Heart valves that are diseased can be treated both surgically (traditional heart valve surgery) and non-surgically (balloon valvuoplasty). The mitral valve is the most commonly repaired heart valve, but the aortic, pulmonic, and tricuspid valves may also undergo some of these repair techniques. Read more: Heart Valve Disease Surgery Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Aortic Valve Stenosis (Symptoms, Causes, Surgery)
Aortic valve stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart. The causes of aortic stenosis are wear and tear of the valve in the elderly, congenital, or scarring or scarring of the aortic valve from rheumatic fever. Symptoms include angina, fainting, and shortness of breath. Treatment is dependant upon the severity of the condition.
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib, AF)
Atrial fibrillation (AF or AFib) is an abnormality in the heart rhythm, which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart. Symptoms may include heart palpitations, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Atrial fibrillation treatment may include medication or procedures like cardioversion or ablation to normalize the heart rate.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP), also called "click murmur syndrome" and "Barlow's syndrome," is the most common type of heart valve abnormality. Usually, people with mitral valve prolapse have no signs and symptoms; however, if the prolapsed valve is severe, symptoms may appear. When symptoms of severe mitral valve prolapse do appear, they may include, fatigue, palpitations, chest pain, anxiety, migraine headaches, and pulmonary edema. Echocardiography is the most useful test for mitral valve prolapse. Most people with mitral valve need no treatment. However, if the valve prolapse is severe, treatment medications or surgery may be necessary to repair the heart valve.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Endocarditis, a serious infection of one of the four heart valves is caused by growth of bacteria on one of the heart valves; leading to an infected massed called a "vegetation." The infection can be caused by having bacteria in the bloodstream after dental work, colonoscopy, or other similar procedures. Endocarditis symptoms include: fever, fatigue, weakness, chills, aching muscles and joints, night sweats, edema in the legs, feet, or abdomen, malaise, shortness of breath and small skin lesions. Treatment for endocarditis is generally aggressive antibiotic treatment.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a ballooning or widening of the main artery (the aorta) as it courses down through the abdomen. Most abdominal aortic aneurysms produce no symptoms. Treatment may include observation or surgical repair.
Congenital Heart Defects
Congenital heart defects are heart problems that are present at birth. Genetics may play a role in some heart defects. Symptoms can range from nonexistent to severe and life-threatening. Fatigue, rapid breathing, and decreased blood circulation are a few possible symptoms of congenital heart defects. Many cases do not require any treatment. Procedures using catheters and surgery may be used to repair severe heart defects.
Heart Valve Disease
Heart valve disease occurs when the heart valves do not work the way they should. Symptoms of valve disease include shortness of breath, weakness or dizziness, discomfort in your chest, palpitations, swelling of your ankles, feet or abdomen, and rapid weight gain.
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart. Heart disease can lead to heart attack. Risk factors for heart disease include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholesterol Diabetes Family history Obesity Angina, shortness of breath, and sweating are just a few symptoms that may indicate a heart attack. Treatment of heart disease involves control of heart disease risk factors through lifestyle changes, medications, and/or stenting or bypass surgery. Heart disease can be prevented by controlling heart disease risk factors.
A heart murmur is a heart problem that can occur, for example, during pregnancy or exercise, or it can be a symptom of serious heart condition, for example, congenital heart defects or heart valve disease. A heart murmur makes a whooshing or swishing sound. Symptoms of a heart murmur include swelling of the legs or feet, dizzy or lightheaded, blackouts, chest pain, rapid heart rate (palpitations), difficulty doing normal daily activities, fatigue, and a bluish tinge on the skin, lips, and fingernails. Treatment for heart murmurs in infants, children, and adults depend on the cause. Some heart murmurs can be harmless while some are serious and life threatening.
