First aid is a complicated subject and it is situation-specific. First aid is defined as the help and medical assistance someone a sick or injured person. Preparedness is key to first aid, like having basic medical emergency kits in your
- boat, or
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Trauma and First Aid Quiz: Training and Supplies
What should be in your first-aid kit? Take this quiz to understand trauma and learn the truth about how to administer first aid....
Picture of Bee, Wasp, Hornet, Yellow Jacket Stings
Although many different types of insects in the United States are able to inflict a poisonous bite or sting (meaning they are...
Picture of Jellyfish Envenomation
Pruritic and painful papules in a linear arrangement on the leg, appearing after contact with jellyfish. See a picture of...
Picture of Black Widow Spider Bites
The black widow spider produces a protein venom that affects the victim's nervous system. See a picture of Black Widow Spider...
Picture of Brown Recluse Spider Bites
Brown recluse spider bites often go unnoticed initially because they are usually painless bites. See a picture of Brown Recluse...
Dehydration: Causes, Symptoms & Tips to Stay Hydrated
Do you know the signs of dehydration? Dehydration can cause medical complications. Learn the causes, symptoms, treatments, and...
Heat Rash: How Do You Get Rid of It?
Do you know what heat rash looks like? Prickly heat is an itchy skin problem. It can cause pus-filled papules (blisters), red...
8 First Aid Kit Essentials for Scrapes, Cuts, Bug Bites, and More in Pictures
Are you always prepared for a first aid crisis? See which basic first aid items to pack to treat minor scrapes, cuts, and stings...
Bandaging Basics in Pictures: From Head to Toe, Burns, Scrapes, and More
Do you know which type of bandage to use with a scrape, poke, blister or burn? Learn the best way to cover or wrap your injury,...
Pain-Relief Tips for Bumps, Bruises, Sprains, and Strains in Pictures
View this First Aid slideshow on Care and Pain Relief. See how to get pain relief if you've bumped your head, sprained your...
Cuts and Scrapes: Caring for Wounds in Pictures
Do you know what to do with a cut, scrape, burn or wound? These quick home-care first aid tips from our experts will prepare you...
First Aid Quiz – Caring for Cuts, Scrapes, Burns, and Wounds in Pictures
What works for a wound, and what's a myth? Test your first aid knowledge about how to care for scrapes, cuts, and burns and...
Bruises: Causes, Colors, and Treatments
How do bruises work? When is a bruise serious? Bruises are painful, colorful marks under the skin that appear after an injury, or...
First Aid Emergencies: When to Call 911
It’s not always easy to tell the difference between a minor bump on the head and a serious head injury. Here are some situations...
Related Disease Conditions
Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. Appendicitis often causes sings and symptoms such as abdominal pain in the...
Burns (First Aid)
Burn types are based on their severity: first-degree burns, second-degree burns, and third-degree burns. First-degree burns are...
Cuts, Scrapes and Puncture Wounds
Cuts, scrapes, and puncture wounds are common, and most people will experience one of these in their lifetime. Evaluating the...
Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged...
There are two categories to cold weather-related injuries. 1) no freezing of body tissue (trench foot and chilblains), and 2)...
Poison ivy, oak, and sumac contain a substance called urushiol, which causes a rash on people who come in contact with them....
Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a painful rash caused by the varicella zoster virus. Other shingles symptoms include headache,...
Insect Sting Allergies
The majority of stinging insects in the United States are from bees, yellow jackets, hornets, wasps, and fire ants. Severity of...
A toothache is a pain on or around a tooth. It may be caused by a variety of things from a cavity, abscess, or even sinusitis....
Hives (Urticaria & Angioedema)
Hives, also called urticaria, is a raised, itchy area of skin that is usually a sign of an allergic reaction. The allergy may be...
The word "rash" means an outbreak of red bumps on the body. The way people use this term, "a rash" can refer to many different...
Food Poisoning (Symptoms, Remedies, Treatment, Cure)
Food poisoning is common, but can also be life threatening. The symptoms for food poisoning are fever, abdominal pain, headache,...
Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures)
A broken bone is a fracture. There are different types of fractures, such as: compressed, open, stress, greenstick,...
Anthrax is a deadly infectious disease that may be transmitted to humans by infected animals or by biological warfare. There are...
Dental injuries range from a chipped or fractured tooth to a knocked out tooth. Treatment depends upon the severity of the dental...
Nosebleeds are common in dry climates during winter months, and in hot dry climates with low humidity. People taking blood...
Foreign Objects or Insects In the Ear
Objects or insects in the ear can be placed in the ear by patients themselves, or an insect crawling in the ear. Ear wax can also...
Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted via the bite of an infected animal. Symptoms include fever, headaches, and...
Travelers' diarrhea is generally contracted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Food is the primary...
Motion sickness is a feeling of unwellness caused by the inner ear and balance systems. Motion sickness can include sea...
Sun-Sensitive Drugs (Photosensitivity to Drugs)
Sun sensitivity (photosensitivity) is an inflammation of the skin induced by the combination of medications or substances and...
Heat-related illness include heat rash, cramps, exhaustion, stroke, and sunburn. Treatment of heat related illnesses depend on...
Heat stroke (heatstroke or sun stroke) is a form of hyperthermia. Heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if...
Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and...
Heat cramps usually affect people who sweat a lot during strenuous activity or work in a hot, humid environment. Symptoms of heat...
Heat Rash (Symptoms, Pictures, Treatment, Remedies)
Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating. It can occur at any age and it appears as a rash that itches or...
Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that affects a number of different areas of the body at one time, and can be fatal....
Heart Attack Symptoms and Early Warning Signs in Women and Men
Recognizing heart attack symptoms and signs can help save your life or that of someone you love. Some heart attack symptoms,...
Itch (Itching or Pruritus)
Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection...
Cocaine and Crack Abuse
Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is...
Hurricanes are based on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, which places them in 5 categories. Weather (hurricane) predictions,...
Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and...
Spider Bites (Black Widow and Brown Recluse)
Most spiders in the United States are harmless; however, black widow and brown recluse spider bites may need medical treatment....
Snake Bite (Snake Bite)
There are venomous (poisonous) and nonvenomous (nonpoisonous) snakes. A venomous snake bite penetrates the skin and injects,...
Medical shock is a life-threatening medical condition. There are several types of medical shock, including: septic shock,...
Thallium is a metal that can be found in small amounts in the soil. When thallium enters the environment through coal-burning or...
Drowning (Dry, Wet, Near)
Drowning is a common cause of death and disability worldwide. In the US, it is the third most common cause of accidental death....
Hyothermia or extreme exposure to cold can be classified as either accidental hypothermia (unintentional cold exposure) and...
A broken toe is one of the most common fractures among individuals. There are many causes of a broken toe, whether it is the big...
Bee and Wasp Sting
Bees, wasps, and fire ants are related insects that belong to the Hymenoptera order. There are thousands of species of wasps...
The shoulder is the most often dislocated joint in the body due to its mobility. Dislocation occurs when the head of the humerus...
Chiggers (Bites) Symptoms, Pictures, Home Remedies, Medicine, and Cure
Chiggers are a mite belonging to the Trombiculidae family. Chiggers are most commonly found in grassy fields, gardens, parks,...
A broken foot is a common injury. There are 26 bones in the foot, and these bones can be broken (fractured) in a variety of...
The most common causes of broken fingers are a traumatic injury to the finger or fingers such as playing sports, injury in the...
Flea Bites (In Humans)
Flea bites are caused by the parasitic insect, the flea. The most common species of flea in the US is the cat flea,...
Local ResourcesFind a local Doctor in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Trauma and First Aid FAQs
- Do You Need a Tetanus Shot?
- Poisoning: Handling a Poisoning Emergency
- Lightning: When Lightning Stikes, How To Stay Safe
- First Aid: From Witchdoctors & Religious Knights to Modern Doctors
- Summer Heat: 15 Ways to Keep Cool When It’s Hot
- Hurricane Katrina Damage Brings Major Health Issues
- Disaster: Home Emergency Supply Kit
- Emergency Room Visit - 12 Things You Need to Know
- Travel Medicine Kit
- Paper Shredders: Pose Risk for Injuries
- Pediatric Burn Injuries & Gas Cans
- Animal Bites - Cat, Dog & Others
- Seizure Symptoms: How to Assist the Victim
- Pain Management Over-The-Counter
- Thousands Die of Heat in France
- Power Outage Problems
- Injuries in America
- Hurricane Jeanne Journal
- ICE Your Cell Phone for Emergency Contacts
- Stingrays Facts
- 11 Tips for Surviving A Heat Wave Without Air-Conditioning
- Shark Attack
- Emergency Medicine and Natural Disasters
- What Is a Hospitalist?
- 11 Tips for a Safe Fourth of July
- 10 Dog Bite Prevention Tips
- Holidays: 10 Tips for Christmas Tree Safety
- Allergy to Stinging Insects Can Be Life Threatening
- 6 Tips if You Need Healthcare When Traveling
- Frostbite Symptoms and Signs
- Jellyfish Sting Treatment
- Nosebleeds: First Aid
- Are Poinsettia Plants Poisonous? Fact or Fiction?
