Bell's Palsy (Facial Nerve Problems) Paralysis Causes and Treatments Center

Bell's palsy is one type of facial nerve paralysis. The 7th cranial nerve controls the muscles of the face, and although scientists do not know the exact cause of Bell's palsy, they think it may be due to nerve damage from an infection, for example, the flu, common cold viruses, and more serious infections like meningitis. The symptoms of Bell's palsy vary from person to person, but can include:

People with Bell's palsy usually don't need medical treatment, however, drugs like steroids, for example, prednisone seem to be effective in reducing swelling and inflammation are used when medical is necessary. Most people with Bell's palsy begin to recover within two weeks after the initial onset of symptoms. Full recovery may take three to six months.

REFERENCES:

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). "NINDS Bell's Palsy Information Page." Updated: Apr 16, 2015.

PubMed Health. "Bell's Palsy."

NIH. National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences. "Bell's Palsy."

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