- What Are They?
- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
What is the difference between Femara and Clomid?
- Femara (letrozole) and Clomid (clomiphene) are fertility medications used for stimulating ovulation.
- Femara is an anti-estrogen drug typically used for treating postmenopausal women with breast cancer.
- Side effects of Femara and Clomid that are similar include nausea, vomiting, headache, and muscle aches or pains.
- Side effects of Femara that are different from Clomid include fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, chest pain, increased cholesterol levels, and decreased bone mineral density (which increases the risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures).
- Side effects of Clomid that are different from Femara include ovarian enlargement, flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling), stomach discomfort, breast discomfort, blurred vision, abnormal heart beats, acne, allergic reactions, and uterine bleeding.
What are Femara and Clomid?
- Femara (letrozole) is an oral, anti-estrogen drug that is used for treating postmenopausal women with breast cancer. The growth of some breast cancers in postmenopausal women is promoted by estrogens that circulate in the blood, and the adrenal glands are the main source of these circulating estrogens. Femara inhibits the enzyme in the adrenal glands (aromatase) that produces the estrogens, estradiol and estrone.
- Clomid (clomiphene) is an oral medication used for stimulating ovulation. Clomid is prescribed to stimulate ovulation in women with ovulatory dysfunction who are not pregnant, do not have abnormal bleeding or ovarian cysts, and have normal liver function. It binds to estrogen receptors in the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, ovary, endometrium, vagina, and cervix. It causes production of hormones (gonadotropins) by the pituitary, which stimulates ovulation.
What are the side effects of Femara and Clomid?
Femara side effects
The most common side effects with letrozole are:
Cholesterol levels may increase during letrozole therapy. Cholesterol levels should be monitored and some patients may require treatment for high cholesterol levels. Letrozole decreases bone mineral density, increasing the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.
Clomid side effects
The most common side effects of clomiphene are:
- ovarian enlargement,
- stomach discomfort,
- breast discomfort,
- blurred vision,
- nausea, and
Other important side effects include
What is the dosage of Femara vs. Clomid?
- The recommended dose is 2.5 mg once daily with or without food. Patients with severe liver impairment should receive 2.5 mg every other day.
- The recommended dose is 50 to 100 mg orally for 5 days. The initial dose is 50 mg which may be increased to 100 mg if there is no response. Dosage may be repeated as early as 30 days after the previous treatment.
What drugs interact with Femara and Clomid?
Femara drug interactions
- Tamoxifen reduces blood levels of letrozole when both drugs are administered together.
- However, in clinical studies the benefit of letrozole was not reduced when administered immediately after tamoxifen. Letrozole is an anti-estrogen drug. Therefore, estrogen containing products counteract the effect of letrozole.
Clomid drug interactions
- No drug interactions are listed in the prescribing information.
Are Femara and Clomid safe to take while pregnant or breastfeeding?
- Letrozole damages the fetus. It should not be taken by pregnant women. It is not known if letrozole is secreted into breast milk.
Femara (letrozole) and Clomid (clomiphene) are fertility medications used for stimulating ovulation. Femara is an anti-estrogen drug typically used for treating postmenopausal women with breast cancer. Side effects of Femara and Clomid that are similar include nausea, vomiting, headache, and muscle aches or pains.
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Related Disease Conditions
What Foods To Avoid If You Have Estrogen Positive Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women in the United States. Based on the type of proteins in the breast cells responsible for breast cancer, breast cancer is divided into two types
Second Source article from Government
Second Source article from Government
Breast Cancer in Men
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Is Ovulation Pain a Good Sign of Fertility?
Ovulation refers to the release of a mature egg (ovum) from the ovary into the uterine tubes. After being released, the egg moves through the fallopian tube where it can be fertilized by the sperm. Thus, pregnancy is possible when you have sex during the 5 days before ovulation (sperms are known to survive for up to 5 days in the woman’s reproductive tract) or on the day of ovulation.
How Common Is Lymphovascular Invasion in Breast Cancer?