- Bee Sting Treatment
- 5 Ways to Recognize a Heat-Related Illness
- Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Symptoms
- Medical Triage: Code Tags and Triage Terminology
- Tornado Dangers and Warning Signs
- Stroke Symptoms
- Survivng A Heat Wave audio podcast
- Jellyfish Sting FAQs: Audio Podcast
- Spider Bites: Audio Podcast
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- Health Tip: Escaping Rip Currents
- 1 in 5 Kids Don't Strap on Helmets Before Biking
- Red Cross Needs Type O Blood to Ease Shortage
- Health Tip: If You're Lost Outdoors
- Health Tip: Walking Alone at Night
- Celebrating With a Bonfire? An Expert's Guide to Keeping The Fun Safe
- Health Tip: Paint Exposure First Aid
- Health Tip: When to Seek Medical Attention For a Cut
- Health Tip: Metal Work Safety
- Health Tip: Tick Removal
- Health Tip: Horseback Trail Riding Safety
- Health Tip: Babysitting Emergencies
- Scientists Spot Brain Cells That Control Traumatic Memories
- Voice-Assisted Tech Can Be a Driving Hazard
- Medical Lessons Learned From the Thai Soccer Team Cave Rescue
- Bans on Texting While Behind the Wheel Making Roads Safer
- Health Tip: Biking Safely
- Don't Fear, Shark Attacks Remain Rare
- Keep Your Kids Safe From Burns
- Even Brief EMS Delay Can Cost Lives After Car Crash
- Health Tip: Safely Remove a Splinter
- Gunshot Survival Carries a High Price Tag
- Still Too Many Highway Deaths Tied to Speeding
- Health Tip: Avoid Cellphone Use While Driving
- Road Rules on Smartphone Use Are Saving Bikers' Lives, Too
- Health Tip: Dealing With a Pulled Hamstring
- Health Tip: Ice Skate Safely
- Safety First When Running Outdoors
- Want to Learn CPR? Try an Automated Kiosk
- Seniors on Multiple Meds a Driving Hazard
- Health Tip: Have a Fire Escape Plan
- Health Tip: Safe Walking
- Red Cross Issues Urgent Call for Blood Ahead of the Holidays
- Why Bystanders Are Less Likely to Give CPR to Women
- After Mass Shootings, Blood Donations Can Go Unused
- Kids' Pedestrian Death Rate Rises on Halloween: Study
- Gun Violence Among U.S. Youth Has High Price Tag
- Carve the Pumpkin, Not Your Hand
- Health Tip: Stay Safe Near a Train Crossing
- Health Tip: Be Aware of Autumn Driving Hazards
- One Football Rule Change Might Lower Concussion Risk
- Lawn Mowers Can Be an Accident Waiting to Happen
- Many Drivers Rely Too Much on New Car Safety Features
- Coffee Shop Workers on Front Lines of Opioid Crisis
- Gun Victims More Likely to Die Than Other Trauma Patients
- Health Tip: Use a Ladder Safely
- As Hurricane Florence Targets U.S., Experts Urge Safety
- More Rattlesnake Bites After Rainy Spells
- Newer Breathing Tube Might Save More Cardiac Arrest Patients
- A Wilderness Expert's Keys to Safety in the Great Outdoors
- One Woman Dead, One in Critical Condition Due to Dry Ice in Car
- Health Tip: Heeding Motorcycle Safety
- Home Check: Electrical Safety, Room-by-Room
- Giving Plasma During Air Transport May Save Trauma Patients
- Health Tip: Using a Home Trampoline
- Health Tip: Treating Spider Bites
- Health Tip: Performing the Heimlich Maneuver
- Minor Cuts Are Simple to Treat
- Red Cross Issues Nationwide Call for Blood Donations
- July 4 Fireworks Nearly Cost This Fireman His Life
- Raise the Bar on CPR, Heart Group Says
- Tips for Handling a Medical Emergency
- Health Tip: How to Get Rid of an Embedded Tick
- More Americans DOA From Gun, Knife Wounds
- Health Tip: Learn Football Helmet Safety
- U.S. Motorcycle Deaths Dropped 6 Percent Last Year
- Make Your Amusement Park Visits Safe
- Take the Ouch Out of Bee Stings
- Health Tip: Prevent Skin Conditions in Athletes
- Cycle Smartly
- Hit-and-Run Deaths on the Rise
- Safeguard the Arms of Young Pitchers
- Terrorist Nuke Attack Could Overwhelm U.S. Medical System: Study
- Phone-Using Drivers Knowingly Ignore the Danger
- For Tree Workers, Stronger Storms Pose Deadly Hazards
- That Motorcycle Helmet Just May Save Your Spine
- Major League Pitchers Plagued by Two Types of Injuries
- What's a Bigger Threat: Wolves, Bears, Sharks … or the Family Dog?
