Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress reduction, exercise, and medication are the standard treatments for fibromyalgia. Read more: Fibromyalgia Article
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Learn to Spot Depression: Symptoms, Warning Signs, Medication
What is depression? Get information on symptoms, signs, tests, and treatments for many types of depression including major...
Fibromyalgia Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
What is fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain and stiffness of the tendons, muscles, and joints....
Chronic Pain Syndrome: Treatment and Management for CPS
What is chronic pain syndrome (CPS)? See causes, symptoms and treatment options including medications. Learn about pain...
What Does It Mean When Your Whole Body Aches?
Body aches are a symptom of the flu, arthritis, autoimmune disease, infections like Lyme disease, and other conditions. Body pain...
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) Symptoms and Diagnosis
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) can occur at any age for men or women. Learn more about the causes of chronic fatigue syndrome...
Depression Quiz: Signs & Symptoms
Many people do not recognize the symptoms and warning signs of depression and depressive disorders in children and adults. With...
Fibromyalgia Quiz: What Is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia could be the reason for your constant, deep bodily pain. Learn more about this painful condition with the...
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Quiz: Symptoms & Treatment
Exhausted all the time? Maybe it's not all in the mind. Take the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) Quiz to learn more about tricky...
Picture of Fibromyalgia
A syndrome characterized by chronic pain, stiffness, and tenderness of muscles, tendons, and joints without detectable...
Fibromyalgia Pain Relief With Stretching and Strength Exercises in Pictures
Living with fibromyalgia is painful. By making simple exercise modifications, you can boost your energy, decrease pain and...
Fibromyalgia Treatments and Tips to Ease Pain and Other Symptoms
What is fibromyalgia? Learn about fibromyalgia symptoms such as trigger points (also called tender points), learn what causes...
Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
FODMAPs (Low FODMAP Diet for IBS)
FODMAPs are foods that contain sugar alcohols and short chain carbohydrates. The gut can't digest them very well. There are "low" FODMAP foods and "high" FODMAP foods. Foods high in FODMAPs lay in the gut and ferment, which causes symptoms of: Excessive gas Bloating Abdominal pain Diarrhea Some people with digestive diseases and disorders, for example, IBS, microscopic colitis, IBD (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), and other functional bowel disorders often are placed on a low FODMAP diet to decrease the amount of high FODMAPs foods in the diet, which create uncomfortable symptoms.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal) disorder with signs and symptoms that include abdominal pain, bloating, increased gas (flatulence), abdominal cramping, diarrhea, constipation, and food intolerance.Two new tests are now available that may help diagnose irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea and constipation (IBS-M) irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D), and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). Treatment for IBS includes diet changes, medications, and other lifestyle changes to manage symptoms.
Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment)
Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food poisoning, GERD, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), ovarian cysts, abdominal adhesions, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, gallbladder disease, liver disease, and cancers. Signs and symptoms of the more serious causes include dehydration, bloody or black tarry stools, severe abdominal pain, pain with no urination or painful urination. Treatment for abdominal pain depends upon the cause.
Neck Pain (Cervical Pain)
Neck pain (cervical pain) may be caused by any number of disorders and diseases. Tenderness is another symptom of neck pain. Though treatment for neck pain really depends upon the cause, treatment typically may involve heat/ice application, traction, physical therapy, cortisone injection, topical anesthetic creams, and muscle relaxants.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as well as other organs in the body. Because it can affect multiple other organs of the body, rheumatoid arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease. The 16 characteristic early RA signs and symptoms include the following. Anemia Both sides of the body affected (symmetric) Depression Fatigue Fever Joint deformity Joint pain Joint redness Joint stiffness Joint swelling Joint tenderness Joint warmth Limping Loss of joint function Loss of joint range of motion Many joints affected (polyarthritis)
Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods.
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a condition characterized by chronic inflammation of body tissues caused by autoimmune disease. Lupus can cause disease of the skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, joints, and nervous system. When only the skin is involved, the condition is called discoid lupus. When internal organs are involved, the condition is called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)
Dry mouth is a common side effect of many prescription and non-prescription drugs and certain medical conditions. Symptoms of dry mouth include a sticky, dry feeling in the mouth, frequent thirst, sores in the mouth; sores or split skin at the corners of the mouth, cracked lips, a dry feeling in the throat, a burning or tingling sensation in the mouth, and a dry, red, raw tongue.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing spondylitis is genetically inherited. Treatment incorporates medications, physical therapy, and exercise.
