Gastritis: Symptoms & Signs

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Gastritis, or inflammation of the lining tissues of the stomach, can be either acute (coming on suddenly) or chronic (causing symptoms over a long period of time). Symptoms include upper abdominal, or epigastric pain, and burning and heartburn. The pain may get worse with eating. Nausea and vomiting sometimes occur along with the pain. Symptoms of chronic gastritis include

Bloating, belching, and loss of appetite are other common symptoms and signs.

Causes of gastritis

The two major causes of gastritis are infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Excessive consumption of alcohol can cause gastritis. Other causes include other infectious agents, autoimmune diseases, diseases like Crohn's disease, sarcoidosis, and isolated granulomatosis gastritis.

Related Symptoms & Signs

REFERENCE:

Wehbi, Mohammad. "Acute Gastritis." Medscape.com. Feb. 25, 2016. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/175909-overview>.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/17/2017
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