- Broken, Sprained Necks: These Sports Pose the Most Risk
- Health Tip: Performing CPR
- Health Tip: Create a Winter Emergency Kit For Your Car
- What to Do If Someone's Bleeding Badly
- Daytime Wounds May Heal Faster Than Nighttime Ones
- Beat Back Mosquitos After Hurricane Irma
- Parents Say Schools Don't Help Kids With Mental Health, Chronic Disease
- When Hurricanes Strike, People Aren't the Only Victims
- Eight Deaths at Florida Nursing Home Under Investigation
- Florida Confronts Irma's Aftermath
- State Laws Curb Kids' Injuries Tied to Off-Road Vehicles
- Officials to Investigate Mercury Brought Ashore by Hurricane Harvey
- As Irma Aims for Florida, Residents Prepare for the Worst
- Be Cautious Going Home After Hurricane Harvey
- Harvey's Wrath Still Poses Risks to Children
- Health Tip: Prepare for a Hurricane
- Will Climate Change Bring More Highway Deaths?
- Health Tip: Stay Safe During a Lightning Storm
- Harvey's Health Hazards Will Continue During Cleanup
- Bicyclist Deaths Rise in U.S., Men Are Likely Victims
- As Hurricane Harvey Targets Texas, Tips to Protect Yourself
- Teen Hospitalized After Sea Bug Attack
- Surgeons Warn of Trampolines' Down Side
- Health Tip: Preparing for an Emergency
- More U.S. Airports Offer Hands-Only CPR Training
- Blood Shortage Prompts Call for Donations
- Guard Against Hearing Loss From Fireworks
- Health Tip: Seek Safety From Lightning
- Eye Docs Debunk 5 Fireworks Myths
- Health Tip: Practice Drowning Prevention at Home
- Eye Injury a July Fourth Safety Reminder
- Workers Unprepared for Heart Emergencies on the Job: Survey
- How to Dodge Summertime Threats
- Strike Back Against Snake Bites
- Summer Fun Is Not Without Hazards
- Helmets for Motorcyclists a No Brainer: Study
- Health Tip: Prepare for a Safe Road Trip
- The Cost of Bike Crashes in U.S. Tops $24 Billion a Year
- ERs May Need to Rethink Opioid Prescription Practices
- Health Tip: Create a Spring Weather Kit
- Health Tip: Help a Broken Toe Heal
- Could an Ice Bag to the Face Be Life-Saver for Trauma Patients?
- Health Tip: Prepare for a Tornado
- Ouch! How to Tell If You Have a Sprain, a Strain or a Tear
- Health Tip: Babysitter Safety
- Student-Athletes Don't Have to Be Hit By Injuries
- Hey, Super Bowl Fans: Don't Choke on Game Day
- Study Examines Genital Injuries in U.S. Veterans
- 'Button' Batteries Pose Serious Risk to Children
- Navigating Ski Slopes Safely
- Hospital ICUs May Be Overused
- Many Ignore Fire Safety at Home, Survey Reveals
- Where Medical Pot Is Legal, Fatal Car Crashes Often Decline
- If You're Dashing Through the Snow to a Holiday Gathering…
- When Buying a Christmas Tree, Think Safety First
- Patient Safety May Drop During Doc Rotations
- Health Tip: Watch for Open Flames
- Another Step Closer to Artificial Blood
- U.S. Should Reinforce Blood Supply: Report
- Partial Repeal of Motorcycle Helmet Law Had Unwanted Effects: Study
- Almost 1 in 4 Face Surprise Bills After ER Visit
- Too Few U.S. Adults Have CPR Training
- CPR Simulator May Boost Nurses' Skills
- Health Tip: Control a Bleeding Wound
- Pint-Sized Football Players Still at Risk for Injuries
- Health Tip: Teach Your Family Fire Safety
- Health Tip: Prepare Your Home for a Flood
- Lasting Jump in ER Visits After Oregon Medicaid Expansion
- Health Tip: Using Kitchen Knives
- 11 Ways to Stay Safe When Doing Risky Tree Work
- How to Guard Against Deadly Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
- Having Battered Bahamas, Hurricane Matthew Bears Down on Florida
- Don't Let the Change of Seasons Put You at Risk
- Hurricane Matthew Takes Aim at Florida
- Fall Weather Can Be Tricky to Navigate
- Health Tip: Stay Safe on a Motorcycle
- Health Tip: Climb a Ladder Safely
- Health Tip: Motoring Safely After Dark
