GENERIC NAME: GENTAMICIN - OTIC DROPS (jen-tuh-MY-sin)
USES: This medication is an antibiotic used to treat infections of the ear (otic).
HOW TO USE: Use this as prescribed. Continue using it for the full time prescribed. Stopping therapy too soon may result in a reinfection. Apply drops to the ear(s) as follows: Wash hands first. Lie on your side or tilt the affected ear up. Place dropper directly over the ear and administer the prescribed amount of medication. To avoid contamination, be careful not to touch the tip of the dropper or let the dropper touch the inside of the ear. Keep the head tilted for several minutes. Do not use this medication for longer than directed or use more than recommended.
SIDE EFFECTS: This medication may temporarily sting when first applied. If this effect persists or worsens, inform your doctor promptly. Stop using this medication and tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: hearing loss, ringing in the ear, dizziness, loss of coordination. In the unlikely event you have an allergic reaction to this drug, seek immediate medical attention. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include: rash, itching, redness, swelling or discharge (including ear area), trouble breathing. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
PRECAUTIONS: Tell your doctor your medical history, especially: all previous ear problems, any allergies. This medication is not recommended for use if you have the following medical conditions: ruptured eardrum. This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Tell your doctor of all medications you may use (both prescription and nonprescription), especially of: all other ear antibiotic medications. Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly. This medicine may be harmful if swallowed.
NOTES: If using this medication for more than 5 to 7 days, your hearing should be checked by your doctor. Continued testing may also be needed if your treatment continues. Throw away any unused part of your prescription. Do not save it to use for another infection. Do not allow anyone else to use this medication. The infection may spread to another person if you accidentally contaminate the medication.
MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, apply it as soon as remembered; do not use if it is almost time for the next dose, instead, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not "double-up" the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Store in a cool place away from heat. Do not store in the bathroom. Do not freeze.
Related Disease Conditions
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection is the most common type of infection acquired by patients while hospitalized. Patients at risk for VRE are those who are already ill, and hospitalized, including individuals with diabetes, elderly, ICU patients, kidney failure patients, or patients requiring catheters. Enterococci can survive for months in the digestive tract and female genital tract. Other risk factors for acquiring VRE include those how have been previously treated with vancomycin and combinations of other antibiotics. Treatment of VRE is generally with other antibiotics other than vancomycin. Prevention of VRE can be achieved by proper hand hygiene.
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