High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include lifestyle modifications (alcohol, smoking, coffee, salt, diet, exercise), drugs and medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), alpha blockers, clonidine, minoxidil, and Exforge. Read more: High Blood Pressure Treatment (Natural Home Remedies, Diet, Medications) Article
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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Quiz: Symptoms, Signs & Causes
Take this quiz and test your IQ of high blood pressure (hypertension), the cardiovascular disease that causes most strokes and...
Salt Quiz: Test Your Diet IQ
Do you love salt? Take the online Salt Quiz to get the facts about dietary salts and sodium in fruits, vegetables, processed...
Heart Disease Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take our Heart Disease Quiz to get answers and facts about high cholesterol, atherosclerosis prevention, and the causes,...
Picture of Hypertension
High blood pressure, defined as a repeatedly elevated blood pressure exceeding 140 over 90 mmHg -- a systolic pressure above 140...
Picture of Blood Pressure
The blood pressure is the pressure of the blood within the arteries. See a picture of Blood Pressure and learn more about the...
Hypertension: What High Blood Pressure Can Do to Your Body
High blood pressure puts you at risk for a number of other conditions. Here's what to look out for.
How to Lower Blood Pressure: Exercise Tips
Trying to lower high blood pressure (hypertension)? Discover exercises good for lowering blood pressure, along with other...
Salt Shockers: Where High-Sodium Foods Lurk, and How to Avoid Them
Salty Foods can be everywhere. So how can you maintain a low-sodium diet and beware of the risks of high blood pressure which can...
Health Screening Tests Every Woman Needs
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Screening Tests Every Man Should Have
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Stroke Causes, Symptoms, and Recovery
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The Benefits of Omega 3 Foods on Heart Health
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The Surprising Health Benefits of Sex
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Drug Interactions: Foods, Drugs, Herbs Affecting Medications
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Related Disease Conditions
Kidney (Renal) Failure
Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss, dehydration, or medication. Some of the renal causes of kidney failure include sepsis, medications, rhabdomyolysis, multiple myeloma, and acute glomerulonephritis. Post renal causes of kidney failure include bladder obstruction, prostate problems, tumors, or kidney stones.Treatment options included diet, medications, or dialysis.
Stroke is the third leading killer in the United States. Some of the warning signs of stroke include sudden confusion, trouble seeing with one or both eyes, dizziness, loss of balance, and more. Stroke prevention and reatable risk factors for stroke include lowering high blood pressure, quit smoking, heart disease, diabetes control and prevention.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
Edema is the swelling of tissues as a result of excess water accumulation. Peripheral edema occurs in the feet and legs. There are two types of edema, non-pitting edema and pitting edema. Causes of pitting edema is caused by systemic diseases (most commonly involving the heart, liver, and kidneys), and medications. Local conditions that cause edema are thrombophlebitis and varicose veins. Edema or swelling of the legs, feet, ankles, and face are common during pregnancy. Idiopathic edema is edema in which the cause is not known. Pitting edema is scored on pitting edema measurement scales. Edema is generally treated with medication.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Heart Attack Symptoms and Early Warning Signs
Recognizing heart attack symptoms and signs can help save your life or that of someone you love. Some heart attack symptoms, including left arm pain and chest pain, are well known but other, more nonspecific symptoms may be associated with a heart attack. Nausea, vomiting, malaise, indigestion, sweating, shortness of breath, and fatigue may signal a heart attack. Heart attack symptoms and signs in women may differ from those in men.
Disease Prevention in Men
Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in your own health care and discuss screening tests with your doctor early in life. Age of screening and timing of screening depends upon the condition being assessed. Diseases men should take steps to prevent include high blood pressure (hypertension), hypercholesterolemia, type II diabetes mellitus, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), colon cancer and colon polyps, prostate cancer, glaucoma, melanoma and other skin cancer, and bladder cancer.
Disease Prevention in Women
Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are commonly available through your general doctor. Some specialized tests may be available elsewhere.
