- What is glatiramer-injection, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for glatiramer-injection?
- Is glatiramer-injection available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for glatiramer-injection?
- What are the uses for glatiramer-injection?
- What are the side effects of glatiramer-injection?
- What is the dosage for glatiramer-injection?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with glatiramer-injection?
- Is glatiramer-injection safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about glatiramer-injection?
What is glatiramer-injection, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- Glatiramer's mechanism of action is not completely understood. Available data suggests that it may work by modifying immune processes by suppressing T-cells (white blood cells of the immune system) that cause inflammation and destruction of nerves in patients with MS . Glatiramer does not cure MS. It decreases the number of MS flares and lesions in the brain.
- The FDA approved glatiramer in December, 1996.
What are the uses for glatiramer-injection?
Glatiramer is used for the treatment of patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS).
What are the side effects of glatiramer-injection?
Common side effects include:
- Injection site pain
- Injection site redness
- Injection site inflammation
- Injection site itching
- Injection site lump
- Shortness of breath
- Injection site welt
- Joint pain
- Flu symptoms
Other side effects include:
- Weight gain
- Facial swelling
Possible serious side effects include:
What is the dosage for glatiramer-injection?
- The recommended dose for treating relapsing forms of MS is 20 mg injected under the skin daily or 40 mg injected under the skin 3 times a week (at least 48 hours apart).
Which drugs or supplements interact with glatiramer-injection?
- Drug interactions between glatiramer and other drugs have not been evaluated.
- Available information does not suggest that glatiramer significantly interacts with other MS drugs. However, use of glatiramer with other drugs that also suppress the immune system may increase the risk of serious infection.
Is glatiramer-injection safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
What else should I know about glatiramer-injection?
What preparations of glatiramer-injection are available?
Solution for injection: 20 mg/ml, 40 mg/ml in a single dose, prefilled syringe.
How should I keep glatiramer-injection stored?
- Glatiramer should be stored refrigerated at 2 C to 8 C (36 F to 46 F).
- It also may be stored at room temperature, 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F) for one month if needed.
- Frozen syringes should be discarded.
- Shortness of breath
- Pain, redness, inflammation, itching, at the injection site
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms and Treatment
Learn about multiple sclerosis (MS) causes, symptoms, and treatment for this autoimmune disease that attacks the nerves of the...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Multiple Sclerosis is a debilitating neurological condition. Take the MS Quiz to test your knowledge of the causes, symptoms,...
Picture of Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis may be single or multiple and may range from mild to severe in intensity and short to long in...
What You Should Know About Multiple Sclerosis
Learn about celebrities, such as Montel Williams and Jack Osbourne, who are living with multiple sclerosis....
Related Disease Conditions
Multiple Sclerosis Early Symptoms and Signs (Early, Body Areas Affected)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission....
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Life Expectancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage...
Alternative Treatment for MS (CAM for MS)
The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Pregnancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is a central nervous system disease in which the immune system attacks the myelin sheath (the protective...
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.