Hot flashes (or flushing) is the most common symptom experienced by a woman prior to and during the early stages of menopause, and often is described as the feeling of warmth that spreads over the body, often starting at the head accompanied by sweating. In the Study of Women Across America the Nation (SWAN) women had hot flashes that lasted on average 7 1/2 years. Symptoms of hot flashes include:
Diagnosis is made by taking a patient history and, at times, blood tests. Treatment options include hormone therapy, bioidentical hormone therapy, and medications. There are non-FDA approved natural home remedies such as:
Hot flashes also can be caused by other conditions. Scientific studies to prove the safety and effectiveness of these products in relieving hot flashes have not been adequately performed. Consult your health-care professional before taking any herbal supplement.Read more: Hot Flashes (Causes, Symptoms & Medication Treatment in Men and Women) Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Endometriosis implants are most commonly found on the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, outer surfaces of the uterus or intestines, and on the surface lining of the pelvic cavity. They also can be found in the vagina, cervix, and bladder. Endometriosis may not produce any symptoms, but when it does the most common symptom is pelvic pain that worsens just prior to menstruation and improves at the end of the menstrual period. Other symptoms of endometriosis include pain during sex, pain with pelvic examinations, cramping or pain during bowel movements or urination, and infertility. Treatment of endometriosis can be with medication or surgery.
Panic attacks are sudden feelings of terror that strike without warning. These episodes can occur at any time, even during sleep. A person experiencing a panic attack may believe that he or she is having a heart attack or that death is imminent. The fear and terror that a person experiences during a panic attack are not in proportion to the true situation and may be unrelated to what is happening around them. Most people with panic attacks experience several of the following symptoms: racing heartbeat, faintness, dizziness, numbness or tingling in the hands and fingers, chills, chest pains, difficulty breathing, and a feeling of loss or control. There are several treatments for panic attacks.
Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, irregular vaginal bleeding, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, urinary incontinence, weight gain, and emotional symptoms such as mood swings. Treatment of menopausal symptoms varies, and should be discussed with your physician.
Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and diseases that may occur. Educating yourself so that the transitions into different phases of life is key to a healthy, happy, and productive life.
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Natural Remedies for Hot Flashes
Hot flashes are experienced by many women, especially at night. However, not all women undergoing menopause experience hot flashes. What causes hot flashes? A hot flash is a feeling of warmth that spreads over the body. Treatment for hot flashes include hormone replacement therapy and alternative prescription medications such as: SSRIs (Effexor, Paxil, Prozac), clonidine (Catapres), megestrol (Megace), and gabapentin (Neurontin). Few natural remedies for hot flashes (for example phytoestrogens - isoflavones, black cohosh, and vitamin E) have been scientifically studied.
Female Reproductive System
The female reproductive system is designed to carry out several functions, including: producing the female egg cells, conception, and producing female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle. During menopause the female reproductive system gradually stops making the female hormones necessary for the reproductive cycle to work. Some of the important parts of the female reproductive anatomy include the: uterus, ovaries, vagina, cervix, urethra, and vaginal opening.
Premature Menopause (Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments)
Premature menopause is when menopause occurs in a woman before the age of 40. Causes of premature menopause include premature ovarian failure, treatments for cancer and other conditions, surgical removal of the ovaries, or chronic diseases of the pituitary or thyroid gland, or psychiatric disorders. Treatment is directed at menopausal symptoms.
Sex and Menopause (What to Expect)
Menopause is often associated with a change in sexual functioning. Loss of estrogen, bladder control issues, anxiety, stress, health concerns, medications, and sleep disturbances often result in a decrease in libido. Though there are currently no good drugs for treating sexual problems in women, there are ways to increase intimacy with a partner and treat vaginal dryness.
Male menopause refers to the decline in testosterone production in men. As men age, they often experience many of the same symptoms that women experience in menopause. Testosterone replacement therapy may relieve some of these symptoms.