Renal Artery Stenosis
Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing of the diameter of the renal arteries. When the renal arteries narrow, the result is restricted blood flow to the kidneys, which may lead to impaired kidney function and high blood pressure (referred to as renovascular hypertension (RVHT). Renal artery stenosis can occur in one or both kidneys. The primary cause of renal artery stenosis is atherosclerosis. Risk factors for renal artery stenosis include: high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, age, cigarette smoking, and diabetes. Symptoms of renal artery stenosis include high blood pressure that does not respond to treatment and severe high blood pressure in individuals younger than 30 or greater than 50 years of age. Renal artery stenosis is diagnosed with imaging and functional tests. Treatment for renal artery stenosis include medication or surgery.
Peyronie's Disease (Curvature of the Penis)
Peyronie's disease or curvature of the penis (Peyronie disease) is a condition in which scar tissue develops inside the penis. This scar tissue causes the penis to develop an abnormal curvature in the scarred area. At this time, there is no known cause of Peyronie's disease. Symptoms of Peyronie's disease include pain during intercourse or ejaculation, erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence), the inability to have sexual intercourse, anxiety, stress, an indentation of the shaft at the site where there is plaque or scarring, and an angulation of the penis when erect or flaccid. There is no cure for Peyronie's disease, however, there are medications that can reduce symptoms of the disease. Surgery or penile implants may be an option for severe cases.
Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into muscle and other tissues. There are no signs or symptoms of insulin resistance. Causes of insulin can include conditions such as stress, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and steroid use. Some of the risk factors for insulin resistance include fatty liver, heart disease, strokes, peripheral vascular disease, high cholesterol, and smoking. Treatment for insulin resistance are lifestyle changes and if necessary, medication.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids (Benefits, Uses, Foods)
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats that help decrease one's cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as reduce the risk of coronary artery disease. Omega-3s are found in: salmon, sardines, walnuts, and canola oil. These fats may help reduce the risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death.
Heart failure (congestive) is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that overwork the heart. Symptoms of heart failure include congested lungs, fluid and water retention, dizziness, fatigue and weakness, and rapid or irregular heartbeats. There are two types of congestive heart failure, systolic or left-sided heart failure; and diastolic or right-sided heart failure. Treatment, prognosis, and life-expectancy for a person with congestive heart failure depends upon the stage of the disease.
Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia occurs when preeclampsia goes untreated. Eclampsia can cause coma and death of the mother and baby. Preeclampsia symptoms include rapid weight gain, abdominal pain, headaches, blood in the urine, dizziness, and excessive vomiting and nausea. The only real cure for preeclampsia and eclampsia is the birth of the baby.
Carotid Artery Disease
The term carotid artery disease refers to the narrowing of the carotid arteries and can also be called carotid stenosis. Fatty substance buildup and cholesterol deposits, called plaque are the cause of the narrowing arteries. Carotid artery disease can be treated by following recommended lifestyle changes, taking prescription medications, and considering a procedure to improve blood flow, if your doctor believes it could help.
The main features of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol abnormalities, and an increased risk for clotting. Patients are most often overweight or obese. Lifestyle modification such as the Mediterranean diet, exercise, and quitting smoking are the preferred treatment of metabolic syndrome.
How to Prevent Diabetes Naturally
Prediabetes is a condition in which a person has early symptoms of diabetes, but has not yet fully developed the condition. If prediabetes is not treated with lifestyle changes, the person could develop type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes can be prevented with lifestyle changes, for example, eating a healthy diet, getting more exercise, reducing stress, quitting smoking, reducing or managing blood pressure and cholesterol, and managing any other health conditions or risk factors that you may have for developing type 2 diabetes.
Heart Attack Treatment
A heart attack involves damage or death of part of the heart muscle due to a blood clot. The aim of heart attack treatment is to prevent or stop this damage to the heart muscle. Heart attack treatments included medications, procedures, and surgeries to protect the heart muscle against injury.
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart. Heart disease can lead to heart attack. Risk factors for heart disease include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholesterol Diabetes Family history Obesity Angina, shortness of breath, and sweating are just a few symptoms that may indicate a heart attack. Treatment of heart disease involves control of heart disease risk factors through lifestyle changes, medications, and/or stenting or bypass surgery. Heart disease can be prevented by controlling heart disease risk factors.
