Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) is a rare form of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) that's transmitted when TB germs are expelled into the air by sneezing, speaking, singing, or coughing. Read more: Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR TB) Article
IMAGESSee pictures of Bacterial Skin Conditions See Images
Related Disease Conditions
Swollen Lymph Nodes (Glands)
Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasites). Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes vary greatly, but may include fever, night sweats, toothache, sore throat, or weight loss. Causes of swollen lymph nodes also vary, but may include cancer, the common cold, mono, chickenox, HIV, and herpes. The treatment of swollen lymph nodes depends upon the cause.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). Symptoms and signs of TB include bloody sputum, fever, cough, weight loss, and chest pain. Treatment depends upon the type of TB infection.
ICU psychosis is a disorder (also a form of delirium or acute brain failure) in which patients in an intensive care unit or a similar setting experience a cluster of serious psychiatric symptoms. These symptoms include: anxiety, reastlessness, hearing voices, hallucinations, nightmares, paranoia and more. Causes of ICU psychosis are generally from a combination of environmental and medical conditions.
Is Tuberculosis (TB) Contagious?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes tuberculosis (TB). TB may be transmitted when an infected person sings, sneezes, coughs, or talks. TB symptoms and signs include coughing bloody sputum, night sweats, severe cough, fever, chills, fatigue, and weight loss.
Bioterrorism is a form of terrorism where there is the intentional release of biological agents such as viruses, germs, or bacteria. Diseases caused by bioterrorism agents include anthrax, botulism, plague, smallpox, tularemia, brucellosis, food poisoning, Q fever, ricin toxin poisoning, cholera, epidemic typhus, viral encephalitis, XDR TB, and MDR TB.
Is Pleurisy Contagious?
Pleurisy or pleuritis is an inflammation of the lining around the lungs. Some of the causes of pleurisy include TB, the flu, heart attack, some forms of arthritis, and lupus. The treatment for pleurisy is generally aimed at the underlying cause of pleurisy.
The Difference Between Multidrug-Resistant TB MDR-TB and Extensively Drug-Resistant TB XDR-TB
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is when both isoniazid and rifampicin fail to work against TB infection. Extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) is a form of TB that is resistant to at least four of the core anti-TB drugs. XDR-TB involves resistance to the two most powerful anti-TB drugs, namely isoniazid and rifampicin.
Can Tuberculosis Be Cured?
Tuberculosis (TB) infection is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It mostly affects your lungs but it can also affect other parts of the body including the lymph glands, brain, kidneys, bowels or bones. Tuberculosis (TB) is 100% curable if treated with the approved four drug combination for a minimum of six months.
What Causes Tuberculosis?
Learn about the causes of tuberculosis and what to do if you are exposed.
Local ResourcesFind a local Infectious Disease Specialist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- New Weapon in Fight Against Multidrug-Resistant TB
- Imaging Scans May Lead to Shorter TB Treatment
- Vaccine Might Help Prevent Active TB in Those Infected
- Deer Can Give You Tuberculosis: CDC
- TB Cases Drop Among the Young, But Racial Disparities Persist
- FDA Approves Drug for Most Deadly Form of TB
- Pretomanid Approved for Treatment of Drug-Resistant TB
- Experimental Vaccine Shows Promise in Preventing TB
- U.S. Health Officials Search for Those Exposed to Drug-Resistant TB
- Decline in U.S. Tuberculosis Rates Slows: CDC
- Could Stem Cells Cure Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis?
- 'Alarming' Rise Seen in Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter