Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.Read more: Headache Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMJ, TMD)
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection left untreated causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Still incurable, AIDS describes immune system collapse that opens the way for opportunistic infections and cancers to kill the patient. Early symptoms and signs of HIV infection include flu-like symptoms and fungal infections, but some people may not show any symptoms for years. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the standard treatment for HIV infection. These combination drug regimens have made HIV much less deadly, but a cure or vaccine for the pandemic remains out of reach. HIV is usually transmitted through sexual contact or sharing IV drug needles, but can also infect someone through contact with infected blood. Sexual abstinence, safe sex practices, quitting IV drugs (or at least using clean needles), and proper safety equipment by clinicians and first responders can drastically reduce transmission rates for HIV/AIDS.
Brain Tumor: Warning Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatments, and Cure
A brain tumor can be either non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), primary, or secondary. Common symptoms of a primary brain tumor are headaches, seizures, memory problems, personality changes, and nausea and vomiting. Causes and risk factors include age, gender, family history, and exposure to chemicals. Treatment is depends upon the tumor type, grade, and location.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID)
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts six months or longer, is not improved by bed rest, and may be worsened by physical or mental activity.
The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms include a stuffy nose, headache, cough, sore throat, and maybe a fever. Antibiotics have no effect upon the common cold, and there is no evidence that zinc and vitamin C are effective treatments.
Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged vigorous exercise, and some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of dehydration include headache, lightheadedness, constipation, and bad breath. Treatment for dehydration is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress reduction, exercise, and medication are the standard treatments for fibromyalgia.
Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, fatigue, and muscle aches. The flu may be prevented with an annual influenza vaccination.
Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the eye. If untreated, glaucoma may damage the optic nerve and other parts of the eye, causing the loss of vision or even blindness.
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that causes symptoms such as fever, headache, and chills. Treatment for leptospirosis requires antibiotics.
Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin causing a reddish rash associated with flu-like symptoms. It takes weeks to months after the initial redness of the skin for its effects to spread throughout the body. Lyme disease can be treated with antibiotics. Lyme disease can be prevented by using tick avoidance techniques.
Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and body aches. Treatment involves supportive care and antibiotics.
Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP), also called "click murmur syndrome" and "Barlow's syndrome," is the most common type of heart valve abnormality. Usually, people with mitral valve prolapse have no signs and symptoms; however, if the prolapsed valve is severe, symptoms may appear. When symptoms of severe mitral valve prolapse do appear, they may include, fatigue, palpitations, chest pain, anxiety, migraine headaches, and pulmonary edema. Echocardiography is the most useful test for mitral valve prolapse. Most people with mitral valve need no treatment. However, if the valve prolapse is severe, treatment medications or surgery may be necessary to repair the heart valve.
Paget's disease is a chronic bone disorder due to irregular breakdown and formation of bone tissue. Symptoms of Paget's disease include bone pain, headaches and hearing loss, pressure on nerves, increased head size, hip pain, and damage to cartilage of joints.
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is characterized by numerous cysts in the kidneys. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder. There are two major inherited forms of PKD, autosomal dominant PKD, and autosomal recessive PKD. Symptoms include headaches, urinary tract infections, blood in the urine, liver and pancreatic cysts, abnormal heart valves, high blood pressure, kidney stones, aneurysms, and diverticulosis. Diagnosis of PKD is generally with ultrasound, CT or MRI scan. There is no cure for PKD, so treatment of symptoms is usually the general protocol.
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a disorder of the muscles and joints that causes pain and stiffness in the arms, neck, shoulders, and buttocks. Treatment for polymyalgia rheumatica aims to reduce inflammation with aspirin, ibuprofen, and low doses of cortisone medications.
Pneumonia (Symptoms, Causes, Types, Treatment, and Recovery)
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of the antibiotic depends upon the cause of the infection.
Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the skin and organs of the body, leading to thickness and firmness of involved areas. Scleroderma is also referred to as systemic sclerosis, and the cause is unknown. Treatment of scleroderma is directed toward the individual features that are most troubling to the patient.
Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other shingles symptoms include headache, fever, nausea, and body aches. Treatment focuses on pain management and shortening the duration of the illness with antiviral medications.
Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)
Sinus infection (sinusitis) is caused by allergies, infection, and chemicals or other irritants of sinuses. Signs and symptoms are headache, fever, and facial tenderness, pressure, or pain. Treatments of sinus infections are generally with antibiotics and at times, home remedies.
Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
A toothache is pain on or around a tooth. It may have a variety of causes, including a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis. Toothache symptoms include pain, headache, earache, bad taste in the mouth, and gum swelling. Dental X-rays and other tests performed by a dentist are used to diagnose the cause of a toothache. Toothache treatment depends on the underlying cause. Taking proper care of the teeth and gums can help prevent toothache.
Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in contaminated water or food. Symptoms include headaches, fever, diarrhea, lethargy, aches and pains, and poor appetite. Treatment focuses on killing the Salmonella bacteria with antibiotics.
Pheochromocytoma is a tumor of the adrenal gland. Pheochromocytomas are quite rare and the vast majority of them are entirely benign. Only very rarely is a pheochromocytoma malignant. People with pheochromocytoma usually show these three symptoms: headache, sweating, and heart palpitations (a fast heart beat) in association with markedly elevated blood pressure (hypertension). Other conditions that may accompany these classic symptoms are as follows: anxiety, nausea, tremors, weakness, abdominal pain, and weight loss.
Takayasu disease (also referred to as Takayasu arteritis) is a chronic inflammation of the aorta and its branch arteries. Takayasu disease is most common of Women of Asian descent and usually begins between 10 and 30 years of age. Symptoms include painful extremities, dizziness, headaches, chest and abdominal pain, and a low-grade fever. Treatment for Takayasu disease includes cortisone medication to suppress the inflammation.
In hypoparathyroidism, the parathyroid gland does not produce enough parathyroid hormone. Causes of hypoparathyroidism include injury to the parathyroid glands, autoimmune disorder association, or may be present ab birth. Symptoms of hypoparathyroidism include: tingling fingers, toes, and lips, brittle nails, dry, coarse skin, dry hair; memory loss, headaches, severe muscle cramps, cataracts, malformed teeth, and convulsions. Treatment of hypoparathyroidism is to restore the calcium and phosphorus to normal levels in the body.
Bell's Palsy (Facial Nerve Problems) Paralysis Causes and Treatments
Bell's palsy is one type of facial nerve paralysis. The 7th cranial nerve controls the muscles of the face, and although scientists do not know the exact cause of Bell's palsy, they think it may be due to nerve damage from an infection, for example, the flu, common cold viruses, and more serious infections like meningitis. The symptoms of Bell's palsy vary from person to person, but can include mild weakness to total paralysis, dry eye, dry mouth, eyelid drooping, drooling, mouth drooping, dry mouth, changes in taste, and excessive tearing in one eye. People with Bell's palsy usually don't need medical treatment, however, drugs like steroids, for example, prednisone seem to be effective in reducing swelling and inflammation are used when medical is necessary. Most people with Bell's palsy begin to recover within two weeks after the initial onset of symptoms. Full recovery may take three to six months.
Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms and signs of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite, followed by swelling of the salivary glands.
Neck Pain (Cervical Pain)
Neck pain (cervical pain) may be caused by any number of disorders and diseases. Tenderness is another symptom of neck pain. Though treatment for neck pain really depends upon the cause, treatment typically may involve heat/ice application, traction, physical therapy, cortisone injection, topical anesthetic creams, and muscle relaxants.
Coxsackieviruses may be divided into two groups. Type A causes hand, foot, and mouth disease and conjunctivitis, while type B causes pleurodynia. Both types sometimes cause meningitis, myocarditis, and pericarditis. There is no specific treatment for this disease.
Meningococcemia (Meningococcal Disease)
Meningococcemia is a bloodstream infection caused by Neisseria meningitides. Meningococcemia symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and body aches. Meningococcemia is treated with intravenous antibiotics. There is an effective and safe vaccine to protect against most serogroups of meningococcus that cause meningococcemia.
Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are three types of anthrax: cutaneous, inhalation, and gastrointestinal. Symptoms of cutaneous anthrax include a swollen glands, muscle ache, headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, and a red-brown raised spot that enlarges, blisters, and hardens, forming an ulcer crater with black crust. Symptoms of inhalation anthrax are flu-like and may progress to respiratory distress, shock, coma, and death. Symptoms of gastrointestinal anthrax include loss of appetite, bloody diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Treatment for cutaneous anthrax involves penicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, and ciprofloxin. Inhalation anthrax necessitates treatment with IV therapy with antibiotics.
Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ)
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that causes symptoms like pain, clicking, and popping of the jaw. TMJ is caused by injury to the temporomandibular joint. Stress, poor posture, jaw trauma, genetic predisposition, and inflammatory disorders are risk factors for the condition. A variety of self-care measures (application of ice, use of over-the-counter pain medication, massage, relaxation techniques) and medical treatment options (dental splint, Botox, prescription medications, surgery) are available to manage TMJ. The prognosis of TMJ is good with proper treatment.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Treatment focuses on symptom relief. The disease can be prevented with the measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox (varicella) vaccine (MMRV).
Dengue fever is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms and signs of dengue include headache, fever, exhaustion, severe joint and muscle pain, rash, and swollen glands. Since dengue is caused by a virus, there is no specific medicine to treat it. Treatment instead focuses on relieving the symptoms.
Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip
Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also called hay fever) usually is caused by pollen in the air. Perennial allergic rhinitis is a type of chronic rhinitis and is a year-round problem, often caused by indoor allergens, such as dust, animal dander, and pollens that may exist at the time. Treatment of chronic rhinitis and post nasal drip are dependent upon the type of rhinitis condition.
Pseudotumor Cerebri (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension)
Pseudotumor Cerebri (intracranial hypertension) is a condition where there is an increase in pressure of fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord (cerebrospinal fluid or CSF) mimicing a brain tumor. The cause is unknown. The most common symptom is headache but also include eye-pain, vision loss and double vision. Pseudotumor cerebri is diagnosed with MRI or CAT scans and treated by discontinuing offending medications (if applicable), weight loss and diuretic medications. The condition can also be helped by repeated drainage of spinal fluid using the lumbar puncture.
Cauliflower ear, or "boxer's ear," is caused by an injury to the ear, usually by blunt trauma from sports such as boxing, wrestling, or martial arts. When hematomas form, infection and eardrum injury may occur in addition to hearing loss if not treated. Treatment goals are to drain blood from hematomas, treat infection, and at times administer antibiotics to prevent further infection.
Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted via the bite of an infected animal. Symptoms include fever, headaches, and weakness. Treatment involves a series of injections: rabies immune globulin and four rabies vaccines administered over 2 weeks.
Tetanus is an often-fatal disease caused by nerve toxins produced by the common bacteria Clostridium tetani. In a 7-day period after infection, a person experiences muscle spasms, restlessness, headache, irritability, then lockjaw, and the lungs stop functioning. Tetanus is treatable with antibiotics and drainage. Sedation is often give to stop muscle spasms.
Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors, trauma, drug abuse. Symptoms include headache, numbness of the face, dilated pupils, changes in vision, the "worst headache of your life," or a painful stiff neck. Immediate treatment for a brain aneurysm is crucial for patient survival.
Jet lag (desynchonosis) is a temporary disorder that results from travel across time zones. Symptoms include anxiety, constipation, headache, nausea, dehydration, diarrhea, confusion, sweating, irritability, and even memory loss.
Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments
Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the symptoms, which symptoms one wishes to relieve, and the active ingredients in the OTC product. Taking products that only contain the medications needed for relieving your symptoms prevents ingestion of unnecessary medications and reduces the chances of side effects.
Legionellosis is an infection caused by the Legionella pneumophila bacterium. There are two forms of legionellosis: Pontiac fever and Legionnaires' disease, which is the more severe of the two infections. Symptoms of Pontiac fever include fever, headache, muscle aches, and chills. Symptoms of Legionnaires' disease include cough, chills, fever and sometimes muscle aches, headaches, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and severe pneumonia. While Pontiac fever resolves on its own, Legionnaires' disease must be treated with antibiotics.
Holiday Depression, Anxiety, and Stress
Though the holidays are a fun time for most, for others, they're a sad, lonely and anxiety-filled time. Get tips on how to avoid depression and stress during the holiday season.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
West Nile Virus
West Nile virus (West Nile encephalitis) is a brain infection caused by a virus. People become infected with the virus after they're bitten by a mosquito that has fed off of a bird that's infected with the West Nile virus. Symptoms in humans include fever, headache, rash, body ache, and swollen lymph nodes. Treatment for a West Nile virus infection involves supportive care.
Tylenol Liver Damage
Tylenol liver damage (acetaminophen) can occur from accidentally ingesting too much acetaminophen, or intentionally. Signs and symptoms of acetaminophen-induced liver damage may include: nauseau, vomiting, kidney failure, bleeding disorders, coma, and death. Acetaminophen is a drug contained in over 200 OTC and prescription medications from NyQuil to Vicodin. Avoiding unintentional overdoses include reading medication labels, write down the dosages of medications you are taking, do not drink excessive alcohol while taking acetaminophen. In severe cases, a liver transplant may be necessary.
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
Norovirus infection causes stomach flu, or gastroenteritis. It's a very contagious illness with symptoms that include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, fever, headache, chills, and muscle aches. Norovirus infection cannot be treated with antibiotics, so treatment focuses on maintaining proper hydration.
Cocaine and Crack Abuse
Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is heated to form vapors, which are then smoked. Cocaine has various effects on the body, including dilating pupils, constricting blood vessels, increasing body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.
Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and complex. Symptoms of concussion include headache, nausea, dizziness, dazed feeling, irritability, visual symptoms. Physical signs include poor concentration, emotional changes, slurred speech, and personality changes. Concussion is diagnosed with physical examination and testing. Treatment for concussion in general are treatment for control of the symptoms, and time.
Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes after childbirth may lead to depression. Symptoms of postpartum depression include crying a lot, headaches, chest pains, eating too little or too much, sleeping too little or too much, withdrawal from friends and family, and feeling irritable, sad, hopeless, worthless, guilty, and overwhelmed. Treatment typically involves talk therapy and medication.
Whiplash is a common injury to a person's neck following a car accident (in most cases). Symptoms include: headache, neck pain, neck and shoulder stiffness, shoulder pain, fatigue, dizziness, jaw pain, arm pain, weakness of the arm(s), visual disturbances, and tinnitus. Diagnosis is generally with a physical exam, X-rays, or possibly an MRI. Treatment generally includes physical therapy and time.
Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions. There are numerous cases of nausea and vomiting. Some causes may not require medical treatment, for example, motion sickness, and other causes may require medical treatment by a doctor, for example, heart attack, lung infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Some causes of nausea and vomiting may be life-threatening, for example, heart attack, abdominal obstruction, and cancers. Treatment of nausea and vomiting depends upon the cause.
A spinal tap or an epidural block can cause a spinal headache. In these procedures, a needle is placed within the fluid-filled space surrounding the spinal cord. This creates a passage for the spinal fluid to leak out, changing the fluid pressure around the brain and spinal cord. A spinal headache may occur up to five days after the procedure is performed. Such a headache may be prevented with bed rest after a procedure.
Tension Headache (Symptoms, Relief, Causes, Treatment)
A tension headache s one of the most common types of headaches, and the exact cause is not known. Factors that may contribute to tension or stress headaches are lack of sleep, increased stress (referred to as a stress headache), skipping meals, dehydration, medical diseases or conditions, anxiety, or changes at home, work, or school. Treatment of tension headaches include prescription and OTC medications, stress management, and treating any underlying illness or condition.
Pain that originates in the face is referred to as trigeminal neuralgia. This pain may be caused by: an injury, an infection in the face, a nerve disorder, or it can occur for no known reason. Trigeminal neuralgia can be treated with antiseizure medications. Some antidepressant drugs also have significant pain relieving effects.
Cluster headaches are a type of headache that recurs over a period. Episodes can last one to three times a day during this time, which may last from 2 weeks to 3 months. The three main types of treatments for cluster headaches are, 1) Abortive medications that work to stop the process in the brain that causes migraines and stops the symptoms too. 2) Preventive prescription medications, or 3) surgery which involves blocking the trigeminal nerve.
Headaches in Children
Kids get headaches and migraines too. Many adults with headaches started having them as kids, in fact, 20% of adult headache sufferers say their headaches started before age 10, and 50% report their headaches started before age 20.
Testicular pain, or pain in the testicle or testicles are caused by a variety of diseases or conditions such as testicular trauma, testicular torsion, varicoceles, testicular cancer, epididymitis caused by infections such as STDs, and orchitis. Common symptoms of pain in the testicle or testicles are abdominal pain, urinary pain or incontinence, fever, nausea, vomiting, and pain in the scrotum or testicle. Treatment depends on the cause of the testicular pain or pain in the testicles.
Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
Preeclampsia is a condition in pregnant women marked by high blood pressure and a high level of protein in the urine. Eclampsia occurs when preeclampsia goes untreated. Eclampsia can cause coma and death of the mother and baby. Preeclampsia symptoms include rapid weight gain, abdominal pain, headaches, blood in the urine, dizziness, and excessive vomiting and nausea. The only real cure for preeclampsia and eclampsia is the birth of the baby.
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
Sick Building Syndrome
Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) or also referred to as sick building syndrome or environmental illness is the name given by some to a condition in which various symptoms reportedly appear after a person has been exposed to any of a wide range of chemicals. The exposure may occur as a major event, such as a chemical spill, or from long-term contact with low-levels of chemicals, such as in an office with poor ventilation. As a result of exposure, people with MCS (Si ck Building Syndrome) develop sensitivity and have reactions to the chemicals even at levels most people can tolerate.
Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)
Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding. Bruxism may be caused by stress or anxiety and often happens during sleep. Symptoms and signs include jaw pain, headache, and abnormalities in your teeth. Treatment may involve practicing stress-management techniques, cutting back on caffeine and alcohol, avoiding gum chewing, training oneself not to grind the teeth, and wearing a mouth guard.
The cornea is the clear outer layer of the eye. If it is damaged by disease, infection, or injury, vision problems may occur. Corneal problems can be detected by having an eye exam. Corneal problems can be prevented by protecting the eyes from injury and avoiding contact with people who have eye infections.
Seizures Symptoms and Types
Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from throughout the brain, while partial seizures are produced by electrical impulses in a small part of the brain. Seizure symptoms include unconsciousness, convulsions, and muscle rigidity.
Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems, including strep throat, impetigo, cellulitis, erysipelas, and scarlet fever. There are more than 10 million group A strep infections each year.
Spider Bites (Black Widow and Brown Recluse)
Most spiders in the United States are harmless; however, black widow and brown recluse spider bites may need medical treatment. Symptoms of a harmless spider bite generally include pain, redness, and irritation. Signs and symptoms of black widow spider bite include pain immediately, redness, burning, and swelling at the site of the bite. Sometimes the person will feel a pinprick or double fang marks. Brown recluse spider bite symptoms and signs are a mild sting, followed by severe pain and local redness. These symptoms usually develop within eight hours or more after the bite. Black widow and brown recluse spider bites have similar symptoms, for example, nausea, vomiting, fever, headache, and abdominal or joint pain. Generally, brown recluse and black widow spider bites need immediate medical treatment. If you think that you or someone you know has been bitten by a brown recluse or black widow spider, go to your nearest Urgent Care or Emergency Department for medical treatment.
Stress Management Techniques
Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a factor in disease causation. An important goal for those under stress is the management of stress in our lives. Elimination of stress is unrealistic, since stress is a part of normal life. We can however, learn to manage stress through techniques such as exercise, relaxation, meditation, time management, and support systems so that we have control over our stress and its effects on our physical and mental health.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is characterized by a complex, tangled web of abnormal arteries and veins connected by one or more fistulas (abnormal communications). Symptoms of arteriovenous malformations include seizures and headaches. Treatment of arteriovenous malformations include medication or surgery.
Early Pregnancy Symptoms and Signs
Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms. When women do experience pregnancy symptoms they may include symptoms include missed menstrual period, mood changes, headaches, lower back pain, fatigue, nausea, breast tenderness, and heartburn. Signs and symptoms in late pregnancy include leg swelling and shortness of breath. Options for relief of pregnancy symptoms include exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Cancers that form from brain tissue are called primary brain tumors. Brain tumors may be malignant (brain cancer) or benign. Certain risk factors, such as working in an oil refinery, as a chemist, or embalmer, increase the likelihood of developing brain cancer. Symptoms include headaches, weakness, seizures, difficulty walking, blurry vision, nausea,vomiting, and changes in speech, memory, or personality. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.