About 30% of breast cancers metastasize to nearby blood vessels and lymph nodes, a process called lymphovascular invasion.
What Are the 4 Stages of Breast Cancer?
The four stages of breast cancer include Stage I, Stage II, Stage III, and Stage IV. There is one more stage called stage 0 or carcinoma in situ. It means the initial stage where the cancerous cells are confined to their origin and have not acquired the “invasive” character yet.
Infertility is the diminished ability to conceive a child. Infertility can be a problem with both men and women. Infertility in men can be caused by medical conditions, unhealthy habits, and toxins from the environment. Infertility in women can be caused by problems with ovarian function, the Fallopian tubes, or the physical characteristics of the uterus. Methods of conceiving for couples that cannot conceive include intrauterine inseminations (IUIs) or in vitro fertilization (IVF), specific drugs, assisted reproductive technology (ART), surgery, and gestational carrier.
Male Breast Cancer
Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's risk of developing breast cancer is one in 1,000. Signs and symptoms include a firm mass located below the nipple and skin changes around the nipple, including puckering, redness or scaling, retraction and ulceration of the nipple. Treatment depends upon staging and the health of the patient.
Triple-Negative Breast Cancer
Triple-negative breast cancer is more common in Hispanic and African-American women. Signs and symptoms include a lump in the armpit or breast, nipple discharge and inversion, and changes in the breast's skin. Treatment may incorporate surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
What Do Male Breast Cancer Lumps Feel Like?
A lump-like swelling in the breast that may or may not be painful is the most common symptom of male breast cancer. A lump or thickening may be near the breast or in the underarm area.
Does Salpingectomy Affect Fertility?
The fallopian tubes (also known as uterine tubes) are a total of two in number, each located on either side of the uterus. Each fallopian tube is connected to the uterus by ligaments and its other end contains finger-like projections known as fimbriae, located near the ovary.
What Should I Know About Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is the most common non-skin cancer of American women, but it can also occur in men. Every year in the U.S., there are over 266,000 new diagnoses of breast cancer. A woman has a risk of one in eight for developing breast cancer at some point during her lifetime.
How Long After a Positive Ovulation Test Are You Fertile?
A woman may only have about 60 hours or less than 2.5 days during the cycle when conception is possible. Once the egg dies, a woman may no longer be fertile, and their period will come to start the next cycle. Eggs are only viable for about 24 hours after they’re released (ovulation).
Can Infertility Be Cured?
Depending on the cause of infertility, it can be cured through various fertility treatments, including therapies, medications, IUI or IVF procedures, and more.
Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast self-examination (BSE), biopsy, and specialized testing on breast cancer tissue. Treatment of breast cancer may involve surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Breast cancer risk may be lowered by managing controllable risk factors. What you should know about breast cancer Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women. One in every eight women in the United States develops breast cancer. There are many types of breast cancer that differ in their capability of spreading (metastasize) to other body tissues. The causes of breast cancer are unknown, although medical professionals have identified a number of risk factors. There are 11 common types of breast cancer and 4 uncommon types of breast cancer. Breast cancer early signs and symptoms include a lump in the breast or armpit, bloody nipple discharge, inverted nipple, orange-peel texture or dimpling of the breast's skin (peau d'orange), breast pain or sore nipple, swollen lymph nodes in the neck or armpit, and a change in the size or shape of the breast or nipple. Breast cancer can also be symptom free, which makes following national screening recommendations an important practice. Breast cancer is diagnosed during a physical exam, by a self-exam of the breasts, mammography, ultrasound testing, and biopsy. Treatment of breast cancer depends on the type of cancer and its stage (0-IV) and may involve surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.
What Were Your First Signs of Inflammatory Breast Cancer?
Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare but rapidly growing cancer that gives rise to several signs and symptoms, mostly within a span of three to six months. One of the first signs is most likely to be visible swelling (edema) of the skin of the breast and/or redness of the breast (covers more than 30 percent of the breast).
Can You Live a Normal Life After Breast Cancer?
With today's advanced treatment and early detection, breast cancer survivors can live a long and full life after breast cancer treatment.
