- What is glucose, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for glucose?
- Do I need a prescription for glucose?
- What are the side effects of glucose?
- What is the dosage for glucose?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with glucose?
- Is glucose safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about glucose?
What is glucose, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Glucose also known as dextrose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that is used to increase the level of blood sugar (glucose) when the level falls too low (hypoglycemia). Glucose in this form increases the level of the blood sugar, so it is a glucose-elevating agent. Other glucose-elevating agents are diazoxide (Proglycem) and glucagon.
Glucose is the primary fuel used by most cells in the body to generate the energy that is needed to carry out cellular functions. When glucose levels fall to hypoglycemic levels, cells cannot function normally, and symptoms develop such as nervousness, cool skin, headache, confusion, convulsions, or coma. Ingested glucose is absorbed directly into the blood from the intestine and results in a rapid increase in the blood glucose level.
What brand names are available for glucose?
Insta-Glucose, Dex4, Glutose, Insulin Reaction, BD Glucose and many others
What are the side effects of glucose?
Nausea may occur after ingesting glucose, but this also may be an effect of the hypoglycemia which is present just prior to ingestion. Other adverse effects include:
- increased blood glucose,
- injection site leakage of fluid (extravasation),
- injection site inflammation, and
- bleeding in the brain.
Quick GuideType 2 Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment, Medication
What is the dosage for glucose?
The usual dose of glucose for hypoglycemia is 10-20 gm orally or by intravenous infusion. . The oral dose may be repeated in 10 minutes if hypoglycemic symptoms do not resolve. Oral glucose must be swallowed to be effective.
Which drugs or supplements interact with glucose?
: Glucose increases blood glucose levels and reduces the effect of diabetes medications.
Is glucose safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
Glucose may be used to manage hypoglycemia in nursing mothers.
What else should I know about glucose?
What preparations of glucose are available?
- Chewable Tablet: 1 gm, 4 gm, 5 gm; Tablet: 4 gm,;
- Oral Gel/Jelly: 15 gm;
- Intravenous solution/Injection: 2.5 %, 5 %, 10 %, 20 %, 25 %, 30 %, 40 %, 50 %, 70 %
How should I keep glucose stored?
Glucose should be stored at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F) in a tight container.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
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canagliflozinCanagliflozin (Invokana) is a medication prescribed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in combination with diet and exercise. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
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Take the Diabetes QuizTake the Diabetes Quiz and learn the causes, signs, symptoms, and types of this growing epidemic. What does diabetes have to do with obesity and diet? Learn about life as a diabetic.
Diabetes TreatmentThe major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is treated with:
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A diabetic diet, or diabetes diet helps keep blood glucose levels in the target range for patients. Exercise and medication may also help stabilize blood glucose levels. Keeping track of when you take your diabetic medicine, keeping track of food choices, eating the proper amount of fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates, and fats will also help maintain proper blood glucose levels. Foods that raise blood sugar levels are "high glycemic index foods;" examples include:
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Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. There are other diseases that can cause a person's blood sugar levels to go too low, for example, pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, and pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and signs that your blood sugar levels are too low include:
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