There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata, trichotillomania, and tinea capitis), telogen effluvium, and androgenetic alopecia (male-pattern baldness, female-pattern baldness). Read more: Hair Loss (Alopecia) Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Your Thyroid: Common Thyroid Problems and Diseases Explained
Learn about thyroid problems such as hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, thyroid cancer, and more. Discover symptoms and treatments...
Women's Health: 25 Hormone Imbalance Symptoms and Signs
Hormone imbalance including abnormal levels of estrogen, testosterone, cortisol, progesterone, and other hormones may lead to...
Hair Loss: Alopecia, Thinning Hair in Men and Women
Learn about hair loss (alopecia) in women and men. Discover hair loss causes and treatments like shampoos and drugs, as well as...
25 Effects of Smoking on Your Looks and Life
Cigarette smoking can affect your looks and moods. But did you know smoking also affects your heart, causes wrinkles, and...
19 Health Problems in Men: Snoring, Hair Loss, and More
What are the biggest body health issues that plague men? Most men struggle with belly fat, back hair, sweating, erectile...
Women’s Hair Loss: Causes, Treatments, and Solutions
Hair loss in women has many causes. Menopause is one cause of hair loss in women over 50. Hormones, medications, and stress are...
Beauty Problems Pictures: Cellulite, Stretch Marks, and More in Pictures
Learn the connection between your appearance and health. Discover what you can do about embarrassing beauty problems from facial...
Hair Loss: Conditions That Can Cause Body Hair Loss
Some kinds of body hair loss -- or extra growth -- can be a sign of another health condition. Find out what yours might mean.
Hair Loss Quiz
True or false: Genetic hair loss comes from the mother's side of the family. Take the Hair Loss Quiz to learn about your hair....
Skin and Makeup Quiz: Test Your Skin and Makeup IQ
Are you doing right by your skin? Take the Skin and Makeup Quiz to learn how to make the most of your beauty regimen.
Human Body Quiz: Human Body Systems & Organs
The Human Body Quiz will help you learn about your little-known body parts! Take this quiz to learn more about your body and what...
Picture of Telogen Effluvium
Excessive temporary loss of telogen hair (hair in the telogen, or resting, phase) caused by trauma such as childbirth, surgery,...
Picture of Trichotillomania
Compulsive hair pulling. See a picture of Trichotillomania and learn more about the health topic.
Picture of Alopecia Areata
A common hair loss condition, alopecia areata, usually starts as a single quarter-sized circle of perfectly smooth baldness. See...
Picture of Traction Alopecia
Tight braids and ponytails can pull hard enough on hairs to make them fall out. See a picture of Traction Alopecia and learn more...
Picture of Tinea Capitis
Tinea capitis is also known as ringworm of the scalp. See a picture of Tinea Capitis and learn more about the health topic.
Picture of Hair Transplant
Surgical approaches include various versions of hair transplantation (taking hair from the back and putting it near the front) or...
Picture of Hair Grafts
1–4 hair grafts. See a picture of Hair Grafts and learn more about the health topic.
Picture of Unnatural Pluggy Hairline
Unnatural “pluggy” hairline using 10–25 hair grafts. See a picture of Unnatural 'Pluggy' Hairline and learn more about the health...
Picture of Alopecia Areata
Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss that occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, which is where hair...
Picture of Female Pattern Baldness
Mistakenly thought to be a strictly male disease, women make up a significant percentage of American hair loss sufferers. See a...
Picture of Male Pattern Baldness
The male pattern baldness (MPB) form of androgenetic alopecia (there is also a female pattern baldness) accounts for more than...
Hair Pictures: 19 Hair Styling and Care Tips
Looking for the best kept hair secrets? See this hair care guide and get tips about hair that is thin, gray, curly, colored,...