Breast Cancer Growth Rate
The available evidence suggests that breast cancer may begin to grow around 10 years before it is detected. However, the time for development differs from tumor to tumor.
Is Breast Cancer Metastatic Terminal?
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer globally, overtaking lung cancer in some countries. Metastatic breast cancer is an advanced stage cancer that has spread to distant organs.
Can HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Be Cured?
HER2-positive breast cancer is associated with cancer cells that have extra copies of the HER2 gene and produce extra HER2 receptor proteins. With recent advances in medicine, it is considered that HER2-positive breast cancer is curable.
Can Fibroadenomas Turn Into Breast Cancer?
A fibroadenoma is the most common type of benign, non-cancerous lump of the breast. Although it is rare, complex fibroadenomas and phyllodes tumors have a chance to develop into malignant breast cancer.
Breast Cancer and Lymphedema
Lymphedema is a common chronic, debilitating condition in which excess fluid called lymph collects in tissues and causes swelling in them. It is common after a mastectomy, lumpectomy or breast cancer surgery and radiation therapy.
Breast Cancer Prevention
Lifestyle changes, a healthy antioxidant-rich diet, exercise, and weight reduction can help reduce a woman's risk of developing breast cancer. It's important to be aware of how risk factors such as family history, lifestyle factors, breast conditions, radiation therapy, and hormonal factors may influence your chances of developing breast cancer. Mammography and breast self-examinations are crucial steps in breast cancer prevention.
Eight Early Signs of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer affecting women in the United States (next to some types of skin cancer that are most common). Screening tests can help you identify if you have the condition.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer is an accelerated form of breast cancer that is not usually detected by mammogram or ultrasound. Symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer include pain in the breast, skin change in the breast area, bruise on the breast,sudden swelling of the breast, nipple retraction or discharge, and swelling of the lymph nodes.
How Quickly Do Symptoms of Inflammatory Breast Cancer Appear?
Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare type of breast cancer accounting for around 1 to 5 percent of all breast cancer cases. There are three main parts in a breast: lobules, ducts and connective tissue. The milk-producing glands form the lobules. Milk formed in the lobules is carried to the nipples through tube-like channels called the ducts.
Breast Cancer Stages
Breast cancer staging is the determination of the extent and spread of cancer. An individual's health care team uses stages to summarize the extent of cancer in a standardized way that is recognized by all health care providers. They use this staging to determine the treatment most appropriate for the type of cancer. Cancer staging helps to determine the prognosis, or outlook, of cancer, including rates of recurrence and survival rates.
Breast Cancer Early Warning Signs and Symptoms
In most cases, there are no early warning signs of breast cancer. Breast cancer may not produce any early symptoms, and in many cases, it is first discovered on screening mammography. The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass in the breast.
How Common Is Breast Cancer in Teens? Causes
Breast cancer in teenagers is extremely rare, occurring only in about one teen out of a million.
Where Is the First Place Breast Cancer Spreads?
Breast cancer starts in the breast tissues and usually first spreads to the lymph nodes under the arms, around the collarbone and inside the breasts.
What Age Group Is Breast Cancer Most Common In?
Most cases of breast cancer are seen among women who are about 50 to 69 years old and have attained menopause; however, in some cases, cancer may start sooner, such as 40 years.
HER2-Positive Breast Cancer
In about 10%-20% of breast cancers, the cancer cells test positive for HER2, sometimes referred to as the HER2/neu protein. HER2 is a growth-promoting protein located on the surface of some cancer cells. HER2-positive breast cancers tend to grow more rapidly and spread more aggressively than breast cancers that are HER2-negative. Doctors do not know what specifically causes some breast cancers to express this protein while others do not.
What Is Usually the First Sign of Breast Cancer?
A lump in the breast or in the armpits is often the first sign of breast cancer. This may be felt while in the shower. There may or may not be changes in the structure of the breast. Other early signs include changes in breast skin, breast pain and others.
