Cholesterol occurs naturally in the body. High blood cholesterol levels increase a person's risk of developing heart disease, heart attacks, strokes, TIAs, and more. In addition to medication (fibrates, statins, bile acid sequestrants, and niacin), lifestyle changes can be made to lower blood cholesterol levels Read more: High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Triglycerides Quiz: Are Yours Normal?
What are triglycerides? Triglycerides are particles in the blood that transport fat. They can put you at risk for serious...
Heart Disease Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
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Blood and Bleeding Disorders Quiz
Exactly what is sickle cell anemia? Learn about sickle cell and other diseases by testing your IQ with the Blood and Bleeding...
Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, and Aging Brains
What is dementia? Learn about dementia disorders such as Lewy Body Dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD), Vascular (multi-infarct)...
Am I Having a Heart Attack? Symptoms of Heart Disease
Heart attacks symptoms vary greatly for men and women, from anxiety and fatigue to nausea and sweating. Learn the warning signs...
Health Screening Tests Every Woman Needs
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Fat-Burning Foods in Pictures: Blueberries, Green Tea, and More
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Cholesterol: High Triglyceride Foods to Avoid
High triglycerides increase the risk of heart disease. Lower triglyceride levels and reduce cholesterol by eating foods that...
Screening Tests Every Man Should Have
Getting the right screening test at the right time is one of the most important things a man can do for his health. Learn at what...
Benefits of Exercise: Fitness Facts Prove the Benefits of Working Out
These fitness facts explain why to get in shape. Check out these health facts on the benefits of exercise....
Food Swaps for Meals and Snacks for Heart Health in Pictures
Explore 10 food swaps for heart-wise dining. Learn what food to buy and how to cook in order to make a big difference for your...
Related Disease Conditions
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are...
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and...
Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are...
Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins,...
Heart Attack Symptoms and Early Warning Signs in Women and Men
Recognizing heart attack symptoms and signs can help save your life or that of someone you love. Some heart attack symptoms,...
How to Lower Triglycerides Naturally
Trigylcerides are fatty molecules that travel in the bloodstream. Excess sugar and fat can increase triglyceride levels....
Hypothyroidism (Symptoms, Diet, Natural and Medical Treatments, Tests)
Hypothyroidism is any state in which thyroid hormone production is below normal. Normally, the rate of thyroid hormone...
Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from...
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to...
Iron is a mineral our bodies need. Iron deficiency is a condition resulting from not enough iron in the body. It is the most...
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis (Symptoms, Diet, Treatments, Pregnancy)
Hashimoto's thyroiditis or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, is an autoimmune disorder causing inflammation of the thyroid gland....
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart...
HDL vs. LDL Cholesterol (Differences, Normal Ranges, Meanings)
HDL (high-density lipoprotein), or the "good" cholesterol, and LDL (low-density lipoprotein), or the "bad"...
Fatty Liver (NASH)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NASH occurs due to the accumulation of abnormal amounts of fat within the liver. Fatty liver...
Gallstones (Pain, Symptoms, Causes, Diet, and Treatment)
Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as...
Dementia is defined as a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with...
Prediabetes is a situation where a person's blood sugar levels are higher than they should be, but aren't high enough to be...
Angina (Symptoms, Causes, Types, Diagnosis, and Treatment)
Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning,...
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which a person's pancreas does not produce enough insulin to meet the needs of the body....
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke)
When a portion of the brain loses blood supply, through a blood clot or embolus, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, mini-stroke)...
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
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Omega-3 Fatty Acids (Benefits, Uses, Foods)
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats that help decrease one's cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as reduce the risk of...
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Low Cholesterol Diet
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Lipodystrophy (Acquired, Generalized, Inherited)
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Heart Attack Treatment
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Heart Attacks in Women
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Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC)
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Stroke vs Aneurysm (Differences and Similarities)
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Heart Attack Prevention
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Disease Prevention in Women
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Disease Prevention in Men
Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in...
Heart Attack Prevention Overview
Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack also is a significant cause...
