Herb Danger - Aristolochic Acid Warning

The FDA has issued a strong warning to consumers to avoid herbs containing the chemical aristolochic acid. These herbs have the potential to cause cancer of the urinary tract and permanent kidney failure. Anyone who has consumed the herbal products listed in the bottom of this MedicineNet.com Alert should discontinue the product immediately and contact their doctor for further evaluation.

William Shiel, MD, FAAP, FACR
Chief Medical Editor, MedicineNet.com


Based on new information, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is advising consumers to immediately discontinue use of any botanical products containing aristolochic acid. These products may have been sold as "traditional medicines" or as ingredients in dietary supplements. Aristolochic acid is found primarily in the plant Aristolochia, but may also be present in other botanicals. Consumption of products containing aristolochic acid has been associated with permanent kidney damage, sometimes resulting in kidney failure that has required kidney dialysis or kidney transplantation. In addition, some patients have developed certain types of cancers, most often occurring in the urinary tract.

Previously, in May 2000, FDA alerted health care professionals and the dietary supplement industry of two patients in the United Kingdom who had experienced serious, permanent kidney damage following the use of botanical products containing aristolochic acid. These cases, along with the ones previously reported from Belgium and France, resulted in FDA imposing an import alert to detain botanical ingredients that are either labeled as "Aristolochia" or, for other reasons, are suspected to contain aristolochic acid. The ingredient will only be allowed to enter the U.S. when adequate testing shows that the suspect ingredients are free of aristolochic acid. Recently, FDA has received reports of two patients in the U.S. who developed serious kidney disease associated with the use of botanical products that were shown by laboratory analysis to contain aristolochic acid. In addition, the agency analyzed a sample of 38 botanical products available in the U.S. that were labeled as containing aristolochia or other herbs that might contain aristolochic acid and found that 18 of these products contained aristolochic acid. Based on these analytical results, FDA has requested that the involved U.S. manufacturers or distributors initiate recalls of these products.

Due to the potential serious public health risk, the agency is now advising consumers to stop using any products that may likely contain aristolochic acid. This includes products with the words "Aristolochia," "Bragantia" or "Asarum" listed as ingredients on the label, or any of the products FDA has found to contain aristolochic acid (see list of the 16 products analyzed by FDA - www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/ds-bot3.html ). Consumers cannot be assured that products containing these ingredients are free of aristolochic acid unless they have been tested in a laboratory. To inquire about whether appropriate testing has been done, consumers may wish to contact the manufacturer or distributor of the product. FDA advises consumers who have taken any of these products of concern to contact their health care provider immediately. Even if these products have not been used recently, consumers should still inform their health care provider about which product they took, so that an appropriate evaluation may be conducted.

Current and past FDA activities and actions associated with aristolochic acid may be found at:


Here is a listing of some herbal products containing aristolochic acid:

Product Name

Responsible Firm
PharmaBotanixx, Irvine, CA (Distributor), Sun Ten Laboratories, Inc., Irvine, CA (Manufacturer)

BioSlim Doctor's Natural Weight Loss System Slim Tone Formula
Thane International, LaQuinta, CA (Distributor)
Herbal Doctor Remedies, Monterey Park, CA (Distributor)
Fang Ji Stephania
Lotus Herbs Inc., LaPuente, CA (Distributor)
Mu Tong Clematis armandi
Lotus Herbs Inc., LaPuente, CA (Distributor)
Meridian Circulation
East Earth Herb Inc. (Brand name Jade Pharmacy), Eugene, OR
Temple of Heaven Chinese Herbs Radix aristolochiae
Mayway Corporation, Oakland, CA (Distributor) and Almira Alchemy, Alachua, FL (Distributor)

Qualiherb Chinese Herbal Formulas Dianthus Formulas Ba Zheng San
QualiHerb (Division of Finemost), Cerritos, CA (Distributor)

Clematis & Carthamus Formula 21280 (2 samples)
QualiHerb (Division of Finemost), Cerritos, CA (Distributor)

Virginia Snake Root, Cut Aristolochia serpentaria (2 samples)
Penn Herb Co., Philadelphia, PA (Manufacturer)
Green Kingdom Akebia Extract
Green Kingdom Herbs, Bay City, MI (Manufacturer) Ava Health, Grove City, OH (Distributor)
Green Kingdom Stephania Extract
Green Kingdom Herbs, Bay City, MI Ava Health (Distributor)
Neo Concept Aller Relief
BMK International, Inc., Wellesley, MA (Distributor), Sun Ten Labs, Irvine, CA (Manufacturer)
Mu Tong Clematis armandi
Botanicum.com, Winnipeg, Canada and Pembina, ND
Fang Ji Stephania
Botanicum.com, Winnipeg, Canada and Pembina, ND

Stephania tetrandra, roots, whole
(1) Product labeling states "Not for human consumption."
Ethnobotanical, Racine, WI

Joint Ease/Joint Comfort Complex
not available

Source: http://www.cfsan.fda.gov

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