How to soothe mosquito bites?
Mosquitoes are a big-time nuisance even though all mosquitoes do not spread diseases. Female mosquitoes usually bite animals and humans to suck a small amount of their blood. Mosquitoes require protein and iron from blood to produce eggs. After producing eggs, they lay their eggs in standing water. The eggs then undergo various stages to develop into adult mosquitoes. Mosquito bites appear as red, itchy rashes, which resolves in a few days. A few mosquitoes act as a vector to spread diseases like:
11 home remedies for mosquito bites
Cream and ointments can alleviate the aftereffects of mosquito bites. However, several home remedies may cure the itch and redness associated with mosquito bites.
1. Baking soda
Baking soda can soothe the itching, stinging, and redness associated with mosquito bites. Apply the paste of baking soda by mixing one teaspoon of baking soda to three teaspoons of water. Baking soda is an ingredient in most over the counter creams. Nevertheless, the daily use of baking soda isn’t good for the skin.
2. Calamine lotion
The calamine lotion applied to the bites can immediately soothe the itches and reduce redness.
Arnica is a herb that has origins in Europe. It has been known to reduce inflammation and redness associated with mosquito bites. Mix one tablespoon of arnica tincture in half a liter of water, and apply it on the site to soothe itching and redness.
Honey has wound healing properties that may be useful in mosquito bites. Putting a drop of honey and spreading it on the affected site help to reduce inflammation and prevent infection. Besides, it soothes redness and itching due to mosquito bites.
5. Aloe vera
Aloe vera is famous for its soothing effects. Aloe vera has shown to have anti-inflammatory properties that calm itchiness and redness associated with mosquito bites. Apply the natural aloe vera gel to the affected part and let it dry. For best results, apply two to three times a day.
6. Peppermint oil
Peppermint oil has anti-inflammatory properties due to its menthol constituent. Peppermint has been promoted to reduce itchiness and inflammation associated with mosquito bites, but there is little evidence to prove the same. Applying a drop of peppermint oil to the affected area may reduce inflammation.
7. Concentrated heat
Heat compress on the affected site may improve the symptoms of mosquito bites. Applying a hot water bag or a medical device that provides concentrated heat may be useful in the reduction of symptoms.
8. Basil oil
Basil oil has a component called eugenol, which is effective against itchiness and rashes. You can crush a fresh basil leaf and apply it to bites. Eugenol has anti-inflammatory properties that help to alleviate the swelling.
Oatmeal has been used as a soothing agent to relieve itch and irritation associated with various insect bites. Apply the oatmeal paste by mixing oatmeal with an equal amount of water, keep it for 10 minutes, then wipe the area clean.
The essential blue oil present in chamomile has anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties. Thus, it is helpful to soothe itchiness and redness. Mix two to three teaspoons of dried flowers per cup of water and use it as a compress on the affected site.
11. Tea tree oil
However, if you observe the following severe symptoms, then immediately consult your doctor rather than waiting for results from home remedies:
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Mayoclinic. Mosquito Bites. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mosquito-bites/symptoms-causes/syc-20375310
NIH. Aloe Vera. https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/aloe-vera#hed3
Shenefelt PD. Herbal Treatment for Dermatologic Disorders. In: Benzie IFF, Wachtel-Galor S, eds. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. 2nd ed. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press/Taylor & Francis. 2011. Medline Plus. Mosquito Bites. https://medlineplus.gov/mosquitobites.html
Haynes J, Callaghan R. Properties of Honey: Its Mode of Action and Clinical Outcomes. Semantic Scholar. 2011. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Properties-of-honey%3A-its-mode-of-action-and-Haynes-Callaghan/130c91fb812e35728e3bfc854c038a368cfb16c8?p2df
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