GENERIC NAME: FLUOCINOLONE/TRETINOIN/HYDROQUINONE - TOPICAL (FLOO-oh-SIN-oh-lone/tret-ih-NO-in/hi-dro-KWIN-own)
BRAND NAME(S): Tri-Luma
USES: This combination medication is used to treat melasma on the face. Melasma is a condition of dark patchy areas on the skin, especially on the cheeks and forehead. It sometimes occurs with hormone changes. This product contains 3 different kinds of medication. Hydroquinone is a reversible skin bleaching agent. Tretinoin is a retinoid that increases skin shedding. Fluocinolone is a medium strength corticosteroid that reduces swelling, itching, and redness.This medication may improve your melasma, but it is not a cure. Continued exposure to some of the causes of melasma (e.g., sunlight, estrogen-type birth control hormones) may cause it to return.
HOW TO USE: Read the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start using this product and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.Before using, apply a small amount of this medicine to an area of unbroken skin, and check the area within 24 hours for any serious side effects. If the test area is itching, red, puffy, or blistering, do not use this product and contact your doctor. If there is just mild redness, then treatment with this product may begin.Before using, gently wash your face and neck with a mild soapless cleanser. Rinse and pat dry the skin.Apply a thin layer of medication to the affected area, including about 1/2 inch (1.5 centimeters) of normal-appearing skin around the affected area, once daily 30 minutes before bedtime or as directed by your doctor. Rub the medication into the skin gently and completely. Do not bandage, cover, or wrap the area unless directed to do so by your doctor.This medication may make the treated areas of skin more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen of SPF 30 or greater and wear protective clothing on the treated areas of skin when outdoors, even on cloudy or hazy days.If you experience dry skin from using this product, you may use a skin moisturizer in the morning after washing your face. You may also use a moisturizer and cosmetics during the day while using this medication.Avoid getting this product in your eyes or on the inside of your nose or mouth. If you do get this medication in those areas, flush with plenty of water. If severe irritation occurs, seek medical attention promptly.Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same time each night.It may take up to 4 weeks to notice significant improvement. However, this medication is not recommended for long-term use (e.g., longer than 8 weeks) without stopping the medication for short periods. Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens after 4 weeks of treatment.
SIDE EFFECTS: See also How to Use.Mild burning, stinging, redness, dryness, or acne may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: blistering, skin cracking/shedding, "spider veins" (telangiectasia), stretch marks, other skin discoloration (besides melasma), "hair bumps" (folliculitis), blue-black darkening of the skin, numbness/tingling of hands/feet, increased pain/touch sensitivity.Rarely, it is possible this medication will be absorbed from the skin into the bloodstream. This can lead to side effects of too much corticosteroid. These side effects are more likely in children and people who use this medication for a long time or over large areas of the skin. Tell your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur: unusual/extreme tiredness, weight loss, headache, swelling ankles/feet, increased thirst/urination, vision problems.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice any other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
PRECAUTIONS: Before using fluocinolone/tretinoin/hydroquinone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other corticosteroids (e.g., hydrocortisone, prednisone); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as sulfites), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: asthma, open sores or broken areas of skin (especially on the face or hands), other skin conditions (e.g., eczema, psoriasis).Too much bleaching of the skin might occur in some cases, resulting in an undesirable cosmetic effect in those with darker skin. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more details.Rarely, using corticosteroid medications for a long time can make it more difficult for your body to respond to physical stress. Therefore, before having surgery or emergency treatment, or if you get a serious illness/injury, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using this medication or have used this medication within the past few months.Children may be more sensitive to the effects of too much corticosteroid medication. Though it is very unlikely to occur with corticosteroids applied to the skin, this medication may temporarily slow down a child's rate of growth if used for long periods. However, it will probably not affect final adult height. Monitor your child's height periodically.This medication is not recommended for use during pregnancy. One medication in this product (tretinoin) has caused harm to an unborn baby when taken by mouth. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.It is not known whether these drugs pass into breast milk when applied to the skin. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding. Avoid skin-to-skin contact with your infant in areas where this product has been used.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor or pharmacist first.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: other medicated skin products (e.g., soaps, cleansers, skin medications, skin-drying cosmetics), hormone-based birth control products (e.g., birth control pills, hormone implants), cosmetic products or drugs that increase the skin's sensitivity to the sun (e.g., tanning products, tetracyclines, quinolones such as ciprofloxacin).This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.
OVERDOSE: This medicine may be harmful if swallowed. If swallowing or overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.
NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.This medication has been prescribed for your current condition only. Do not use it later for another skin problem unless told to do so by your doctor. A different medication may be necessary in that case.Laboratory and/or medical tests (such as adrenal gland function tests) may be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects, especially if you use this drug for an extended period of time or apply it over large areas of the body. Consult your doctor for more details.Because this product contains a corticosteroid, inform all your doctors that you use or have used this product.
MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Store in the refrigerator. Do not freeze. Keep all medications away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Information last revised March 2013. Copyright(c) 2013 First Databank, Inc.
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Birth Control Options
Birth control is available in a variety of methods and types. The method of birth control varies from person to person, and their preferences to either become pregnant or not. Examples of barrier methods include barrier methods (sponge, spermicides, condoms), hormonal methods (pill, patch), surgical sterilization (tubal ligation, vasectomy), natural methods, and the morning-after pill. Side effects and risks of each birth control option should be reviewed before using any birth control method.
Melasma is a patchy brown discoloration of the skin on the face. When it occurs in pregnancy, it's called chloasma. Melasma is commonly treated with hydroquinone creams.
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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.