HIV antibody tests detect antibodies the body produces to neutralize the virus. HIV RNA testing uses polymerase chain reaction to detect HIV RNA in a person's blood. It usually takes one to three days to get results. Read more: HIV Testing Article
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Related Disease Conditions
STDs in Men
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections transmitted during sexual contact. They may be caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites. STDs in men cause no symptoms or symptoms like genital burning, itching, sores, rashes, or discharge. Common infections that are sexually transmitted in men include gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis C and B, genital warts, human papillomavirus (HPV), and genital herpes. Some STDs in men are treatable while others are not. STDs are diagnosed with tests that identify proteins or genetic material of the organisms causing the infection. The prognosis of an STD depends on whether the infection is treatable or not. Use of latex condoms can help reduce the risk of contracting an STD but it does not eliminate the risk entirely.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
There are a variety of diseases and conditions that can cause tongue problems, discoloration, and soreness. Though most tongue problems are not serious. Conditions such as leukoplakia, oral thrush, and oral lichen planus may cause a white tongue while Kawasaki syndrome, scarlet fever, and geographic tongue may cause the tongue to appear red. A black hairy tongue may be caused by overgrown papillae on the tongue. Canker sores, smoking, and trauma may cause soreness of the tongue.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the most common infectious diseases in the United States. STDs can be spread through any type of sexual activity involving the sex organs, the anus or mouth, or through contact with blood during sexual activity. Examples of STDs include, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea, granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, trichomoniasis, pubic lice (crabs), and scabies. Treatment is generally with antibiotics; however, some STDs that go untreated can lead to death.
How Long Can You Live with HIV?
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. If someone has HIV it means that they have been diagnosed with the HIV infection. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome); however, is the most advanced or final stage of the HIV infection. In the case of an untreated HIV infection, the overall mortality rate is more than 90%. The average time from infection to death is eight to ten years.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Pregnancy Planning (Tips)
Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes taking prenatal vitamins, eating healthy for you and your baby, disease prevention (for both parents and baby) to prevent birth defects and infections, avoiding certain medications that may be harmful to your baby, how much weight gain is healthy exercise safety and pregnancy, travel during pregnancy.
How Long Does It Take to See Signs of HIV?
The signs and symptoms of HIV may first appear within two to four weeks of infection. The stage in which the symptoms appear is called the stage of acute HIV infection. The symptoms appear due to the resistance or fight of the immune system against HIV. Early diagnosis and treatment of HIV gets the best results.
What Is the Difference Between HIV-1 and HIV-2?
There are two main types of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is the most common type of HIV and accounts for 95% of all infections, whereas HIV-2 is relatively uncommon and less infectious. HIV-2 is mainly concentrated in West Africa, is less deadly and progresses more slowly.
How Long Does It Take to Notice Signs of HIV?
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks and damages the cells of the immune system in the body. If left untreated, HIV can lead to the AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) disease. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection which occurs when the body’s immune system is severely damaged because of the virus and unusual infections result. Untreated, HIV infection has a mortality of 90%.
HIV and AIDS
Second Source article from WebMD
What Are the Four Stages of HIV?
The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) into four stages. Stage 1 (HIV infection): The CD4+ cell count is at least 500 cells per microliter. Stage 2 (HIV infection): The CD4+ cell count is 350 to 499. Stage 3 (advanced HIV disease or AHD): The CD4+ cell count is 200 to 349. Stage 4 (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS]): The CD4+ cell count is less than 200.
What Is Usually the First Sign of HIV?
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the cells of the immune system, leading to AIDS and death if left untreated. The first signs of the human immunodeficiency virus infection are flu-like symptoms, which mainly start around two to four weeks after getting HIV. This stage is known as acute HIV infection.
Infertility is the diminished ability to conceive a child. Infertility can be a problem with both men and women. Infertility in men can be caused by medical conditions, unhealthy habits, and toxins from the environment. Infertility in women can be caused by problems with ovarian function, the Fallopian tubes, or the physical characteristics of the uterus. Methods of conceiving for couples that cannot conceive include intrauterine inseminations (IUIs) or in vitro fertilization (IVF), specific drugs, assisted reproductive technology (ART), surgery, and gestational carrier.
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)
AIDS is the advanced stage of HIV infection. Symptoms and signs of AIDS include pneumonia due to Pneumocystis jiroveci, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, seizures, weakness, meningitis, yeast infection of the esophagus, and Kaposi's sarcoma. Anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is used in the treatment of AIDS.