Head and Neck Cancer
Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph nodes in the upper part of the neck. These cancers account for 3% to 5% of cancers in the U.S. Tobacco and alcohol use are important risk factors. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy.
Brain Eating Amoeba (Naegleria fowleri)
Naegleria fowleri is an amoeba found in freshwater and soil. Infection results when the amoeba enters the nose and travels to the brain and spinal cord, causing primary amebic meningoencephalitis, which destroys brain tissue.
Cat Scratch Disease
Cat scratch disease (CSD or cat scratch fever), a bacterial disease caused by Bartonella henselae, is characterized by fever, headache, fatigue, poor appetite, swelling of the lymph nodes, and mild infection at the site of the bite or scratch. Cats that carry B. henselae don't show signs of illness. Approximately 40% of cats carry the bacteria at some point in their lives.
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria causes skin infections with the following signs and symptoms: cellulitis, abscesses, carbuncles, impetigo, styes, and boils. Normal skin tissue doesn't usually allow MRSA infection to develop. Individuals with depressed immune systems and people with cuts, abrasions, or chronic skin disease are more susceptible to MRSA infection.
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF)
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a tick-borne disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash, headache, and muscle aches. The antibiotic doxycycline is the standard treatment for Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Salmonellosis typically resolves on its own in four to seven days. It's important to increase one's fluid intake to compensate for the fluid lost by vomiting and/or diarrhea.
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke)
When a portion of the brain loses blood supply, through a blood clot or embolus, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, mini-stroke) may occur. If the symptoms do not resolve, a stroke most likely has occurred. Symptoms of TIA include: confusion, weakness, lethargy, and loss of function to one side of the body. Risk factors for TIA include vascular disease, smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Treatment depends upon the severity of the TIA, and whether it resolves.
Plague (Black Death)
Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. Transmission to humans occurs via fleas that have bitten infected rodents. There are three forms of plague that infect humans: bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic. Antibiotics are the standard treatment for plague.
Nasopharyngeal cancer is a form of cancer in which malignant cells form in the nasopharynx tissues. Risk factors include being of Chinese or Asian ancestry and exposure to the Epstein-Barr virus. Symptoms and signs of nasopharyngeal cancer include a sore throat, a lump in the neck or nose, trouble hearing, nosebleeds, headaches, and trouble hearing, breathing, or speaking. Treatment depends upon the stage of the cancer, the tumor size, the type of cancer, and the patient's health and age.
Bug Bites and Stings
Bug bites and stings have been known to transmit insect-borne illnesses such as West Nile virus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and Lyme disease. Though most reactions to insect bites and stings are mild, some reactions may be life-threatening. Preventing bug bites and stings with insect repellant, wearing the proper protective attire, and not wearing heavily scented perfumes when in grassy, wooded, and brushy areas is key.
Diphtheria is a disease that causes symptoms and signs such as fever, enlarged lymph nodes, and swallowing problems. Erythromycin is the primary treatment for diphtheria. Vaccines that prevent diphtheria include the DTaP, Tdap, DT, and Td.
Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury also is contained in some fish, some of the products we use in the home, school, or dentist. Mercury poisoning can cause cognitive problems, dermatitis, tremor and other symptoms. Information about sources of mercury exposure, potential health effects, symptoms of exposure, fish that may contain mercury, consumer products that contain mercury, and ways to reduce your exposure to mercury is important for the health of you, and your family.
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)
Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is an infection caused by Streptococcus or Staphylococcus. Toxic shock syndrome symptoms include low blood pressure, fever, and a rash with peeling skin. Treatment involves IV fluids to treat the shock, IV antibiotics, cleaning infected wounds, and hospitalization in the intensive care for other assorted treatments.
Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human, however there have been reported cases where infection has occured with no contact with infected pigs. Symptoms of swine flu are "flu-like" and include fever, cough, and sore throat. Treatment is generally with the antibiotics oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza).
Head Injury (Brain Injury)
In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are generally classified by the location of the blood within the skull, these include epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, subarachnoid bleed, intracranial bleed, sheer injury, edema, and skull fracture. Some common symptoms of a head injury include vomiting, bleeding from the ear, speech difficulties, paralysis, difficulty swallowing, and body numbness. Treatment of a head injury depends on the type and severity of the injury.
Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium)
Hyponatremia is a condition in which the levels of sodium in the blood is too low. Some of the symptoms of hyponatremia include headaches, muscle cramps or spasm, seizures, weakness, restlessness, and confusion. Hyponatremia can occur from excess fluid in the body, or a loss of sodium in body fluid. Causes of low levels of sodium in the blood include chronic diseases like kidney or congestive heart failure, adrenal gland problems, hypothyroidism, and liver cirrhosis, and some medications. Diet and other lifestyle changes in addition to treatment with electrolyte replacement with an IV. Other treatments for hyponatremia depend upon the cause.
Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the body. Internal bleeding can be caused by a variety of situations such as blunt trauma, deceleration trauma, medications, fractures, and spontaneous bleeding. Treatment of internal bleeding depends on the cause of the bleeding.
Histoplasmosis (Cave Disease)
Histoplasmosis (cave disease) is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and include chest pain, fever, and sweats. Antifungal medications are used in treatment.
Ticks are known transmitters of disease to humans and animals. Tick-borne diseases include Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Q fever, tularemia, babesiosis, and Southern tick-associated rash illness. Infected ticks spread disease once they've bitten a host, allowing the pathogens in their saliva and mouth get into the host's skin and blood. Tick bites are typically painless, but the site of the bite may later itch, burn, turn red, and feel painful. Individuals allergic to tick bites may develop a rash, swelling, shortness of breath, numbness, or paralysis. Tick bite treatment involves cleaning and applying antibiotic cream.
Valley fever (coccidioidomycosis) is a disease caused by the inhalation of the Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii fungus. Symptoms are flu-like and resolve over two to six weeks. Infection typically requires no treatment, though there are many antifungal drugs to treat valley fever.
The most common cause of a black eye is a trauma injury to the face or head. Most black eyes are minor and heal on their own; however, some may lead to significant injury. In addition to trauma to the face, cosmetic surgery can cause a black eye(s) as a side effect. Learn when to seek immediate medical care for a black eye.
A polio infection causes symptoms and signs such as paralysis, limb deformities, and even death. There is no curative treatment for polio. Treatment focuses on pain control, bed rest, and physical therapy.
Cysticercosis (Pork Tapeworm Infection)
Cysticercosis is an infection caused by Taenia solium, the pork tapeworm. Symptoms include seizures, lethargy, nausea and vomiting, headache, vision changes, weakness, and confusion. Treatment depends upon the individual's symptoms and the stage of the infection. Treatment may incorporate anthelmintics, corticosteroids, anticonvulsants, and/or surgery.
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI)
An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx. Common causes of an upper respiratory infection include bacteria and viruses such as rhinoviruses, group A streptococci, influenza, respiratory syncytial, whooping cough, diphtheria, and Epstein-Barr. Examples of symptoms of upper respiratory infection include sneezing, sore throat, cough, fever, and nasal congestion. Treatment of upper respiratory infections are based upon the cause. Generally, viral infections are treated symptomatically with over-the-counter (OTC) medication and home remedies.
Sinus Headache Pain, Symptoms, Treatments, Remedies, and Cures
Sinus headache is caused by a sinus infection or inflammation of the sinus cavities. Symptoms of a sinus headache include pain, runny or stuffy nose, and chronic cough. There are many causes of sinus headaches including sinusitis or sinus infection, allergies, smoke, infections, or colds. Treatment for sinus headache depends on the cause. Some home remedies may relieve sinus headache pain symptoms.
The bacteria Brucella causes brucellosis, an infectious zoonotic disease in humans. Symptoms and signs include fatigue, fever, sweating, and appetite loss. The preferred treatment is doxycycline and rifampin taken for six to eight weeks.
Tularemia (rabbit fever) is an infection caused by the Francisella tularensis bacteria. People can become infected with tularemia by coming into contact with infected animals or via a tick bite. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache and rash. Tularemia is treated with streptomycin or gentamicin.
Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and bloody diarrhea. Praziquantel is used in the treatment of schistosomiasis.
Eye strain is a symptom caused by looking at something for a long time. Symptoms and signs include redness, light sensitivity, headaches, and blurred vision. Symptoms may be treated by closing the eyes and taking a break from the visual task.
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be prevented by sealing up rodent entry holes, trapping rats and mice with an appropriate snap trap, and cleaning up rodent food sources.
A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding tissue. Causes of brain hemorrhage include aneurysm, liver disease, brain tumor, head trauma, high blood pressure, and blood vessel abnormalities. Symptoms include sudden severe headache, nausea, vomiting, loss of balance, tingling, numbness, vision changes, loss of consciousness, and loss of fine motor skills. Treatment depends upon the cause, location, and size of the brain hemorrhage.
Listeria is a type of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Listeriosis symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, and fever. Pregnant women are 20 times more likely than other healthy adults to get listeriosis. Listeria infection is treated with antibiotics.
Yellow fever is an infectious disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. Side effects are rare with the yellow fever vaccine. Symptoms include fever, chills, back pain, nausea, vomiting, and headache. Treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms.
Scarlet Fever (Scarlatina)
Scarlet fever, a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria, causes symptoms and signs such as fever, rash with a sandpaper-like texture, and sore throat. Oral penicillin is the standard treatment for scarlet fever, or scarlatina.
Double vision (diplopia) is a symptom that my indicate Graves' disease, myasthenia gravis, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, diabetes, cataracts, aneurysm, brain tumor, or migraine. Symptoms and signs include eye pain, droopy eyelids, nausea, headache, and a cross-eyed appearance. Treatment of double vision depends upon the underlying cause.
Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain)
A brain lesion is defined as an area of damaged brain. Brain lesions (lesions on the brain) are caused by trauma, inflammation, autoimmune diseases, cancers, other diseases, stroke, bleeding, pituitary adenomas, and cerebral palsy. Symptoms of brain lesions include headache, nausea, fever, neck pain and stiffness, affected vision and speech, and weakness or paralysis to one side of the body. Diagnosis of brain lesions is generally accomplished with imaging studies like CT or MRI scans. Treatment and prognosis of brain lesions depends on the cause of the lesion.
Mucormycosis (zygomycosis) is a fungal infection caused by Zygomycetes. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, coughing, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, bloody vomit, and possible altered mental status. Treatment usually involves debridement of infected tissue and antifungal drugs.
Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and rash. Antibiotics are recommended as the treatment for endemic and epidemic typhus infections.
Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are two kinds of brain damage. Symptoms may include headaches, confusion, memory problems, nausea, and more. Treatment includes patient stabilization and ensuring that blood and oxygen are flowing to the brain. Adequate blood pressure control is also necessary. In cases of severe brain damage, surgery and rehabilitation may be required.
Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever)
Ebola hemorrhagic fever (HF) is an often-fatal disease that causes fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sore throat, stomach pain, rash, and red eyes. There is no standard treatment for Ebola HF.
Fungal meningitis is a rare disease that is not contagious. Symptoms include fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting. Treatment involves administering high doses of antifungal medications.
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles. Researchers believe that cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraine headaches are related. Triggers of cyclic vomiting syndrome are emotional stress and infections. People with cyclic vomiting syndrome are at an increased risk of dehydration. Cyclic vomiting syndrome is difficult to diagnose. Treatment varies from person to person, but is generally directed toward relief of the symptoms of the condition.
Q fever is a highly infectious disease that causes high fever, diarrhea, cough, and sweating. Infected animals may transmit Q fever to humans. Antibiotics are available to treat Q fever.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission. Symptoms of MS include sexual problems and problems with the bowel, bladder, eyes, muscles, speech, swallowing, brain, and nervous system. The early symptoms and signs of multiple sclerosis usually start between age 20 and 40. MS in children, teens, and those over age 40 is rare. Treatment options for multiple sclerosis vary depending on the type and severity of symptoms. Medications may be prescribed to manage MS symptoms.
Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection)
Non-polio enteroviruses cause a variety of infections, including aseptic meningitis, hand, foot, and mouth disease, herpangina, and the common cold. Symptoms and signs of enterovirus infection include hypoxia, eye pain, shortness of breath, chest pain, and fever. Treatment of non-polio enterovirus infection involves supportive care that reduces the symptoms and signs, as there are no antiviral medications approved for treatment.
Marburg Virus Disease
Marburg virus disease is a zoonotic infection that produces symptoms such as chills, headaches, fever, and muscle aches. The treatment for Marburg virus disease involves supportive care. Barrier and isolation techniques are the best preventive measures for Marburg infections.
Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the depth of coma. Causes of coma include trauma, bleeding, edema, lack of oxygen, poisoning, or hypoglycemia. Prognosis for a patient in a coma depends on the cause of the coma.
Chikungunya Virus (Chikungunya Infection)
Chikungunya virus is an infection spread (transmitted) through a bite from an infected mosquito. Common symptoms of Chikungunya virus infection include joint pain, headache, rash, and fever. There is no drug or vaccine available to treat or prevent Chikungunya virus infections. Some medicines and home remedies may help relieve symptoms of Chikungunya virus infection.
Is Malaria Contagious?
Malaria is transmitted via the bite of an infected mosquito. The incubation period for malaria depends upon the species of Plasmodium that the infected mosquito transmits to the individual. Symptoms include high fever, chills, sweating, headaches, vomiting, and nausea.
Is Meningitis Contagious?
Meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, symptoms and signs include neck stiffness, headache, and fever. There are five types of meningitis: viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and noninfectious.
Is Strep Throat Contagious?
Strep throat is caused by group A streptococcus bacteria. Incubation period for strep throat is 1-5 days after exposure. If strep throat is treated with antibiotics, it is no longer contagious after 24 hours; if it is not treated with antibiotics, it is contagious for 2-3 weeks. Symptoms include fever, sore throat, tonsillitis, white spots or patches on the tonsils, and nausea and vomiting. Diagnosis of strep throat is performed through a rapid strep test.
How Long Is a Cold or Flu Contagious?
Viruses cause the common cold and the flu. Early symptoms and signs for a cold and the flu are similar, however, flu symptoms are typically more severe than cold symptoms. Cold and flu viruses are transmitted typically via coughing or sneezing.
Is Lyme Disease Contagious?
Lyme disease may be transmitted to humans via the bite of an infected tick. The bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi causes the disease and is passed to humans during a tick's blood meal. Lyme disease does not spread from person to person.
Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever that causes flu-like symptoms. Ribavirin is the standard treatment for Lassa fever. Hearing loss is a common complication of Lassa fever.
Is Scarlet Fever Contagious?
Group A strep bacteria cause scarlet fever. Scarlet fever is transmitted via person-to-person contact and by coming in contact with contaminated objects. Antibiotics treat scarlet fever. Symptoms of scarlet fever include a red rash with a rough, sandpaper-like feeling, a fever above 101F, a red, sore throat, strawberry tongue, headache and bodyaches, nausea, vomiting, enlarged lymphnodes, and a white coating on the back of the throat or tongue.
Is Norovirus Contagious?
Noroviruses cause food poisoning symptoms in infected individuals. Norovirus is transmitted via direct and indirect contact. Infections typically resolve in 24-72 hours. Symptoms of norovirus include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, fever, headache, and body aches.
Is Swine Flu (H1N1) Contagious?
Swine flu (H1N1) is a contagious virus that spreads when an infected individual expels virus-containing droplets into the air during coughing or sneezing. Symptoms include sore throat, runny nose, fever, cough, chills, headache, fatigue, and possible vomiting and/or diarrhea. An H1N1 infection typically lasts for about a week.
Is the Ebola Virus Contagious?
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted through direct contact. Ebola's incubation period ranges from two to 21 days, and it's considered contagious for a period of 21 days after successful treatment/hospitalization. Ebola symptoms and signs include headache, fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and hemorrhaging.
Burkitt lymphomas are types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that affect the bone marrow and central nervous system. There are multiple types of Burkitt lymphoma. Gene mutations, malaria, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) may increase the risk of these cancers. Symptoms of Burkitt lymphoma may include nausea, vomiting, headache, fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes, and many other symptoms. Diagnosis involves lab testing, imaging studies, patient history, and cytogenic evaluation. There are multiple staging systems used to stage Burkitt lymphoma. Treatment consists of chemotherapy. The prognosis of the cancer tends to be more favorable in children than in adults.
Zika Virus (Zika Fever)
The Zika virus is transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Symptoms and signs of a Zika virus infection include conjunctivitis, headache, joint pain, fever, rash, and muscle aches. Treatment for Zika virus infections aims to alleviate symptoms.
Occipital Neuralgia (Headache)
Occipital neuralgia is a type of headache that involves inflammation or irritation of occipital nerves. Signs and symptoms include a stabbing and throbbing head pain, and an aching pain in the upper back of the head and neck. Potential causes include infection, irritation, or trauma of the occipital nerves. This type of headache is diagnosed by physical examination findings and imaging tests. Treatment involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes massage, rest, physical therapy, heat, muscle relaxants, and anti-inflammatory drugs. Invasive procedures and even surgery may be considered if first-line treatments fail to bring relief from the chronic pain of this type of headache.
Headache Home Remedies
Headaches are a common complaint for many people. There are many types of headaches such as migraine, tension, cluster, and the general run of the mill headache. These 17 natural home remedies -- for example, exercise, meditation, hydration, yoga, caffeine, essential oils such as lavender and butterbur, herbs, and supplements like magnesium -- can soothe and relieve some headaches.
Hereditary Angioedema (HAE)
Hereditary angioedema or HAE is a genetic disease that causes swelling of the skin and tissues beneath it. Symptoms of HAE include shortness of breath, mood changes, laryngeal edema (a medical emergency), swelling of the hands and feet, muscle aches, and skin tingling. Treatment of HAE includes medication and avoidance of triggers.
Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA or Temporal Arteritis)
Giant cell arteritis, inflammation of blood vessel walls, affects 10%-15% of polymyalgia rheumatica patients. Symptoms of giant cell arteritis include fatigue, weight loss, low-grade fever, jaw pain when chewing, scalp tenderness, and headaches. High doses of cortisone medications are used to treat giant cell arteritis.
Common Medical Abbreviations List
Doctors, pharmacists, and other health-care professionals use abbreviations, acronyms, and other terminology for instructions and information in regard to a patient's health condition, prescription drugs they are to take, or medical procedures that have been ordered. There is no approved this list of common medical abbreviations, acronyms, and terminology used by doctors and other health- care professionals. You can use this list of medical abbreviations and acronyms written by our doctors the next time you can't understand what is on your prescription package, blood test results, or medical procedure orders. Examples include: ANED: Alive no evidence of disease. The patient arrived in the ER alive with no evidence of disease. ARF: Acute renal (kidney) failure cap: Capsule. CPAP: Continuous positive airway pressure. A treatment for sleep apnea. DJD: Degenerative joint disease. Another term for osteoarthritis. DM: Diabetes mellitus. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes HA: Headache IBD: Inflammatory bowel disease. A name for two disorders of the gastrointestinal (BI) tract, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis JT: Joint N/V: Nausea or vomiting. p.o.: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os. q.i.d.: Four times daily. As in taking a medicine four times daily. RA: Rheumatoid arthritis SOB: Shortness of breath. T: Temperature. Temperature is recorded as part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vital signs."
Powassan Virus Disease
Powassan (POW) virus disease is a rare tick-borne disease that causes symptoms such as confusion, memory problems, fever, headache, vomiting, and seizures. POW virus treatment focuses on supportive care that aims to reduce symptoms. There is no medication or cure for POW virus disease.
Stroke vs Aneurysm (Differences and Similarities)
A stroke or "brain attack" is caused because blood flow to an area of the brain has been cut off by a blood clot or by a weakened or damaged blood vessel (for example, head trauma). The damaged area of the brain dies, which results in loss of function like speech capabilities, muscle movement, or muscles of an extremity like an arm or leg is reduced or lost completely. An aneurysm is a weakness in an artery wall. This weakness in the wall causes the artery to widen or balloon out, and then they rupture or break open. A person with an brain aneurysm generally won't have any symptoms until it becomes a problem. The symptoms and signs are similar to a stroke.Symptoms and signs of a stroke include: Vision problems Severe headache with no known cause Loss of memory Trouble getting words out Trouble typing, texting, or other coordination problems Both the American Heart Association and the American Stroke Association recommend using the FAST system to recognize and treat strokes. If you think someone may be having a stroke, remember FAST! F - Facial drooping A - Arm weakness S - Speech difficulty T - time - DO NOT DELAY. Call 911.If you think someone is having a stroke or aneurysm call 911 immediately. Both conditions require medical treatment. The prognosis for both diseases depend on the extent of the damage to the brain and any other affected areas of the body.
