- Pregnancy Complications
- Signs & Symptoms
- Tips for Pregnancy
- Diagnostic Tests
High blood pressure in a pregnant person may cause decreased blood flow to the placenta. The fetus may receive inadequate oxygen and nutrients, which may result in poor growth and a low birth weight of the baby.
What are the types of high blood pressure during pregnancy?
- Chronic hypertension: High blood pressure begins before pregnancy or early during the pregnancy (before 20 weeks). This type of high blood pressure may continue after the baby’s birth.
- Gestational hypertension: This affects in the later stages of pregnancy (after 20 weeks) and may need regular doctor visits. Gestational hypertension may gradually lead to preeclampsia. It does not cause increased protein in the urine or organ damage.
- Preeclampsia: Develops after 20 weeks of pregnancy. The healthcare provider may notice increased proteins in urine (proteinuria). Preeclampsia can affect the liver, kidney, lungs, brain, and placenta. The affected brain may result in seizures.
What are the causes of increased blood pressure during pregnancy?
The exact cause of increased blood pressure during pregnancy is unknown.
The following risk factors may lead to increased blood pressure during pregnancy:
What are the problems caused by increased blood pressure during pregnancy?
High blood pressure during pregnancy may result in the following:
- Decreased blood flow to the placenta can lead to poor intrauterine growth of the fetus. This may result in low birth weight or premature babies. Premature babies have low immunity, which may result in infections and poorly developed lungs.
- Placental abruptions occur. The placenta gets separated from the inner wall of the uterus, which leads to heavy bleeding. It could be life-threatening for both the mother and the baby.
- Poor growth of the fetus.
- Preeclampsia may raise the likelihood of future heart and blood vessel diseases (cardiovascular disease). If you have had preeclampsia multiple times, your chances of developing cardiovascular disease are higher. The risk is even greater if you had a premature delivery as a result of having high blood pressure while pregnant.
What are the signs of increased blood pressure during pregnancy?
A few signs of high blood pressure during pregnancy are:
What are the complications of increased blood pressure during pregnancy?
Pregnancy hypertension may not cause complications in everyone.
Some of the complications that occur include:
How to ensure safe delivery with high blood pressure
The safety measures that must be followed with high blood pressure during pregnancy are:
High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy. https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/pregnancy.htm
High blood pressure and pregnancy: Know the facts. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/pregnancy/art-20046098
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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million people in the US have hypertension (1 in 3 adults), and only half of them are able to manage it. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms.
Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in 2017. The guidelines now state that blood normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure.
The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. The AAC considers 130/80 mm Hg. or greater (either number) stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is considered 140/90 mm Hg. or greater.
If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.
REFERENCE: CDC. High Blood Pressure. Updated: Nov 13, 2017.
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