Chest pain is a common complaint by a patient in the ER. Causes of chest pain include broken or bruised ribs, pleurisy, pneumothorax, shingles, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, angina, heart attack, costochondritis, pericarditis, aorta or aortic dissection, and reflux esophagitis. Diagnosis and treatment of chest pain depends upon the cause and clinical presentation of the patient's chest pain.
IBS vs. IBD: Differences and Similarities
IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and IBD (inflammatory bowel disease) are both problems with the digestive tract (gastrointestinal or GI tract), but they are not the same disease. IBS is a functional disorder (a problem with the way the GI tract functions), and IBD is a disease that causes chronic prolonged inflammation of the GI tract, that can lead to ulcers and other problems that may require surgery. The most common forms of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, or UC. Researchers do not know the exact cause of either disease, but they believe that IBS may be caused and triggered by a variety of factors (foods, stress, and the nervous system of the GI tract), while IBD may be genetic or due a problem with the immune system.Common symptoms of both diseases are an urgent need to have a bowel movement, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain and cramping. There are differences between the signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease, for example, symptoms unique to IBD are: Fever Joint pain or soreness Skin changes Rectal bleeding Anemia Eye redness or pain Unintentional weight loss Feeling tired Symptoms unique to irritable bowel syndrome include: Sexual problems Fibromyalgia Abdominal bloating Whitish mucous in the stool Changes in bowel movements and in the way stools look An urgent need to urinate Urinating frequently Treatment for IBS is with diet recommendations from a doctor or nutritionist, medication, and lifestyle changes like stress management and avoiding foods that trigger the condition. Treatments for IBD depend upon the type of disease, its symptoms, and health of the patient. Surgery may be necessary for some individuals.REFERENCES: Brown, AC, et al. "Existing Dietary Guidelines for Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis." Medscape. Lehrer, J. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome." Medscape. Updated: Apr 04, 2017. Rowe, W. "Inflammatory Bowel Disease." Medscape. Updated: Jun 17, 2016. Romanowski, A, MS, RD. "Matching the Right Diet to the Right Patient." Medscape. Jan 27, 2017.
Costochondritis and Tietze Syndrome
Costochondritis is inflammation of the cartilage where the ribs attach to the sternum. Tietze syndrome affects the same region of the chest and causes inflammation, tenderness, and swelling. Anti-inflammatory medications, rest, physical therapy, and cortisone injections are suitable methods of treatment for both costochondritis and Tietze syndrome.
Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C)
Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion, hemodialysis, and needle sticks, especially with intravenous drug abuse. Symptoms of chronic hepatitis include fatigue, fever, muscle aches, loss of appetite, and fever. Chronic hepatitis C may be cured in most individuals with drugs that target specific genomes of hepatitis C.
Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.
Rheumatoid Arthritis vs. Fibromyalgia
Though rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and fibromyalgia have similar symptoms, RA is an autoimmune disease and fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome. RA symptoms include joint redness, swelling, and pain that lasts more than six weeks. Fibromyalgia symptoms include widespread pain, tingling feet or hands, depression, and bowel irritability. Home remedies for both include stress reduction, exercise, and getting enough sleep.
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Stress Management Techniques
Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a factor in disease causation. An important goal for those under stress is the management of stress in our lives. Elimination of stress is unrealistic, since stress is a part of normal life. We can however, learn to manage stress through techniques such as exercise, relaxation, meditation, time management, and support systems so that we have control over our stress and its effects on our physical and mental health.
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID)
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts six months or longer, is not improved by bed rest, and may be worsened by physical or mental activity.
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Myofascial Pain Syndrome
Myofascial pain syndrome is muscle pain in the body's soft tissues due to injury or strain. Symptoms include muscle pain with tender points and fatigue. Treatment usually involves physical therapy, massage therapy, or trigger point injection.
Lyme disease is a bacterial illness, which is spread by ticks when they bite the skin. Initially the disease affects the skin causing a reddish rash associated with flu-like symptoms. It takes weeks to months after the initial redness of the skin for its effects to spread throughout the body. Lyme disease can be treated with antibiotics. Lyme disease can be prevented by using tick avoidance techniques.