Weight Control and Smoking Cessation
One concern smokers have when considering quitting smoking is weight gain. Not everyone will gain weight when they stop smoking. There are lifestyle changes that can be made to avoid weight gain during smoking cessation. Lifestyle changes include regular exercise, proper nutrition, limiting snacking and alcohol, medication, and weight management counseling.
Febrile seizures, or convulsions caused by fever, can be frightening in small children or infants. However, in general, febrile seizures are harmless. Febrile seizure is not epilepsy. It is estimated that one in every 25 children will have at least one febrile seizure. It is important to know what to do to help your child if he/she has a febrile seizure. Some of the features of a febrile seizure include: losing consciousness, shaking, moving limbs on both sides of the body, lasts 1-2 minutes. Less commonly, a febrile seizure may only affect one side of the body.
Diabetes and Kidney Disease
In the United States diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure. High blood pressure and high levels of blood glucose increase the risk that a person with diabetes will eventually progress to kidney failure. Kidney disease in people with diabetes develops over the course of many years. albumin and eGFR are two key markers for kidney disease in people with diabetes. Controlling high blood pressure, blood pressure medications, a moderate protein diet, and compliant management of blood glucose can slow the progression of kidney disease. For those patients who's kidneys eventually fail, dialysis or kidney transplantation is the only option.
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Heart Attacks in Women
Heart disease, particularly coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Women are more likely to die from a heart attack than men. High cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, and high triglycerides are contributors to heart disease. Some of the common symptoms of a heart attack in women include chest pain, shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint or woozy, and more. Heart disease can be prevented by lifestyle changes and controlling high blood pressure, cholesterol, weight, and diseases such as diabetes.
Smoking and Heart Disease
Smoking increases the risk of heart disease in women and men. Nicotine in cigarettes decrease oxygen to the heart, increases blood pressure, blood clots, and damages coronary arteries. Learn how to quit smoking today, to prolong your life.
Kidney dysplasia is a condition in which one or both of a baby's kidneys do not develop normally. In kidney dysplasia, cysts replace normal kidney tissue. Signs of kidney dysplasia include enlarged kidneys and, rarely, high blood pressure. A child with kidney dysplasia may not have any symptoms. Genes and maternal exposure to certain drugs may cause kidney dysplasia. Regular checkups should include blood pressure measurements, kidney function tests, and urine testing for protein.
Swollen Ankles and Swollen Feet
Swollen ankles and swollen feet is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition such as edema, medications, pregnancy, injuries, diseases, infections, lymphedema, or blood clots.
Low Cholesterol Diet
Cholesterol is naturally produced by the body, and is a building block for cell membranes and hormones. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is the "bad" cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is the "good" cholesterol. High levels of LDL and low levels of HDL cholesterol put a person at risk for heart attack, stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA or mini stroke), and peripheral artery disease. High cholesterol can be lowered by eating foods that lower cholesterol, for example, eat more high soluble fiber foods (oatmeal, oat bran, vegetables, and certain fruits), use olive oil, eat foods fortified with plant sterols and stanols, soy, nuts, and omega-3 fatty acids. Foods that raise LDL or bad cholesterol include foods high in saturated and trans fats, fatty meats, limit egg yolks, limit milk products, limit crackers, muffins, and snacks, and avoid unhealthy fast foods that are high in fat and sugar High cholesterol treatment includes lifestyle changes (diet and exercise), and medications such as statins, bile acid resins, and fibric acid derivatives.
Prediabetes is a situation where a person's blood sugar levels are higher than they should be, but aren't high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. There are no signs or symptoms of prediabetes. Some of the risk factors for prediabetes are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, smoking, family history, poor diet, and lack of activity. Diet changes along with other healthy lifestyle changes are important in treating prediabetes.
Snoring is caused by the vibrations of the soft tissues at the back of the nose and throat while a person sleeps. There are many causes of snoring like being pregnant, allergies, asthma, colds, the flu, excess alcohol, some medications, smoking, and sleep position. Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition that causes snoring and can be serious. Treatments to reduce or stop snoring include lifestyle changes, home remedies, antisnoring devices and aids, medical treatments, and at times, surgery.
