Heart valve disease refers to a defect or damage to any of the four valves inside the heart. The valves of the heart include the aortic, pulmonary, tricuspid, and mitral valves.
Signs and symptoms of heart valve disease depend on the severity of the damage to the valve and the exact valve involved. Signs and symptoms associated with heart valve disease can include
- rapid weight gain,
- chest discomfort,
- shortness of breath,
- fainting, and
- swelling of the feet, ankles, or abdomen.
A heart murmur is a common symptom of heart valve disease.
Cause of heart valve disease
Heart valve disease can be present as the result of a birth defect (congenital) or may be acquired. Causes of acquired heart valve disease include coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease), syphilis, high blood pressure, aortic aneurysms, and certain connective tissue diseases.
Other heart valve disease symptoms and signs
- Abdominal Swelling
- Chest Discomfort
- Heart Murmur
- Rapid Weight Gain
- Shortness of Breath
- Swollen Ankles
- Swollen Feet
Main Article on Heart Valve Disease Symptoms and Signs
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Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.