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Lipitor (atorvastatin)
- Diflucan (fluconazole)
- Nitrates (Medication)
- rosuvastatin, Crestor
- ezetimibe (Zetia)
- atorvastatin (Lipitor) vs. simvastatin (Zocor)
- Bile Acid Sequestrants
- colestipol (Colestid)
- Fibrates (Fibric Acid)
- fenofibrate (Antara, Fenoglide, Fibricor, Lipofen, Lofibra, Tricor, Triglide, Trilipix)
- Zocor (simvastatin)
- amlodipine/atorvastatin - oral, Caduet
- niacin (Niacor, Niaspan)
- dong quai (Angelica sinensis, Chinese Angelica, Tang Kuei, Tan Kue Bai Zhi, Tanggwi, Toki)
- gemfibrozil (Lopid)
- lovastatin (Mevacor, Altoprev)
- ezetimibe and simvastatin, Vytorin
- pravastatin, Pravigard PAC (discontinued)
- Saxenda (liraglutide injection)
- lovastatin vs. simvastatin
- Repatha (evolocumab)
- fluvastatin, Lescol, Lescol XL
- red yeast rice (monascus purpureus) - oral
- colesevelam, Welchol
- alirocumab (Praluent)
- cerivastatin, Baycol
- niacin and lovastatin, Advicor
Prevention & Wellness
- You Can Cut Your Odds for an Aortic Aneurysm
- AHA News: After Family's Health Scare: 'We Had to Do This Together'
- Only Half of Patients Taking Statins Reach Cholesterol Targets: Study
- AHA News: Surgery Like Jagger: Doctors Explain Heart Valve Problems, Treatment
- Bad Info May Be Scaring Patients Away From Heart-Healthy Statins
- Easy Eggs for a Nutritious Breakfast
- Heart Care Guidelines Rarely Backed by Top-Notch Science
- New Drug Could Help Those With Tough-to-Treat Cholesterol
- Heart Attacks Striking More Young Adults
- Heavier People May Be More Likely to Survive a Stroke
- Study Urges Seniors to Get Moving to Live Longer
- Meds for Blood Pressure, Cholesterol Help the Heart -- But Maybe Not the Mind
- Obesity a Heartbreaker for Kids
- Health Tip: Eat Less Saturated Fat
- Statins Help the Heart, No Matter What Your Age
- Cholesterol Levels Spike After Christmas
- New Cholesterol Drug's High Price May Not Be Worth It: Study
- Fast Facts for Men (and Women) About High Cholesterol
- Some Foods Can Be Cholesterol Fighters
- AHA: New Report Emphasizes Safety of Statins
- Insights Into Women and Stroke Risk
- Pounds Regained After Weight-Loss Op Can Tell Your Doc a Lot
- Evidence Doesn't Support Statin Use in Healthy Seniors
- Could Too Much 'Good' HDL Cholesterol Be Bad for Your Heart?
- Why Are Statins Underused With Black Patients?
- Most With Very High Cholesterol Missing Out on Right Meds
- Health Tip: Suggestions to Improve Your Cholesterol
- High Cholesterol Tied to Better Brain Health in Those Over 85
- Health Tip: Why Get a Cholesterol Test?
- Many Patients Denied Costly New Cholesterol Drugs
- Do Cholesterol Drugs Affect Aggression?
- Avocados Help Lower Cholesterol in Some People
- Certain Antibiotic/Statin Combos May Be Unsafe Mix: Study
- New Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs Show Promise
- Health Tip: Troubled by High Triglycerides?
- Statins Linked to Raised Risk of Cataracts in Study
- Health Tip: Do You Need Frequent Cholesterol Screenings?
- FDA Limits Highest Dose of Cholesterol Drug Statin (Includes Zocor, Vytorin, Simcor)
- Diabetes Drug Actos May Also Help Prediabetes
- Apple-Shaped Obesity, Other Forms Equally Risky, Study Finds
- What's the Best Test for Children's Diabetes?
- Fatty Liver May Be Linked to Diabetes Risk
- Heart Risk Tied to Memory Problems
- Moderate Alcohol Drinking May Boost Heart Health
- New Guidelines on Women's Heart Risk
- Salty Diet Linked to Stroke Risk
- Less Cholesterol in Eggs, USDA Says
- Many in U.S. Get Unneeded Heart Screening Tests
- Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Memory Loss
- New Debate on C-Reactive Protein Test and Statins
- Eating Trans Fats Linked to Depression
- Heart Benefits for Women Who Cut Hypertension
- 2 Genes May Be Linked to Heart Disease
- Healthy Hearts in Mediterranean Lands? Maybe Not
- Sitting for Too Long Is Bad for Your Health
- NSAID Pain Relievers Raise Heart Risks
- Team Treatment Helps Depression, Chronic Disease
- Lipitor Recall Grows by 19,000 Bottles
- Good Cholesterol May Lower Risk of Alzheimer's Disease
- Experts: Exercise Crucial for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
- Heart Attack Risk Quickly Follows RA Diagnosis
- Healthy Lifestyle May Help Prevent Stroke
- Arthritis Drugs Linked to Lower Odds of Alzheimer's
- Obese Teens at Risk for Severe Adult Obesity
- Lipitor Recall: Unusual Odor, No Health Problems Reported
- Walnuts Reduce Stress
- Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs May Cut RA Risk
- Hormone in Hair May Reveal Heart Risk
- Black Rice Is Cheap Way to Get Antioxidants
- Migraines With Aura May Raise Stroke Risk
- Genomic Mapping Finds Cholesterol Genes
- FDA Panel Says 'No' to Weight Loss Drug Qnexa
- Stroke Risk Higher in Hour After 'Happy Hour'
- New Insurance Rules: Free Preventive Health Care
- Obese Kids Have More Reflux Disease
- Heart Attacks Down Sharply, Study Finds
- Walk Your Dog to Unleash Better Health
- ED a Red Flag for Heart Attack, Strokes
- Vitamin E May Lower Women's Lung Disease Risk
- Many in U.S. Have at Least 1 Heart Risk Factor
- Should Healthy People Take Statins?
- Cancer Linked to Other Chronic Illnesses
- Belly Fat Is Culprit in Stroke Gender Gap
- Percentage of Overweight, Obese Americans Swells