Migraine vs. Headache: Differences and Similarities
Headaches are the most common reason why a person goes to the doctor or other healthcare professional for treatment. There are different types of headaches, for example, migraine, tension, and cluster headaches. The most common type of headache is tension headache. Migraine is much less common. There are few similarities between migraine and other headaches, for example, the severity of the pain can be the same, mild, moderate, or severe; and they can occur on one side or both sides of the head. However, there are many differences between migraine and other types of headaches. Migraine headaches also have different names, for example, migraine with aura and menstrual migraine. Symptoms of migraine that usually aren't experienced by a person with another type of headache include nausea, vomiting, worsens with mild exercise, debilitating pain, eye pain, throbbing head pain. Migraine trigger include light, mild exercise, strong smells, certain foods like red wine, aged cheese, smoked meats, artificial sweeteners, chocolate, alcohol, and dairy products, menstrual period, stress, oversleeping, and changes in barometric pressure. Untreated migraine attacks usually last from 4 to 72 hours, but may last for weeks. Most headaches resolve within 24-48 hours. Doctors don't know exactly what causes migraine headaches; however, other headaches like tension headaches have more specific triggers and causes. Additional tests usually are required to diagnose migraine from other types of headaches, diseases, or other medical problems. Most headaches can be treated and cured with home remedies like essential oils, massage, and over-the-counter pain medication like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn) or ibuprofen (Advil, Midol, Motrin). Most headaches resolve with OTC and home remedy treatment, while your doctor may need to prescribe medication to treat your migraines. If you have the "worst headache of your life," seek medical care immediately.
Cold vs. Flu
Though the common cold and flu share many signs and symptoms, they are caused by different viruses. Signs and symptoms include sneezing, sore throat, runny nose, fatigue, and cough. Treatment options for the cold and flu are similar and focus on reducing symptoms. Doctors may prescribe antivirals/neuraminidase inhibitors for the flu.
Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare genetic disease caused by defects on two genes. The signs and symptoms of TSC vary depending on which organs and systems are involved. Common symptoms include benign tumors, seizures, behavior problems, skin abnormalities, and cognitive impairment. TSC treatment focuses on alleviating the symptoms with medications, special schooling, surgery, supplemental oxygen therapy, lung transplantation, and occupational therapy.
Are You Too Sick to Work?
When you're not feeling well, it may be difficult to decide whether to stay home or go to school or work. Conditions that are very painful may prevent you from working effectively. Anyone with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, or dizziness should stay home.
Migraines and Seizures (Symptoms, Auras, Medication)
Migraines are a type of headache and seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. Migraine headaches and seizures are two different neurological problems that have similar signs, symptoms, and auras, for example, sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound, irritability, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms unique to migraine and migraine auras are water retention, problems sleeping, appetite changes, and talkativeness. Symptoms unique to seizure and seizures auras are depression, a feeling of heaviness, a feeling that a seizure is approaching, and depression. Many of the symptoms of migraine and seizures are the same, however, seizures do not cause migraines; however, people who have seizures are twice as likely to have migraines and vice-versa. People who have migraines are twice as likely to have seizures, and people with seizures are twice as likely to have migraines; however, one condition does not cause the other.
Migraine and Stroke
Migraine headache is a type of headache in which the exact cause is not known; however, they may be inherited, and certain foods and environmental factors can trigger and may contribute them. A stroke (brain attack) happens when a blood vessel in the brain leaks, bursts, or becomes blocked, which can be caused by many other health problems. Both migraines and strokes can can cause severe head pain (migraine pain usually is only on one side of the head). Migraine aura symptoms may mimic or feel like a stroke or mini-stroke (transient ischemic attack, TIA) because they have similar symptoms and signs like severe headache, numbness in the legs, feet, arms, hands, or face, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. Other migraine aura symptoms include vision problems like flashing lights or blind spots in one eye. The main difference between migraine headache and stroke symptoms and signs is that a migraine headaches usually come on gradually while a stroke symptoms come on suddenly and unexpectedly.
Nipah Virus Infection
Nipah virus infection is a zoonotic infection that fruit bats and pigs can transmit to humans. NiV signs and symptoms include headache, fever, myalgia, atypical pneumonia, and encephalitis. Treatment focuses on supportive care.
Rat Lungworm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis)
Rat lungworm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis) is a parasite that infects rats. The parasite can infect people if ingested by eating undercooked or raw infected snails or slugs. Though rat lungworm often causes no signs and symptoms, the parasite can cause eosinophlic meningitis in some. Stiff neck, headach, vomiting, nausea, and fever are symptoms of eosinophilic meningitis. Treatment is usually unnecessary. For more severe infections, treatment focuses on alleviating symptoms.
Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that cover the spinal cord and brain. Symptoms include fever, headache, and a stiff neck. Treatment of meningitis depends upon the cause of the infection and may include antibiotics or antiviral medications.
Encephalitis is a brain inflammation that causes sudden fever, vomiting, headache, light sensitivity, stiff neck and back, drowsiness, and irritability. Treatment may incorporate anticonvulsants and antiviral medications.
Acanthamoeba is an amoeba that lives in dust, soil, and fresh, sea, and brackish water. Acanthamoeba keratitis causes eye pain, a sensation of something in the eye, and blurry vision. Acanthamoeba causes granulomatous encephalitis, leading to seizures, hallucinations, stiff neck, nausea, and vomiting. Diseeminated infection may also result from Acanthamoeba infection.
Balamuthia mandrillarisis is an ameba that lives in dust and soil. Signs and symptoms of Balamuthia include fever, nausea and vomiting, light sensitivity, headache, stiff neck, and headaches. There are various diagnostic tests and medications that treat Balamuthia infection.
Sweet Syndrome (Acute Febrile Neutrophilic Dermatosis)
Sweet syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) is a skin condition that sometimes occurs due to an immune system response to RA, pregnancy, certain cancers, inflammatory bowel diseases, blood disorders, respiratory tract infections, and particular medications. Symptoms and signs include characteristic skin lesions that grow and spread into clusters. Sore eyes, high fever, mouth ulcers, headache, and aching joints may accompany the lesions. Though Sweet syndrome may resolve on its own, more severe cases may require medications like corticosteroids.
Bourbon virus disease is a tick-borne disease that causes signs and symptoms that include fever, rash, headache, vomiting and nausea. The Lone Star tick transmits the disease to humans. Treatment focuses on supportive care.
The bacteria Capnocytophaga canimorsus is common in the mouths of cats, people, and dogs. People with weak immune systems are at risk for contracting Capnocytophaga infections. Antibiotics can kill this bacteria.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Early Warning Signs and Types
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an immune-mediated inflammatory process involving different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) at various points in time. Early warning signs and symptoms of MS in children, teens, and adults are similar; however, children and teens with pediatric also may have seizures and a complete lack of energy. Adults with MS do not have these signs and symptoms. Other signs and symptoms of MS include inflammation of the optic nerve (optic neuritis), changes in vision, Wiping or having tissues around the eye and moving the eye may be painful, and double vision. There are four types of MS, relapsing remitting MS (RRMS), secondary progressive MS (SPMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), and progressive relapsing MD (PRMS).
Fever and Headache
Illnesses, diseases, conditions, and infections like cancer, RA, bacterial and fungal infections, encephalitis, meningitis, flu, and colds can cause a headache and fever. Associated symptoms and signs include rash, nausea and vomiting, cough, sweating, neck stiffness, seizure, decreased appetite, and joint pain and swelling. Treatment depends upon the cause but may include antibiotics, antifungal or antiviral drugs, pain-control drugs, decongestants, and cough suppressants.
COVID-19 (Coronavirus, 2019-nCoV)
Infection with COVID-19 (2019 novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV) causes respiratory problems in humans. Transmission of COVID-19 occurs mainly through contact with respiratory sections from an infected person, however, fecal contamination may also spread the virus. Symptoms start off flu-like and progress to coughing, fever, shortness of breath, shaking chills, headache, loss of sense of taste and/or smell, muscle pain, and sore throat. Treatment focuses on supportive care and symptom relief.
Aspergillus Infection (Aspergillosis)
An Aspergillus infection is a fungal infection. Signs and symptoms can include cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, bloody sputum, difficulty breathing, and chest and/or joint pain. Treatment depends on the type and severity of the disease.
What Are the Different Types of Headaches?
Pain originating in any region of the face, head or neck is called headache. This pain can be dull or severe and localized to the face, skull or neck. The head is the most common site of pain in the body. Types include tension headache, migraines, cluster headaches and others.
Is Pseudotumor Cerebri Serious?
Pseudotumor cerebri is a medical condition that causes increased pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressure). This is due to increased fluid accumulation inside the skull. This fluid called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced inside the brain cavities and lubricates the coverings of the brain.
Local ResourcesFind a local Neurologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- Lumbar Puncture (LP or Spinal Tap)
- Complete Blood Count (CBC)
- Thyroid Blood Tests
- Sedimentation Rate
- Bioelectric Therapy
- Trigger Point Injection
- Root Canal
- C-Reactive Protein (CRP): Test and Results
- Hemodialysis (Treatment for Kidney Failure)
- Vaccination FAQ
- CT Scan vs. MRI
- Headaches FAQs
- Caffeine FAQs
- Eyes and Eye Conditions FAQs
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): 17 Warning Signs of Serious Complications
- Drug Interactions: Know Ingredients, Consult Your Physician
- PMS vs. PMDD - Whats' the Difference?
- Pain (Acute and Chronic)
- Caffeine Addiction, Can You Quit?
- Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever Symptoms and Discovery
- Stress: Three Minutes to Stress Relief!
- Headache: Questions To Ask Your Doctor About Headaches
- 11 Tips for Surviving A Heat Wave Without Air-Conditioning
- Facts About Thallium Poisoning
- Senator Ted Kennedy: Seizure, Brain Cancer, and Death
- Vestibular Migraine and Janet Jackson
- Brain Cancer Symptoms: Headaches and Seizures
- Swine Flu Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Vaccination
- The Worst Headache of Your Life: Brain Hemorrhage Symptoms
- Acquired Methemoglobinemia
- Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)
- West Nile Virus Infection Symptoms and Risk Factors
- Lead Poisoning - The Lead Story
- Listeriosis Symptoms, Signs, and Diagnosis
- Concussion Symptoms and Testing
- Migraine Symptoms
- Lead Poisoning Symptoms
- Flu: What to Do if You Get the Flu
- How Much Protein Do I Need?
- Herbs: Toxicities and Drug Interactions
- High Altitude Sickness Symptoms
- Brain Eating Amoeba: Naegleria fowleri
- Pneumonia vs. Walking Pneumonia
- Pain Relievers and High Blood Pressure
- Head Injury Symptoms, Types, and Severity
- Brain Tumor Symptoms and Types
- Cat Scratch: What Is Cat Scratch Disease?
- Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy
- Fungal Meningitis and Steroid Injections: a Health-Care Disease
- Stress: The Long-Term Effects
Medications & Supplements
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, Bayer, Ecotrin, and others)
- amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)
- sumatriptan, Imitrex, Alsuma, Imitrex STATdose System, Sumavel DosePro
- meclofenamate (Meclomen)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- verapamil (Calan, Verelan, Verelan PM [Discontinued: Isoptin, Isoptin SR, Covera-HS])
- nortriptyline (Pamelor)
- lithium (Lithobid)
- valproic acid, divalproex, Depakote, Depakote Sprinkle, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor
- zolmitriptan (Zomig, Zomig-ZMT)
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- Cox-2 Inhibitors
- OTC Pain Relievers and Fever Reducers
- Drug Interactions
- topiramate, Topamax, Qudexy XR, Topamax Sprinkle, Topiragen, Trokendi XR
- eletriptan, Relpax
- Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium, Chrysanthemum parthenium, Bachelor's Buttons, Featherfew)
- dihydroergotamine - injection, D.H.E.45
- rizatriptan disintegrating tablet - oral, Maxalt MLT
- rizatriptan tablet - oral, Maxalt
- Turnera diffusa (Damiana)
- cyproheptadine (Periactin)
- dihydroergotamine - nasal, Migranal
- salicylamide/acetaminophen/phenyltoloxamine - oral, Anabar, Dolorex, Lobac
- valproate sodium syrup - oral, Depakene
- Zecuity (sumatriptan iontophoretic patch)
- Onzetra Xsail (sumatriptan nasal powder)
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- Lyrica vs. Gabapentin: Differences between Pain Relief and Uses
- Aleve (naproxen) vs. Celebrex (celecoxib)
- erenumab (Aimovig)
- Benzodiazepines vs. Barbiturates
Prevention & Wellness
- Even Without Concussion, Athletes' Brains Can Change After Head Jolts: Study
- COVID-19 Can Start With Neurological Symptoms
- Preventative Meds Help Reduce Rebound Headaches: Study
- Six New COVID-19 Symptoms Added to CDC List
- Could Smartphones Be Making Migraines Even Tougher to Treat?
- Workers With Cluster Headaches Take Twice as Many Sick Days
- Hungover? Feel Better Fast With These Hangover Cures
- Sometimes, Aspirin May Be Enough to Ease Migraines
- How to Prevent Holiday Headaches
- To Fight Ebola Virus, Researchers Turn to Survivors' Blood
- Animal Study Offers Hope for Treating Traumatic Brain Injuries
- Don't Get Along With Family? Check Your Health
- Deep Brain Stimulation May Relieve Ringing in the Ears: Study
- AHA News: Can Being an Immigrant Be Hazardous to Your Health?
- 'Nerve-Release' Surgery Helped Ease One Man's Tough Migraines
- Concussions May Leave Former NFL Players With Another Issue: Impotence
- Facing Up to a Lesser Known Form of Migraine Pain
- How Much Coffee Is Too Much for Migraine Sufferers?
- Ex-NFL Player Helps Researchers Probe Long-Term Effects of Head Injuries
- Money Worries Around Food May Spur Migraines
- Health Tip: Recognizing Balance Disorders
- Sprouts Supermarkets Recalls Frozen Spinach Due to Listeria Fears
- Emgality Receives First FDA Approval for Treating Cluster Headache
- Health Tip: Symptoms of Meningitis
- FDA Approves First Drug to Help Tame Cluster Headaches
- Caffeine, Nicotine Withdrawal Can Cause Problems in the ICU: Study
- FDA OKs Wearable Device for Migraine Pain
- Lyme Disease Now a Threat in City Parks
- AHA News: She Asked Google for Story About Coast Guard Stroke Survivor and Found Her Soulmate
- AHA News: A Stroke at 31. An Aneurysm at 35. At 39 -- Tennis, Anyone?
- For People With Autism, Encounters With Police Can Turn Dangerous
- FDA Warns About Consumer Devices That Claim to Diagnose Concussion
- Health Tip: Managing Chronic Migraines
- Fewer Excess Pounds May Mean Fewer Migraines
- 'Game of Thrones' Actress Had Two Brain Aneurysms
- Half-Dose of Mountain Sickness Med Works as Well as Full Dose
- Dry Eye and Migraines Might Be Linked: Study
- Control Your Blood Pressure to Head Off Serious Health Problems
- AHA News: Actress Susan Lucci Thriving After Emergency Heart Procedure
- Migraine's 'Silver Lining': Lowered Risk for Diabetes?
- Health Tip: When Kids Drink Coffee
- FDA Approves Third of New Migraine Drugs
- Genes May Control How Tough It Is to Stop Drinking
- Your Puppy Can Make You Very Sick: CDC
- FDA Approves 2nd Migraine Prevention Drug
- To Fend Off Migraines, Try Keeping a Headache Diary
- When Does Your Child's Headache Call for a Doctor Visit?
- Could Estrogen Play a Role in Men's Migraines?
- How to Head Off an Ice Cream Headache
- Non-Drug Migraine Treatments Often Ignored
- Another Drug to Prevent Migraines Shows Promise
- Health Tip: Recognize Signs of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
- One Man Got a Nasty Surprise From World's Hottest Chili Pepper
- Sometimes, Headaches Can Be an Emergency. Here's When.
- How to Survive a New Year's Hangover
- Why a Headache Feels So Draining
- Health Tip: Symptoms of Sinus Infection
- Pediatric Treatment Approved for 'Kissing Bug' Disease
- Many Migraine Sufferers Given Unecessary Opioids, Study Finds
- Health Tip: Identify Symptoms of a Concussion
- Many Migraine Sufferers Given Unnecessary Opioids, Study Finds
- Fleas Test Positive for Plague in Arizona
- What Diabetics Need to Know About Over-the-Counter Meds
- Know the Signs of Concussion
- The Scoop on Avoiding 'Brain Freeze'
- Health Tip: Do I Need a Zika Test?
- Swimming Lessons: For Starters, Watch Out for Germs in the Water
- Rat Lungworm: A Nasty Parasite With an Uglier Name
- 6 Out of 7 Possible Concussions May Have Been Missed in 2014 World Cup
- Severe Headaches Plague Vets With Traumatic Brain Injuries
- Non-Opioid Drug More Effective for Migraines: Study
- Kroger Expands Recall of Roasted Macadamia Nuts
- Video Call May Be as Good as Doctor Visit for Headache
- Birth Control Pills Recalled Due to Danger of Unintended Pregnancy
- New Drugs Show Promise as First to Prevent Migraine
- Migraine Warning Signs May Differ in Kids, Adults
- Boys More Likely to Hide a Concussion Than Girls
- Health Tip: How to Spot a Sprained Neck
- Stroke Risk Can Rise With Pregnancy-Linked High Blood Pressure
- Coming This Summer: More Ticks and a Deadly New Tick-Borne Disease
- Common Painkillers Tied to Slight Rise in Heart Attack Risk
- Brain Research Fuels New Migraine Treatments
- 1 in 3 Americans May Have Had Warning Stroke Without Knowing It
- FDA Approves Device to Help Curb Cluster Headaches
- A Healthier Weight May Mean Fewer Migraines
- FDA Approves Hep C Drugs for Kids 12 and Older
- Wireless Arm Patch May Blunt Migraine Pain
- More Booze Won't Beat Back That Hangover
- Health Tip: Identifying Signs of the Common Cold
- Headaches Often Strike Before Strokes in Kids: Study
- Health Tip: Get a Massage
- 'Heading' Soccer Ball Not Smart for the Brain
- 8 People Infected in Rare U.S. Outbreak of Rat Virus
- Ticks Carrying Lyme Disease Confirmed in Eastern National Parks
- Migraine Linked to Higher Stroke Risk After Surgery
- Ready Your Home for Winter's Wrath
- Rest May Not Be Best for Kids After Concussion
- Health Tip: Prepare Your Heating System for Winter
- Was Football Safer Back in the Day?
- 'Cold Caps' May Halt Hair Loss in Breast Cancer Patients: Study
- Health Tip: Stop Grinding Your Teeth
- Migraine and Stroke Risk Linked Again
- Health Tip: Recognizing Traumatic Brain Injury
- Water: Can It Be Too Much of a Good Thing?
- Study Questions Use of Migraine Meds in Kids, Teens
- Pregnancy May Boost Stroke Risk in Younger Women: Study
- More Kids and Teens Heading to ER With Headaches
- Are You and Your Home Ready for Winter?
- For Migraine Sufferers, Is a Chiropractor's Touch All in the Mind?
- Brain Aneurysm: Lack of Awareness Can Cost Lives
- Can You Blame Your Headaches on Your Thyroid?
- Ketamine May Treat Migraine, Chronic Pain
- How to Protect Yourself From the Seasonal Flu
- New Approach Helps Ease Teens' Stubborn Concussion Symptoms
- 4 Out of 5 Kids With Epilepsy Have Other Health Problems: Study
- FDA OKs New Injectable Type 2 Diabetes Medication
- Zika Now Tied to Miscarriage
- Meningitis B Vaccine Falls Short of Expectations
- Concussion Study Shows Player-to-Player Hits Most Damaging
- Is Swimming Safe in Areas With the Freshwater 'Brain-Eating' Amoeba?
- Concussion Rates Have Doubled Among U.S. Kids
- DNA Tests May Spot Brain Infections
- Homing In on the Genetics of Migraine
- Spikes in Blood Pressure Don't Always Need ER Care
- Vitamin Deficiencies Common in Young Migraine Sufferers
- Experimental Drug Acts Fast Against Chronic Migraine
- Health Tip: Laxatives Have Side Effects
- Migraines Take Toll on Spouse
- Health Tip: Have Headaches? Speak to Your Doctor
- Delayed Treatment for Concussion May Prolong Recovery
- Giving the 'Green Light' to Migraine Relief
- 5 Warning Signs of Stroke
- Previous Mental Distress May Slow Concussion Recovery
- Study Suggests Brain Damage in 40 Percent of Ex-NFL Players
- Severe Migraines Linked to Complications During Pregnancy, Childbirth
- For 'Ironman' Athletes, Study Shows Danger of Too Much Water
- Idelvion Approved for Hemophilia B
- Do Genes Link Headaches, Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
- Stroke Risk May Be Greater for Certain Migraine Sufferers: Studies
- Migraines May Worsen as Menopause Approaches
- Illegal Hits Play Big Role in Youth Ice Hockey Concussions: Study
- Asthma Linked to Chronic Migraines in Some People
- Cooling Cap to Reduce Chemo-Linked Hair Loss OK'd
- Asthma Appears to Double Chronic Migraine Risk
- After Concussion Symptoms Fade, Slowed Blood Flow in Brain May Persist
- Anthrax Vaccine Approval Expanded
- Slow Progress on Curbing Wasteful, 'Low-Value' Health Care Practices: Study
- 'Mud Bogging' Motor Sport Tied to Carbon Monoxide Poisonings, Deaths
- Severe Headache During Pregnancy May Signal Trouble
- Health Tip: Soothing a Tension Headache
- Headaches Are Common in Kids, Teens
- Older Smokers With Migraines May Face Added Stroke Risk
- Childhood Trauma Tied to Migraine Risk as Adult
- Watch Out for Disease-Carrying Insects This Summer
- Health Tip: Coping With Disaster
- Health Tip: Log Symptoms in a Headache Diary
- Health Tip: Exercising With Heart Problems
- Surgery May Help Teens With Frequent Migraines, Study Contends
- New Drugs Might Prevent Migraines Before They Start
- Most Children With Migraines Don't Get Proven Treatments: Study
- High School Football Players May Be at Doubled Risk of Migraine
- Many Migraine Sufferers Given Narcotic Painkillers, Barbiturates
- Pregnancy Often Leads to Changes in Migraines
- FDA Warns of Complications From Facial Fillers
- Chronic Migraines Take Big Toll on Families, Survey Finds
- Migraines Often Undiagnosed, Doctor Says
- U.S. Boy's Death Highlights Rare Mosquito-Borne Infection
- Migraine, Carpal Tunnel May Be Linked
- Malpractice Fears Spurring Most ER Docs to Order Unnecessary Tests
- Could Your Child Have Migraines?
- Nerve Treatment Via Nose Shows Promise Against Migraines
- Kids Can Get Migraines Too
- Health Tip: Warning Signs of Sinusitis
- Study Rates Migraine Medications
- Extra Bed Rest May Not Be Best for Kids With Concussions
- Abuse in Childhood Tied to Migraines in Adulthood
- Pack a Travel First-Aid Kit for the Holidays
- Combination Antibiotic Zerbaxa Approved
- CDC Warns of Listeria Danger From Caramel Apples
- Migraine May Raise Risk for Bell's Palsy, Study Suggests
- Health Tip: When Headaches Signal Trouble
- FDA Approves New Vaccine to Protect Against Meningitis
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Raise Risk of Severe Headaches, Scientists Report
- Pricey Hepatitis Drug a Good Bet in U.S. Prisons, Study Says
- Ebola Anxiety: A Bigger Threat Now Than the Virus Itself
- Ebola or Not? Rapid Test for the Virus Not Here Yet
- Esbriet, Ofev Approved to Treat Deadly Lung Disease
- U.S. Health Officials Resist Ban on Travel From West Africa
- Risks From Epidural, Spinal Anesthesia Very Low, Study Says
- Akynzeo Approved for Side Effects of Chemotherapy
- Many Parents Need to Educate Themselves About Concussions
- Hepatitis C Combo Pill May Cure Those Who Can Afford It
- Mini-Strokes May Lead to PTSD, Study Finds
- Noninvasive Devices May Help Migraines, FDA Says
- Are Migraines in Middle Age Tied to Raised Parkinson's Risk Later?
- Ebola Outbreak Could Infect 20,000 People, U.N. Says
- Electrical Pulses to Scalp May Boost Memory: Study
- Cosmetic Eye Procedure May Ease Migraines, Small Study Says
- Could Chiropractic Manipulation of Your Neck Trigger a Stroke?
- Health Tip: Easing Headache Pain
- Headbanging to Heavy Metal Music Linked To Man's Brain Bleed
- Guard Your Kids Against Bug Bites This Summer
- Season's Change Can Bring on Cluster Headaches
- Surgery Doubted as a Migraine Reliever
- Chronic Migraines Affect the Whole Family
- Former NFL Players May Be Plagued With Chronic Headaches
- Migraines May Worsen During Menopause
- Head Injuries Tied to Higher Migraine Risk for Veterans
- Study: Similar Outcomes From Combat Head Injuries, Regardless of Cause
- Headaches During Sex More Common Than Thought, Expert Says
- FDA Approves Antibiotic for Skin Infections
- Migraines Linked to Increased Risk of 'Silent Strokes'
- Could Certain Antidepressants Slow Alzheimer's?
- Smaller Brain Volume Seen in College Football Players in Study
- FDA Panel Says No to Over-the-Counter Allergy Drug Singulair
- Measles on Upswing Despite Vaccines' Effectiveness: CDC
- New Drugs May Help Prevent Migraines
- Taking Blood Thinners With Certain Painkillers May Raise Bleeding Risk
- Report Questions Effectiveness of Flu Meds
- Health Tip: What May Trigger Tension Headaches
- Girls Suffer Worse Concussions, Study Suggests
- Stroke Often Missed in ERs, Study Finds
- Carbon Monoxide Poisonings May Rise During Storms
- More ERs Treating Headaches With Narcotics, Study Finds
- Electrical Brain Stimulation Might Help Fibromyalgia Patients
- Too Many Unneeded Brain Scans for Headaches, Study Suggests
- Ibuprofen, Aleve Won't Raise Miscarriage Risk: Study
- Hetlioz Approved for Sleep Disorder in Blind People
- Health Tip: Spot the Signs of Scarlet Fever
- Concussions Common in Middle School Girls Playing Soccer: Study
- FDA OKs 2-Drug Combo Treatment for Advanced Melanoma
- Health Tip: Is Your Blood Sugar Low at Night?
- Recession Triggered Wave of Health Worries, Study Finds
- Power of Suggestion Revealed in Study of Migraine Drug
- Health Tip: Don't Take Too Much Acetaminophen
- Avoiding That New Year's Hangover
- FDA Rejects MS Drug Lemtrada
- Behavioral Therapy Might Ease Kids' Migraine Symptoms
- Don't Let Migraines Ruin Your Holidays
- Tretten Approved for Genetic Clotting Disorder
- Keeping Healthy During Holiday Travel
- First Device to Treat Migraine With Aura Approved
- FDA Approves New Magnet Device to Treat Migraines
- Health Tip: Prevent Headaches in Teens
- As More Meningitis Cases Hit Colleges, Experts Urge Awareness
- H5N1 Bird Flu Vaccine Approved
- Princeton Students Safe to Travel Despite Meningitis Outbreak: CDC
- Concussion's Damage to Brain Lingers After Symptoms Fade: Study
- What Not to Do for Migraines
- Aptiom Approved to Treat Seizures
- U.S. Malaria Cases Hit 40-Year High
- Brain-Imaging Drug Approved for Alzheimer's Detection
- Headaches Accompanying Lupus Often Not Disease-Related, Study Finds
- Take Infection Precautions When Using Nasal-Rinsing Products: FDA
- Many More Kids Visiting ER for Sports Concussions, Study Finds
- Concussion Symptoms May Not Differ in Teen, Young Adult Athletes
- New Tool May Help Identify Deadly Brain Bleed
- Bullied Kids Often Develop Physical Symptoms, Study Says
- Obesity May Increase Migraine Odds
- Migraines Linked to Artery Networks in Brain
- Concussed Athletes May Not Be Good at Self-Reporting Recovery
- FDA Warns of Rare Skin Reactions to Acetaminophen
- Migraine Doctors in Short Supply Across U.S.
- Most Pregnant Women Treated for Migraines Able to Deliver Vaginally
- Acute Migraines More Apt to Turn Chronic With Poor Treatment
- Migraine With Aura May Be Linked to All Stroke Types
- Obesity May Boost Migraine Odds
- Health News Reports May Spur 'Symptoms' in Some People
- Health Tip: If You Have Neck Pain
- Having Both Migraines, Depression May Mean Smaller Brain
- High School Football Players Often Not Deterred by Head Injury
- Drugs Can Sometimes Prevent Migraines, but at a Cost
- Figuring Out Your Migraine Triggers Is Tricky
- Colic May Be Linked to Childhood Migraine, Study Says
- Health Highlights: April 15, 2013
- Brain Differences Seen in People With Migraines
- Dotarem Approved for Nervous System MRIs
- Nerve-Stimulating Device Might Ease Migraines
- No Proof Drugs Ease Kids' Migraines: Study
- Could Lightning Spur Headaches and Migraines?
- Migraine Sufferers Stigmatized Because of Their Condition: Study
- Obese Kids May Face Immediate Health Woes, Study Finds
- ER Visits Linked to Energy Drinks Double: Report
- Deer Ticks Carry Yet Another Bacterial Threat
- Cases of Rare But Deadly Encephalitis Rising Among Kids, Report Finds
- FDA Pulls One Generic Form of Wellbutrin Off the Market
- Veggie Burgers Recalled Over Listeria Risk
- Trader Joe's Recalls Frozen Chicken and Rice Dish
- Climbers With Altitude Sickness Show Signs of Brain Bleeds Years Later
- Health Tip: Is Caffeine Giving You the Jitters?
- Latest West Nile Tally: 5,245 Cases, 236 Deaths
- Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Hazards Rise in Colder Weather
- Meningitis/Steroid Toll Now 34 Dead
- Scans Spot Brain Changes in Patients With Concussion Syndrome
- Meningitis Outbreak Toll Now 33 Dead, 480 Sickened, CDC Says
- Compounding Pharmacists Oppose Greater U.S. Oversight
- Owner of Meningitis-Linked Pharmacy Declines to Testify Before Congress
- New Drug to Lower 'Bad' Cholesterol Shows Promise
- Congress to Open Hearings Into Steroid/Meningitis Outbreak
- Migraines' Brain Changes Not Linked to Mental Harm
- Tick-Borne Illnesses in U.S. Move Beyond Lyme Disease
- Steroid-Meningitis Toll Now 32 Dead, 438 Sickened, CDC Says
- Steroid-Meningitis Toll Now 31 Dead, 424 Sickened, CDC Says
- Report Details Start of Steroid Meningitis Outbreak
- CDC: West Nile Toll Now 5,054 Cases, 228 Deaths
- New Arthritis Drug Xeljanz Gets FDA Approval
- Migraines May Hurt Kids' Grades Too
- FDA: More Tainted Products at Firm Tied to Meningitis Outbreak
- Meningitis-Linked Infections Now Number 386, CDC Says
- Fungal Meningitis Outbreak Toll Now 28 Dead, 363 Sickened
- Health Tip: Is That Sore Throat Strep?