Related Disease Conditions
Anemia: Symptoms, Treatment and Causes
Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased. There are several types of anemia such as iron deficiency anemia (the most common type), sickle cell anemia, vitamin B12 anemia, pernicious anemia, and aplastic anemia. Symptoms of anemia may include fatigue, malaise, hair loss, palpitations, menstruation, and medications. Treatment for anemia includes treating the underlying cause for the condition. Iron supplements, vitamin B12 injections, and certain medications may also be necessary.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
The term "ringworm" refers to a fungal infection on the surface of the skin. A physical examination of the affected skin, evaluation of skin scrapings under the microscope, and culture tests can help doctors make the appropriate distinctions. A proper diagnosis is essential to successful treatment. The different types of ringworm include the following: tinea barbae, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea faciei, tinea manus, tinea pedis, and tinea unguium.
What Happens During Menopause?
Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause symptoms and signs include hot flashes, night sweats, irregular vaginal bleeding, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, urinary incontinence, weight gain, and emotional symptoms such as mood swings. Treatment of menopausal symptoms varies, and should be discussed with your physician.
Obesity and Overweight
Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are more than 20% over their ideal weight. That ideal weight must take into account the person's height, age, sex, and build.
Is Ringworm Contagious?
A fungus causes ringworm. Ringworm can be transmitted from person to person. Animals may also spread ringworm. Ringworm causes an itchy, ring-shaped red rash with hair loss. Treatment incorporates the use of topical medication.
Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.
Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease. Lupus can cause disease of the skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, joints, and nervous system. When only the skin is involved, the condition is called discoid lupus. When internal organs are involved, the condition is called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Hypothyroidism is any state in which thyroid hormone production is below normal. Normally, the rate of thyroid hormone production is controlled by the brain by the pituitary gland. Hypothyroidism is a very common condition and the symptoms of hypothyroidism are often subtle, but may include, constipation, memory loss, hair loss, and depression. There are a variety of causes of hypothyroidism, and treatment depends on the cause.
There are several types of thyroid disorders including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goiters, thyroid nodules, and thyroid cancer. Symptoms vary by condition. Diagnosis is made with blood tests, scans, ultrasound, or biopsy. Treatments depend on the disorder and can include medication or surgery.
How Do I Know If I Have Telogen Effluvium or Androgenetic Alopecia?
What is the difference between telogen effluvium and androgenetic alopecia? Learn about these hair loss conditions and how to treat them.
Leprosy (Hansen's disease) is a disfiguring disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium leprae bacteria. The disease is spread from person to person through nasal secretions or droplets. Symptoms and signs of leprosy include numbness, loss of temperature sensation, painless ulcers, eye damage, loss of digits, and facial disfigurement. Leprosy is treated with antibiotics and the dosage and length of time of administration depends upon which form of leprosy the patient has.
The time when boys and girls begin the process of sexual maturation is called puberty. During this time, both sexes undergo a series of biological changes that include a rapid increase in height, bone growth, weight increase, the growth of pubic hair, breast development and the onset of menstruation in girls, and testicle, penis, and muscle enlargement in boys.
Low Testosterone (Low-T)
Low testosterone (low-T) can be caused by conditions such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, liver or kidney disease, hormonal disorders, certain infections, and hypogonadism. Signs and symptoms that a person may have low-T include insomnia, increased body fat, weight gain, reduced muscle, infertility, decreased sex drive, depression, and worsening of congestive heart failure or sleep apnea. Low-T can be treated with testosterone therapy in the form of gels, injections, pellets, or skin patches. Side effects of testosterone treatment include acne, anxiety, hair loss, headache, and change in sex drive (libido).
What Are the Main Causes of Alopecia Areata?
What is alopecia areata? Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease that can cause hair loss. Learn the signs of alopecia areata, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
There are four major types of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancer. Tumors on the thyroid are referred to as thyroid nodules. Symptoms of thyroid cancer include swollen lymph nodes, pain in the throat, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, and a lump near the Adam's apple. Treatment usually involves chemotherapy, surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone treatment or external radiation and depends upon the type of thyroid cancer, the patient's age, the tumor size, and whether the cancer has metastasized.
