out of every five of these children will outgrow their sensitivity.
The following are some of the most common signs and symptoms of a peanut allergy in children:
- Swelling of skin tissue and puffiness
- Skin rash (redness or itching)
- Itching or tingling in or around the mouth and throat
- Stomach cramps
- Nausea or vomiting
- Tightening of the throat
- Shortness of breath or wheezing
Peanut allergy anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction that can cause death within minutes. If your kid exhibits any of the following symptoms of anaphylaxis, call 911 right away:
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling or closing of the throat
- A sudden drop in blood pressure (shock)
- Turning pale
- Blue lips
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
While the specific etiology of a peanut allergy is unknown at this time, research has revealed that a complex combination of genetic, environmental, and other variables may be involved.
Latest Allergies News
Daily Health News
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Peanut. https://acaai.org/allergies/allergic-conditions/food/peanut/
McCarthy C. Peanut Allergies: What You Should Know About the Latest Research & Guidelines. American Academy of Pediatrics. https://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/allergies-asthma/Pages/Peanut-Allergies-What-You-Should-Know-About-the-Latest-Research.aspx
Top How Can I Help My Child With a Peanut Allergy Related Articles
Common Allergies: Symptoms and SignsWhat are allergies? Pollen, food, perfumes, and many more things can provoke allergy symptoms. Allergies are an overreaction of the immune system where the body's defenses react to certain allergens. Learn about common allergy triggers and how you can avoid an allergy attack.
Allergy ShotsAllergy shots are given to increase your tolerance to allergens that cause allergy symptoms. At the beginning, allergy shots will be administered once or twice a week for several months. The dose is increased each time until a maintenance dose is reached. Side effects of allergy shots include itchy eyes, shortness of breath, runny nose, tight throat, redness, swelling, and irritation.
Allergy Treatment Begins at HomeAvoiding allergy triggers at home is one of the best ways to prevent allergy symptoms. Controlling temperature, humidity, and ventilation are a few ways to allergy-proof the home. Cleaning, vacuuming, and using HEPA air filters also helps control allergies.
AnaphylaxisAnaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that affects a number of different areas of the body at one time, and can be fatal. Causes of anaphylaxis can be food allergy, latex allergy, allergy to insect or but stings/bites, asthma, or other materials or conditions. Symptoms include flushing, itching, hives, anxiety, rapid or irregular pulse. Severe symptoms may be throat and tongue swelling, swallowing, and difficulty breathing. Some disorders appear similar to anaphylaxis such as fainting, panic attacks, blood clots in the lungs, heart attacks, and septic shock. If you think that you may be having an anaphylactic reaction, seek emergency care or call 911 immediately.
Celiac Disease SlideshowDo you suffer from celiac disease? Learn about diet, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatments for this digestive disorder that occurs in reaction to gluten and damages the intestines.
Food AllergyThe most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs of a food allergy reaction include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, itching, hives, eczema, asthma, lightheadedness, and anaphylaxis. Allergy skin tests, RAST, and ELISA tests may be used to diagnose a food allergy. Though dietary avoidance may be sufficient treatment for mild allergies, the use of an Epipen may be necessary for severe food allergies.
Nasal Allergy ReliefLearn how a combination of medication, preventing allergens, and allergy relief products can reduce allergy symptoms and help you feel better.
Allergies SlideshowLearn 10 signs your allergies are out of control. See these surprising allergy symptoms and find out how to get relief for sneezing, congestion, watery eyes, and more.
Peanut AllergyPeanut allergies causes signs and symptoms that include hives, itching, redness, and a rash. Severe reactions may cause decreased blood pressure, lightheadedness, difficulty breathing, nausea, and behavioral changes. Someone with a peanut allergy should have an EpiPen with them at all times.
Is Food Intolerance the Same as Food Allergy?Food intolerance is a condition in which an individual has difficulty in digesting certain foods. Consumption of these foods manifests as physical symptoms such as bloating, loose motion, gases, and bellyache. Food intolerance is quite common. Most people are aware of the foods that disagree with them.
What Are the Two Signs of Anaphylaxis?Anaphylaxis is defined as a group of symptoms exhibited by the body in reaction to a particular substance. Anaphylaxis is a potentially life-threatening reaction and therefore must be promptly spotted and treated.
What Are Typical Allergy Symptoms?Allergy symptoms differ depending on the type of allergy and body part involved. For example, food allergies may cause different symptoms than nasal allergies or eye allergies. The severity of symptoms may also vary, ranging from mild irritation to a life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis.
What Causes Allergy Flare-ups?During certain seasons, allergies can make you miserable. Learn what causes allergy flare-ups during spring and summer.
What Foods Cause Oral Allergy Syndrome?Oral allergy syndrome, also called pollen food allergy syndrome or PFAS, is a type of food allergy caused by certain allergens found in both pollen and raw vegetables and fruits and some nuts. Foods that cause oral allergy syndrome include those in the birch, grass and ragweed families.
What Is the Most Common Tree Nut Allergy?The most common nut allergies are cashew, walnut, hazelnut and pistachio. In the U.S. the most common nut allergy is cashew, followed by walnut. In the U.K. the most common nut allergy is hazelnut.