- What is glucose, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for glucose?
- Do I need a prescription for glucose?
- What are the side effects of glucose?
- What is the dosage for glucose?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with glucose?
- Is glucose safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about glucose?
What is glucose, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Glucose also known as dextrose is a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that is used to increase the level of blood sugar (glucose) when the level falls too low (hypoglycemia). Glucose in this form increases the level of the blood sugar, so it is a glucose-elevating agent. Other glucose-elevating agents are diazoxide (Proglycem) and glucagon.
Glucose is the primary fuel used by most cells in the body to generate the energy that is needed to carry out cellular functions. When glucose levels fall to hypoglycemic levels, cells cannot function normally, and symptoms develop such as nervousness, cool skin, headache, confusion, convulsions, or coma. Ingested glucose is absorbed directly into the blood from the intestine and results in a rapid increase in the blood glucose level.
What brand names are available for glucose?
Insta-Glucose, Dex4, Glutose, Insulin Reaction, BD Glucose and many others
What are the side effects of glucose?
Nausea may occur after ingesting glucose, but this also may be an effect of the hypoglycemia which is present just prior to ingestion. Other adverse effects include:
- increased blood glucose,
- injection site leakage of fluid (extravasation),
- injection site inflammation, and
- bleeding in the brain.
Quick GuideType 2 Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment, Medication
What is the dosage for glucose?
The usual dose of glucose for hypoglycemia is 10-20 gm orally or by intravenous infusion. . The oral dose may be repeated in 10 minutes if hypoglycemic symptoms do not resolve. Oral glucose must be swallowed to be effective.
Which drugs or supplements interact with glucose?
: Glucose increases blood glucose levels and reduces the effect of diabetes medications.
Is glucose safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
Glucose may be used to manage hypoglycemia in nursing mothers.
What else should I know about glucose?
What preparations of glucose are available?
- Chewable Tablet: 1 gm, 4 gm, 5 gm; Tablet: 4 gm,;
- Oral Gel/Jelly: 15 gm;
- Intravenous solution/Injection: 2.5 %, 5 %, 10 %, 20 %, 25 %, 30 %, 40 %, 50 %, 70 %
How should I keep glucose stored?
Glucose should be stored at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F) in a tight container.
Medically reviewed by Eni Williams; PharmD., Ph.D.
FDA Prescribing Information
Quick GuideType 2 Diabetes Diagnosis, Treatment, Medication
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canagliflozinCanagliflozin (Invokana) is a medication prescribed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in combination with diet and exercise. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Diabetes Foot ProblemsLearn more about diabetes related foot problems. For people with diabetes, too much glucose in the blood can cause serious foot complications such as nerve damage, infection, and ulcers. Find tips for proper foot care to help prevent serious complications.
Diabetes MellitusDiabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
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Diabetes TreatmentThe major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is treated with:
- and a diabetic diet.
- weight reduction,
- a diabetic diet,
- and exercise.
Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special TimeTaking care of a disease such as diabetes is a life-long process. Learn how to care for yourself or loved one with diabetes in situations such as illness, work, school, travel, or a natural disaster.
A diabetic diet, or diabetes diet helps keep blood glucose levels in the target range for patients. Exercise and medication may also help stabilize blood glucose levels. Keeping track of when you take your diabetic medicine, keeping track of food choices, eating the proper amount of fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates, and fats will also help maintain proper blood glucose levels. Foods that raise blood sugar levels are "high glycemic index foods;" examples include:
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Foods that help maintain good blood sugar levels are foods that are low on the glycemic index, for example:
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- Many fruits
- Non-starchy vegetables
Diabetic Home Care and MonitoringManaging your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the complications of diabetes. Information about exercise, diet, and medication will help you manage your diabetes better. Blood glucose reagent strips, blood glucose meters, urine glucose tests, tests for urinary ketones, continuous glucose sensors, and Hemoglobin A1C testing information will enable you to mange your diabetes at home successfully.
Drug InteractionsDrug interactions occur frequently. Get facts about the types of drug interactions, what substances or other things that may interact with drugs such as OTC drug and prescription drugs, vitamins, food(s) (grapefruit), and laboratory tests. Find out how to protect yourself from potential drug interactions.
Dry SkinDry skin (xeroderma) may be caused by external factors, like cold temperatures, low humidity, harsh soaps, and certain medications, or internal factors, such as thyroid disease, diabetes, psoriasis, or Sjogren's syndrome. Symptoms and signs of dry skin include itching and red, cracked or flaky skin. The main treatment for dry skin is frequent, daily lubrication of the skin.
EncephalopathyEncephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of encephalopathy is an altered mental state. Other symptoms include lethargy, dementia, seizures, tremors, and coma. Treatment of encephalopathy depends on the type of encephalopathy (anoxia, diabetic, Hashimoto's, hepatic, hyper - hypotensive, infectious, metabolic, infections, uremic, or Wernicke's) are examples of types of encephalopathy.
Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. There are other diseases that can cause a person's blood sugar levels to go too low, for example, pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, and pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and signs that your blood sugar levels are too low include:
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If your blood sugars become too have the following nearby as a quick treatment.
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