Can HIV be Cured Naturally?
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. If someone has HIV it means that they have been diagnosed with the HIV infection. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome); however, is the most advanced or final stage of the HIV infection. It is important to get tested for HIV in the early stages of infection to minimize the damage to the immune system. Successful treatment aims to reduce HIV load to a level that is harmless to the body.
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection left untreated causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Still incurable, AIDS describes immune system collapse that opens the way for opportunistic infections and cancers to kill the patient. Early symptoms and signs of HIV infection include flu-like symptoms and fungal infections, but some people may not show any symptoms for years. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the standard treatment for HIV infection. These combination drug regimens have made HIV much less deadly, but a cure or vaccine for the pandemic remains out of reach. HIV is usually transmitted through sexual contact or sharing IV drug needles, but can also infect someone through contact with infected blood. Sexual abstinence, safe sex practices, quitting IV drugs (or at least using clean needles), and proper safety equipment by clinicians and first responders can drastically reduce transmission rates for HIV/AIDS.
What Is Microsporidiosis?
Microsporidiosis is an infection caused by the microsporidia parasite. The disease is uncommon in people with normal immune systems. Symptoms in people with immune deficiency include diarrhea, malabsorption, gallbladder disease, cough, labored breathing, urinary tract infection, bowel perforation and keratoconjunctivitis. Microsporidiosis treatment depends on the site of infection and the species of microsporidia involved.
Hepatitis C Cure (Symptoms, Transmission, Treatments, and Cost)
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. There are a variety of toxins, diseases, illicit drugs, medications, bacterial and viral infections, and heavy alcohol use can case inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis C viral infection (HCV) is one type of hepatitis. According to the CDC, in 2014 there were an estimated 30,500 cases of acute hepatitis C infections in the US. An estimated 2.7-3.9 million people in the US have chronic hepatitis C. The virus is spread from person-to-person via blood-to-blood contact. Symptoms of HCV infection include joint pain, jaundice, dark urine, nausea, fatigue, fever, loss of appetites, clay colored stool. Hepatitis C can be cured with medications in most people. There is no vaccine against the hepatitis C virus.
HIV vs. AIDS
Human immunodeficiency virus causes HIV infection. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a condition that results after HIV has extensively damaged a person's immune system. Risk factors for HIV and AIDS include use of contaminated needles or syringes, unprotected sex, STDs, receiving a blood transfusion prior to 1985 in the United States, having many sex partners, and transmission from a mother to her child.
How Do You Feel When You Have HIV?
About four weeks after contracting HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), you may experience flu-like symptoms including fever, rash, sore throat, nausea, swollen glands and achy joints. You may remain symptomless for some time, however. That doesn't mean you don't need treatment; HIV can quickly progress into AIDS, in which the immune system collapses and you die of a secondary cancer or infection.
HIV/AIDS Testing: Diagnosis and Monitoring
HIV/AIDS diagnosis and monitoring have come a long way from the days when a diagnosis was a death sentence. Crucial parts of the effective treatment regimens developed in the last 40 years are consistent monitoring of the viral load (the amount of virus in the blood), and the immune cell count, which function as biological markers of the disease’s progression. Doctors also must test for drug resistance.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Pregnancy (STDs)
When you are pregnant, many sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be especially harmful to you and your baby. These STDs include herpes, HIV/AIDS, genital warts (HPV), hepatitis B, chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. Symptoms include bumps, sores, warts, swelling, itching, or redness in the genital region. Treatment of STDs while pregnant depends on how far along you are in the pregnancy and the progression of the infection.
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Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- What Are NNRTIs In Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection?
- Valtrex (valacyclovir) vs. Valcyte (valganciclovir)
- How Effective Is ART for HIV Infection?
- What Are NRTIs in Antiretroviral Therapy For HIV Infection?
- How Do Protease Inhibitors Work in Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection?
- How Do Integrase Strand-Transfer Inhibitors Work in Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection?
- Dovato (dolutegravir and lamivudine)
- lamivudine (3tc) (Epivir; Epivir HBV)
- Genvoya (elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide)
- Symtuza (darunavir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide)
- efavirenz (Sustiva)
- Biktarvy (bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide)
- What ART Drugs Prevent HIV Entry into the Human Immune Cell?
