Fungal Meningitis: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 10/9/2021

Meningitis refers to an inflammation of the lining tissues of the brain and spinal cord, which is often caused by infections.

Signs and symptoms of fungal meningitis are like those of meningitis due to any cause. These can include

Early in the disease, the symptoms may resemble those of the flu. Fungal meningitis can be fatal or lead to severe complications if not properly treated.

Causes of Fungal Meningitis

Fungal meningitis refers specifically to meningitis caused by a fungal infection. Types of fungi that can cause meningitis include Cryptococcus, Histoplasma, Blastomyces, Coccidioides, and Candida, among others.

Other fungal meningitis symptoms and signs

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Photophobia (a Painful Sensitivity to Light)
  • Altered Mental Status Such as Confusion
  • Poor Feeding and Irritability in Infants
  • Sleepiness
  • Stiff Neck

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References
Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.