Insomnia (Symptoms, Causes, Remedies, and Cures)
Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep; waking up too early in the morning; or unrefreshing sleep. Secondary insomnia is the most common type of insomnia. Treatment for insomnia include lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medication.
Dry eyes are caused by an imbalance in the tear-flow system of the eye, but also can be caused by the drying out of the tear film. This can be due to dry air created by air conditioning, heat, or other environmental conditions. Treatment may involve self-care measures, medications, or rarely, surgery.
Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under the umbrella of mental illness. Depression, anxiety, and substance-abuse disorders are common types of mental illness. Symptoms and signs of mental illness include irritability, moodiness, insomnia, headaches, and sadness. Treatment may involve psychotherapy and medication.
Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain
Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women undergoing natural menopause, the process is described in three stages: perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause. However, not all women undergo natural menopause. Some women experience induced menopause as a result of surgery or medical treatments, such as chemotherapy and pelvic radiation therapy.
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety. There are fitness programs that fit any age or lifestyle.
Local ResourcesFind a local Rheumatologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Buttock Pain
- Arm Pain
- Muscle Pain (Myalgia)
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Joint Pain
- Stiff Neck
- Lower Back Pain
- Chest Pain
- Frequent Urination
- Neck Pain (Cervicalgia)
- Joint Stiffness
- Hip Pain
- Unsteady Gait
- Shoulder Pain
- Memory Loss
- Chronic Pain
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Fibromyalgia: Dreaming of a Pain-Free Christmas
- Fibromyalgia: Tips for Daily Living
- Fibromyalgia and the Mind-Body-Spirit Connection
- Fibromyalgia Update -- Kim Jones, PhD, RN, FNP -- 02/25/03
- Depression FAQs
- Fibromyalgia FAQs
- Chronic Fatigue FAQs
- Fibromyalgia Treatment...Methods Using Available Medicines
- Fibromyalgia - 2001 National Meeting Reports
- Fibromyalgia 2002 Arthritis Conference Report
- Fibromyalgia: 2004 Perspectives
- National Arthritis Meeting 2004
- Hypnosis In Medicine
- Fibromyalgia Treatments Without Drugs
- Can Paxil Treat Fibromyalgia Pain?
- What's The Difference Between Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia?
- Sciatica Pain Vs. Fibromyalgia Pain: What Are The Differences?
- Can Costochondritis Swelling Extend to the Neck & Back?
- Is There a Test for Fibromyalgia?
- How Do I Treat Fibromyalgia Pain?
- Fibromyalgia: 3 Things to Do
- Why Am I So Tired? The Many Causes of Fatigue
- Fibromyalgia: 2005 Arthritis Conference Highlights
- Fibromyalgia & IBS - Audio Newsletter October 2005
- Fibromyalgia - Monitoring Medicine Audio Segment
Medications & Supplements
- Antidepressants (Depression Medications)
- Lyrica (pregabalin)
- tramadol (Ultram)
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- Cymbalta (duloxetine)
- Lyrica vs. Gabapentin: Differences between Pain Relief and Uses
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril, Amrix, Fexmid)
- amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)
- fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Prozac Weekly)
- tramadol and acetaminophen (Ultracet)
- Drug Interactions
- Cymbalta vs. Wellbutrin Comparison
- Celexa vs. Cymbalta (Comparison of Differences and Similarities)
- Zoloft (sertraline) vs. Cymbalta (duloxetine)
- doxepin (Sinequan and Adapin are discontinued brand in the US; Silenor)
- desvenlafaxine (Pristiq, Khedezla)
- naltrexone hcl - oral
- memantine (Namenda)
- desipramine (Norpramin)
- Savella (milnacipran)
- Lyrica (pregabalin) vs. Savella (milnacipran)
Prevention & Wellness
- Nerve Stimulation Therapy Could Cut Fibromyalgia Pain
- Domestic Abuse Can Leave Legacy of Poor Health
- Scientists Spot Unexpected Player in Fibromyalgia
- CBD -- It's Everywhere, But Does It Work?