Common Medical Abbreviations List
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include: ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease. ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure cap: Capsule. CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea. DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis. DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes HA: Headache IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis JT: Joint N/V: Nausea or vomiting. p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os. q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily. RA: Rheumatoid arthritis SOB: Shortness of breath. T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
Cholesterol (Lowering Your Cholesterol)
High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride levels in an optimal range will help protect your heart and blood vessels. Cholesterol management may include lifestyle interventions (diet and exercise) as well as medications to get your total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides in an optimal range.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Signs, Causes, Diet, and Treatment
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million people in the US have hypertension (1 in 3 adults), and only half of them are able to manage it. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms. Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in 2017. The guidelines now state that blood normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure. The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. The AAC considers 130/80 mm Hg. or greater (either number) stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is considered 140/90 mm Hg. or greater. If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.REFERENCE: CDC. High Blood Pressure. Updated: Nov 13, 2017.
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is characterized by numerous cysts in the kidneys. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder. There are two major inherited forms of PKD, autosomal dominant PKD, and autosomal recessive PKD. Symptoms include headaches, urinary tract infections, blood in the urine, liver and pancreatic cysts, abnormal heart valves, high blood pressure, kidney stones, aneurysms, and diverticulosis. Diagnosis of PKD is generally with ultrasound, CT or MRI scan. There is no cure for PKD, so treatment of symptoms is usually the general protocol.
Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are more than 20% over their ideal weight. That ideal weight must take into account the person's height, age, sex, and build.
Pulmonary Hypertension (Symptoms, Treatment Medications, Life Expectancy)
Pulmonary hypertension is an increase pressure in the pulmonary arteries that carry blood from the lungs to the heart. The most common symptoms are fatigue and difficulty breathing. If the condition goes undiagnosed, more severe symptoms may occur, for example: Ankle swelling (edema) Heart palpitations Chest pain Dizziness Tiredness Decreased appetite Pain in the upper right side of the belly (abdomen) As pulmonary hypertension worsens, some people with the condition have difficulty performing any activities that require physical exertion. For example: Fainting (syncope) Lightheadedness, particularly during physical activity Swelling in the legs and ankles A bluish color to the lips and skin Researchers and doctors do not know what causes one type of pulmonary hypertension called idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. However, they do know that the can be caused diseases or condition you already have, for example, heart disease, high blood pressure, connective tissue disease, congenital heart disease, liver disease, pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lungs), COPD, and emphysema.People at risk of developing pulmonary hypertension are those who: Live at high altitudes Have a family history of the condition. Have diseases and conditions that may put them at risk of developing pulmonary hypertension Use illegal drugs like cocaine, and certain diet drugs. While there is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, it can be managed and treat it with drugs like diuretics, blood thinners, calcium channel blockers, and using supplemental oxygen to increase blood oxygen levels. The prognosis and life expectancy for a person with pulmonary hypertension depends upon the severity of their condition. REFERENCES: NIH. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. "What is Pulmonary Hypertension?" Updated: Aug 2011 NIH. PubMed Health. "Pulmonary Hypertension (PH)." CDC. Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention. "Pulmonary Hypertension Fact Sheet." Updated: Jul 22, 2014.
12 Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Symptoms, Stages, Causes, and Life Expectancy
Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies are just a few potential causes of congestive heart failure. Signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure may include fatigue, breathlessness, palpitations, angina, and edema. Physical examination, patient history, blood tests, and imaging tests are used to diagnose congestive heart failure. Treatment of heart failure consists of lifestyle modification and taking medications to decrease fluid in the body and ease the strain on the heart. The prognosis of a patient with congestive heart failure depends on the stage of the heart failure and the overall condition of the individual.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a ballooning or widening of the main artery (the aorta) as it courses down through the abdomen. Most abdominal aortic aneurysms produce no symptoms. Treatment may include observation or surgical repair.
Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea, obstructive apnea (OSA), and a mixture of central and obstructive apnea. Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to activate the muscles of breathing during sleep. OSA is caused by the collapse of the airway during sleep. OSA is diagnosed and evaluated through patient history, physical examination and polysomnography. There are many complications related to obstructive sleep apnea. Treatments are surgical and non-surgical.
