Fungal nails (onychomycosis) may be caused by many species of fungi, but the most common is Trichophyton rubrum. Distal subungal onychomycosis starts as a discolored area at the nail's corner and slowly spread toward the cuticle. In proximal subungal onychomycosis, the infection starts at the cuticle and spreads toward the nail tip. Yeast onychomycosis is caused by Candida and may be the most common cause of fungal fingernail. Read more: Fungal Nails Article
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Fungal Skin Infections: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment
Fungal skin infections and fungal nail infections produce symptoms like red, itchy, circular rashes and thick, discolored, flaky...
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Foot Problems: Why Are My Toenails That Color?
What can the color of your toenails tell you about your health? Watch for these shades to know if you need to talk to your doctor.
Picture of Onycholysis
Loosening of the nail from the nail bed, usually starting at the border of the nail. See a picture of Onycholysis and learn more...
Picture of Onychomycosis (Fungal Nail Infection)
The most common fungus infection of the nails is onychomycosis. See a picture of Onychomycosis (Fungal Nail Infection) and learn...
Picture of Ringworm of the Nails
This is the most common fungal infection of the nails, also called onychomycosis. See a picture of Ringworm of the Nails and...
Picture of Ringworm Tinea Unguium (Onychomycosis)
Tinea unguium (fungal infection of the nails) is somewhat uncommon during childhood. See a picture of Ringworm Tinea Unguium...
Picture of Fungal Nail Infection
Nails that are infected with a fungus may become discolored (yellowish-brown or opaque), thick and brittle, and may separate from...
Picture of Fingernail Anatomy
A fingernail is produced by living skin cells in the finger. See a picture of Fingernail Anatomy and learn more about the health...
Picture of Types of Ringworm
Ringworm is a common skin disorder otherwise known as tinea. See a picture of Types of Ringworm and learn more about the health...
Nail Disorders: What Nails Say About Your Health
Nail disorders problems may be a sign of disease in the body. Nails can be spoon-shaped, blue, or have white lines. Some nail...
Bad Gross-outs for Teen Boy's Locker Room in Pictures
Team spirit isn't the only thing that grows in locker rooms. From yellow toenails and itchy rashes to body odor and smelly gear,...
Related Disease Conditions
The term "ringworm" or "ringworms" refers to fungal infections that are on the surface of the skin. A physical examination of the affected skin, evaluation of skin scrapings under the microscope, and culture tests can help doctors make the appropriate distinctions. A proper diagnosis is essential to successful treatment. Among the different types of ringworm are the following: tinea barbae, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea faciei, tinea manus, tinea pedis, and tinea unguium.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Psoriasis is a long-term skin condition that may cause large plaques of red, raised skin, flakes of dry skin, and skin scales. There are several types of psoriasis, including psoriasis vulgaris, guttate psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, and pustular psoriasis. Symptoms vary depending on the type of psoriasis the patient has. Treatment of psoriasis may include creams, lotions, oral medications, injections and infusions of biologics, and light therapy. There is no cure for psoriasis.
Athlete's foot (tinea pedis) is a skin infection caused by the ringworm fungus. Symptoms include itching, burning, cracking, peeling, and bleeding feet. Treatment involves keeping the feet dry and clean, wearing shoes that can breathe, and using medicated powders to keep your feet dry.
Ingrown Toenail (Onychocryptosis)
Ingrown toenails are caused by the growth of the toenail into the surrounding nail fold. Symptoms and signs include toe pain, swelling, redness, and yellow drainage. Treatment at home involves soaking the affected foot in diluted white vinegar or Epsom salts, elevating the foot, and trimming the nails straight across. Surgery is also an option for severe cases. Prevent ingrown toenails by wearing shoes with a wider toe box and avoiding repeated injury to the toenails. Avoid curving or cutting the nails short at the edges.
Second Source article from WebMD
Neutropenia (Causes, Symptoms, Ranges, Treatment)
Neutropenia is a marked decrease in the number of neutrophils, neutrophils being a type of white blood cell (specifically a form of granulocyte) filled with neutrally-staining granules, tiny sacs of enzymes that help the cell to kill and digest microorganisms it has engulfed by phagocytosis. Signs and symptoms of neutropenia include gum pain and swelling, skin abscesses, recurrent ear and sinus infections, sore mouth, low-grad fever, pneumonia-like symptoms, and pain and irritation around the rectal area. Neutropenia has numerous causes, for example, infections (HIV, TB, mono); medications (chemotherapy); vitamin deficiencies (anemia); bone marrow diseases (leukemias), radiation therapy, autoimmune destruction of neutrophils, and hypersplenism. Treatment of neutropenia depends upon the cause and the health of the patient.
Diabetes and Foot Problems (Treatment)
Diabetes related foot problems can affect your health with two problems: diabetic neuropathy, where diabetes affects the nerves, and peripheral vascular disease, where diabetes affects the flow of blood. Common foot problems for people with diabetes include athlete's foot, fungal infection of nails, calluses, corns, blisters, bunions, dry skin, foot ulcers, hammertoes, ingrown toenails, and plantar warts.
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Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Lamisil (terbinafine) vs. Lotrimin (clotrimazole)
- Diflucan (fluconazole)
- itraconazole, Sporanox
- Ketoconazole Cream vs. Nystatin
- terbinafine (Lamisil)
- Diflucan (fluconazole) vs. Lamisil (terbinafine)
- griseofulvin (Gris-Peg, Grifulvin V)
- Lotrisone (clotrimazole and betamethasone topical cream and lotion)
- ciclopirox, Penlac, Loprox
- Diflucan (fluconazole) vs. Monistat 7 (miconazole)
- efinaconazole (Jublia)
Prevention & Wellness
- Specialist Care Crucial for Hospital Patients With Fungal Infections
- Health Tip: Treating a Torn Nail
- Health Tip: Stop Nail Biting
- Health Tip: Nail Abnormalities
- Tips for Healthy Nails
- Smart Steps for Healthy Feet
- Health Tip: Nail Changes to Take Seriously
- Health Tip: Living With a Fungal Nail Infection
- Health Tip: Prevent Recurrence of a Fungal Infection
- Foot Fungus on the Run But Race Has a Long Way to Go
- Another Downside of Weight Gain: Toenail Fungus
- 4 Steps for Healthier Nails
- When Is It Nail Fungus?
- How Savvy Are You About Nail Care Safety?
- Health Tip: Identifying Nail Fungus
- Skin Diseases Take Big Slice Out of America's Health, Economy
- Health Tip: Recognizing Toenail Fungus
- Health Tip: Recognizing Signs of Nail Fungus
- Health Tip: Prevent Toenail Fungus
- Health Tip: Protect Against Infection From Artificial Nails
- Researchers Find Stem Cells That Help Nails Regenerate
- Nail Fungus Drug Might Help Against HIV, Study Suggests
- Nails Need Love, Too
- Health Tip: Keep Toenails Healthy
- Health Tip: Protect Your Feet From Fungal Infection
- Health Tip: Prevent a Fungal Nail Infection
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