- Health Tip: Practice Safety When Fishing
- Keep Your Kids Active and Injury-Free
- AAA: Road Debris a Mounting Danger on U.S. Highways
- How to Have Fun -- and Stay Safe -- at the Beach or Pool
- Injuries Soar as Trampoline Parks Expand
- Some Tree Trimming Best Left to the Pros
- Play 'Pokemon Go' Without Landing in the ER
- Watch Where Pokemon Go Leads You
- U.S. Car Crash Deaths Down, But Still Surpass Other Nations
- How to Stay Safe When the Power Goes Out
- Handle Fireworks With Care on the Fourth
- Most Americans Want to Learn How to Help Those Injured in Disasters
- 45-Minute Class Helps Middle Schoolers Master CPR Basics
- School Coaches Often Ill-Equipped to Spot, Manage Concussions
- Following Water Safety Rules Saves Lives, Red Cross Says
- When to Ice, When to Heat
- Health Tip: Gear up for Sports
- Health Tip: When to Bandage a Wound
- Health Tip: Reduce Your Risk of a Car Injury
- Halloween at the ER Is No Treat
- Universal Helmet Laws May Help Save Young Motorcyclists
- Outdoor Enthusiasts Need a Lightning Plan
- What Parents Need to Know About Sports Participation
- Tips for Beating BBQ Burns
- Health Tip: First Aid for a Bleeding Wound
- Be Safe When Mowing The Lawn
- Start Tornado Preparation Now, Expert Advises
- Health Tip: Want to Be a Babysitter?
- Health Tip: Stock Your Car for Winter Weather
- CPR Training Rates Lower in Poor, Rural U.S. Communities
- Health Tip: Keep a First Aid Kit in the Car
- What to Do If Your Child Chokes
- Childhood Hazard: Choking on Food Persists
- Helping Children Make Sense of the Senseless
- Boston Bombing Injuries Like a 'War Zone'
- Play It Smart When It Comes to Lightning
- ER Admissions Over Holidays Linked to Higher Death Rates
- Inserting Breathing Tube May Not Be Best for Victims of Cardiac Arrest
- College Athlete Deaths in Workouts Spur New Guidelines
- Health Tip: Caring for Stitches
- Whole-Body CT Scans Can Miss Traumatic Injuries: Study
- Playground Injuries Often More Serious at Home
- Health Tip: Caring for Minor Burns
- FDA: Hand Sanitizers Make False Claims
- Do You Know When NOT to Call 911?
- Chest-Compression-Only CPR Saves More Lives
- Friends of Stroke Victims Reluctant to Call 911
- Happy, Healthy, Valentine!
- Holiday Safety and Health Tips
- Heart Attack Symptoms in Women
- Tornado Safety FAQs
- Pool Safety: Tips for a Safe Summer for Children
- 12 Tips for Family Emergencies
- Earthquake Preparedness: Emergency Plan
- Fireworks - How to Have a Safe Fourth
- Emergency Fire Kit
- The Mexican Pipeline: Surfing Medical Emergency in Mexico
- Sunburn First Aid
- First Aid Disaster Kit For Your Family
- Hyperthermia: Too Hot for Your Health
- Paper Shredder Safety
- Holiday: Surviving the Holidays
- Hurricane: Protection from Animal & Insect Related Hazards After a Natural Disaster
- Animal Disposal Following an Emergency
- Infection Control and Prevention for Community Shelters Following Disasters
- Hurricane Aftermath Health Concerns: How You Can Help
- Tornado: Fujita Tornado Damage Scale
- Tornado Safety
- Tornado Emergency - The Aftermath
- Work: How to Handle a Chronic Illness at Work
- Hurricane Safety and Preparedness: Act Now
- Landslides and Mudslides
- Skateboarding Safety
- Paintball Guns & Other Air Guns are Lethal Weapons
- Candles Keep the Home Fires Burning
- First Aid For Floods And Flash Floods
- Childproofing Your Home- 12 Safety Devices To Protect Your Children
- Safety Tips for Turkey Fryers - Alert!
- Hot Weather Hazard for Older People
- Prevent Pool Electrocution
- Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, Is Your Home Safe?
- Ambulance - Began As A Walking Hospital?
- Home Safety Checklist
- First Aid Kit - What You Need
- Home Fire Safety Quiz
- Fire Safety Tips For The Disabled
- Fire Safety for Deaf & Hard of Hearing