Eye allergy (or allergic eye disease) are typically associated with hay fever and atopic dermatitis. Medications and cosmetics may cause eye allergies. Allergic eye conditions include allergic conjunctivitis, conjunctivitis with atopic dermatitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and giant papillary conjunctivitis. Dry eye, tear-duct obstruction, and conjunctivitis due to infection are frequently confused with eye allergies. Eye allergies may be treated with topical antihistamines, decongestants, topical mast-cell stabilizers, topical anti-inflammatory drugs, systemic medications, and allergy shots. Read more: Eye Allergy Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Chronic Rhinitis and Post-Nasal Drip
Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also called hay fever) usually is caused by pollen in the air. Perennial allergic rhinitis is a type of chronic rhinitis and is a year-round problem, often caused by indoor allergens, such as dust, animal dander, and pollens that may exist at the time. Treatment of chronic rhinitis and post nasal drip are dependent upon the type of rhinitis condition.
Itch (Itching or Pruritus)
Itching can be a common problem. Itches can be localized or generalized. There are many causes of itching to include: infection (jock itch, vaginal itch), disease (hyperthyroidism, liver or kidney), reactions to drugs, and skin infestations (pubic or body lice). Treatment for itching varies depending on the cause of the itch.
A sty is a bump that forms on the eyelid as a result of a blocked gland. Styes may be caused by infections, burns, or trauma to the eyelid. Most styes resolve on their own. The application of warm compresses can speed healing. In some cases, steroid injection or incision and drainage may be necessary. Keeping the area clean and consuming a diet high in omega-3-fatty acids may help prevent the formation of styes.
An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. When these allergens come in contact with the body, it causes the immune system to develop an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to it. It is estimated that 50 million North Americans are affected by allergic conditions. The parts of the body that are prone to react to allergies include the eyes, nose, lungs, skin, and stomach. Common allergic disorders include hay fever, asthma, allergic eyes, allergic eczema, hives, and allergic shock.
What Are the Four Types of Allergic Reactions?
Allergists recognize four types of allergic reactions: Type I or anaphylactic reactions, type II or cytotoxic reactions, type III or immunocomplex reactions and type IV or cell-mediated reactions.
Eczema refers to skin inflammation. There are many different types of eczema that produce symptoms and signs that range from oozing blisters to crusty plaques of skin. Treatment varies depending upon the type of eczema the person has.
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
How Long Does an Allergic Reaction Last?
Allergic reactions may last for varying lengths of time. They may take a few hours to a few days to disappear. If the exposure to the allergen continues, such as during a spring pollen season, allergic reactions may last for longer periods such as a few weeks to months.
Indoor allergens are substances that can cause an allergic reaction in some people. Common sources of indoor allergens include dust mites, cockroaches, molds, pets, and plants. Avoiding indoor allergens is one way to reduce allergy and asthma symptoms.
Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis): Types, Treatment, and Symptoms
Pinkeye, also called conjunctivitis, is redness or irritation of the conjunctivae, the membranes on the inner part of the eyelids and the membranes covering the whites of the eyes. These membranes react to a wide range of bacteria, viruses, allergy-provoking agents, irritants, and toxic agents.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, is an autoimmune disorder causing inflammation of the thyroid gland. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is a type of hypothyroidism, and is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the US. Symptoms of Hashimoto's thyroiditis may include dry skin, fatigue, weight gain, feeling cold, excessive sleepiness, dry skin, dry coarse hair, difficulty swallowing, a lump in the front of the throat, muscle cramps, mood changes, vague aches and pains, problems concentrating, leg swelling, constipation, and depression. There is no cure for Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Diet changes, natural supplements, vitamins, or other natural products will not treat Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Treatment for the autoimmune disorder is with thyroid hormone replacement therapy, which will be necessary for the rest of the person’s life.
What Causes Yellow Discharge From Eyes?
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What Are Some Common Eye Infections?
An eye infection is a condition in which viruses, bacteria or other microbial agents may attack the eye. This can cause itching around the eyes or the eyes may turn pink. The infection can affect the eyelid, cornea or conjuctiva (inside lining of the eyelid).
What Is Iritis?
Iritis is inflammation of the iris, the colored portion of the eye. Symptoms include a red, painful eye, blurry vision, and light sensitivity. Treatment usually involves cortisone eyedrops.
What Are the Best Treatments for Allergic Conjunctivitis?
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How Can I Get My Eye To Stop Twitching?
A blepharospasm (eye twitch) is a harmless, involuntary spasm of the muscle of the eyelids, which may resolve on its own. If the twitching isn't caused by an underlying condition, getting more rest and avoiding alcohol and caffeine may help stop it.
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
What Is Allergic Cascade?
The allergic cascade refers to allergic reactions that happen in the body in response to allergens. A variety of immune cells and chemical messengers participate in the allergic cascade. Symptoms of the allergic cascade range from mild swelling and itching to full-blown anaphylactic shock. Allergen avoidance and medications are used to prevent or treat allergies.
