A heart attack involves damage or death of part of the heart muscle due to a blood clot. The aim of heart attack treatment is to prevent or stop this damage to the heart muscle. Heart attack treatments included medications, procedures, and surgeries to protect the heart muscle against injury.Read more: Heart Attack Treatment Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Heart Healthy Diet: 25 Foods You Should Eat
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Am I Having a Heart Attack? Symptoms of Heart Disease
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Cholesterol Levels: What's Normal and How to Lower High Cholesterol
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Cholesterol Drugs: What to Expect With Heart Medication
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How to Lower Your Cholesterol & Save Your Heart
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Picture of Blood Clot
Blood that has been converted from a liquid to a solid state. See a picture of Blood Clot and learn more about the health topic.
IMAGESSee a detailed medical illustration of the heart plus our entire medical gallery of human anatomy and physiology See Images
Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)
Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the low flow of blood through the arteries and veins. Some of the symptoms of low blood pressure include light-headedness, dizziness, and fainting if not enough blood is getting to the brain. Diseases and medications can also cause low blood pressure. When the flow of blood is too low to deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to vital organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys; the organs do not function normally and may be permanently damaged.
Peptic Ulcer (Stomach Ulcer)
Peptic or stomach ulcers are ulcers are an ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Ulcer formation is related to H. pylori bacteria in the stomach, use of anti-inflammatory medications, and cigarette smoking. Symptoms of peptic or stomach ulcers include abdominal burning or hunger pain, indigestion, and abdominal discomfort after meals. Treatment for stomach ulcers depends upon the cause.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated. About 75 million people in the US have hypertension (1 in 3 adults), and only half of them are able to manage it. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms. Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in 2017. The guidelines now state that blood normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure. The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. The AAC considers 130/80 mm Hg. or greater (either number) stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 hypertension is considered 140/90 mm Hg. or greater. If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.REFERENCE: CDC. High Blood Pressure. Updated: Nov 13, 2017.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies are just a few potential causes of congestive heart failure. Signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure may include fatigue, breathlessness, palpitations, angina, and edema. Physical examination, patient history, blood tests, and imaging tests are used to diagnose congestive heart failure. Treatment of heart failure consists of lifestyle modification and taking medications to decrease fluid in the body and ease the strain on the heart. The prognosis of a patient with congestive heart failure depends on the stage of the heart failure and the overall condition of the individual.
What Does Chest Pain on the Left Side Above a Female Breast Mean?
Chest pain on the left side above a female breast can have a variety of causes. Learn the signs of chest pain on the left side, what may cause it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count)
Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia include: Increased bruising Spontaneous bleeding Small, purple spots under the skin called purpura There are many causes of thrombocytopenia such as decreased platelet production (viral infections for example rubella, mumps, chickenpox, hepatitis C, and HIV); increased platelet destruction or consumption (for example sulfonamide antibiotics, heparin, blood transfusions, and lupus); or increased splenic sequestration (enlarged spleen due to conditions for example liver disease, blood cancers, and more). Treatment of thrombocytopenia depends on the cause.
Heart Attack Symptoms and Early Warning Signs
Recognizing heart attack symptoms and signs can help save your life or that of someone you love. Some heart attack symptoms, including left arm pain and chest pain, are well known but other, more nonspecific symptoms may be associated with a heart attack. Nausea, vomiting, malaise, indigestion, sweating, shortness of breath, and fatigue may signal a heart attack. Heart attack symptoms and signs in women may differ from those in men.
Blood Clots (in the Leg)
Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins, bladder, urinary tract and uterus. Risk factors for causes of blood clots include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and family history. Symptoms of a blood clot depend on the location of the clot. Some blood clots are a medical emergency. Blood clots are treated depending upon the cause of the clot. Blood clots can be prevented by lowering the risk factors for developing blood clots.
Liver (Anatomy and Function)
The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation, scarring of the liver, infection of the liver, gallstones, cancer, toxins, genetic diseases, and blood flow problems. Symptoms of liver disease generally do not occur until the liver disease is advanced. Some symptoms of liver disease include jaundice, nausea and vomiting, easy bruising, bleeding excessively, fatigue, weakness, weight loss, shortness of breath, leg swelling, impotence, and confusion. Treatment of diseases of the liver depends on the cause.