Ovulation Calculator and Fertility Calendar
Ovulation calculators and calendars are tools that attempt to predict when women might ovulate. These tools are based on the typical length of their menstrual cycle and the expected window for ovulation. These tools will guide women when they are releasing an egg each month (also known as ovulation) and when are they most fertile for the best chances of getting pregnant.
What Type of Breast Cancer Is Most Likely to Metastasize?
While all types of breast cancer have the potential to metastasize, HER2-positive and triple-negative cancers are more likely to metastasize faster than the other types.
Breast Cancer Treatment
Breast cancer treatments depend upon the type of breast cancer that is present as well as the stage (extent of spread) of the tumor. Treatment for early breast cancer typically involves surgery to remove the tumor. After surgery, medical professionals may administer radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy.
What Is the Breast Cancer BRCA Gene Test?
BRCA genes (BRCA 1 and 2, when normal, repair damaged DNA) are among the genetic mutations linked to breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and other cancers when mutated. Every woman with a BRCA mutation is at high risk for breast cancer, irrespective of whether she has a family history of breast cancer or not. By age 80, a woman with a BRCA mutation has about an 80% chance of developing breast cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations also increase the risk of ovarian cancer, by 54% and 23%, respectively.
What Are the 13 Signs of Breast Cancer?
Here are the 13 signs of breast cancer that can help you detect the disease at the earlier stages, allowing for a better prognosis.
What Are the Four Types of Breast Cancer?
The four most common types of breast cancer are ductal carcinoma in situ, lobular carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma, invasive lobular carcinoma. The designations are based on the locations of the tumors, whether they have spread and where they have spread to.
Breast Cancer Recurrence
Breast cancer most often recurs within the first three to five years after the initial treatment. Changes in the look, feel, or appearance of the breast may indicate breast cancer recurrence. Factors related to recurrence include tumor size, tumor grade, hormone receptor status, lymph node involvement, and oncogene expression. Treatment for recurrent breast cancer depends on the initial treatment.
Is Male Infertility Permanent?
Male fertility is not necessarily permanent, and whether it is treatable depends on the underlying cause. However, one-third of male infertility cases have no known cause.
How Do You Reduce Estrogen After Breast Cancer?
Hormone therapy for breast cancer uses treatments to lower estrogen levels or just block circulating estrogen from acting on breast cancer cells.
How Long After Breast Cancer Can You Get Lymphedema?
Breast cancer means a disease in which the cells of your breast abnormally grow out of control. It commonly occurs in women than in men. There are different types of breast cancer depending on the type of cells that turned cancerous (grow wildly).
What Are The Five Warning Signs Of Breast Cancer?
The majority of breast cancer patients first seek diagnosis because of a lump on the breast. This is one of the five warning signs of breast cancer. Others include changes in the nipple, changes in the breast skin and other symptoms.
What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor About Breast Cancer?
A diagnosis of breast cancer can be overwhelming, so it's important to write down all your questions before meeting with your doctor.
What Are the Signs of Metastatic Breast Cancer?
Signs of metastatic breast cancer (breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body) include constant fatigue, constant nausea, loss of appetite and unexplained weight loss.
What Are the Top 4 Causes of Male Infertility?
Infertility is a condition where a heterosexual couple cannot conceive a baby after having unprotected sexual intercourse for six to twelve months. The top four causes of male infertility are sperm disorders, physical issues, genetic disorders and gender transition.
Breast Cancer and Coping With Stress
Being diagnosed with breast cancer is stressful. Learning relaxation techniques, exercising, eating well, getting adequate sleep, receiving psychotherapy, and maintaining a positive attitude can help you cope. Creating documents, such as an advance directive, living will, and durable power of attorney will outline your wishes in the event that you are no longer able to make decisions regarding your care.
Breast Cancer Treatment by Stage
Treatment of breast cancer depends upon the stage of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. Some of the various treatments include: hormone therapy, radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, HER2-targeted therapy, neoadjuvant therapy, and adjuvant therapy.
Complications Of Hypothyroidism: Fertility, Weight And More
The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. Hypothyroidism is a medical condition in which the thyroid gland becomes underactive.