E. coli (0157:H7) Infection
There are many types of E. coli (Escherichia coli). E. coli can cause urinary tract and bladder infections, or lead to sepsis. E coli O157:H7 (EHEC) causes bloody diarrhea and colitis. Complications of E. coli infection include hemorrhagic diarrhea, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Symptoms include severe abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea. E coli O157:H7 commonly is due to eating raw or undercooked hamburger or raw milk or dairy products.
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety. There are fitness programs that fit any age or lifestyle.
Biologic rhythms, or biorhythms, are how our bodies respond to the regular phases of the sun, moon, and seasons. A medical chronobiologist studies how the "body clock" or biorhythms affect diseases and how the body clock responds to treatment of diseases and conditions at different times of the day.
Preeclampsia (Pregnancy Induced Hypertension)
Preeclampsia is related to increased blood pressure and protein in the mother's urine. Preeclampsia typically begins after the 20th week of pregnancy. When preeclampsia causes seizures, it is termed "eclampsia" and is the second leading cause of maternal death of in the US. Preeclampsia is the leading cause of fetal complications. Risk factors for preeclampsia include high blood pressure, obesity, multiple births, and women with preexisting medical conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or scleroderma. Pregnancy planning and lifestyle changes may reduce the risk of preeclampsia during pregnancy.
Nosebleeds are common in dry climates during winter months, and in hot dry climates with low humidity. People taking blood clotting medications, aspirin, or anti-inflammatory medications may be more prone to nosebleeds. Other factors that contribute to nosebleed are trauma (including nose picking, especially in children), rhinitis (both allergic and nonallergic), and high blood pressure. First-aid treatments for a nosebleed generally do not need medical care. Frequent or chronic nosebleeds may require medical treatment such as over-the-counter (OTC) medication, and prevention of nose picking.
Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors, trauma, drug abuse. Symptoms include headache, numbness of the face, dilated pupils, changes in vision, the "worst headache of your life," or a painful stiff neck. Immediate treatment for a brain aneurysm is crucial for patient survival.
Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as losing a job or getting into trouble with the law. It can cause myriad health problems, including cirrhosis of the liver, birth defects, heart disease, stroke, psychological problems, and dementia. Counseling and a few medications can be effective for alcoholism treatment.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
Heart Attack Prevention
Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back. Women experience the same symptoms as men; however, they also may experience: Extreme fatigue Pain in the upper abdomen Dizziness Fainting Leading a healthy lifestyle with a heart healthy low-fat diet, and exercise can help prevent heart disease and heart attack.
Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to: control celiac disease, control diabetes, control high blood pressure, prevent loss of bone mass, prevent loss of muscle strength, and prevent vitamin deficiencies. Healthy diets also help prevent obesity and weight gain.
Local ResourcesFind a local Internist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- hydralazine (Apresoline) vs. clonidine (Catapres, Kapvay)
- candesartan cilexetil, Atacand
- carvedilol (Coreg)
- labetalol, Normodyne, Trandate
- trandolapril (Mavik)
- losartan and hydrochlorothiazide (Hyzaar)
- Flomax (tamsulosin)
- ACE Inhibitors (Side Effects, List of Names, Uses, and Dosage)
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
- telmisartan, Micardis
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- calcium carbonate (Caltrate 600, Os-Cal 500, Tums)
- alfuzosin (Uroxatral)
- hydralazine (Apresoline)
- ethacrynic acid - oral, Edecrin
- methyldopa (Aldomet)
- prazosin (Minipress)
- reserpine - oral
- Thiazides (Diuretics)
- triamterene - oral, Dyrenium
- phenylephrine hydrochloride (NeoSynephrine, Neofrin)
- bosentan - oral, Tracleer
- epoprostenol - injection, Flolan
- amlodipine/atorvastatin - oral, Caduet
- moexipril - oral, Univasc
- ethacrynate sodium - injection, Edecrin
- sodium nitroprusside-injection, Nitropress
- quinapril/hydrochlorothiazide - oral, Accuretic
- valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide (Diovan HCT)
- torsemide - injection, Demadex
- magnesium supplement - oral, Uro-Mag
- trandolapril/verapamil extended-release - oral, Tarka
