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- What is felodipine, and how does it work?
- What brand names are available for felodipine?
- Is this drug available as a generic ?
- Do I need a prescription for it?
- Why doctors prescribe (uses) felodipine?
- What are the side effects of felodipine?
- How should I take this drug (dosage)?
- Which drugs, supplements, or foods interact with felodipine?
- Is it safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about this drug?
What is felodipine, and how does it work?
Felodipine is an oral calcium channel blocker (CCB) of the dihydropyridine (DHP) class. Other calcium channel blockers in the DHP class include:
- nifedipine (Procardia, Adalat)
- amlodipine (Norvasc)
- nisoldipine (Sular)
- nicardipine (Cardene)
- isradipine (Dynacirc)
Calcium is necessary for muscle cells to contract. Felodipine prevents calcium from being released within the muscle cells of the small arteries and thereby causes the muscles to relax and the arteries to dilate or expand. Dilation of arteries reduces blood pressure. It has little or no effect on the muscles of veins or the heart.
What brand names are available for felodipine?
Plendil is the brand name available for this drug in the US.
Quick GuideHow to Lower Blood Pressure: Exercise Tips
Why doctors prescribe (uses) felodipine?
What are the side effects of felodipine?
The most common side effects reported by patients include:
- Peripheral edema (swollen ankles and feet)
- Increased heart rate
- Low blood pressure
Other important side effects include:
Quick GuideHow to Lower Blood Pressure: Exercise Tips
How should I take this drug (dosage)?
- The recommended dose of felodipine is 2.5-10 mg once daily.
- It should be taken without food or with no more than a light meal since food may reduce its absorption.
- Since felodipine comes as a sustained-release tablet, it should be swallowed whole. It should not be chewed or crushed.
Which drugs, supplements, or foods interact with felodipine?
- Cimetidine (Tagamet), ketoconazole (Nizoral, Extina, Xolegel, Kuric), itraconazole (Sporanox), and erythromycin can block the breakdown of felodipine, resulting in higher blood concentrations of felodipine and drops in blood pressure.
- Carbamazepine (Tegretol), phenobarbital, or phenytoin (Dilantin) can lower felodipine blood concentrations. Therefore, higher doses of felodipine may be necessary in patients receiving these medications.
- Taking felodipine with grapefruit juice increases its absorption and may lead to sudden drops in blood pressure.
- Felodipine may increase blood concentrations of tacrolimus (Prograf). Tacrolimus blood concentrations should be monitored and the dose should be modified as necessary.
Is it safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- There aren't any adequate studies on the effects of felodipine in ppregnant women. Animal studies have shown adverse effects. Therefore, your doctor or health care professional must weigh the potential risks to the fetus against the potential benefits to the you.
- We don't know if felodipine is excreted in breast milk.
What else should I know about this drug?
- It's available as tablets (extended Release) in 2.5, 5, and 10 mg
- You should keep the tablets stored below 86 F (30 C) and protect them from light and moisture.
- Felodipine was approved by the FDA in 1991.
REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information
Quick GuideHow to Lower Blood Pressure: Exercise Tips
Felodipine (Plendil) is a drug prescribed for the treatment of high blood pressure to prevent heart attack and stroke. Doctors also prescribe it to treat patients for angina, however, it is not an FDA approved drug for this condition.
Common side effects include:
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Medications & Supplements
- High Blood Pressure Drugs (Hypertension)
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- Drugs: What You Should Know About Your Drugs
- amlodipine, Norvasc
- Drug Interactions
- nifedipine, Adalat (discontinued brand), Procardia, Afeditab, Nifediac
- nicardipine, Cardene, Cardene SR
- bepridil (Vascor, Bepadin - Discontinued)
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Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) OverviewCongestive heart failure (CHF) refers to a condition in which the heart loses the ability to function properly. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies are just a few potential causes of congestive heart failure. Signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure may include fatigue, breathlessness, palpitations, angina, and edema. Physical examination, patient history, blood tests, and imaging tests are used to diagnose congestive heart failure. Treatment of heart failure consists of lifestyle modification and taking medications to decrease fluid in the body and ease the strain on the heart. The prognosis of a patient with congestive heart failure depends on the stage of the heart failure and the overall condition of the individual.
Heart AttackHeart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
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Heart Disease (Coronary Artery Disease)
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart. Heart disease can lead to heart attack. Risk factors for heart disease include:
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High Blood Pressure HypertensionHigh blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and increased arterial stiffness cause high blood pressure. Dizziness, headache, nausea, and shortness of breath are just a few symptoms of high blood pressure. Untreated high blood pressure increases the risk of heart disease, kidney disease, atherosclerosis, eye damage, stroke, and increased risk of aneurysms. High blood pressure can be managed with weight loss, lifestyle changes, and medication.
High Blood PressureWhat causes high blood pressure (hypertension)? Know the warning signs and symptoms of high blood pressure. Read about high blood pressure medications, diet, and long term treatments.
Take the HBP QuizTake this quiz and test your IQ of high blood pressure (hypertension), the cardiovascular disease that causes most strokes and heart attacks. How are dizziness, snoring, and gout related to HBP? Find the answer and learn how medical treatments and lifestyle adjustments fight this common problem.
High Blood Pressure TreatmentHigh blood pressure (hypertension) means high pressure (tension) in the arteries. Treatment for high blood pressure include lifestyle modifications (alcohol, smoking, coffee, salt, diet, exercise), drugs and medications such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta blockers, diuretics, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), alpha blockers, clonidine, minoxidil, and Exforge.
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ParathyroidectomyParathyroidectomy is the removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands to treat hyperparathyroidism. Risks of parathyroidectomy include:
- paralysis of the vocal cords,
- difficulty swallowing thin liquids,
- difficulty breathing,
- and drug reactions.
- damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve,
- bleeding or hematoma,
- problems maintaining calcium levels in the blood,
- need for further and more aggressive surgery,
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- prolonged pain,
- impaired healing,
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Take the Salt QuizDo you love salt? Take the online Salt Quiz to get the facts about dietary salts and sodium in fruits, vegetables, processed foods, snacks and soups!
Stress and Heart DiseaseThe connection between stress and heart disease is not clear. Stress itself may be a risk factor, or high levels of stress may make risk factors for heart disease worse. The warning signs of stress can be physical, mental, emotional, or behavioral. Reducing stressors in an individuals life not only can lead to a more productive life, but may also decrease the risk for heart disease and causes of heart disease.