Heart valve disease refers to a defect or damage to any of the four valves inside the heart. The valves of the heart include the aortic, pulmonary, tricuspid, and mitral valves.
Signs and symptoms of heart valve disease depend on the severity of the damage to the valve and the exact valve involved. Signs and symptoms associated with heart valve disease can include
- rapid weight gain,
- chest discomfort,
- shortness of breath,
- fainting, and
- swelling of the feet, ankles, or abdomen.
A heart murmur is a common symptom of heart valve disease.
Cause of heart valve disease
Heart valve disease can be present as the result of a birth defect (congenital) or may be acquired. Causes of acquired heart valve disease include coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease), syphilis, high blood pressure, aortic aneurysms, and certain connective tissue diseases.
Other heart valve disease symptoms and signs
- Abdominal Swelling
- Chest Discomfort
- Heart Murmur
- Rapid Weight Gain
- Shortness of Breath
- Swollen Ankles
- Swollen Feet
Main Article on Heart Valve Disease Symptoms and Signs
IMAGESBrowse through our medical image collection to see illustrations of human anatomy and physiology See Images
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
Heart Disease Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take our Heart Disease Quiz to get answers and facts about high cholesterol, atherosclerosis prevention, and the causes,...
Heart Disease: Causes of a Heart Attack
Heart disease prevention includes controlling risk factors like diet, exercise, and stress. Heart disease symptoms in women may...
Heart Disease: Symptoms, Signs, and Causes
What is heart disease (coronary artery disease)? Learn about the causes of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease include chest...
Heart Palpitations: 14 Possible Causes and Should You Worry?
Heart palpitations are caused by stress, exercise, caffeine, nicotine, hormone changes, fever, medications, low blood sugar,...
Picture of Heart
The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. See a picture of the Heart and learn more...
Picture of Heart Detail
The heart is composed of specialized cardiac muscle, and it is four-chambered, with a right atrium and ventricle, and an...
Examples of Medications for Heart Valve Disease Symptoms and Signs
Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.