- irbesartan/hydrochlorothiazide - oral, Avalide
- isradipine - oral, Dynacirc
- hydralazine/hydrochlorothiazide - oral, Apresazide
- phenoxybenzamine - oral, Dibenzyline
- hemin for injection, Panhematin
- passion flower (Passiflora incarnata, Apricot Vine, Passion Vine, Water Lemon, and many others)
- coenzyme q10, ubiquinone, ubidecarenone
- guanfacine (Intuniv, Tenex)
- eplerenone - oral, Inspra
- omega-3 fatty acids - oral, Max Epa, Omega-3, Salmon Oil,
- moexipril-hydrochlorothiazide - oral, Uniretic
- garlic (allium sativum l.) - oral
- amiloride - oral, Midamor
- beta-blockers w/thiazide diuretics-oral
- torsemide (Demadex)
- methyldopa/hydrochlorothiazide - oral, Aldoril
- perindopril - oral, Aceon
- dong quai (Angelica sinensis, Chinese Angelica)
- flaxseed (linum usitatissimum) - oral
- treprostinil - injection, Remodulin
- High Blood Pressure Drugs (Hypertension)
- amlodipine and valsartan (Exforge)
- Saxenda (liraglutide injection)
- Qsymia (phentermine and topiramate extended-release )
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- Vasodilators (Drug Class Side Effects, List of Names)
- quinapril (Accupril)
- Aldactone (spironolactone)
- ramipril (Altace)
- timolol (Betimol)
- captopril (Capoten)
- nicardipine, Cardene, Cardene SR
- diltiazem (Cardizem, Cardizem CD, Cardizem LA, Tiazac, Cartia XT, Diltzac, Dilt-CD, and several oth)
- doxazosin mesylate (Cardura)
- nadolol (Corgard)
- losartan (Cozaar)
- hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide, Hydrodiuril)
- terazosin (Hytrin)
- propranolol, Inderal, Inderal LA, Innopran XL
- furosemide (Lasix)
- metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- benazepril (Lotensin HTC)
- Lotrel (amlodipine and benazepril)
- fosinopril sodium, Monopril
- amlodipine (Norvasc)
- nifedipine (Procardia, Adalat, Afeditab)
- minoxidil (Rogaine)
- Sectral (acebutolol)
- atenolol, Tenormin
- triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide
- enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned)
- verapamil (Calan, Verelan, Verelan PM [Discontinued: Isoptin, Isoptin SR, Covera-HS])
- lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil, Qbrelis) ACE Inhibitor
- bisoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide (Ziac)
- bisoprolol (Zebeta)
- valsartan, Diovan
- clonidine (Catapres, Catapres-TTS)
- nisoldipine (Sular)
- lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide (Zestoretic, Prinzide)
- benazepril and hydrochlorothiazide (Lotensin HCT)
- Beta Blockers (Drug Class, List of Brand and Generic Names)
- indapamide, Lozol (Discontinued)
- felodipine (Plendil)
- metolazone (Zaroxolyn)
- captopril and hydrochlorothiazide (Capozide)
- chlorthalidone (Thalitone)
- atenolol and chlorthalidone, Tenoretic
- betaxolol, Kerlone (Discontinued Brand)
- irbesartan (Avapro)
Prevention & Wellness
- Recalls of Blood Pressure Med Took Toll on Patients' Health
- Want Extra Years of Life? Keep Blood Pressure Tightly Controlled
- Most Widely Prescribed Blood Pressure Med Might Not Be Best Option: Study
- Bedtime May Be Best Time for Blood Pressure Meds
- Certain Blood Pressure Meds Tied to Suicide Risk in Study
- Running the Numbers on High Blood Pressure
- AHA News: Yo-Yoing Blood Pressure Could Be Bad for Those With Alzheimer's
- More Blood Pressure Drugs Recalled
- AHA News: Pumpkin Pulp, Seeds Lower Blood Pressure in Rat Study
- AHA News: Scientists Find Biological Link Between High Blood Pressure and Breast Cancer
- 'Hot' Yoga, Hula Dance Your Way to Healthy Blood Pressure
- Aggressive Blood Pressure Treatment Does Not Put Seniors at Risk: Study
- Even Small Improvements in Cholesterol, Blood Pressure Help Prevent Heart Attack
- Health Tip: Controlling Your Blood Pressure
- Upping Seniors' Blood Pressure Meds After Hospital Can Sometimes Bring Danger
- More Than Half of Younger Patients Skip or Quit Blood Pressure Meds
- Tight Blood Pressure Control Could Help Save Aging Brains
- AHA News: Rising Blood Pressure Puts Women At Greater Stroke Risk Than Men
- 'Selfies' Might Someday Track Your Blood Pressure
- Trying to Avoid a Second Stroke? Blood Pressure Control Is Key
- Air Pollution Bad News for Your Blood Pressure
- AHA News: Genetics May Help Predict the Right Blood Pressure Drug for You
- AHA News: Half of U.S. Adults Should Monitor Blood Pressure at Home, Study Says
- 5 Easy Ways to Cut Back Your Salt Intake
- AHA News: This May Be Why Slashing Salt Lowers Blood Pressure
- AHA News: Study Backs Lower Blood Pressure Target for People With Diabetes
- AHA News: After Family's Health Scare: 'We Had to Do This Together'
- FDA Says Patients Can Take Tainted Blood Pressure Meds Until Shortages End
- AHA News: Kids With High Blood Pressure Need Smooth Transition to Adult Care
- AHA News: Could Beetroot Fight Salt-Induced High Blood Pressure?
