High Cholesterol (Hyperlipidemia) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ

What is cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a fatty, waxy substance that is present in every cell of the body and is carried in the bloodstream.

Plastic in the blood A waxy, fatty substance in the blood A type of blood cell A derivative of salt

Cholesterol in the body is produced by the liver.

The liver produces cholesterol in the body. Dietary sources (animal-derived foods) also contain cholesterol. Cholesterol plays a number of roles in maintaining vital body functions including hormone production and digestion.

True False

Most of the cholesterol in our diet comes from…

Dietary cholesterol comes from animal-derived foods, including egg yolks, fatty meats, poultry, dairy, and regular cheese.

Meat and poultry Fish and dairy Both of the above None of the above

Symptoms of high cholesterol include:

Elevated blood cholesterol has been linked to serious health complications, but high cholesterol typically does not produce symptoms or signs. Therefore, many people are unaware that their cholesterol level is high. Your doctor can advise you on how often your cholesterol levels should be tested.

Bloating, weight gain, increased appetite Flatulence, salt cravings, insomnia Dizziness None of the above

High cholesterol is not seen in children.

Anyone of any age can have high cholesterol levels. The process of cholesterol buildup in arteries has been shown to begin during childhood. With rising rates of childhood obesity, more and more children are at risk for developing high cholesterol levels and cardiovascular disease.

True False

"Plaques" are cholesterol deposits in the blood vessels and arteries.

The term "plaque" refers to the deposition of cholesterol and other substances on the walls of blood vessels, eventually compromising circulation. Cardiovascular disease occurs when plaque obstructs the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart. Complete blockage of a coronary artery leads to an interruption of blood flow to the heart, or a heart attack. Blood clots also form on areas of plaque and can obstruct the arteries.

True False

Heart attack and stroke are similar events.

Both heart attack and stroke involve the interruption of blood flow to an organ due to a blockage within an artery. A heart attack results from a blocked coronary artery, while a stroke results from blockage of an artery in the brain.

True False

Medications that lower cholesterol are called statins.

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, commonly known as statins, are one class of drugs that lower blood cholesterol levels. Statins reduce the production of cholesterol by the liver by blocking an enzymatic reaction in the process of cholesterol synthesis.

True False

There is little that can be done to control high cholesterol.

Both healthy lifestyle practices as well as medications can help prevent high cholesterol levels. You and your health care team should work together to ensure a healthy activity level and eating plan that can reduce your chances of getting high cholesterol, or lowering your cholesterol level if it is already elevated. Some people will also require prescription medications to lower blood cholesterol levels.

True False

Sources: Sources

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