- Brain Scans Suggest Pain of Fibromyalgia Isn't Imaginary
- Tai Chi Beats Aerobics for Fibromyalgia Pain
- Lady Gaga's Fibromyalgia Puts Illness in the Spotlight
- Too Few New Antibiotics in Development: WHO
- Lady Gaga Has Fibromyalgia
- Doctors May Be Over-Prescribing Seizure Drugs to Treat Pain
- How Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Wears Patients Out
- Are There Two Forms of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
- FDA Throws Cold Water on Whole Body Cryotherapy
- Health Tip: Get a Massage
- Better Sleep Could Mean Better Sex for Older Women
- Review Suggests Safe, Effective Ways to Relieve Pain Without Meds
- Beware Whole Body Cryotherapy Claims, FDA Warns
- Antidepressants Not Just for Depression Any More
- Pain, Epilepsy Drug Lyrica May Increase Birth Defects Risk, Study Suggests
- Acupuncture May Help Ease Fibromyalgia Pain, Study Finds
- Study Finds Drinking May Ease Fibromyalgia Pain, But Doctors Wary
- Oxygen Chamber Therapy May Ease Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests
- Immune System Changes Tied to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Panel Asks: What Defines Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
- Walking Group a Step Toward Better Health, Researchers Say
- Lidocaine Injection May Help Treat Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests
- Electrical Brain Stimulation Might Help Fibromyalgia Patients
- Most Teens With Fibromyalgia Suffer Pain, Fatigue as Adults
- Vitamin D Supplements May Help Ease Fibromyalgia Pain: Study
- Brain Scans Show Fibromyalgia Patients Process Pain Differently
- Fibromyalgia Might Be Harder on Younger Patients, Study Finds
- Lyrica May Ease Pain for Depressed Fibromyalgia Patients
- A Blood Test for Fibromyalgia?
- Fibromyalgia Might Be Harder on Younger Patients, Study Finds
- New Clues to Fibromyalgia's Causes
- Weather Doesn't Trigger Fibromyalgia Symptoms, Study Finds
- Exercise May Ease Pain of Fibromyalgia, Study Suggests
- For First Time, Pain 'Signature' Spotted on Brain MRIs
- Antidepressant Lessens Chemo-Related Pain
- Is Childhood Intelligence Linked to Pain Problems in Adulthood?
- Health Tip: Help Ease Fibromyalgia Symptoms
- Health Tip: Living With Fibromyalgia
- Health Tip: Defining Fibromyalgia
- 1 in 10 Fibromyalgia Patients Uses Marijuana to Ease Pain
- Adjusting Your Attitude About Chronic Pain May Help You Sleep
- Fatigue Not a Factor in Fibromyalgia Pain, Study Says
- Poor Sleep Heightens 'Ringing Ear' Disease Symptoms: Study
- Obesity Linked to Worse Fibromyalgia Symptoms
- Tai Chi Improves Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease
- Does Obesity Cause Pain?
- Exercise, Talk Therapy by Phone May Help Relieve Fibromyalgia Pain
- Spouse's Reaction May Affect Pain Management
- Women's Sleep Problems Linked to Fibromyalgia Risk
- Study Suggests Exercise May Help Memory of Fibromyalgia Patients
- Muscle Relaxant May Ease Fibromyalgia Pain
- Talk Therapy Plus Self-Help May Fight Pain
- Combination Therapy Needed to Fight Chronic Pain
- Chronic Pain of Fibromyalgia Takes Toll on Everyday Life
- Fibromyalgia, Restless Legs Syndrome Overlap
- Arthritis on the Increase; Obesity Partly to Blame
- Tai Chi: Best Fibromyalgia Treatment?
- More Clues To Fibromyalgia Pain
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome in the Brain
- Sleeping Pill May Treat Fibromyalgia Pain
- People With Fibromyalgia Prone to Falls
- Health Tip: If You Have Fibromyalgia
- Obesity May Raise Risk of Fibromyalgia
- Fibromyalgia Gets Worse During Menstruation
- Health Tip: If You Have Fibromyalgia
- Short Bursts of Activity Ease Fibromyalgia
- Savella Approved for Fibromyalgia
- Antidepressants Help Treat Fibromyalgia
- Cymbalta Approved for Fibromyalgia
- Aquatic Exercises May Ease Fibromyalgia
- Pot Drug May Cut Fibromyalgia Pain
- Fibromyalgia: FDA OKs Lyrica as 1st Fibromyalgia Drug
- Evidence Shows Fibromyalgia Pain Is Real: Experts
- Fibromyalgia Pain: It's for Real
- Study: Acupuncture Helps Fibromyalgia
- Fibromyalgia, a New Drug Helps
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