Heart transplant consists of three operations: 1) harvesting the heart from the donor, 2) removing the recipient's damaged heart, and 3) the implantation of the donor heart. The selection and distribution of donor hearts is a careful process so that the hearts are distributed fairly. For the patient requiring a heart transplant, all other important organs in the body must be in good shape. The most common complication of heart transplant is organ rejection. Read more: What Is a Heart Transplant? Article
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Plastic Surgery: Before and After Photos of Cosmetic Surgeries
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Related Disease Conditions
How the Heart Works: Sides, Chambers, and Function
The heart is a very important organ in the body. It is responsible for continuously pumping oxygen and nutrient-rich blood throughout your body to sustain life. It is a fist-sized muscle that beats (expands and contracts) 100,000 times per day, pumping a total of five or six quarts of blood each minute, or about 2,000 gallons per day.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies are just a few potential causes of congestive heart failure. Signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure may include fatigue, breathlessness, palpitations, angina, and edema. Physical examination, patient history, blood tests, and imaging tests are used to diagnose congestive heart failure. Treatment of heart failure consists of lifestyle modification and taking medications to decrease fluid in the body and ease the strain on the heart. The prognosis of a patient with congestive heart failure depends on the stage of the heart failure and the overall condition of the individual.
Medical shock is a life-threatening medical condition. There are several types of medical shock, including: septic shock, anaphylactic shock, cardiogenic shock, hypovolemic shock, and neurogenic shock. Causes of shock include: heart attack, heart failure, heavy bleeding (internal and external), infection, anaphylaxis, spinal cord injury, severe burns, chronic vomiting or diarrhea. Low blood pressure is the key sign of sock. Treatment is dependant upon the type of shock.
Heart failure (congestive) is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that overwork the heart. Symptoms of heart failure include congested lungs, fluid and water retention, dizziness, fatigue and weakness, and rapid or irregular heartbeats. There are two types of congestive heart failure, systolic or left-sided heart failure; and diastolic or right-sided heart failure. Treatment, prognosis, and life-expectancy for a person with congestive heart failure depends upon the stage of the disease.
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Sudden cardiac arrest is an unexpected, sudden death caused by sudden cardiac arrest (loss of heart function). Causes and risk factors of sudden cardiac arrest include (not inclusive) abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias), previous heart attack, coronary artery disease, smoking, high cholesterol,Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome, ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation after a heart attack, congenital heart defects, history of fainting, heart failure, obesity, diabetes, and drug abuse. Treatment of sudden cardiac arrest is an emergency, and action must be taken immediately.
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized. Patients at risk for VRE are those who are already ill, and hospitalized, including individuals with diabetes, elderly, ICU patients, kidney failure patients, or patients requiring catheters. Enterococci can survive for months in the digestive tract and female genital tract. Other risk factors for acquiring VRE include those how have been previously treated with vancomycin and combinations of other antibiotics. Treatment of VRE is generally with other antibiotics other than vancomycin. Prevention of VRE can be achieved by proper hand hygiene.
What Is Microsporidiosis?
Microsporidiosis is an infection caused by the microsporidia parasite. The disease is uncommon in people with normal immune systems. Symptoms in people with immune deficiency include diarrhea, malabsorption, gallbladder disease, cough, labored breathing, urinary tract infection, bowel perforation and keratoconjunctivitis. Microsporidiosis treatment depends on the site of infection and the species of microsporidia involved.
Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a condition where the heart's ability to pump blood is decreased because the heart's main pumping chamber is enlarged and weakened. Symptoms of dilated cardiomyopathy include chest pain, heart failure, swelling of the lower extremities, fatigue, weight gain, fainting, palpitations, dizziness and blood clots.
Restrictive cardiomyopathy, the rarest form of cardiomyopathy, is a condition in which the walls of the lower chambers of the heart (the ventricles) are abnormally rigid and lack the flexibility to expand as the ventricles fill with blood. The pumping or systolic function of the ventricle may be normal but the diastolic function (the ability of the heart to fill with blood) is abnormal. Therefore, it is harder for the ventricles to fill with blood, and with time, the heart loses the ability to pump blood properly, leading to heart failure.
What Is a Widowmaker Heart Attack?
A Widowmaker is a type of heart attack, which is deadlier than most others. A widowmaker heart attack occurs when the left ascending artery (LAD) that supplies blood to the front part of the heart (largest part) is clogged-up because of clots in the arterial wall. This causes the death of heart muscle in this area, medically termed myocardial infarction. Because the widowmaker damages a major portion of the heart, timely management is necessary to prevent fatalities.
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Treatment & Diagnosis
- What Are The Four Heart Sounds?
- What Is the Difference Between Electrocardiogram and Electrocardiograph?
- Apheresis (Hemapheresis, Pheresis)
- How Is A Sternotomy Done?
- What Are Three Signs of Cardiac Tamponade?
- How Long Does It Take to Recover from A Transradial Heart Catheterization?
- What Are the Common Complications of Pulmonary Artery Pressure Monitoring?
- What Is a Coronary Angiogram?
- What Is a Mitral Valvuloplasty Procedure?
- Questions To Ask Before Surgery
- What Is PDA Heart Surgery?
- What Is a Percutaneous Valve Replacement Procedure?
- What Is Pericardiocentesis?
- How Long Does a Mitral Valvuloplasty Last?
- Why Are Ventricular Repair (Cardiorrhaphy) Procedures Performed?
