Unfortunately, a miscarriage cannot always be prevented because many factors such as chromosomal abnormalities are unavoidable.
Although you cannot prevent a miscarriage, however, there are steps you can take to lower your risk and have a healthier pregnancy.
4 ways to lower your risk of miscarriage
1. Lifestyle changes
Certain changes before and after pregnancy can help prevent miscarriages:
- Not smoking
- Avoiding alcohol or illegal drugs during pregnancy
- Limiting your caffeine intake before and during pregnancy
- Eating a healthy diet
- Avoiding certain foods during pregnancy
- Managing stress
- Taking at least 400 mcg of folic acid every day, beginning at least one to two months before conception
- Losing weight before pregnancy if you are overweight or obese
- Managing weight gain if you are overweight or obese during pregnancy
- Trying to prevent certain infections, such as rubella
- Staying active
2. Prenatal care
- Inform you of the baby’s development
- Detect conditions such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes (these conditions may not cause noticeable early signs; however, regular blood pressure and urine tests can help detect problems)
- Assess the health of your baby using blood tests or the ultrasound scanner
- Ask you about your emotional well-being and help you obtain support if needed
If you are unable to make an appointment for prenatal care, ask your healthcare provider to schedule another appointment.
3. Tests following a miscarriage
If you have experienced a late miscarriage or three miscarriages in a row (recurrent miscarriage), you should undergo tests to identify the cause.
Although doctors cannot always diagnose the cause, if they identify an abnormality (such as a uterine abnormality or an infection), you may be offered treatment to reduce the risk of another miscarriage.
Moreover, you should be aware of actions to be taken before conception and during pregnancy to protect your baby's health in the future and lower the risk of any complications.
4. Treating an identified cause
If your doctor identifies the exact cause of the miscarriage, identifying and treating the underlying cause can prevent further miscarriages. Some of the conditions and their treatments are highlighted below:
- Antiphospholipid syndrome: Antiphospholipid syndrome, also called Hughes syndrome, refers to a condition that causes blood clots and can be treated with medications. Research suggests that women with this condition when treated with a combination of heparin and aspirin showed improved pregnancy outcomes.
- Weakened cervix: A weakened cervix, also known as cervical incompetence, can be fixed with surgery that involves putting a small piece of thread around the cervix to keep it closed. This procedure is typically done after the first 12 weeks of the pregnancy.
What tests are done after repeated miscarriages?
Genetic tests or blood tests may be required if you have had at least three miscarriages in a row (called repeat miscarriages)::
- Genetic tests: Both partners may have to undergo blood tests, including karyotyping, to determine whether there are any chromosome-related abnormalities. If the tissue from the miscarriage is available, your doctor may analyze it for chromosomal abnormalities.
- Blood tests: You may have to undergo a blood test to check for hormonal or autoimmune issues that may be causing the miscarriages.
Your doctor may also check your uterus by using one of the following methods:
- Hysterosalpingogram: An examination involving an X-ray dye test of your fallopian tube and uterus
- Hysteroscopy: A test where your doctor can view the inner uterus using a thin device
- Laparoscopy: A test that allows your doctor to view the pelvic organs using a light device
Top How Can I Avoid Miscarriage Related Articles
What Are the Chances of Successful Pregnancy After Miscarriage?Your body may require anywhere from a few weeks to over a month to recover from a miscarriage. The pregnancy hormones remain in your blood for up to two months. You should expect to get your period four to six weeks after miscarriage.
How Long Does It Take for Your Cervix To Heal After a D&C?The recovery from dilation and curettage (D&C) depends on the type of procedure and type of anesthesia administered. After the surgery, you will be made to rest for about 2-5 hours before going home.
Exercise & PregnancyPregnancy exercises and workouts for moms-to-be include Kegel exercises and prenatal yoga. A prenatal workout is an important part of healthy living. Try these safe exercises for pregnancy.
How to Prevent MiscarriageWhile not all miscarriages have known causes, adopting certain habits before and during pregnancy may help prevent miscarriage.
Miscarriage is the medical term for the spontaneous loss of pregnancy from conception to 20 weeks gestation. Risk factors for a woman having a miscarriage include cigarette smoking, older maternal age, radiation exposure, previous miscarriage, maternal weight, illicit drug use, use of NSAIDs, and trauma or anatomical abnormalities to the uterus. There are five classified types of miscarriage: 1) threatened abortion; 2) incomplete abortion; 3) complete abortion; 4) missed abortion; and (5 septic abortion. While there are no specific treatments to stop a miscarriage, a woman's doctor may advise avoiding certain activities, bed rest, etc. If a woman believes she has had a miscarriage, she needs to seek prompt medical attention.
Pregnancy Myths and Facts QuizBeing pregnant is a delicate time for both mother and baby. Take this pregnancy myths and facts quiz to separate the myths and facts about being pregnant, and learn the truth behind healthy pregnancies!
What Foods Should I Eat During My First Trimester of Pregnancy?What to know about diet during the first trimester. Learn more about how to protect and fuel your body and baby during this exciting time.
raspberry leafRaspberry leaf is an herbal product used by pregnant women as a uterine tonic to ease labor and delivery. Suggested uses of raspberry leaf include painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea), excessively heavy menstruation (menorrhagia), prevention of miscarriage, alleviation of morning sickness, diarrhea, and others. There are no reported side effects of raspberry leaf. Overdose of raspberry leaf may cause vomiting and diarrhea. Do not take raspberry leaf during the first trimester of pregnant. Consult your doctor if breastfeeding.
What Are the Dos and Don'ts During the Second Trimester of Pregnancy?2nd trimester pregnancy - Learn what you should and shouldn't do during the second trimester of pregnancy to protect you and your baby's health. Prenatal vitamins, exercise, sleep, no alcohol or smoking and more.
Stages of Pregnancy: Week by WeekSee pictures on the various stages of pregnancy. See and learn what changes a woman's body goes through and view fetal images of how her baby grows during the 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimesters.
What Is the Best Treatment After Miscarriage?Dilation and curettage (D&C) is the most common surgical procedure performed for incomplete miscarriage, involving removing the contents of the fetus and other tissues.
What Week Is the Highest Risk of a Miscarriage?Most miscarriages occur in the first trimester before the 12th week of pregnancy. A miscarriage in the second trimester (between 13 and 19 weeks) happens in 1% to 5% of pregnancies. The risk of a miscarriage decreases by 10% after the pregnancy crosses six weeks.
The loss of a baby within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy is called a miscarriage. Most women, especially during early pregnancy, will experience a miscarriage that is similar to heavy periods with slightly more cramping and bleeding than usual. It’s also common to have vaginal bleeding and pass large blood clots up to the size of a lemon.