Dandruff (seborrhea) is a skin disorder that results from neither too much moisture nor too much oil. Dandruff can be treated with shampoos that contain tar, salicylic acid, zinc, selenium sulfide, or ketoconazole.
Alopecia areata is a condition that causes hair loss on the scalp and sometimes other parts of the body. It is believed to be caused by an abnormality of the immune system that causes the body's immune system to attack the hair follicles. Typically, hair regrows within a year without treatment. Steroid injections, creams, and shampoos may be used during treatment.
Burns (First Aid)
Burn types are based on their severity: first-degree burns, second-degree burns, and third-degree burns. First-degree burns are similar to a painful sunburn. The damage is more severe with second-degree burns, leading to blistering and more intense pain. The skin turns white and loses sensation with third-degree burns. Burn treatment depends upon the burn location, total burn area, and intensity of the burn.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, is an autoimmune disorder causing inflammation of the thyroid gland. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is a type of hypothyroidism, and is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the US. Symptoms of Hashimoto's thyroiditis may include dry skin, fatigue, weight gain, feeling cold, excessive sleepiness, dry skin, dry coarse hair, difficulty swallowing, a lump in the front of the throat, muscle cramps, mood changes, vague aches and pains, problems concentrating, leg swelling, constipation, and depression. There is no cure for Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Diet changes, natural supplements, vitamins, or other natural products will not treat Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Treatment for the autoimmune disorder is with thyroid hormone replacement therapy, which will be necessary for the rest of the person’s life.
Can Stress Cause Hair Loss and Will It Grow Back?
What is stress related hair loss? Will the hair grow back? Learn about the relationship between stress and hair loss and what to do if you’re experiencing it.
Vitamins and Calcium Supplements
Vitamins are organic substances that are essential for the proper growth and functioning of the body. Calcium is a mineral essential for healthy bones and is also important for muscle contraction, heart action, and normal blood clotting.
Thallium is a metal that can be found in small amounts in the soil. When thallium enters the environment through coal-burning or smelting, it stays in the air, soil, and water for a long time and doesn't break down. Thallium exposure may come from eating contaminated foods, smoking cigarettes, touching or eating contaminated soil, living near a hazardous-waste site, or breathing workplace air in industries that use thallium.
Cosmetic Procedures for Hair Loss
Second Source article from WebMD
Type 1 Diabetes (Symptoms, Causes, Diet, Treatment, Life Expectancy)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (juvenile) is an auto-immune disease with no known cause at this time, although there are a few risk factors. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include frequent urination, unintentional weight loss, dry and itchy skin, vision problems, wounds that heal slowly, and excessive thirst. Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed with blood tests. A healthy lifestyle and controlling blood glucose levels can improve life expectancy.
How Do I Know if My Child Has Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia areata is a condition that occurs when your child's immune system attacks the hair follicles, causing hair loss. Your child will have patchy hair loss that may occur anywhere on the body where hair grows.
Why Do Hippies Smell Like Patchouli?
Patchouli oil has been in use for thousands of years, but it gained tremendous popularity because of its use by the hippies in the 1960s. Experts suggest that regular use of patchouli oil by hippies is because of the raw, earthy and natural nature of this oil. Hippies preferred using products that were not artificially manufactured and were cruelty free.
Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever)
Ebola hemorrhagic fever (HF) is an often-fatal disease that causes fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sore throat, stomach pain, rash, and red eyes. There is no standard treatment for Ebola HF.
Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD)
Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a condition that happens when immune cells from transplanted donor tissue attack the recipient's tissues. Signs and symptoms of acute GVHD include enteritis, hepatitis, and dermatitis. Chronic GVHD symptoms and signs include rash, skin discoloration, dry mouth or eyes, jaundice, fatigue, and wheezing, among others. The standard of GVHD treatment is immunosuppressant medications.
Alopecia Areata: How Is It Treated and Can It Be Cured?
Many people experience an autoimmune disorder of the skin that causes hair loss on the scalp, face, and other areas of the body. Learn what medical treatments can help ease your alopecia areata symptoms and help you manage this condition.
