- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: ethyl alcohol intranasal
Brand Name: Nozin Nasal Sanitizer
Drug Class: Antiseptics, Topical
What is ethyl alcohol intranasal, and what is it used for?
Ethyl alcohol intranasal is an antiseptic solution swabbed in the nostrils to kill Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria that colonize the nasal passage.
Intranasal swabbing of ethyl alcohol reduces the risk of worsening the infection with inhalation of the pathogens, as well as transmission of the organisms to others. Ethyl alcohol intranasal is used as part of the infection control measures in the hospital, and to prevent further transmission from patients or caregivers to others, post discharge.
Ethyl alcohol, also known as ethanol, is a clear, colorless, water-soluble alcohol used to make drinking spirits, in hand sanitizers, and for certain therapeutic purposes. Ethyl alcohol kills bacteria by altering the structure of the proteins, a process known as denaturation, but it does not kill bacterial spores.
Ethyl alcohol intranasal contains 62% alcohol and is effective against bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Ethyl alcohol is more effective as a mixture of water and alcohol because proteins are denatured more quickly in the presence of water. Ethyl alcohol, however, rapidly evaporates and does not have a residual effect for a prolonged period. Bacterial regrowth can occur slowly after use, hence it must be repeatedly used, up to 4 times a day.
- Do not use if you are hypersensitive to ethyl alcohol intranasal or any of its components.
- Do not use ethyl alcohol intranasal:
- In the eyes
- On mucous membranes
- As nasal spray
- If you have a history of nasal bleeding or irritation
- Do not use ethyl alcohol intranasal in children below 2 years of age without checking with your doctor. Children under 12 years should be supervised.
What are the side effects of ethyl alcohol intranasal?
Common side effects of ethyl alcohol intranasal include:
- Redness (erythema)
Call your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms or serious side effects while using this drug:
- Serious heart symptoms include fast or pounding heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, shortness of breath, and sudden dizziness;
- Severe headache, confusion, slurred speech, severe weakness, vomiting, loss of coordination, feeling unsteady;
- Severe nervous system reaction with very stiff muscles, high fever, sweating, confusion, fast or uneven heartbeats, tremors, and feeling like you might pass out; or
- Serious eye symptoms include blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain or swelling, or seeing halos around lights.
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug. Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What are the dosages of ethyl alcohol intranasal?
- 62% (0.5 mL prefilled ampule [POP swab])
- Inactive ingredients: jojoba, orange oil, coconut oil, lauric acid, benzalkonium chloride, and vitamin E
Adult and Pediatric:
Nasal Bacterial Decolonization
- Used for nasal decolonization as part of infection control measures to reduce nasal carriage bacteria (e.g., Staphylococcus aureus) to lower the risk of nasal pathogen transmission
- Swab nose as directed; not to exceed 4 times/day
Use in healthcare providers
- Hospital healthcare providers who tested positive for S. aureus nasal carriage were treated with 3 applications at 4-hr intervals during the workday
- Antiseptic use reduced colony-forming units from baseline by 99% (median) and 82% (mean) (P less than 0.001) compared with placebo
- Total bacterial colony-forming units were reduced by 91% (median) and 71% (mean) (P less than 0.001) compared with the placebo
Use in other populations
- Part of postoperative/discharge care in patients and caregivers who are carriers
- Use in S. aureus nasal carriers, instead of isolation
- There is no likelihood of overdose resulting from ethyl alcohol intranasal. If orally ingested, ethyl alcohol intoxication can depress the central nervous system, leading to slurred speech, gait abnormalities, stupor, and loss of consciousness. Ethyl alcohol overdose may be treated with supportive therapy.
What drugs interact with ethyl alcohol intranasal?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
- Ethyl alcohol intranasal has no listed severe, serious, moderate, or mild interactions with other drugs.
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- There are no studies on the safety of ethyl alcohol intranasal during pregnancy. Use with caution in pregnant women only if benefits outweigh potential risks to the fetus.
- It is not known if intranasal application of ethyl alcohol can result in excretion in breast milk. Use with caution in nursing mothers.
- Check with your health care provider before using ethyl alcohol intranasal if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
What else should I know about ethyl alcohol intranasal?
- Ethyl alcohol intranasal is for external use only.
- Use ethyl alcohol intranasal swab around the nostrils exactly as directed. Do not extend the swab into the nose beyond the swab tip (about 1 cm or 3/8 inch). Apply to the skin only, swab stem should never enter the nose. Discard after a single use.
- Stop use and consult with your doctor if irritation and redness develop and persist for more than 72 hours.
- Ethyl alcohol intranasal is inflammable, keep away from flame and fire.
- Store safely out of reach of children.
- In case of accidental ingestion, seek medical help or contact Poison Control.
Ethyl alcohol intranasal is an antiseptic solution swabbed in the nostrils to kill Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria that colonize the nasal passage. Common side effects of ethyl alcohol intranasal include redness (erythema), irritation, swelling, and pain. Consult your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Do not use ethyl alcohol intranasal in the eyes, on mucous membranes, as nasal spray, or if you have a history of nasal bleeding or irritation.
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Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)
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Inner Ear Infection (Labyrinthitis)
Labyrinthitis occurs when there is inflammation of the part of the ear responsible for balance and hearing), usually due to viral infections of the inner ear. Learn about causes, symptoms, and treatment.
