Gestational diabetes is a condition that is first recognized during pregnancy and is characterized by high blood sugar. Approximately 4% of all pregnancies are diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Low blood sugar is prevented by hormones produced by the placenta during a woman's pregnancy. The actions of insulin are stopped by these hormones. Gestational diabetes is the result of the pancreas' inability to produce enough insulin to overcome the effect of the increase hormones during pregnancy.
Risk factors for gestational diabetes include obesity, previous history of gestational diabetes, having a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes, personal history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and ethnicity.
There typically are no signs and symptoms of gestational diabetes. Treatment includes diet modifications and if necessary, insulin.Read more: Gestational Diabetes Article
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