Can Male Infertility Be Treated?
There are treatments for some types of male infertility and lifestyle changes that may improve your chances of conceiving.
Breast Cancer Clinical Trials
Breast cancer clinical trials are research programs designed to evaluate new medical treatments, drugs, or devices for the treatment of breast cancer. Clinical trials are designed to test the safety and efficacy of new treatments as well as assess potential side effects. Clinical trials also compare new treatment to existing treatments to determine if it's any better. There are many important questions to ask your doctor before taking part in a breast cancer clinical trial.
How Can You Tell if a Guy Has Breast Cancer?
A breast tumor or cancer is suspected if the guy has a hard lump underneath the nipple and areola. Male breast cancer exhibits the same symptoms as female breast cancer, including a lump. Male breast cancer may also cause skin changes around the nipple.
Are There Any Clinical Trials for Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer among American women. Around 250,000 women and 2,300 men are diagnosed with breast cancer each year in the United States. Each year, breast cancer kills around 42000 women and 510 men in the United States.
What Age Does Breast Cancer Usually Start?
Breast cancer is most often diagnosed in women older than 45 years of age (about 80 percent of all cases).
What Is the Main Cause of Infertility?
Causes of infertility include age, ovulatory disorders, and abnormal sperm production or function. Learn about the main causes in both men and women.
How Can You Detect Breast Cancer Early?
Breast cancer develops from the cells of the breasts and can spread to other parts of the body (metastasis). It is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in women in the United States. A lump in the breast or armpit is often the first sign. Treatment success depends largely on early detection.
Breast Cancer During Pregnancy
Breast cancer occurs in about 1 in every 1,000 pregnant women. Treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy involves surgery, but it is very difficult to protect the baby from the dangerous effects of radiation and chemotherapy. It can be an agonizing to decide whether or not to undergo breast cancer treatment while one is pregnant.
How Common Is Breast Cancer in Men?
Breast cancer is more common in women. However, men can get breast cancer too. The chances of occurrence of breast cancer in men are rare. Out of every 100 breast cancer diagnosed in the United States, 1 is found in a man.
Can COVID-19 Vaccine Affect Fertility?
The COVID-19 vaccine does not affect fertility.
What Is the First Treatment for Infertility?
Infertility is defined as being unable to get pregnant after 12 months of regular, unprotected sex. The first treatment for infertility depends on the cause, but it’s often medications to help stimulate ovulation and balance hormones.
Breast Cancer in Young Women
About 5% of cases of breast cancer occur in women under the age of 40 years old. Some risk factors for breast cancer in young women include a personal history of breast cancer or breast disease, family history of breast cancer, prior radiation therapy, and the presence of BRCA1/BRCA2 gene mutations. Breast self-exams, clinical breast exams, and screening mammograms may help detect breast cancer. Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and hormone therapy.
Estimating Breast Cancer Risk: Questions and Answers
As breast cancer is the most diagnosed non-skin cancer in American women, it is important to know your breast cancer risk. Risk factors include age, age at menarche, age at first live birth, history of breast abnormalities, breast biopsies, race, and history or breast cancer among first-degree relatives.
What Is the Sentinel Lymph Node in Breast Cancer?
The first nodes in the axilla affected by breast cancer are known as sentinel or guardian lymph nodes. A positive sentinel lymph node biopsy or SLNB indicates that the cancer is no longer in situ.
What Is the Newest Treatment for Breast Cancer?
Targeted therapies are a newer form of breast cancer treatment. They can be used alone or along with other therapies. Targeted therapies directly target cancer cells or specific processes that contribute to the growth of cancer cells. Target therapy often has fewer side effects.
Genetic Testing: Families With Breast Cancer
Breast cancer can be a killer and the decision to get tested to see if a patient is prone to the disease should be discussed with a doctor -- particularly if the woman has a history of breast cancer in her family. Genetic testing can only tell so much about breast cancer risk, however.
Causes of Infertility in a Woman
Infertility is a common problem in the United States, with about 10% of women aged 15-44 years facing difficulty in conceiving or bearing a child.