Scalp Psoriasis (Psoriasis of the Scalp)
Scalp psoriasis causes red, raised, scaly patches that may extend from the scalp to the forehead and the back of the neck and ears. Symptoms and signs include itching, hair loss, flaking, silvery scales, and red plaques. Treatment includes topical medicated shampoos, creams, gels, oils, ointments, and soaps, medications, and light therapy.
Approximately 40 million children suffer abuse every year around the world, and more than 1,500 children die of abuse in the U.S. every year. Symptoms and signs of child abuse include poor school performance, physical injuries, regression, anxiety, and panic. Treatment involves ensuring the safety of the child and tending to any physical injuries.
What Are the Best Ways to Get Thicker Hair?
Hair loss and damage can occur due to genetic tendency for baldness, hormones (pregnancy), medications (cancer medication) and other medical illnesses (stress, thyroid disease or autoimmune diseases). Home remedies for thicker hair include massaging the scalp with oil, using minoxidil, applying hair masks or aloe vera, eating a balanced diet or taking hair growth supplements and nutrients.
Hodgkin's disease is a cancer of the lymphatic system with symptoms that include unexplained, recurring fevers, unexplained weight loss, itchy skin, and painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, and groin. Treatment for adult Hodgkin's disease depends on the staging of the disease, the size of the lymph nodes, and the health of the patient.
Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series
Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are interconnected and affect your risk for heart disease or heart attack. For better heart health, avoid the following fried foods, hard margarine, commercial baked goods, most packaged and processed snack foods, high fat dairy, and processed meats such as bacon, sausage, and deli meats.
Telogen effluvium refers to sudden hair loss that is usually triggered by severe illness, diet, stress, or a traumatic event. Treatment may incorporate vitamin supplements, minoxidil, and a well-balanced diet high in protein to help hair growth return to normal.
Local ResourcesFind a local Dermatologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- Balding Gene May Raise COVID Risks for Men
- Losing Your Hair Because of Pandemic Stress?
- Alyssa Milano Is Losing Her Hair to COVID-19
- Is Hair Loss the Latest COVID-19 Issue?
- New Clues Show How Stress May Turn Your Hair Gray
- Health Tip: Brushing Your Hair the Right Way
- Could Baldness Become 'Optional'? New Research May Give Men Hope
- What to Do If You Have a Bad Reaction to Cosmetics
- Hair Loss Not Just a Male Problem
- Health Tip: Hair Transplants for Baldness
- Can Stem Cells Be the Cure for Baldness?
- Health Tip: Causes of Hair Loss
- Health Tip: Understanding Alopecia Areata
- Hair Styles That Can Lead to Hair Loss
- Restoring Hair Growth on Scarred Skin? Mouse Study Could Show the Way
- Unlocking the Mysteries of Hair Growth
- Health Tip: Managing Hair Loss From Chemotherapy
- Lead in Hair Dyes Must Go: FDA
- An Eczema Drug Helped Regrow a Girl's Hair -- Could It Help Others?
- New Drug Reverses Hair Loss in Mice
- Scientists Rid Mice of Wrinkles, Hair Loss
- Hair Care Products for Black Women May Disrupt Hormones
- A Bone Drug That Treats Baldness?
- Health Tip: When to See a Doctor for Cradle Cap
- Hair Loss, Fibroids May Have Links in Black Women
- Do Receding Hairlines Mean Receding Heart Health in Men?
- Can Dogs Teach Doctors New Tricks?
- FDA Widens Access to 'Cooling Cap' to Stop Hair Loss in Cancer Patients
- Study Highlights the Beauty Industry's Ugly Side
- Drug Helps Fight Breast Tumors Tied to 'Cancer Genes'
- Haywire Immune Cells May Help Cause Baldness
- Scientists Uncover Root of Graying, Thinning Hair
- Hollywood Villains Are No Dermatologist's Friend
- Drugs for Prostate Trouble, Balding Not Linked to Suicide Risk
- Short, Bald Men May Have Their Genes to Blame
- 'Cooling Caps' May Halt Chemo-Linked Hair Loss
- Geneticists Get to the Roots of Hair Loss in Men
- Trump Takes Hair Growth Drug: Doctor
- Check Your Neck for Thyroid Abnormalities
- Health Tip: Coping With Hair Loss
- 'Cold Caps' May Halt Hair Loss in Breast Cancer Patients: Study
- Health Tip: Keep Hair Looking Healthy
- Should FDA Have Power to Recall Beauty Products?