COVID-19 vs. Allergies
Though there is some overlap in allergy and COVID-19 signs and symptoms there are also significant differences. Symptoms that they have in common include headache, fatigue, tiredness, shortness of breath, wheezing, and sore throat. Fever does not occur with allergies but is one of the defining symptoms of COVID-19 infections.
What Are the Types of Eye Care?
Many common eye disorders resolve without treatment and some may be managed with over-the-counter (OTC) products. It's important to visit a physician or ophthalmologist is the problem involves the eyeball itself or the condition hasn't improved after 72 hours of use of an OTC eye care product.
What Are the Symptoms of Ragweed Allergy?
The common symptoms of ragweed allergy are sneezing, runny nose, itchy, watery red eyes, headache, nasal congestion, eye swelling, rashes and coughing.
Contact Lenses: Colored, Soft, Hard, Toric and Bifocal
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What Is a Twitching Eye a Sign of?
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What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Allergic Conjunctivitis?
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How Do You Know if You Are Allergic to Pollen?
Pollen is a powdery yellow grain that fertilizes other plants of the same species. The only way to know for sure if a person has pollen allergy is to see a board-certified allergist for allergy testing.
Local ResourcesFind a local Asthma & Allergy Specialist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- dexamethasone (Decadron, DexPak)
- Side Effects of Xyzal (levocetirizine dihydrochloride)
- cyproheptadine (Periactin)
- loratadine, Claritin, Claritin RediTabs, Alavert, Claritin Hives Relief, Children's Claritin
- cetirizine (Zyrtec, Zyrtec Allergy, Zyrtec Hives)
- EpiPen (epinephrine auto-injector)
- fexofenadine (Allegra, Mucinex Allergy)
- Does Immunotherapy Work for Allergies?
- Side Effects of Periactin (cyproheptadine)
- ketorolac tromethamine eye drops (Acular, Acuvail)
- Side Effects of EpiPen (auto-injectable epinephrine)
- Latisse (bimatoprost) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- sodium chloride solution - ophthalmic, Muro-128
- Side Effects of Restasis (cyclosporine ophthalmic emulsion)
- olopatadine - ophthalmic solution, Pataday, Patanol
- Beconase AQ (beclomethasone) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- cromolyn, Nasalcrom, Gastrocrom (Intal, Opticrom are discontinued)
- Side Effects of Acular (ketorolac)
- desloratadine (Clarinex, Clarinex Reditabs)
- Maxitrol (neomycin and polymyxin B sulfates and dexamethasone)
- lodoxamide - ophthalmic, Alomide
- fluorometholone ointment - ophthalmic, FML S.O.P.
- Azopt (brinzolamide) ophthalmic suspension
- emedastine solution - ophthalmic, Emadine
- Symjepi (epinephrine)
Prevention & Wellness
- Rising Ragweed Allergies Cause COVID Confusion
- Allergy Season May Up COVID Risk
- Avoid Allergy Flare-Ups This Holiday Season
- COVID Tied to Rare But Severe Eye Infection
- Fall Allergies or COVID-19? Know Your Symptoms
- An Allergist Offers His Expert Advice for a Sneeze-Free Spring
- Pick Summer Camps Carefully When Your Kid Has Allergies, Asthma
- Health Tip: Allergic Reaction First Aid
- Halloween Can Be Frightful for Kids With Allergies, Asthma
- For Kids With Asthma, Allergies, New School Year Can Bring Flare-Ups
- Health Tip: Using Eye Makeup
- Health Tip: Contact Lens Safety
- Climate Change Could Worsen Sneezin' Season
- Health Tip: Taming Allergies
- Under-the-Tongue Allergy Pills Replacing Shots for Many
- Spring Is the Sneezing Season
- Spring Break Is No Vacation From Contact Lens Care
- How to Prevent and Treat Eye Allergies
- A 'Hypoallergenic' Dog? You May Be Barking Up the Wrong Tree
- Decorative Contact Lenses a Danger at Halloween, Any Time
- Don't Turn a Blind Eye to Vision Problems
- Contact Lenses May Harbor Serious, Blinding Infection
- FDA Extends EpiPen Expiration Dates to Tackle Shortage
- Health Tip: What to Do if You Scratch Your Eye
- Be Smart When It Comes to Spring Allergies and Asthma
- Spring Sneezin' Season Has Sprung
- Health Tip: Easing Eye Allergies
- Allergan Recalls Contaminated Eye Ointments
- Health Tip: Spotting the Signs of Eye Allergy
- Health Tip: Understanding Eye Allergies
- Health Tip: Help Control Eye Allergy Symptoms
- Health Tip: Managing Dry Eyes
- Child Poisonings From Eye Drops, Nose Sprays
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