Fainting, also referred to as blacking out, syncope, or temporary loss of consciousness has many causes. Often a person will have signs or symptoms prior to the fainting episode. Diagnosis and treatment depends upon the cause of the fainting or syncope episode.
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart. Heart disease can lead to heart attack. Risk factors for heart disease include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholesterol Diabetes Family history Obesity Angina, shortness of breath, and sweating are just a few symptoms that may indicate a heart attack. Treatment of heart disease involves control of heart disease risk factors through lifestyle changes, medications, and/or stenting or bypass surgery. Heart disease can be prevented by controlling heart disease risk factors.
Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy, pneumothorax, shingles, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, angina, heart attack, costochondritis, pericarditis, aorta or aortic dissection, and reflux esophagitis. Diagnosis and treatment of chest pain depends upon the cause and clinical presentation of the patient's chest pain.
High-Sensitivity Troponin Test
The high-sensitive troponin test can detect very low levels of troponin T in the blood. (There are three types of cardiac troponin proteins, I, T, and C.), which helps doctors diagnose a heart attack more quickly. If troponin levels are elevated high and the ECG (EKG, electrocardiogram) indicates an acute heart attack, immediate cardiac intervention such as catheterization, stents, or a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). The high-sensitive troponin test can help diagnose heart conditions such as obstructive coronary disease (CAD), stable angina, congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy, chronic heart failure, myocarditis, aortic dissection, cardiotoxic chemotherapy, blunt trauma to the chest, and strenuous exercise, for example, endurance athletes. You can prevent elevated troponin levels in the blood with a heart-healthy lifestyle a heart-healthy diet, maintaining your weight, limit alcohol, don’t smoke, practice stress reduction through stress reduction techniques, meditation, and yoga, manage your blood pressure and diabetes, and take all of your medications as your doctor has instructed you. Call 911 immediately if you have chest pain and have symptoms of a heart attack, which include nausea, vomiting, belching, indigestion, upper abdominal discomfort that feels like stomach pain in the middle of the upper abdomen, upper back and arm pain, feeling as though you are getting the flu, sweating, a vague feeling of illness, and sweating.
Dizziness is a symptom that often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of dizziness include low blood pressure, heart problems, anemia, dehydration, and other medical conditions. Treatment of dizziness depends on the cause.
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Angina is chest pain due to inadequate blood supply to the heart. Angina symptoms may include chest tightness, burning, squeezing, and aching. Coronary artery disease is the main cause of angina but there are other causes. Angina is diagnosed by taking the patient's medical history and performing tests such as an electrocardiogram (EKG), blood test, stress test, echocardiogram, cardiac CT scan, and heart catheterization. Treatment of angina usually includes lifestyle modification, medication, and sometimes, surgery. The risk of angina can be reduced by following a heart healthy lifestyle.
High Blood Pressure Treatment (Natural Home Remedies, Diet, Medications)
High blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include lifestyle modifications (alcohol, smoking, coffee, salt, diet, exercise), drugs and medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), alpha blockers, clonidine, minoxidil, and Exforge.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
Cholesterol (Lowering Your Cholesterol)
High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Getting your cholesterol and triglyceride levels in an optimal range will help protect your heart and blood vessels. Cholesterol management may include lifestyle interventions (diet and exercise) as well as medications to get your total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides in an optimal range.
Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence)
Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying causes of erectile dysfunction, including stress and emotional problems, brain dysfunction, problems with blood supply to the penis, and structural problems with the penis.
Orthostatic hypotension symptoms include: LightheadednessWeaknessBlurred vision Syncope or passing out Causes of orthostatic hypotension include: Dehydration, Anemia, Medication Blood loss Low blood pressure Heat related illnesses Parkinson's disease Diabetes Treatment of orthostatic hypotension depends on the underlying cause.
Arrhythmias (Heart Rhythm Disorders)
Heart rhythm disorders vary from minor palpitations, premature atrial contractions (PACs), premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), sinus tachycardia, and sinus bradycardia, to abnormal heart rhythms such as tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular flutter, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome, brachycardia, or heart blocks. Treatment is dependent upon the type of heart rhythm disorder.
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib)
Atrial fibrillation (AF or AFib) is an abnormality in the heart rhythm, which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart. Symptoms may include heart palpitations, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Atrial fibrillation treatment may include medication or procedures like cardioversion or ablation to normalize the heart rate.
Heart failure (congestive) is caused by many conditions including coronary artery disease, heart attack, cardiomyopathy, and conditions that overwork the heart. Symptoms of heart failure include congested lungs, fluid and water retention, dizziness, fatigue and weakness, and rapid or irregular heartbeats. There are two types of congestive heart failure, systolic or left-sided heart failure; and diastolic or right-sided heart failure. Treatment, prognosis, and life-expectancy for a person with congestive heart failure depends upon the stage of the disease.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fats that help decrease one's cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as reduce the risk of coronary artery disease. Omega-3s are found in salmon, sardines, walnuts, and canola oil. These fats may help reduce the risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death.
Lower Cholesterol Levels with Diet and Medications
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is considered "good" cholesterol because it actually works to keep the LDL or "bad" cholesterol from building up in your arteries. Foods like extra lean meats, skim milk, and vegetable-based "butter-like" substitutes may help decrease LDL levels in the bloodstream.
Heart Attack vs. Heartburn
Heartburn is a symptom of another disease or medical problem and can be described as a feeling of burning in the chest accompanied by symptoms of nausea, vomiting, or a sour taste or food stuck in the back of the throat. Heart attack occurs when an artery in the heart is completely blocked by a blood clot, which causes that portion of heart muscle to die. Heart attack also has symptoms of chest pain, nausea, and vomiting, however, other warning signs and symptoms of a heart attack are unusual weakness or fatigue, and persistent and/or increased severity of symptoms over a few minutes. Heart attack is a life threatening emergency. If you think you or someone you are with is having a heart attack, call 911 immediately for urgent medical treatment. It may save your life.
Carotid Artery Disease
The term carotid artery disease refers to the narrowing of the carotid arteries and can also be called carotid stenosis. Fatty substance buildup and cholesterol deposits, called plaque are the cause of the narrowing arteries. Carotid artery disease can be treated by following recommended lifestyle changes, taking prescription medications, and considering a procedure to improve blood flow, if your doctor believes it could help.
Heart Attack vs. Stroke Symptoms, Differences, and Similarities
Heart attack usually is caused by a clot that stops blood flow supplying oxygen to an area of heart muscle, which results in heart muscle death. Stroke or "brain attack" is caused by a loss of blood supply to the brain (usually a blood clot) or by hemorrhagic stroke (bleeding within the brain), which results in brain tissue death. Both heart attack and stroke usually come on suddenly, produce similar symptoms, can be disabling, and can be fatal. The classic symptoms and warning signs of heart attack are different. Classic heart attack warning signs are chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, pain that radiates to the shoulders, back, arms, belly, jaw, or teeth, sweating, fainting, and nausea and vomiting. Moreover, woman having a heart attack may have additional symptoms like abdominal pain or discomfort, dizziness, clammy skin, and moderate to severe fatigue. The classic symptoms and warning signs that a person is having a stroke are confusion or loss of consciousness, sudden severe headache, speech problems, problems seeing out of one or both eyes, and numbness or weakness of only one side of the body. Moreover, a woman having a stroke may have additional warning symptom and signs like shortness of breath, disorientation, agitation, behavioral changes, weakness, nausea, vomiting, seizures, and hiccups. Recognition of stroke symptoms is vital for emergency treatment. The acronym "FAST" stands for recognition of Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulty, and a Time for action. If you experience the symptoms heart attack or stroke (FAST) or see them develop in another person, then contact 911 immediately.
Heart Attacks in Women
Heart disease, particularly coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Women are more likely to die from a heart attack than men. High cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, and high triglycerides are contributors to heart disease. Some of the common symptoms of a heart attack in women include chest pain, shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint or woozy, and more. Heart disease can be prevented by lifestyle changes and controlling high blood pressure, cholesterol, weight, and diseases such as diabetes.