Alternative Treatment for MS (CAM for MS)
The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been scientifically documented or identified as safe or effective for a specific condition. Alternative therapy encompasses a variety of disciplines that range from diet and exercise to mental conditioning to lifestyle changes.
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
Carcinoid Syndrome (Carcinoid Tumor)
A carcinoid tumor is a tumor that develops from enterochromaffin cells. The important characteristic of carcinoid tumors that sets them apart from other gastrointestinal tract tumors, is their potential to cause the carcinoid syndrome. Local symptoms may include: Abdominal pain Intestinal bleeding Flushing Gastrointestinal bleeding Diarrhea However, often symptoms of the carcinoid syndrome can be more devastating than the local symptoms. There are many options for the treatment of carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome.
Perimenopause is the time in a woman's life when she is approaching menopause. During this time a woman starts to develop symptoms of declining estrogen levels that may include mood swings, painful sex, night sweats, hot flashes, and weight gain. Every adult woman eventually will experience perimenopause.
Night Sweats (In Men and Women) Causes, Remedies, and Treatments
Night sweats are severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. The causes of night sweats in most people are not serious, like menopause in women, sleep apnea, medications, alcohol withdrawal, and thyroid problems. However, more serious diseases like cancer and HIV also can cause night sweats. Your doctor will treat your night sweats depending upon the cause. You may experience other signs and symptoms that are associated with night sweats, which depend upon the cause, but may include, shaking, and chills with a fever caused by an infection like the flu or pneumonia; unexplained weight loss due to lymphoma; women in perimenopause or menopause may also have vaginal dryness, mood swings, and hot flashes during the day; and low blood sugar in people with diabetes. Other causes of night sweats include medications like NSAIDs (aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), antidepressants, sildenafil (Viagra), and abuse of prescription or illegal drugs and drug withdrawal; hormone disorders like pheochromocytoma and carcinoid syndrome; idiopathic hyperhidrosis; infections like endocarditis, AIDs, and abscesses; alcoholism and alcohol withdrawal; drug abuse, addiction, and withdrawal; and stroke. A doctor or other health care professional can treat your night sweats after the cause has been diagnosed.
Stress Management Techniques
Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a factor in disease causation. An important goal for those under stress is the management of stress in our lives. Elimination of stress is unrealistic, since stress is a part of normal life. We can however, learn to manage stress through techniques such as exercise, relaxation, meditation, time management, and support systems so that we have control over our stress and its effects on our physical and mental health.
Menstruation (Menstrual Cycle)
Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed. This shedding of the uterine linking is the menstrual blood flow. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days. There can be problems with a woman's period, including heavy bleeding, pain, or skipped periods. Causes of these problems may be amenorrhea (lack of a period), menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea), or abnormal vaginal or uterine bleeding. There are a variety of situations in which a girl or woman should see a doctor about her menstrual cycle.
Primary Ovarian Insufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI)
Primary ovarian iInsufficiency (POF, Premature Ovarian Failure, POI) is the cessation of normal functioning of the ovaries in women under the age of 40. Premature ovarian failure may be caused by follicle depletion or dysfunction. The most common symptom of premature ovarian failure are irregular periods. There is no "treatment" that will restore the ovarian function, but there are treatments that my relieve symptoms.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is considered a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMDD has also been referred to as late luteal phase dysphoric disorder. The cause of PMDD is unknown. Some of the common symptoms of PMDD (not an inclusive list) include mood swings, bloating, fatigue, headache, irritability, headache, breast tenderness, acne, and hot flashes. Treatment for PMDD is with medication to treat the symptoms of PMDD.
Vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy occurs in women during perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause. With vaginal atrophy, the lining of the vaginal wall becomes thinner, drier, less elastic, and light pink to bluish in color. Symptoms of vaginal atrophy include: vaginal dryness, itching, irritation, and/or pain during intercourse. Treatment options for vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy include hormone treatment and over-the-counter vaginal lubricating and moisturizing products.
