- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: estazolam
Brand Name: Prosom (discontinued brand)
Drug Class: Sedative/Hypnotics
What is estazolam, and what is it used for?
Estazolam is a medication used for short-term management of insomnia characterized by difficulty in falling asleep, frequent awakening in the night and/or waking up extremely early in the morning. Estazolam is a sedative-hypnotic medication that belongs to the class of benzodiazepines, which induce sleep by depressing the central nervous system (CNS).
Like other benzodiazepines, estazolam has effects on the limbic system that regulates emotion and behavior and reticular formation that regulates arousal and consciousness. Estazolam suppresses the CNS by enhancing the effect of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the primary inhibitory chemical (neurotransmitter) in the central nervous system. GABA inhibits excitatory signals in the brain, relieving anxiety and producing calmness and drowsiness.
Estazolam binds to benzodiazepine receptors which are found on the nerve cell (neuron) membrane in close association with GABA-A receptors, the protein particles that transmit inhibitory signals when stimulated by GABA. This enhances GABA’s affinity and binding to the GABA-A receptors, which opens up the chloride channels on the neuronal membrane, resulting in hyperpolarization and reduced excitability of the neurons.
- Do not use in patients with documented hypersensitivity to estazolam, other benzodiazepines or any of the components in the formulation.
- Do not use estazolam in pregnant or breastfeeding women. Screen premenopausal women for pregnancy before prescribing estazolam, and caution patients about fetal risks if pregnancy occurs during therapy. Advise patients to discontinue drug before getting pregnant.
- Do not use estazolam concurrently with ketoconazole or itraconazole because these drugs inhibit CYP3A enzyme which metabolizes estazolam. Use with caution and adjust dose as necessary when concurrently using with other drugs that inhibit CYP3A to a lesser extent.
- Concomitant use of estazolam with opioid drugs can cause profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma and death.
- If concurrent use cannot be avoided, prescribe the lowest effective dose of estazolam for minimum possible duration.
- Caution patients and caregivers of the risks of concomitant use of estazolam and opioids and to be alert for symptoms of sedation and respiratory depression.
- Do not prescribe estazolam with other CNS depressant drugs and advise patients to avoid alcohol.
- Estazolam, like all benzodiazepines, has a high potential for misuse, abuse and addiction, which can result in overdose and death. Apprise patients and caregivers of the risks for addiction. Prescribe after carefully assessing the patient’s risk, and regularly monitor patients at high risk for addiction.
- Estazolam can cause physical dependence. Abrupt discontinuation can cause acute withdrawal symptoms that can be life-threatening. Taper dose and discontinue the drug gradually.
- Withdrawal of drug may cause rebound insomnia, restlessness, anxiety and mood changes. Some patients may experience withdrawal symptoms lasting over 12 months.
- Estazolam treatment should be initiated only after evaluating for any underlying physical and/or psychiatric disorder that may cause sleep disturbances. Insomnia that does not remit after 7 to 10 days of treatment may indicate the presence of a disorder and should be investigated.
- There have been reports of complex behaviors such as sleep-driving and performing other activities while half asleep, with no recall of the events afterwards. Discontinue estazolam in such patients.
- Estazolam can affect physical and mental abilities. Advise patients to avoid hazardous tasks during treatment.
- Estazolam may impair the ability to form new memories (anterograde amnesia).
- Use the smallest possible dose with caution in elderly or debilitated patients. CNS effects are more pronounced in elderly patients, as are risks of falls and injury.
- There have been reports of severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) after taking first or subsequent doses of estazolam. Discontinue the drug and initiate appropriate treatment for hypersensitivity immediately. Do not rechallenge patients with a history of such reactions.
- Estazolam may cause paradoxical reactions, including hyperactive or aggressive behavior. The risk may be higher in adolescent/pediatric patients, geriatric patients, or patients with a history of alcohol use disorder or psychiatric/personality disorders.
- Avoid use of estazolam in patients with depression, it may worsen symptoms.
- Use with caution in patients with kidney or liver function impairment.
- Use with caution in patients with respiratory disease or sleep apnea because of the risk for significant respiratory depression.
What are the side effects of estazolam?
Common side effects of estazolam include:
- Drowsiness (somnolence)
- Diminished body movement (hypokinesia)
- Abnormal coordination
- Abnormal thinking
- Abnormal dreams
- Weakness (asthenia)
- Feeling unwell (malaise)
- Lower extremity pain
- Body pain
- Back pain
- Chest pain
- Abdominal pain
- Indigestion (dyspepsia)
- Dry mouth
- Cold symptoms
- Throat inflammation (pharyngitis)
- Itching (pruritus)
Less common side effects of estazolam include:
- Mood swings (emotional lability)
- Sleep disorder
- Numbness and tingling (paresthesia)
- Muscle spasm
- Muscle pain (myalgia)
- Joint inflammation (arthritis)
- Neck pain
- Upper extremity pain
- Allergic reaction
- Hives (urticaria)
- Increase or decrease in appetite
- Gas (flatulence)
- Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
- Nasal inflammation (rhinitis)
- Sinus inflammation (sinusitis)
- Abnormal vision
- Eye irritation
- Eye pain
- Eye swelling
- Light sensitivity (photophobia)
- Ear pain
- Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
- Taste perversion
- Urinary hesitancy
- Urinary urgency
- Frequent urination
- Menstrual cramps
- Vaginal discharge and itching
Rare side effects of estazolam include:
- Impaired balance, coordination and speech (ataxia)
- Tingling and numbness around the mouth (circumoral paresthesia)
- Decreased reflexes
- Nerve inflammation (neuritis)
- Rapid, repetitive, uncontrolled eye movements (nystagmus)
- Reduced libido
- Minor changes in EEG patterns
- Joint pain (arthralgia)
- Jaw pain
- Swollen breast
- Swelling (edema)
- Dry skin
- Severe drug-induced skin reaction (Stevens-Johnson syndrome)
- Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
- Fainting (syncope)
- Intestinal inflammation (enterocolitis)
- Dark tarry stools (melena)
- Ulceration of the mouth
- Weight gain or loss
- Increase in liver enzyme SGOT
- Thyroid nodule
- Low count of leukocyte immune cells in blood (leukopenia)
- Low count of granulocyte immune cells in blood (agranulocytosis)
- Bruising (purpura)
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Nasal bleeding (epistaxis)
- Voice box inflammation (laryngitis)
- Rapid breathing (hyperventilation)
- Blind spot in the visual field (scotomata)
- Double vision (diplopia)
- Decreased hearing
- