Head and Neck Cancer: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 9/23/2021

Head and neck cancers are cancers that arise in the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses, and nasal passages, pharynx, or larynx (voice box).

Signs and symptoms of head and neck cancer depend on the exact location and extent of spread (stage) of the tumor but can include

Causes of Head and Neck Cancers

Head and neck cancers are typically caused by tobacco use or alcohol use, although human papillomavirus (HPV) infections, radiation to the head and neck, and Epstein-Barr virus infection are also risk factors for developing head and neck cancers.

Other head and neck cancer symptoms and signs


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Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.