Fabry disease (Fabry's disease, alpha-galactosidase-A) is a genetic disorder with symptoms such as burning sensations in the hands, small-raised reddish-purplish blemishes on the skin, fever, decreases sweating, and gastrointestinal (GI) difficulties. Fabry disease patients are at increased risk of heart attack, heart disease, kidney failure, and stroke. Symptoms of Fabry disease can be treated with medication.
Enjoying a healthy diet helps to prevent diseases. A good diet also helps to control celiac disease, control diabetes, control high blood pressure, prevent loss of bone mass, prevent loss of muscle strength, and prevent vitamin deficiencies. Healthy diets also help with weight loss and obesity prevention.
Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay
A heart attack is a layperson's term for a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. This photo essay includes graphics, pictures, and illustrations of diseased heart tissue and the mechanisms that lead to coronary artery disease, and possible heart attack. A coronary artery occlusion may be fatal, but most patients survive it. Death can occur when the occlusion leads to an abnormal heartbeat (severe arrhythmia) or death of heart muscle (extensive myocardial infarction).
Is Pleurisy Contagious?
Pleurisy or pleuritis is an inflammation of the lining around the lungs. Some of the causes of pleurisy include TB, the flu, heart attack, some forms of arthritis, and lupus. The treatment for pleurisy is generally aimed at the underlying cause of pleurisy.
Biologic rhythms, or biorhythms, are how our bodies respond to the regular phases of the sun, moon, and seasons. A medical chronobiologist studies how the "body clock" or biorhythms affect diseases and how the body clock responds to treatment of diseases and conditions at different times of the day.
Heart Attack Prevention
Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back.
High Cholesterol: Frequently Asked Questions
Cholesterol occurs naturally in the body. High blood cholesterol levels increase a person's risk of developing heart disease, heart attacks, strokes, TIAs, and more. In addition to medication (fibrates, statins, bile acid sequestrants, and niacin), lifestyle changes can be made to lower blood cholesterol levels
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety. There are fitness programs that fit any age or lifestyle.
Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series
Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are interconnected and affect your risk for heart disease or heart attack. For better heart health, avoid the following fried foods, hard margarine, commercial baked goods, most packaged and processed snack foods, high fat dairy, and processed meats such as bacon, sausage, and deli meats.
Smoking and Heart Disease
Smoking increases the risk of heart disease in women and men. Nicotine in cigarettes decrease oxygen to the heart, increases blood pressure, blood clots, and damages coronary arteries. Learn how to quit smoking today, to prolong your life.
Heart Attack Prevention Overview
Heart attacks are the major causes of unexpected, sudden death among men and women. A heart attack also is a significant cause of heart failure. The process of developing atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) begins early in life. Heart attack prevention should begin in childhood because the atherosclerosis process can not be reversed. The risk of having a heart attack increases if you have diseases or conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and other heart conditions.
Local ResourcesFind a local Cardiologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Triglycerides (Tests and Lowering Your Triglyceride Levels)
- What Are The Four Heart Sounds?
- Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
- Parathyroidectomy Surgery
- How Long Can You Live With an Implanted Defibrillator?
- Homocysteine (Normal and Elevated Levels Blood Test)
- What Is the Difference Between Electrocardiogram and Electrocardiograph?
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
- Is Pericardial Window Surgery Dangerous?
- What Are Three Signs of Cardiac Tamponade?
- What Is Treadmill Stress Testing?
- How Is Coronary Heart Disease Diagosed?
- How Long Does It Take to Recover from A Transradial Heart Catheterization?
- Cholesterol Test
- What Is a Pharmacologic Stress Testing Used For?
- What Is an Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump Used For?
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Exercise Stress Test
- What Is a Coronary Angiogram?
- How Is PDA Surgery Performed?
- What Is PDA Heart Surgery?
- What Is a Percutaneous Valve Replacement Procedure?
- How Dangerous Is Percutaneous Heart Valve Replacement Surgery?
- Why Are Ventricular Repair (Cardiorrhaphy) Procedures Performed?