- abacavir, lamivudine, zidovudine (Trizivir)
- Prezcobix (darunavir and cobicistat)
- Egrifta SV (tesamorelin)
- Stribild (elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)
- Epzicom (abacavir sulfate and lamivudine)
- Odefsey (emtricitabine, rilpivirine, and tenofovir alafenamide)
- didanosine (Videx, Videx EC)
- nevirapine (Viramune, Viramune XR)
- What Are the Single-Tablet ART Regimens for HIV Infection?
- Complera (emtricitabine, rilpivirine, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)
- Temixys (lamivudine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)
- Valcyte (valganciclovir hydrochloride)
- Etravirine (Intelence)
- Prezista (darunavir)
- Mycobutin (rifabutin)
- Triumeq (abacavir, dolutegravir, and lamivudine)
- Emtriva (emtricitabine)
- Pifeltro (doravirine)
- Tipranavir (Aptivus)
- Enfuvirtide (Fuzeon)
- Ziagen (abacavir) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Mytesi (crofelemer delayed-release tablets)
- Side Effects of Trizivir (abacavir, lamivudine, zidovudine)
- Trogarzo (ibalizumab-uiyk)
- Tybost (cobicistat)
Prevention & Wellness
- Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death Rises in People With HIV
- COVID Vaccines Offer Good Protection for People Living With HIV
- Brazilian Man Is Free of HIV After Drug Treatment, Researchers Say
- HIV-Infected Newborns Can Wait Awhile for Treatment: Study
- New Federal Program Provides Free HIV Prevention Drugs to Uninsured
- HIV Testing, Treatment Not Reaching Many Americans
- Needle Exchange Programs Guard Against HIV
- New Strain of HIV Discovered
- New HIV Prevention Drug Not Approved for Women
- For Kids Born With HIV, Taking Needed Meds Gets Harder With Age: Study
- HIV Lurking in Spinal Fluid Linked to Thinking Problems
- In a First, Scientists Eliminate HIV From an Animal's Genome
- Most Americans Have Never Had an HIV Test: CDC
- U.S. Expert Panel Supports HIV-Prevention Pill for People at High Risk
- Vampire Facials at New Mexico Spa Linked to HIV Infections
- CDC Cites Urgent Need to Expand HIV Testing, Treatment
- Trump's Goal of No New HIV Cases by 2030 Is Possible, Health Officials Say
- Home Health-Care Tests: Proceed With Caution
- Antiviral Med Fuels Rapid Decline in New HIV Infections in Gay Men: Study
- New Therapy May Control HIV Without Daily Pills
- Newer HIV Therapies Yield Big Gains But Racial Gaps Persist
- Experimental HIV Vaccine Shows Promise in Early Trial
- Human Trials Set for Experimental HIV Vaccine
- HIV Drug Appears Safe During Pregnancy
- New Medication Approved for Drug-Resistant HIV
- Bacteria May Explain Why Uncircumcised Face Higher HIV Risk
- Cows May Offer Clues to an AIDS Vaccine
- Charlie Sheen's 2015 HIV Disclosure Spiked Use of Home Test Kits
- Is the AIDS Epidemic Winding Down in the U.S.?
- Life Expectancy With HIV Nears Normal With Treatment
- Black Americans Still Undertreated for HIV
- Many With Mental Illness Miss Out on HIV Tests
- How Safe Is Condomless Sex When Partner With HIV Takes Meds?
- Do More to Fight HIV in Africa: Study
- Stigma Prolongs Global HIV Epidemic Among Gays
- Charlie Sheen's HIV Announcement Sparked Interest in Disease: Study
- New Approach Might Boost HIV Testing Rates
- HIV Testing Rates Still Low Among Teens, Young Adults: CDC
- Three Moves Could Cut New HIV Cases Dramatically: Study
- Charlie Sheen: I'm HIV-Positive
- Churches a Good Place for HIV Testing, Treatment in Africa
- Only 1 in 5 Gay Teen Boys Get HIV Test
- Many U.S. AIDS Patients Still Die When 'Opportunistic' Infections Strike
- 1 in 5 Younger Americans Tested for HIV
- Drug-Related HIV Outbreak Spurs Nationwide Alert
- HIV Can Damage Brain Early On, Study Says
- Blacks Account for More Than Half of New HIV Diagnoses: CDC
- Smartphone Device Detects HIV, Syphilis
- Depo-Provera Linked to Higher HIV Risk, Researchers Find
- Is HIV Becoming Less Contagious?