How Common Is Male Infertility?
In at least 50% of infertility cases, a male factor is a contributing cause. This indicates that about 10% of males trying to conceive suffer from male infertility.
What Are Common Causes of Infertility?
Infertility can affect both men and women, and various causes can lead to the condition. Learn about what causes infertility in both men and women.
How Does Breast Cancer Start?
Breast cancer develops in the cells of the breasts and can spread to other parts of the body (metastasis). It is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in women in the US. Although extremely rare, breast cancer can sometimes occur in men. Breast cancer forms when there are changes or mutations in the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), which can cause normal breast cells to become cancerous.
What Are the Reasons for Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is a multifactorial disease that can be caused by genetic and environmental factors. Experts are not yet fully aware of what may be the exact reason for breast cancer. The chances of getting breast cancer depend on the person’s age, personal history, genetic factors, and diet.
What Does Breast Cancer in a Man Feel Like?
Male breast cancer is rare and affects 2.7 out of 100,000 African American men and 1.9 out of 100,000 Caucasian men in the United States.
Does Stress Cause Infertility?
Although unlikely to be the sole cause of infertility, stress and anxiety can make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant.
How Is Breast Cancer Cured?
Surgery is the main treatment option for treating stage I breast cancer. Otherwise, the treatment options for breast cancer are determined by the following.
What Can Cause Infertility in a Woman?
Infertility affects approximately 10%-15% of reproductive-aged couples. Cause of infertility could be due to issues in one or both partners. In about one-third of infertile couples, the issue is with the male partner, whereas in a third of the couples, there is an issue with the women.
What Are the Risk Factors for Developing Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer refers to the uncontrolled growth of cells within the breast. The risk factors for developing breast cancer include age, genetics, family history, personal history, menstrual history, breast density, previous radiation therapy, ethnicity, body weight, physical activity level, reproductive history, alcohol consumption and hormone pill use.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Breast Cancer
- Pregnancy: Conceive High Risk Conditions
- Infertility: Coming Late to Motherhood: Trying to Conceive After 35
- Breast Cancer Husband
- Fertility and High-Risk Pregnancy
- Male Breast Cancer
- Fertility and Drugs: What Works, What's Safe
- Breast Cancer: Mother-daughter relationships
- Inflammatory Breast Cancer
- Pregnancy: Fertility Charting 101
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- Fertility: Trying to Conceive
- Infertility: Unexplained Infertility
- Pregnancy: Fertility Charting: Plotting Success
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- Male Infertility Issues-- Sheldon Marks, MD
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- Breast Cancer: Early Stage Treatments
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- Breast Cancer FAQs
- Infertility FAQs
- Ovulation Calculator
- Stress and Aggressive Breast Cancer: Cause or Effect?
- Advanced Breast Cancer in Young Women Increasing
- Angelina Jolie's Mastectomy
- Breast Cancer Risk - Reduced With Exercise
- Herceptin Metastatic Breast Cancer Treatment
- Breastfeeding -- Protection from Breast Cancer?
- Hormone Therapy in Survivors of Breast Cancer
- Breast Cancer: Types of Breast Cancer
- Elizabeth Edwards has Breast Cancer Alert
- Exercise Improves Breast Cancer Survival
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- Can an Ectopic Pregnancy Affect Fertility?
- Does Positive Additude Affect Breast Cancer?
- Does Scleroderma Cause Infertility in Women?
- How Common and Dangerous Is Male Breast Cancer?
- How Many Breast Cancer Deaths Are there Each Year?
- Where Can Breast Cancer Spread To?
- Why Is Breast Cancer More Common in Females than Males?
- How Much Breast Cancer is Genetic?
- How Long Can Breast Cancer Patients Live?
- Who Does Breast Cancer Affect?
- How Does Breast Cancer Form?
- Can Stress Reduce Fertility?
- How Many Breast Cancer Stages Are There?
- Does Stress Affect Male Fertility?