Local ResourcesFind a local Endocrinologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- estradiol, Alora, Climara, Delestrogen, Depo-Estradiol, Divigel, Elestrin, Estrace, and Others
- venlafaxine, Effexor XR (Effexor has been discontinued in the US)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- estropipate, Ogen
- clonidine (Catapres, Catapres-TTS)
- medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera)
- Conjugated Estrogens (Cenestin, Enjuvia, Estrace, and Others)
- paroxetine (Brisdelle)
- flibanserin (Addyi)
- Lyrica vs. Gabapentin: Differences between Pain Relief and Uses
- Celexa vs. Cymbalta (Comparison of Differences and Similarities)
Prevention & Wellness
- Health Tip: Relieving Hot Flashes
- More Hot Flashes Could Mean Higher Odds for Heart Trouble
- Mindfulness Might Ease Menopause Symptoms
- Incontinence Drug May Cut Hot Flashes in Breast Cancer Survivors
- Pregnancy Complications Tied to More Menopausal Hot Flashes
- Health Tip: Manage Hot Flashes
- Scientists Get Closer to Origins of Hot Flashes
- Bad Hot Flashes, Sleep Apnea Often Go Together
- Could Hormone Supplements for Menopause Make a Comeback?
- Estrogen May Influence Women's Depression Risk
- Many Women Mistaken on 'Side Effects' of Breast Cancer Drug
- Reporting Symptoms Online to Docs Helps Cancer Patients Live Longer
- Obese Women May Have More Intense Hot Flashes
- Hormone Therapy Not Advised for Preventing Disease After Menopause
- Cervical Cancer May Leave Lasting Imprint on Survivors
- Early Onset Hot Flashes May Signal Higher Heart Risks
- Prostate Cancer Treatments Have Varying Side Effects, Study Shows
- HRT Won't Lower Women's Alzheimer's Risk, Study Finds
- Post-Menopausal? Give Exercise a Try
- Another Menopause Side Effect: Shortness of Breath?
- Researchers Identify Genes Linked to Hot Flashes
- Hot Flashes, Mood Woes?
- Health Tip: Why Can't I Stop Sweating?
- Menopause: Not All Hot Flashes Are Created Equal
- Acupuncture May Ease Hot Flashes for Breast Cancer Patients
- Sham Acupuncture Equals Real Acupuncture for Hot Flashes: Study
- Safe to Take Antidepressants With Tamoxifen: Study
- Rare Condition Can 'Masculinize' Women
- Frequent Hot Flashes Linked to Heart Disease Risk
- Abused Women Struggle With More Severe Menopause Symptoms: Study
- Acupuncture Best for Hot Flashes in Breast Cancer Survivors: Study
- Common Antidepressants Linked to Higher Fracture Odds in Menopausal Women
- Could ADHD Drug Find New Role in Menopause?
- Hormone Therapy Doesn't Help Memory: Study
- Vitamin D, Calcium Don't Reduce Menopause Symptoms
- FAQ: Hormonal Therapy for Menopause
- New Study Casts Doubt on Dangers of Hormone Therapy for Hot Flashes
- Early Onset Hot Flashes May Point to Raised Heart Disease Risk
- More Than Half of Women Have Hot Flashes for at Least 7 Years
- Full Bladder May Get a Third of Women Over 40 Up at Night
- Kids: An Rx for Menopause's Hot Flashes?
- Health Tip: Anxiety Can Affect Your Health
- Early Hormone Therapy May Be Safe for Women's Hearts
- Is Coffee Aggravating Your Hot Flashes?