- Most Americans With HIV Don't Have Virus Under Control, CDC Says
- Peers Best at Convincing High-Risk Individuals to Get HIV Test: Study
- Less Than Half of HIV-Positive U.S. Hispanics Are Getting Proper Care
- Half of HIV-Positive Gay Men in U.S. Aren't Getting Proper Treatment
- HIV Diagnoses Down in U.S., Except for Young Gay Males: CDC
- Many Sexually Active U.S. Teens Not Tested for HIV: CDC
- AIDS Epidemic May Be Subsiding: Report
- CDC Urges Anti-HIV Pill for People at High Risk of Infection
- Vaginal Gel Might Prevent HIV Hours After Exposure
- Doctors Cautiously Optimistic About 'Cure' for HIV-Infected Babies
- Kids Born With HIV May Face Heart Risks Later, Study Suggests
- Only 1 in 3 HIV-Infected Black Americans Gets Effective Treatment: Study
- Many Young Americans With HIV Delay Treatment: Study
- Taking Drug to Prevent HIV Doesn't Seem to Encourage Risk-Taking
- New Clues to How Long-Term Drug Therapy Keeps HIV at Bay
- Talking Openly With Partner Linked to HIV Testing in Teens
- Multivitamins May Help Fight HIV Progression, Study Suggests
- Bisexual Men Aren't at Greater HIV Risk: Review
- Child 'Cured' of HIV Remains Free of Virus, Doctors Report
- Counseling With HIV Testing May Not Help Prevent Future STDs
- Scientists Uncover Breast Milk's Potential Secret Weapon Against HIV
- Immune Protein Found to Block HIV Spread in Some People
- New Drug Approved to Treat HIV-1
- Rapid Test Detects HIV-1 and HIV-2 Antibodies and HIV-1 Antigen
- No Trace of HIV After Stem-Cell Transplants, Researchers Say
- Many Young Americans Unaware They're Infected With HIV
- Medicine Might Help Shield Injection Drug Abusers From HIV
- New Guidelines Suggest HIV Screening for All Adults
- Could Self-Testing Help Overcome HIV/AIDS Epidemic?
- CDC: 1 in 50 Poor, Straight Urban Americans Infected With HIV
- U.S. AIDS-Relief Plan a Success, Report Finds
- Study Pinpoints Optimal Treatment Window for HIV
- Anti-HIV Drugs May Curb Transmission to Uninfected Partner: Study
- New HIV Infections Highest Among Urban Gay, Bisexual Men: CDC
- Surprise HIV Diagnosis Becomes Life-Changing Moment
- Among Black Americans, HIV Takes a Greater Toll
- U.S. Draws Blueprint for an AIDS-Free Generation
- HIV Hits 1,000 Young Americans Each Month
- Despite Huge HIV Treatment Gains, Many Left Out
- Only 1 in 4 Americans With HIV Has Virus Under Control: CDC
- Not All HIV Patients in U.S. Show Same Characteristics: Study
- Biology Leaves Gay Men Highly Vulnerable to HIV: Study
- Ahead of AIDS Conference, New Reasons for Hope
- FDA Approves First Drug for HIV Prevention
- First Over-the-Counter HIV Test Approved
- Wednesday Is National HIV Testing Day
- FDA Panel to Consider At-Home HIV Test
- Early, Temporary HIV Treatment Can Postpone Long-Term Therapy
- Health Highlights: March 13, 2012
- Health Highlights: March 12, 2012
- Health Highlights: March 9, 2012
- Many Gay Men Would Support 'Home HIV Test': Study
- Experts Warn of Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea
- Higher Cancer Risk in People With HIV
- 2011: Turning Point in World AIDS Pandemic?
- Experts Concerned About Rising HIV Rates Among Poor, Minorities
- 50,000 New HIV Infections Each Year in U.S.
- CDC Cites Benefits of Expanded HIV Testing Program
- How to Use Pills to Prevent HIV
- Many False-Positive HIV Test Results for Those in AIDS Vaccine Trials
- Newly Approved HIV Test Can Spot Infection Earlier
- Ob/Gyn Group Urges Routine HIV Tests for All Women
- False Positives in Oral HIV Test Halt Use in NYC
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