GENERIC NAME: GLUCAGON - INJECTION (GLUE-kuh-gone)
BRAND NAME(S): Glucagon
USES: Glucagon is a hormone that causes the liver to release glucose into the blood. It is used to quickly increase blood sugar levels in diabetics with low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). This medication may also be used during certain medical tests.
HOW TO USE: This medication is given as an injection either into a vein, an arm or leg muscle or under the skin as directed. The glucagon powder must first be dissolved using the diluting fluid provided. Use this medication immediately after it has been mixed. Unconscious patients usually return to consciousness within 5 to 20 minutes of receiving glucagon. Notify your doctor when a hypoglycemic episode has occurred so your insulin dose and diet may be adjusted if necessary. Closely monitor your blood sugar level to prevent it from getting too low. When used as a part of a medical test/procedure, you should be given sugar replacement immediately following the test to prevent low blood sugar.
SIDE EFFECTS: Nausea and vomiting may occur but are also signs of low blood sugar. Allergy symptoms such as skin rash and breathing trouble have been reported with this medication. Inform your doctor if you experience any of these effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
PRECAUTIONS: All patients with diabetes should have a glucagon emergency kit available. Friends and relatives of a diabetic patient should know the symptoms of hypoglycemia and be instructed how to administer glucagon if necessary. Detailed patient instructions are provided with the medication. Be sure to read them completely and ask your doctor or pharmacist any questions you may have. This medication should be used only if clearly needed during pregnancy. It is not known if this medication appears in breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding. Be aware of symptoms of hypoglycemia - stomach pain, anxious feeling, chills, cold sweats, confusion, cool skin, difficulty in concentrating, drowsiness, hunger, rapid heart rate, headache, nausea, vomiting, shakiness, unsteadiness, vision changes or weakness. Eat or drink a source of sugar if you experience these symptoms. Have someone take you to a hospital if your symptoms do not improve. If severe symptoms occur, diabetics should not eat or drink anything. Emergency medical aid is needed. After injection of glucagon, the patient must be turned on their side to avoid choking. The doctor must be called. The patient should regain consciousness in less than 15 minutes. If not, a second dose may be given. A sugar source should be given when the patient regains consciousness. Glucagon is only effective for 90 minutes and is to be used only until the patient is able to swallow. The blood sugar level should be kept up by eating snacks consisting of crackers, cheese, half a sandwich or a glass of milk. The blood sugar should be checked hourly for 3 to 4 hours after regaining consciousness.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly. Symptoms of overdose may include vomiting, diarrhea, and rapid pulse.
NOTES: Do not share this product with others.
MISSED DOSE: Check with your doctor.
STORAGE: Store vial at room temperature away from sunlight. Store reconstituted vial in the refrigerator. Discard after 3 months.
MEDICAL ALERT: Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For enrollment information call MedicAlert at 1-800-854-1166 (USA), or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Top glucagon Related Articles
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Diabetes QuizTake the Diabetes Quiz and learn the causes, signs, symptoms, and types of this growing epidemic. What does diabetes have to do with obesity and diet? Learn about life as a diabetic.
Diabetes Treatment: Medication, Diet, and Insulin
The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is treated with:
- and a diabetic diet.
Type 2 diabetes is first treated with:
- weight reduction,
- a diabetic diet,
- and exercise.
When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugar, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin medications are considered.
Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special TimesTaking care of a disease such as diabetes is a life-long process. Learn how to care for yourself or loved one with diabetes in situations such as illness, work, school, travel, or a natural disaster.
Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at HomeManaging your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the complications of diabetes. Information about exercise, diet, and medication will help you manage your diabetes better. Blood glucose reagent strips, blood glucose meters, urine glucose tests, tests for urinary ketones, continuous glucose sensors, and Hemoglobin A1C testing information will enable you to mange your diabetes at home successfully.
Exercises for Diabetes Nerve PainLearn how to cope with the symptoms of diabetic peripheral neuropathy through pain management exercises. Find relief for diabetic nerve pain without medication.
Drug interactions occur frequently. Get facts about the types of drug interactions, what substances or other things that may interact with drugs such as OTC drug and prescription drugs, vitamins, food(s) (grapefruit), and laboratory tests. Find out how to protect yourself from potential drug interactions.
Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. There are other diseases that can cause a person's blood sugar levels to go too low, for example, pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, and pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and signs that your blood sugar levels are too low include palpitations, trembling, intense hunger, sweating, nervousness, and weakness.
If your blood sugars become too low, use these nearby as a quick treatment table sugar, soda, juice, and glucose tablets.
Diabetes: What Raises and Lowers Your Blood Sugar Level?Want to lower your blood sugar? Learn to better control your glucose levels by preventing blood sugar spikes and swings to avoid neuropathy and other diabetes complications. Find foods that lower blood sugar, and identify foods and activities that raise high blood sugar risks.
Type 1 DiabetesWhat is type 1 diabetes? Is there a cure for type 1 diabetes? Learn about type 1 diabetes symptoms, warning signs, causes, and treatments.
Type 2 Diabetes SignsLearn about type 2 diabetes warning signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options. Find out why thirst, headaches, and infections could be signs of diabetes. Discover the treatment options for people with type 2 diabetes, including medicines and lifestyle improvements.
Types of Diabetes Type I And II MedicationsDiabetic medications work in different ways to maintain normal blood glucose levels in people who have this metabolic autoimmune disorder.