- FDA OKs Blood Pressure Drug to Ease Shortage Due to Recalls
- An Afternoon Nap May Lower Your Blood Pressure
- Making Sense of the Recent Blood Pressure Drug Recalls
- Health Tip: Eat Less Salt
- AHA News: Are There Health Benefits From Chocolate?
- Strict Blood Pressure Control Could Help Make Stroke Care Safer
- Health Tip: Control Your Blood Pressure
- Take High Blood Pressure Meds? Exercise Might Work Just as Well
- Two More Blood Pressure Drugs Recalled
- Smoking Bans Might Help Nonsmokers' Blood Pressure
- Health Tip: When Kids Drink Coffee
- Second High Blood Pressure Drug Recalled Due to Contamination
- Measure Your Blood Pressure at Home? New Guidelines Set Healthy Readings
- Lung Cancer Risk Tied to Common Blood Pressure Drug
- Uncontrolled Blood Pressure? Maybe It's Time to Check Your Shins
- No Short-Term Cancer Risk From Recalled Heart Med Valsartan: Study
- Home Monitoring Works for Blood Pressure Patients
- Label Mix-up Spurs Recall of Accord Blood Pressure Meds
- New Triple-Combo Pill Controls Blood Pressure, Study Finds
- Tap Into the Health Powers of Garlic
- Affected by the Valsartan Heart Drug Recall? Here's What to Do
- 3 of 4 Black Americans Have High Blood Pressure by 55
- Enlist a Pharmacist to Help Manage High Blood Pressure
- High Blood Pressure in Your 50s May Set Stage for Dementia
- High Blood Pressure Can Really Up Your Medical Costs
- New Guidelines Mean 1 in 3 Adults May Need Blood Pressure Meds
- What's the Best Way to Track Your Blood Pressure?
- Gene Twist Can Make Your Blood Pressure Spike From Salt
- Control Blood Pressure to Keep Dementia at Bay: Study
- Exercise for High Blood Pressure? Most Not Keen on Idea
- Raised Blood Pressure Before Pregnancy Linked to Miscarriage
- Wounded Combat Vets Face Increased Risk for High Blood Pressure
- Barbershop Pharmacists: A Good Rx for High Blood Pressure
- Blood Pressure Check? There May Soon Be an App for That
- Hispanics, Blacks Less Likely to Get High Blood Pressure Treatment: Study
- High Blood Pressure Might Affect Some Kids' Thinking Ability
- 1 in 4 Medicare Patients Uses Blood Pressure Meds Incorrectly
- Dietary Mineral Could Be One Key to Blood Pressure Control
- New Blood Pressure Guidelines a Danger to Patients: Study
- Newer Blood Pressure Drugs as Good as Older Ones: Study
- No Mental Benefits Seen for Elderly Who Stop Blood Pressure Meds
- Do Pregnant Women Need High Blood Pressure Treatment?