- What Is a Transradial Heart Catheterization Procedure?
- Myocardial Biopsy
Medications & Supplements
- mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept)
- Valtrex (valacyclovir) vs. Valcyte (valganciclovir)
- What Are Immunosuppressive Drugs?
- Side Effects of CellCept (mycophenolic acid)
- Aldactone (spironolactone) Side Effects, Interactions, and Warnings
- Side Effects of Prograf (tacrolimus)
- Effient (prasugrel)
- Sandimmune (cyclosporine)
- mycophenolate mofetil hydrochloride - injection, Cellcept
- Verquvo (vericiguat)
Prevention & Wellness
- Hearts From Drug Abusers Can Be Used for Transplants
- AHA News: Genetic Problem Led to a Heart Transplant at 24. Her New Heart Has a Genetic Problem, Too.
- Old Age No Bar to Successful Heart Transplant, Study Finds
- 'Heart-in-a-Box' Can Be Lifesaving, Matching Up Distant Donors With Patients
- COVID Vaccines Safe for Organ Transplant Recipients: Study
- AHA News: Organ Transplants Make A Turnaround From COVID-19 Decline
- Life-Saving Organ Transplants Plummet During COVID-19 Crisis
- AHA News: Firefighter In Need of a New Heart Got By With a Little Help From His Friends
- AHA News: Unexplained Heart Failure at 24 Leads to Transplant
- Heart Transplants From Donors With Hepatitis C May Be Safe: Study
- New Rules Seek to Increase Organ Transplants in U.S.
- AHA News: Women and Men Tolerate Heart Transplants Equally Well, But Men May Get Better Hearts
- AHA News: New Heart Saved Her - and It Came With the Name of Teen Who Gave It
- 3-D Printers Might Someday Make Replacement Hearts
- AHA News: A Date With 'The Heartbreaker,' Then Open-Heart Surgery
- AHA News: Torn Heart Artery Put Young Mom on Verge of Death
- Israeli Team Announces First 3D-Printed Heart Using Human Cells
- AHA News: She Wrote Goodbye Letters to Her Kids. A Transplant Kept Them From Being Read
- Lungs, Hearts Infected With Hepatitis C Still OK for Transplant
- AHA News: With New Heart, Mom of Four Competes in Transplant Games
- AHA News: Heart Transplant Survivor Gets Wedding Proposal at Finish Line
- Someday, a Pig's Heart Might Save a Child's Life
- Security Scanners Safe for Patients With Heart Devices: Study
- Sun's Harms Rise After Organ Transplant
- Houston Hospital's Heart Transplant Program to Lose Medicaid Funding
- Looking for Online Advice on Your Heart Device? Beware
- Study Spots Cause of Global Outbreak of Infections Tied to Heart Surgeries
- Pump Implants May Rejuvenate Heart Failure Patients
- Heart Devices 101: Guide to the Tools That Keep You Ticking
- New Technique Might Lead to Frozen Donor Organs for Transplant
- Should a Mental Disability Keep Patients Off Organ Transplant Lists?
- Device Plus 'Aggressive' Drug Strategy May Curb Severe Heart Failure
- Blood Test May Rule Out Too Many Donor Hearts
- Heart Transplant Mental Toll May Be Greater for Women
- 3-D Computer Modeling Might Improve Children's Heart Transplants
- Keeping Fit May Halve Seniors' Heart Failure Risk
- Kids Who Need Heart Transplant Should Get the First Available, Study Says
- Scientists Set Their Sights on First Whole-Eye Transplant
- Heart Transplant ‘Breakthrough' Shows Promise
- Pigs' Hearts Beat for a Year in Baboons' Abdomens
- Study: Vigorous Exercise Seems Safe for Heart Transplant Recipients
- Doctors More Willing Than General Public to Donate Organs
- New Blood Test May Help Detect Heart Transplant Rejection
- Stem Cells May Rejuvenate Failing Hearts, Study Suggests
- Getting Teeth Pulled Before Heart Surgery May Pose Serious Risks
- Many Patients Have Pain After Heart Surgery, Study Finds
- Kids Who Undergo Heart Transplant Living Longer: Study
- When It Comes to Heart Transplants, Size May Matter Most
- Removable 'Gut Sleeve' Might Become a Future Weight-Loss Tool
- Scientists Pinpoint Which Kids With Heart Muscle Disease Are in Most Danger
- Scientists Make Damaged Heart Cells Healthy Again in Lab Tests
- Country Singer Randy Travis Suffers a Stroke
- Country Singer Randy Travis in Critical Condition With Heart Infection
- Health Tip: Will Cardiac Rehab Help?
- HeartWare Device Approved for Heart Transplant Hopefuls
- Docs: Heart Device Might Be Breakthrough for Muscular Dystrophy
- FDA Agents Visit Mass. Company Linked to Meningitis Outbreak
- Tainted Steroid Injections May Affect Those Treated for Joint Pain
- Mechanical Device Helps Kids Waiting for Heart Transplant
- Extra Pounds May Offer Protection to Heart Failure Patients
- Stem Cell Study Shows Promising Results Against Heart Failure
- A Heart Disease Veteran at Just Age 12
- Health Highlights: April 4, 2012
- Health Highlights: April 3, 2012
- Health Highlights: March 26, 2012
- Health Highlights: Dec. 19, 2011
- New Device Approved for Children With Heart Failure