Ear Infection Home Treatment
Infections of the outer, middle, and inner ear usually are caused by viruses. Most outer (swimmer's ear) and middle ear (otitis media) infections can be treated at home with remedies like warm compresses for ear pain relief, tea tree, ginger, or garlic oil drops. Symptoms of an outer ear (swimmer's ear) and middle ear infection include mild to severe ear pain, pus draining from the ear, swelling and redness in the ear, and hearing problems. Middle and inner ear infections may cause fever, and balance problems. Inner ear infections also may cause nausea, vomiting, vertigo, ringing in the ear, and labyrinthitis (inflammation of the inner ear). Most outer and middle ear infections do not need antibiotics. Inner ear infections should be treated by a doctor specializing in ear and hearing problems.
Staph (Staphylococcus) Infection
Staphylococcus or staph is a group of bacteria that can cause a multitude of diseases. Staph infections can cause illness directly by infection or indirectly by the toxins they produce. Symptoms and signs of a staph infection include redness, swelling, pain, and drainage of pus. Minor skin infections are treated with an antibiotic ointment, while more serious infections are treated with intravenous antibiotics.
Yeast Infection vs. Diaper Rash in Infants, Toddlers, and Children
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Is a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Contagious?
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Is a Staph Infection Contagious?
A staph infection is caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. Staph can cause boils, food poisoning, cellulitis, toxic shock syndrome, MRSA, and various other illnesses and infections. Most staph infections are transmitted from person to person.
Is a Yeast Infection Contagious?
Yeast is a fungus that has many types. A type of yeast that can cause infection in humans is called Candida. Candida can infect the mouth, vagina, penis, or other areas of the body. Symptoms of yeast infections depend on the area infected, however, may include itching, bumps on the skin, a reddish rash, or patches of skin that ooze a clear or yellow liquid. Most yeast infections are not contagious even though they are caused by a fungus.
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Yeast infections vs. STDs in Men and Women
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Is a Sinus Infection Contagious?
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What Happens if You Don't Treat a Yeast Infection?
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Urinary Tract Infections in Children
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How to Get Rid of a Sinus Infection
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What Is Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection)?
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Yeast Infection vs. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
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What Does An Eye Infection Look Like?
An eye infection may bring about the following changes in the eye: A pink tint in the whites of the eye, swollen red or purple eyelids, crusty lashes or lids, and/or discharge of fluids which may be yellow, green or clear.
Sinus Infection vs. Allergies
Both sinus infections and allergies (allergic rhinitis) cause symptoms such as runny or stuffy nose and fatigue. Sinus infection (known as sinusitis) is inflammation of the sinuses, caused by infection from bacteria, viruses, and/or fungi (molds). Allergic rhinitis occurs when certain allergies cause nasal symptoms. When a person with allergies breathes in an allergen, such as pollen, dust, or animal dander, symptoms such as runny or stuffy nose, itching, sneezing, and fatigue occur.
Is It a Cold or a Sinus Infection?
A sinus infection, also known as sinusitis or rhinosinusitis, is a condition in which the delicate membranes that line the sinuses may get swollen and become red. A cold or common cold is a viral infection. It affects the upper respiratory system, which includes the nose, mouth, throat, and lungs.
How to Get Rid of a Sinus Infection Fast
The sinuses are air-filled cavities that surround the nose and drain into the nose. They are present in the forehead, the cheeks and near the eyes. Treatment for sinus infections includes over-the-counter pain relievers, decongestants, antibiotics, humidifiers, nasal irrigation, steam inhalation, rest, hydration and warm compresses.
Helicobacter Pylori (H Pylori) Infection Causes
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How Serious Is a Staph Infection?
A Staphylococcus or staph infection is caused by a germ that may be found in 30% of healthy people’s noses. Most of the time, these bacteria do not cause any health problems. However, in some people, it may cause skin and other organ infections. Most often, staph causes minor skin infections such as a boil. However, if it enters into your bloodstream and other organs, it may turn out to be deadly.
Urinary Tract Infection or Urinary Infection
The urinary system of your body includes two kidneys, two tubes (ureters), a urine sac (bladder) and an opening to expel the urine from the body (urethra). An infection of this system due to germs is called a urinary tract infection (UTI). UTI may be treated with antibiotics, especially if a kidney infection is involved.
Staph Infection Causes
Staph or Staphylococcus is a group of bacteria that is found over the skin of most individuals. Staph bacteria usually live inside the nose, but they do not cause an infection. Staph infections may turn deadly if the bacteria invade deeper into the body, entering the bloodstream, joints, bones, lungs, or heart.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Bladder Infection
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
- Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) Infection
- Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)
- Upper Respiratory Infection
- MRSA Infection
- Middle Ear Infection (Otitis Media)
- Vaginal Yeast Infection
- Inner Ear Infection (Otitis Interna)
- Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection
- Norovirus Infection
- Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection)
- Mycobacterium marinum Infection
- Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
- Group B Strep Infection
- Group A Streptococcus Infection
- Urinary Tract Infections in Children
- MRSA FAQs
- Strep Streptococcal Throat Infection FAQs
- Is It Easier to Get Staph Infection When You've Had it Before?
- Can Yeast Infection Cause Low Back Pain?
- What Causes Yeast Infections (Vaginitis)?
- How Do You Get Staph Infection?
- What Causes an Ear Infection?
- How to Get Rid of a Staph Infection
- Symptoms of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS-CoV) Virus Infection
- Flesh Eating Bacterial Infection
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Symptoms
- Superbug Staph (MRSA) Spread in Community
- E. coli Infection Facts
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.