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- Breast Cancer Symptoms and Signs
- Breast Cancer Detection
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- Breast Cancer Treatment
- Trying to Conceive: Clomid Questions
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Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Top Femara letrozole vs Clomid clomiphene Related Articles
Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast self-examination (BSE), biopsy, and specialized testing on breast cancer tissue. Treatment of breast cancer may involve surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Breast cancer risk may be lowered by managing controllable risk factors.
What you should know about breast cancer
- Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American women.
- One in every eight women in the United States develops breast cancer.
- There are many types of breast cancer that differ in their capability of spreading (metastasize) to other body tissues.
- The causes of breast cancer are unknown, although medical professionals have identified a number of risk factors.
- There are many different types of breast cancer.
- Breast cancer symptoms and signs include
- a lump in the breast or armpit,
- bloody nipple discharge,
- inverted nipple,
- orange-peel texture or dimpling of the breast's skin (peau d'orange),
- breast pain or sore nipple,
- swollen lymph nodes in the neck or armpit, and
- a change in the size or shape of the breast or nipple.
- Breast cancer can also be symptom free, which makes following national screening recommendations an important practice.
- Breast cancer is diagnosed during a physical exam, by a self-exam of the breasts, mammography, ultrasound testing, and biopsy.
- Treatment of breast cancer depends on the type of cancer and its stage (0-IV) and may involve surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.
Young Women & Breast CancerIs breast cancer genetic? Should I get tested for the BRCA gene? What every young women should know about breast cancer. Discover the signs and symptoms of breast cancer and other crucial breast cancer facts.
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Breast Cancer QuizThis Breast Cancer Quiz features signs, symptoms, facts, causes, common forms, terms, risk factors, statistics, and more. Increase your awareness of breast cancer now!
Chemotherapy Treatment for Breast CancerChemotherapy refers to medications that are administered to kill or slow the growth of cancerous cells. Chemotherapy may be given orally or intravenously. Side effects of breast cancer chemotherapy may include nausea, vomiting, hair loss, increased risk of infection, fatigue, and easy bruising. Receiving chemotherapy causes changes in a woman's menstrual cycle.
clomiphene, ClomidClomiphene (Clomid) is a drug prescribed to stimulate ovulation in women with ovulatory dysfunction who are not pregnant, do not have abnormal bleeding or ovarian cysts, and have normal liver function. Side effects, drug interactions, and dosing information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
InfertilityInfertility is the diminished ability to conceive a child. Infertility can be a problem with both men and women. Infertility in men can be caused by medical conditions, unhealthy habits, and toxins from the environment. Infertility in women can be caused by problems with ovarian function, the Fallopian tubes, or the physical characteristics of the uterus. Methods of conceiving for couples that cannot conceive include intrauterine inseminations (IUIs) or in vitro fertilization (IVF), specific drugs, assisted reproductive technology (ART), surgery, and gestational carrier.
Infertility QuizWhat is the medical definition of infertility? Take the Infertility Quiz to learn the risks and treatment of infertility. Our answers may surprise you!
Infertility TreatmentLearn about fertility options such as IVF (in vitro fertilization), acupuncture, and natural lifestyle choices. Read about infertility in men and women as well as treatment costs and pregnancy success rates.
letrozole (Femara)Letrozole (Femara) is a drug prescribed for the treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone receptive positive early breast cancer or who have been treated with tamoxifen (Nolvadex). Side effects, drug interactions, and pregnancy information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Pregnancy TestThere are two types of pregnancy tests. One is done in the doctor's office, and tests the blood for the pregnancy hormone, hCG. The other type of pregnancy test can be bought over-the-counter and checks the urine for this hormone. There are many types of home pregnancy tests to choose from. Accuracy of home pregnancy tests depend on how, when, and who uses them, and the brand. It is possible to have a false-negative with a home pregnancy test.
Breast Cancer Treatment by Stage
Treatment of breast cancer depends upon the stage of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. Some of the various treatments include:
- hormone therapy,
- radiation therapy,
- HER2-targeted therapy,
- neoadjuvant therapy, and
- adjuvant therapy.