- Cases Linked to Fungal Meningitis Now Number 328
- West Nile Cases Pass 4,700 Mark Nationwide: CDC
- Mass. Launches Criminal Probe of Firm Linked to Meningitis Outbreak: Report
- Meningitis Outbreak Toll Now 23 Dead, 297 Sickened: CDC
- Meningitis Outbreak Toll Now 23 Dead, 284 Sickened: CDC
- Latest Meningitis Outbreak Toll: 20 Deaths and 257 Infections, CDC Says
- West Nile Cases Pass 4,500 Mark Nationwide: CDC
- FDA Agents Visit Mass. Company Linked to Meningitis Outbreak
- Epilepsy Drug Shows Promise as Weight-Loss Aid, Study Says
- New Warnings in Fungal Meningitis Outbreak
- Parents May Be Taking Concussion Symptoms Too Lightly: Survey
- Fungal Meningitis Q&A
- Consistent Criteria for Sports Concussion Might Aid Diagnosis
- Meningitis Crisis Expands; More Infections, Deaths
- Meningitis Toll Now 12 Dead, 137 Sick: CDC
- West Nile Cases Continue to Climb, CDC Says
- Another Meningitis Scare Emerges, Targeting NYC's Gay Men
- Up to 13,000 Got Steroid Shots at Center of Meningitis Outbreak: CDC
- Steroid-Related Meningitis Cases Now Total 91, CDC Says
- For New Mom With Aphasia, 'Giving Up Was Not an Option'
- Humira Approved for Ulcerative Colitis Treatment
- That May Not Be a Cold, Could Be Fall Allergies
- Kroger Recalls Spinach in 15 States
- West Nile Cases Still Rising; Death Toll Now at 134, CDC Says
- New Antibiotic in the Works for Dangerous C. Diff
- New Study Debunks Virus Theory for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- 'Where Is My Excedrin?'
- New Vaccine Offers Some Protection Against Dengue
- Acupuncture Pain Relief Is Real, Researchers Say
- FDA OKs Drug for Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Beyond Statistics: 2 Faces of West Nile Virus
- Zaltrap Approved for Advanced Colorectal Cancer
- Health Tip: If Your Child Gets Headaches
- Teething Baby? Avoid Benzocaine, FDA Says
- New Drug Approved for Colonoscopy Preparation
- Health Tip: Heed the Warning Signs of Heat Exhaustion
- College Football Players' Concussion Rates Double
- Methadone for Pain Relief Leading Cause of Fatal Overdoses: CDC
- It's Not So Much the Heat, It's the Lack of Power
- Health Tip: Have Your Headaches Evaluated
- Maintain Heart Health During Summer
- Health Tip: Preventing Headaches
- Health Tip: Are Your Child's Tantrums Dangerous?
- Weather Triggers Migraine Headaches
- Some Kinds of Red Wine May Not Trigger Migraines
- Few Migraine Sufferers Referred for Behavioral Treatments
- Headaches Worse With Mild Head Trauma Than More Severe Trauma
- For Combat Vets, Brain Injury Symptoms Can Last Years
- Scientists Spot More Migraine Genes
- Sheryl Crow's Brain Tumor: FAQ
- Chagas Disease FAQ
- Some Heavy Kids at Risk of Blindness, Study Says
- Nationwide Recall of Bagged Salads Expands
- Health Tip: Log Migraine Details in a Diary
- Two-Drug Combo Helps Teens With Migraines
- Concussions: Girls Have Longer Recovery Time
- Migraines More Likely for People With Celiac Disease, Study Says
- In Some Brain Bleeds, Patients Do Better at High-Volume Hospitals
- Afinitor Approval Expanded to Include Benign Kidney Tumors
- Levaquin Approved to Treat or Prevent Plague
- Toxic Gas in Dogs' Vomit a Threat to Vets: CDC
- Botox Only Modestly Effective for Migraines
- Migraine Guidelines Focus on Prevention
- New Clue to Brain Freeze
- Health Tip: When Your Child is Stressed
- Drug May Help Diagnose Alzheimer's Earlier
- Many Medical Tests, Procedures Not Always Needed
- Hormonal Changes May Trigger Migraines in Some Women
- Ibuprofen May Ward Off Altitude Sickness
- Health Tip: Manage the Pain of a Neck Sprain
- 'Delayed Reactions' May Outlast Other Concussion Effects
- Kids' Concussion Symptoms Can Last a Year, Study Says
- Statin Risks Outweighed by Statin Benefits
- Web Therapy Helps With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Korlym Approved for Cushing's Syndrome
- Study Links Colic in Infants to Migraines in Moms
- Health Tip: A Sprain in the Neck
- Hard-Boiled Egg Recall Hits 34 States
- Many Stroke Victims Still Don't Get Treated Fast Enough: Study
- First Drug to Target Cause of Cystic Fibrosis Approved
- Weekly Shot Gets FDA Nod for Type 2 Diabetes
- Acupuncture May Boost Pregnancy Success Rates
- Could 'Magic' Mushrooms Ease Depression?
- Even Mild Dehydration May Cause Emotional, Physical Problems
- Narrowed Artery Condition Often Goes Undiagnosed: Study
- Voraxaze Approved to Treat High Levels of Chemo Drug
- New Drug Combo for Hepatitis C Shows Promise
- Exercise, Talk Therapy by Phone May Help Relieve Fibromyalgia Pain
- Acupuncture May Be Effective for Migraines
- Health Tip: Is My Neck Pain Serious?
- Bufferin, Excedrin, NoDoz, Gas-X Recalled
- Pneumonia Vaccine Approved for Older People
- Health Tip: Physical Problems May Cause Insomnia
- Limit Cold Medications During Pregnancy, Experts Advise
- Isentress Approval Expanded to Include Children and Teens
- Headaches May Plague Many With HIV/AIDS
- Too Much Acetaminophen Over Time May Damage Liver
- FDA Rejects Avastin for Breast Cancer
- Some Kotex Tampons Recalled Due to Infection Risk
- Erbitux Approval Expanded to Include Head and Neck Cancer
- 2 More Deaths in Listeria/Cantaloupe Outbreak
- Health Tip: When Exercise Causes Hives
- Listeria Outbreak Now 2nd Largest in U.S. History
- FDA Approves First Combo Drug for Diabetes, Cholesterol
- Concussions on the Rise for Young Athletes
- 18 Deaths, 100 Cases in Listeria/Cantaloupe Outbreak
- Listeria Prompts Romaine Lettuce Recall
- Too Many Heart Patients Getting Migraine Drugs
- Listeria in Cantaloupes: Deadliest Outbreak in a Decade
- Soliris Approval Expanded to Include Rare Blood Disorder
- Bed Bug Insecticides Causing Sickness, Officials Warn
- 8 Dead From Listeria-Contaminated Cantaloupes
- Second Listeriosis Death From Contaminated Cantaloupes
- Muscle Relaxant May Ease Fibromyalgia Pain
- CDC Warning: Deadly Listeria in Cantaloupe
- Brain-Eating Amoeba FAQ
- Genes Play Role in How Alcohol Affects Men and Women
- Listeria Forces Recalls of Ready-to-Eat Chicken, Meat
- Americans Are Flocking to Alternative Therapies
- Combination Therapy Needed to Fight Chronic Pain
- Little Insects, Big Allergic Reactions
- Moderate Exercise May Cut Risk of 'Silent' Stroke
- More Stroke Patients Get Clot-Busting Drug But Barriers Remain
- FDA Approves New HIV Drug Edurant
- 'Placebo Effect' May Be Common in Headache Treatment
- Experimental Drug Targets Overactive Bladder
- FDA OKs Flu Shot With Smaller Needle
- Drug Combo May Help Treat Kids With ADHD
- Many Strokes Occur in Sleep, Preventing Treatment
- FDA Warns About Teething Medication
- New Drug May Help Control Epilepsy Seizures
- FDA OKs Test for Dengue Fever
- 27 Tons of Turkey Burgers Recalled
- Johnson & Johnson Recalls Even More Tylenol
- Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery May Ease Migraines
- Recall of Albuterol Used in Nebulizers
- Recall of Defective Glucose Test Strips
- Study Gives 'Striking' Snapshot of Stroke Prognosis
- FDA Moves to Pull Avastin Breast Cancer Approval
- Surfing Great Andy Irons -- Dengue Death?
- Sports-Related Concussions on the Rise in Kids
- Marijuana Relieves Chronic Pain, Research Shows
- Stress May Raise Risk of Premenstrual Syndrome
- Migraines With Aura May Raise Stroke Risk
- High School Athletes Hit Hard by the Heat
- Obesity, Smoking Linked to Teen Migraines
- New Morning-After Pill Ella Wins FDA Approval
- FDA Warns Lamictal Can Cause Meningitis
- New Pain Drug May Be Alternative to Oxycodone
- Diet Drug Lorcaserin Safe, Effective, Study Finds
- Lack of Sleep Triggers 'Migraine' Proteins
- Frozen Meals Linked to Salmonella Outbreak
- 5-Days-After-Sex Pill Gets FDA Panel Nod
- Many Stroke Patients Don't Get Quick Treatment
- Sleeping Pill May Treat Fibromyalgia Pain
- Weight Loss Pill Also Lowers Blood Pressure
- Airborne Fungus Expected to Spread in U.S.
- Fate of New Migraine Drug Is Uncertain
- Can You Recognize Symptoms of Minor Stroke?
- Pregnant Women Don't Get Enough Exercise
- Pill Kills Hard-to-Treat Head Lice
- Portable Device May Relieve Migraine Pain
- Fibromyalgia and Diet
- Swine Flu 101: College Survival Tips
- Common Cold: Too Sick to Work?
- An American's H1N1 Swine Flu Experience in London: One Patient's Story
- When to Call the Doctor About Flu
- Sleep Better When You're Sick
- Chronic Pain: Specific References for Chronic Pain
- Debt Can Be Bad for Your Health
- Diseases from Animals: A Primer
- Pituitary Tumors
Migraines and Headaches Resources
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