- Stroke Prevention Guidelines Emphasize Healthy Lifestyle
- Hormone Therapy May Up Heart-Related Deaths in Some Prostate Cancer Patients
- Home Blood Pressure Monitors May Occasionally Miss the Mark
- Health Tip: Change Your Diet to Help Lower Blood Pressure
- Regular Doctor Visits Help Control Blood Pressure, Study Says
- Blood Pressure Seems to Stay Lower Longer in Fitter Men
- Even a Little Excess Weight Can Boost Blood Pressure: Study
- Could Probiotics Help Tame High Blood Pressure?
- High Blood Pressure May Sometimes Be Overtreated: Study
- Sleep Apnea 'CPAP' Masks Might Help Ease High Blood Pressure
- Using Internet, Apps to Manage Blood Pressure Has Dangers: Study
- Blood Pressure Drugs Help Keep Heart Trouble at Bay: FDA
- Diet to Reduce Blood Pressure May Also Stave Off Kidney Stones
- Doctors Slower to Prescribe High Blood Pressure Meds to Younger Patients
- More Americans Getting High Blood Pressure Under Control: CDC
- High Blood Pressure in Young Adults Could Mean Heart Trouble in Middle Age
- Controlling Blood Pressure, Cholesterol May Not Boost Brain Health for Diabetics
- Sunlight Might Be Good for Your Blood Pressure: Study
- Green Tea May Interfere With a Blood Pressure Medicine
- High Blood Pressure May Be Worse for Women
- Too Few Americans Aware of Their High Blood Pressure: Study
- New Blood Pressure Guidelines Raise the Bar for Taking Medications
- Common Blood Pressure Meds May Cut Risk of Early Death in Kidney Patients: Study
- Treating Sleep Apnea May Lower Hard-to-Control Blood Pressure
- Black Men Raised by Single Parent Prone to High Blood Pressure: Study
- Kidney Procedure Might Help Ease Tough-to-Treat High Blood Pressure
- Blood Pressure Drug Might Boost Chemo Success, Mouse Study Suggests
- Healthy Eating Benefits Heart Failure Patients, Study Says
- Genes Tied to High Blood Pressure Found in Black Americans
- More Follow-Up Needed for Kids With High Blood Pressure Reading
- Pharmacist-Guided Home Blood Pressure Monitoring May Help Patients
- Heart Risks May Also Point to Dementia Risk
- New Diabetes Guidelines May Lower Patient Medical Bills
- Elevated BP May Prematurely Age the Brain
- Sesame and Rice Bran Oil, Yogurt Help Blood Pressure
- Report Looks at Best Diets, Easiest to Follow
- Midlife Blood Pressure Predicts Future Heart Risk
- Treating Prehypertension With Medication May Lower Stroke Risk
- Death Rate Declines for Americans With Hypertension
- Procedure May Lower Hard-to-Treat Hypertension
- 'Mini-Strokes' May Increase Risk of Heart Attack
- Elizabeth Taylor Dies of Heart Failure
- EPA Proposes New Mercury Air Pollution Rules
- Apple-Shaped Obesity, Other Forms Equally Risky, Study Finds
- Coffee May Lower Stroke Risk
- What's the Best Test for Children's Diabetes?
- Heart Risk Tied to Memory Problems
- New Guidelines on Women's Heart Risk
- Salty Diet Linked to Stroke Risk
- Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Memory Loss
- Stroke History of Moms Predicts Risk for Daughters
- New Debate on C-Reactive Protein Test and Statins
- CDC: 26 Million Americans Have Diabetes
- Strawberries, Blueberries May Ward Off High Blood Pressure
- 5-a-Day ‘Not Enough' Fruits and Vegetables
- 2 Genes May Be Linked to Heart Disease
- Healthy Hearts in Mediterranean Lands? Maybe Not
- NSAID Pain Relievers Raise Heart Risks
- Fewer Americans Have AMD
- Recall of Albuterol Used in Nebulizers
- Psoriasis, Heart Disease, and Diabetes: What's the Link?
- Good Cholesterol May Lower Risk of Alzheimer's Disease
- Healthy Lifestyle May Help Prevent Stroke
- How Much Sleep Do You Really Need?
- Obese Teens at Risk for Severe Adult Obesity
- New Genes Linked to Obesity, Belly Fat
- Hormone in Hair May Reveal Heart Risk