- What Is a Transradial Heart Catheterization Procedure?
- Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea)
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Arm Pain
- Chest Pain
- Fainting (Syncope)
- Shoulder Pain
- Heart Attack in Women
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Heart Disease: Nonsurgical Treatments
- Heart Disease, Living Well with
- Heart: The Smart Heart
- Heart: Life After Heart Disease -- Dearing Johns, MD -- 02/19/03
- Heart Disease in Women
- Heart Rhythms: Treating Life-Threatening
- Heart: Caring for Your Heart
- Heart: Successful Strategies for Failing Hearts -- David O. Taylor, MD. -- 02/12/03
- Heart: His Heart, Her Heart: How to Keep Both Healthy -- Paula Johnson, MD -- 02/19/03
- Heart Disease: Preventing Heart Disease in Women
Medications & Supplements
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- ACE Inhibitors (Side Effects, List of Names, Uses, and Dosage)
- Vasodilators (Drug Class Side Effects, List of Names)
- Beta Blockers (Drug Class, List of Brand and Generic Names)
- aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, Bayer, Ecotrin, and others)
- Anticoagulants (Anticoagulant Drug Class)
- Aspirin vs. Plavix (clopidogrel)
- lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil, Qbrelis) ACE Inhibitor
- Nitrates (Medication)
- colestipol (Colestid)
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- Viagra (sildenafil)
- Drug Interactions
- carvedilol (Coreg)
- folic acid (folate, vitamin B9, FA-8, Folacin, Folic Acid, GNC Folic Acid 400, and many more)
- dopamine (Intropin)
- Ibuprofen and Plavix (Side Effects and Interactions)
- metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- atenolol, Tenormin
- digoxin (Lanoxin, Lanoxin Pediatric)
- Lipitor (atorvastatin)
- Repatha (evolocumab)
- vitamin K-1, phytonadione (Mephyton)
- propranolol, Inderal, Inderal LA, Innopran XL
- alteplase (TPA, Activase, Cathflo Activase)
- clopidogrel bisulfate (Plavix)
- Lovenox (enoxaparin)
- captopril (Capoten)
- tadalafil, Cialis, Adcirca
- warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)
- Coumadin vs. Plavix (Differences and Similarities)
- telmisartan, Micardis
- dalteparin injection (Fragmin)
- nitroglycerin, Nitro-Bid, Nitro-Dur, Nitrostat, Transderm-Nitro, Minitran, Deponit, Nitrol
- Zocor (simvastatin)
- enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned)
- lidocaine injection (Xylocaine)
- ramipril (Altace)
- vardenafil (Levitra, Staxyn ODT)
- omega-3 fatty acids - oral, Max Epa, Omega-3, Salmon Oil,
- pravastatin (Pravichol)
- abciximab - injection, Reopro
- lovastatin (Mevacor, Altoprev)
- heparin (Hemochron, Hep-Lock)
- felodipine (Plendil)
- gemfibrozil (Lopid)
- timolol (Betimol)
- omega-3-acid ethyl esters (Lovaza)
- heparin lock flush-injection, Hep-Lock
- ticlopidine, Ticlid (discontinued brand in the US)
- Types of Insulin Medications for Diabetes
- cangrelor (Kengreal)
- eptifibatide - injection, Integrilin
- Side Effects of Brilinta (ticagrelor)
- Betapace (sotalol)
- Optiray (ioversol)
- Aspirin Therapy (Guidelines for Heart Attack and Stroke Prevention)
- Brilinta (ticagrelor)
- Verquvo (vericiguat)
- Vyndaqel and Vyndamax (tafamidis meglumine and tafamidis)
- Yosprala (aspirin and omeprazole)
- Carospir (spironolactone)
- Side Effects of Kengreal (cangrelor)
Prevention & Wellness
- AHA News: 12-Year-Old Calls 911 During Dad's Heart Attack
- Cardiac Arrest? Someday, Drones May Come to Save You
- AHA News: Bob Odenkirk's 'Small' Heart Attack? Doctors Say They're a Big Deal
- Women Get Help Later Than Men When Heart Attack Strikes
- State of Mind Matters for Survival After Heart Attack
- Urgent Care or the ER? Which Should You Choose?