- Losing Weight May Ease Hot Flashes, Study Finds
- Breast Cancer Drug Aromasin May Be Option for Some Premenopausal Women
- Migraines May Worsen During Menopause
- PMS Not Linked to Hot Flashes Later, Study Finds
- Antidepressant Eases Menopause-Related Symptoms, Study Finds
- Major Women's Health Study Paid Big Dividends
- 'Nerve Block' to Neck Might Help Ease Hot Flashes
- For Many Women, Hot Flashes Last 10 Years or More After Menopause
- Experts Lay Out Options for Menopause Symptoms
- Acupuncture No Better Than 'Sham' Version in Breast-Cancer Drug Study
- Drug Arimidex Cuts Risk for Breast Cancer in Older, High-Risk Women: Study
- Estrogen Won't Make Women Sharper After Menopause, Study Finds
- Hormone Therapy May Work Only for Women With Hot Flashes
- Estrogen After Menopause May Blunt Stress' Effects on Memory
- Could a Neck Injection Ease Tough-to-Bear Hot Flashes?
- Yoga Fails to Cool Hot Flashes, But May Aid Sleep
- FDA OKs Drug to Treat Hot Flashes in Menopausal Women
- Usual 'Hot Flash' Therapies Don't Help Prostate Cancer Patients: Study
- Study Compares Heart Risks for 2 Hormonal Regimens
- New Analysis Confirms Hormone Therapy Won't Prevent Disease After Menopause
- New Clues About Hot Flashes and the Brain
- Menopausal Hot Flashes Might Be More Intense for Cancer Survivors
- Women With HIV May Suffer More From Hot Flashes
- Women at High Breast Cancer Risk Should Consider Preventive Drugs: Experts
- First Non-Hormonal Remedy Approved for Menopausal Hot Flashes
- Health Tip: Manage Menopause
- Menopause-Like Woes Hinder Breast Cancer Treatment: Study
- Household Chores May Ease Nighttime Menopausal Symptoms
- Survey Tallies Menopause Symptoms' Toll
- What Causes Hot Flashes? Rat Study Gives New Clues
- New Drug Regimens May Slow Advanced Breast Cancer
- Soy Might Not Prevent Hot Flashes
- Hypnosis May Ease Hot Flashes in Postmenopausal Women
- Hypnosis Halts Hot Flashes for Some Women
- Hormones May Not Raise Alzheimer's Risks
- Panel Advises Against Hormones to Prevent Disease
- Hormone Therapy May Benefit Some Women's Hearts
- Hormone Therapy in Early Menopause May Benefit Some Women: Study
- Can Weight Loss Cool Hot Flashes?
- Medical Groups Agree on Use of Hormone-Replacement Therapy
- Exercise Might Keep Menopausal Hot Flashes at Bay
- Hot Flashes Don't Signal Poor Heart Health for Most Women: Study
- Study Finds Soy Supplements Don't Boost Thinking Skills
- Health Tip: Eat Right During Menopause
- Panel: Hormone Therapy Not for Disease Prevention
- Menopause: Smokers Have More Hot Flashes
- Health Tip: Recognize Common Symptoms of Menopause
- What Causes Hot Flashes, Anyway?
- Soy Supplements May Cool Hot Flashes: Study
- Menopause 'Brain Fog' May Be Real
- Menopause May Cost Women Sick Days
- Estrogen After Hysterectomy Lowers Cancer Risk?
- New Guidelines to Help Breast Cancer Survivors
- Psychotherapy May Ease Hot Flashes After Breast Cancer
- New Drug Treats Fibroids With Fewer Side Effects
- Health Tip: Physical Problems May Cause Insomnia
- Side Effects Cause Many Older Women to Drop Breast Cancer Drugs
- Active Surveillance May Benefit Men With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer
- Hot Flashes Linked to Higher Cholesterol
- Being Heavier May Mean Fewer Hot Flashes for Women Over 60
- Combination Therapy May Treat Prostate Cancer
- FDA Approves Prostate Cancer Drug Zytiga
- New Insight on Weight Gain After Prostate Cancer Therapy
- Seizure and Pain Drug May Treat Hot Flashes
- Progesterone Alone May Help Hot Flashes