- Arthritis Drug May Help With Type of Hair Loss
- Survey Says: Hair Transplants Make Men Look Younger
- Health Tip: Losing Hair After Pregnancy
- New Moms' Hair Loss Usually Temporary, Expert Says
- Health Tip: Losing Your Hair?
- Today's Hair Style Could Cause Tomorrow's Hair Loss
- Could a Cellular Tweak Someday 'Switch Off' Gray Hair?
- Scientists Grow and Transplant Functioning Skin Onto Mice
- Black Women's Hair Styling Choices Can Cause Hair Loss
- Scientists Report Finding 'Gray Hair' Gene
- Health Tip: When New Moms Lose Their Hair
- Cooling Cap to Reduce Chemo-Linked Hair Loss OK'd
- Drugs Used in Cancer, Arthritis May Help Fight Hair Loss
- Health Tip: Health Conditions May Lead to Hair Loss
- Male Pattern Baldness Tied to Prostate Cancer, Study Suggests
- Drug Restores Hair in Alopecia Patients: FAQ
- Early Research With Drug Restores Hair in Patients With Alopecia
- Hairless Man Now Hairy, Thanks to Arthritis Drug
- Health Tip: Having Poor Circulation in the Feet
- Hair Loss Treatments in the Pipeline
- Baldness Cure May Have Inched a Bit Closer
- Nexavar Approval Expanded for Common Thyroid Cancer
- Researchers Report Progress With Growing Hair
- Don't Let Hair Care Lead to Hair Damage
- Baldness Drug Propecia May Put Some Men Off Alcohol: Study
- Balding Men Could Face Higher Heart Risks, Study Finds
- Is Early Baldness in Blacks a Clue to Prostate Cancer?
- Novel Drug Approach Shows Promise Against Breast Cancer
- Do Bald Men Face Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer?
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Also Help Menstruation, Skin, Hair
- Baldness Drug May Cause Sexual Side Effects: FDA
- Expert FAQ: Dealing With Excess Body Hair
- African-American Women Have Specific Hair Issues
- Male Pattern Baldness: New Root Cause Found?
- Vitamin A May Help Reduce Melanoma Risk
- Most Americans Don't Need Extra Selenium
- Health Tip: Protect Your Feet From Fungal Infection
- Men's Legs May Be New Source for Hair Transplants
- Zelboraf May Double Survival for Some Melanoma Patients
- Erivedge Approved to Treat Basal Cell Carcinoma
- CT Scan Dye Containing Iodine May Affect Thyroid
- Bipolar Drug May Spur Weight Gain, Thyroid Problems: Review
- Genes May Give Clues to Severe Form of Lupus
- Divorce, Heavy Drinking, Smoking Linked to Hair Loss
- Could Divorce Trigger Hair Loss in Women?
- Scientists Find New Clues to Aging
- FDA: Prostate Cancer Risk From BPH, Hair Drugs
- Robot Hair-Transplant Device Gets FDA Nod
- Sexual Side Effects From Propecia, Avodart May Be Irreversible
- Breast Cancer Drug Eribulin Extends Survival
- Selenium May Protect Against Bladder Cancer
- Scientists Find Possible Genetic Roots of Type of Hair Loss
- Survey: Most Baldness Treatments Don't Work
- New Hair Loss Gene Is Identified
- FAQ: Radiation Risk From Medical Imaging
- Balding Before 30 May Cut Prostate Cancer Risk
- Hair Loss? It May Be Iron Deficiency
- Drug May Fight Women's Hair Loss, Too