- Pandemic Cut U.S. Heart Surgeries in Half as Patients Avoided Hospitals
- Does Hostility Predispose You to a Second Heart Attack?
- After a Heart Attack, a Joint Effort to Lose Weight Works Best
- After Heart Attack, Home Care Can Prevent a Return to Hospital
- Heart Attack Cases at ERs Fall by Half - Are COVID Fears to Blame?
- Key Areas of the Brain Triggered in Recent Heart Attack Survivors
- Cardiac Rehab Boosts Quality of Life After Heart Attack: Study
- AHA News: After Heart Attack, 51-Year-Old Began Singing a New Tune
- Heart Drug Combos Might Also Lower Your Dementia Risk: Study
- AHA News: Unexplained Heart Failure at 24 Leads to Transplant
- After Heart Attack, Following Doctor's Orders Greatly Boosts Survival
- Common Drugs Might Help Prevent Death From a 'Broken Heart'
- AHA News: After Stroke, an 'Astounding' Risk of Heart Problems
- New Heart Attack Treatment Shows Promise in Pig Study
- FDA Gives Expanded Approval to Prescription Fish Oil for Heart Patients
- Special Handling Needed for Seniors in Cardiac ICU
- AHA News: Public Enemy's Keith Shocklee Turns Heart Attack Into Call to Action
- Heart Medicines Priced Out of Reach for Many Americans
- Study Casts Doubt on Angioplasty, Bypass for Many Heart Patients
- Cheap, Older Gout Drug Could Be a Lifesaver After Heart Attack
- Expensive Device Used in Heart Surgeries Might Pose Dangers: Study
- AHA News: Heart Attack Survivors Who Develop PTSD Don't Always Take Heart Meds
- You Won't Get Sued If You Do CPR, Review Suggests
- AHA News: Millions Unaware of Common Heart Attack Symptoms
- Why Are Cardiac Arrests More Deadly on Weekends?
- Cancer Risk May Rise After Heart Attack
- Smartphone App Gets Heart Patients to Follow Their Rx
- Sen. Bernie Sanders Leaves Hospital; Doctors Confirm He Had Heart Attack
- Sen. Bernie Sanders Gets Two Stents for Artery Blockage
- Cooling Cardiac Arrest Patients May Mean Better Long-Term Brain Function
- After Heart Attack, Stenting More Than the Blocked Artery May Be Best
- Could You Be Having a Heart Attack?
- Just One Pill for All Your Heart Health Needs? It's On the Way
- AHA News: Hurricane Checklist: Batteries, Bottled Water – And A Plan for Heart Care
- 3-D Printers Might Someday Make Replacement Hearts
- Heart Attack Rehab at Home Could Save Lives
- Heart Patients Pay the Price When Nearby Pharmacy Closes
- AHA News: Teen's Trip to the Mall Could Have Been Her Last
- Health Tip: Using an AED
- AHA News: How Can Therapy for Heart Attack Patients Help Cancer Survivors?
- Why Do Older Heart Attack Patients Get Worse Care?
- Simple CPR Doubles Survival Odds
- AHA News: Actress Susan Lucci Thriving After Emergency Heart Procedure
- Will Healthy Seniors Benefit From Daily Aspirin?
- Heart Surgery Won't Cause Brain Decline, New Study Says
- When Heart Attack Strikes, Women Often Hesitate to Call for Help
- Another Plus to Cardiac Rehab: Better Sex
- Want to Learn CPR? Try an Automated Kiosk
- Is Crowdfunding Too Often Used for Bogus Treatments?
- Will a Defibrillator 'Vest' Protect Recent Heart Attack Patients?