7 Reasons You Are Tired After Surgery
Postsurgical fatigue is normal and is due to a variety of factors. Depression, stress, and anxiety may produce fatigue. Sleep deficits, certain medications, anemia, blood loss, fasting, and loss of electrolytes and minerals associated with surgery can also produce fatigue. Exercise, physical exertion, aging, and the overall health status of patients are additional factors that play a role in making people feel tired after surgery.
Local ResourcesFind a local Cardiologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
- Coronary Angiogram
- Coronary Heart Disease Screening Tests (CAD)
- Echocardiogram (Echocardiography, Diagnostic Cardiac Ultrasound)
- What Are Three Signs of Cardiac Tamponade?
- What Is Pericardiocentesis?
- What Are The Four Heart Sounds?
- How Is A Sternotomy Done?
- What Is a Mitral Valvuloplasty Procedure?
- How Long Does a Mitral Valvuloplasty Last?
- What Is a Transradial Heart Catheterization Procedure?
- How Long Does It Take to Recover from A Transradial Heart Catheterization?
- What Is PDA Heart Surgery?
- What Is a Percutaneous Valve Replacement Procedure?
- How Dangerous Is Percutaneous Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?
- What Is the Difference Between Electrocardiogram and Electrocardiograph?
- What Are the Common Complications of Pulmonary Artery Pressure Monitoring?
- Why Are Ventricular Repair (Cardiorrhaphy) Procedures Performed?
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- Having Heart Disease Can Make Other Surgeries More Risky
- What You Should Know If Your Surgery Has Been Put on Hold
- Artificial Heart Valve Would Grow With Kids, Cutting Need for Repeat Surgeries
- AHA News: Baby Survived 27 Minutes Without a Heartbeat
- 'Prehab' Before Surgery Helps Speed Seniors' Recovery
- Risks Mount for Lonely Hearts After Cardiac Surgery
- AHA News: Drawing on A Love of Art, She's Gone From Patient To Healer
- 1 in 5 Heart Pacemaker Patients Prescribed Opioids After Surgery
- Large Opioid Rx After Heart, Lung Surgery Often Leads to Misuse: Study
- Surgery Helps Babies Missing a Heart Chamber Survive, But Problems Linger
- AHA News: Torn Heart Artery Put Young Mom on Verge of Death
- Patient Catches on Fire During Heart Surgery
- Tiny Self-Guided Robot Navigates Through the Heart
- Mick Jagger Recovering After Heart Valve Procedure
- AHA News: Surgery Like Jagger: Doctors Explain Heart Valve Problems, Treatment
- AHA News: Couple Kept the Faith as Baby Neared Death -- and Then a Transplant Saved Him
- Mick Jagger to Have Heart Valve Surgery
- Expandable Heart Valves Could Mean Fewer Heart Surgeries
- What If You Were Your Own Blood Donor for Surgery?
- Discharge Day Won't Affect Heart Surgery Outcome: Study
- Arnold Schwarzenegger Undergoes Emergency Heart Surgery
- Vitamin D3 May Benefit Heart Surgery Patients
- Mechanical Heart Valve Approved for Newborns
- Poorer Kids May Fare Worse After Heart Surgery
- Busiest Docs Get Best Results With Heart Valve Surgery
- Getting Teeth Pulled Before Heart Surgery May Pose Serious Risks
- Many Patients Have Pain After Heart Surgery, Study Finds
- Year of Taking Risky Blood Thinners May Be Unnecessary After Stent Surgery
- Early Stenting Best for Some Heart Patients: Study
- New Test Helps Decide if Heart Patient Needs Stent
- Newer Drug-Releasing Stent Cuts Chances of Cardiac Events: Study
- Expensive, Drug-Emitting Stents May Be Overused: Study
- Bypass Beats Angioplasty for People With Diabetes
- Angioplasty May Be Risky for Those With Poor Leg Circulation
- Are Biodegradable Heart Stents Safe?
- Depression Tied to Earlier Death in Heart Patients
- Combining Heart Valve Repair With Bypass May Be Worthwhile
- Stents Overused in Stable Heart Patients