Frequent Urination: Symptoms & Signs

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Medically Reviewed on 9/10/2019

Excessive urination, or urinary frequency, can be divided into subcategories. The first would be related to an increase in total volume of urine produces (also known as polyuria). Second, there can be dysfunction in voiding whereby there are problems with the storage and emptying of urine. Finally, there may be urinary incontinence in which there is involuntary loss of urine. Urinary frequency is often associated with other symptoms like

Frequent urination may be a symptom of diabetes or can result from medications, such as diuretics. If urinary frequency occurs at night, it may be referred to as nocturia (having to urinate at night). Many pregnant women also experienced an increased need to urinate.

Other causes of frequent urination

Increased Urinary Volume:

  • Diabetes Insipidus (Central)
  • Diabetes Insipidus (Nephrogenic)
  • Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1 or Type 2)
  • Excessive Intake of a High Solute Load (Such As Mannitol Therapy in the Hospital, or Use of Radiocontrast Materials for Radiology Procedures)
  • Salt Wasting Kidney Diseases (Such As Bartter Syndrome)
  • Excessive Fluid Intake
  • Use of Diuretics

Voiding Dysfunction

Urinary Incontinence in Women

Urinary Incontinence in Men

  • Damage From Prostate Surgery
  • Infections
  • Neurogenic Bladders
  • Prostate Hypertrophy

Urinary Incontinence in the Elderly

Medications (Both Prescription and Nonprescription)

Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.

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Medically Reviewed on 9/10/2019
References
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.
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