- Device Might Be 'Game Changer' for Patients With Severe Heart Failure
- New Device Approved for Tears in Heart's Blood Vessels
- Security Scanners Safe for Patients With Heart Devices: Study
- Daily Vaping Tied to Doubling of Heart Attack Risk
- Better Blood Test May Spot Heart Attack Faster
- Female Heart Attack Patients Fare Better If ER Doc Is a Woman
- Adrenaline Shot Can Save Lives After Heart Stops, But at a Heavy Price
- Blacks Have Shorter Life Spans After Surviving Heart Stoppage: Study
- Even When Insured, Heart Disease Can Bankrupt Poor Families
- When the Heart Stops, Drugs Often to Blame
- This Is When You're Most Likely to Die From a Heart Attack
- Heart Meds May Be Wrong for Millions of Americans
- Man Was Awake for 90 Minutes During CPR: Report
- When Temperatures Fall, Heart Attack Risk May Rise
- Speed of Heart Attack Treatment Can Vary by State
- U.S. Women Less Likely Than Men to Get Statins After Heart Attack
- Looking for Online Advice on Your Heart Device? Beware
- Arnold Schwarzenegger Undergoes Emergency Heart Surgery
- Cutting Co-Pays Helps Heart Patients Take Their Meds
- Vitamin D3 May Benefit Heart Surgery Patients
- Heart Attack Survival Better When Specialists Are Out of Town
- Defibrillator-in-a-Vest May Help Heart Attack Survivors
- Australian Nurse Treats, Survives His Own Heart Attack
- Optimism Might Help You Handle Angina
- Bystander Use of Defib Device Doubles Chances of Surviving Cardiac Arrest
- Surviving Heart Attack Often Means Leaving Job Behind
- Body Cooling May Help Brain After Cardiac Arrest
- Exercisers May Have Better Shot of Surviving Heart Attack
- After Heart Attack, New Threat: Heart Failure
- Heart Attack Treatment Often Delayed for Former Bypass Patients
- Newer Blood Thinner Beats Heparin for Certain Heart Attacks
- Coordination of Heart Attack Care Trims Time to Treatment: Study
- Brief Interruption of Blood Supply to Limb Might Aid Heart Surgery: Study
- Heart Transplant ‘Breakthrough' Shows Promise
- Athletic Trainers' Group Advises Heart Tests for Young Athletes
- Morphine, Blood Thinner Plavix a Bad Mix for Heart Attack Victims: Study
- Women More Likely to Die in Hospital After Heart Attack
- Heart Attack Death Rates Unchanged Despite Faster Treatment, Study Finds
- FDA: Don't Use Pradaxa Blood Thinner in Patients With Artificial Heart Valves
- Half of Heart Patients Make Medication Errors
- FDA Delays Decision on Blood Thinner Eliquis
- FDA Rejects New Use for Blood Thinner Xarelto
- Bariatric Surgery Cuts Heart Attack Risk for Years
- Lifesaving Defibrillators Often Not Nearby When Needed
- Blacks Less Likely to Get Help on Scene After Cardiac Arrest: Study
- Clot-buster Drug Injection Might Help Some Heart Attack Patients
- Bypass Surgery May Be Better Than Angioplasty for Seniors
- Married Heart Surgery Patients Live Longer
- Sensitive Blood Test Rules Out Heart Attack
- U.S. Heart Health: Lots of Room for Improvement
- Some Fish Oil Supplements Fishy on Quality
- Eating Fatty Fish Benefits Younger Women, Study Shows
- Heart Attacks in the Morning Are More Severe
- For Multiple Heart Blockages, Bypass Surgery or Stents?
- Nitroglycerin May Increase Bone Density
- Do You Know When NOT to Call 911?
- New Guidelines on Women's Heart Risk
- Stroke Takes a Toll on Hollywood Stars
- Football Losses Raise Heart Attack Risk
- New Debate on C-Reactive Protein Test and Statins
- Heart Benefits for Women Who Cut Hypertension
- Snow Shoveling Injures Thousands Each Year
- NSAID Pain Relievers Raise Heart Risks
- Heart Attack Risk Quickly Follows RA Diagnosis
- Many With Heart Attack Symptoms Delay Care
- Smoking Raises Surgery Risks
- Mammograms Less Effective Than Believed
- FDA Panel Is Split on Ban of Diet Drug Meridia
- Hormone in Hair May Reveal Heart Risk
- Weight Loss Pill Meridia Raises Heart Attack, Stroke Risks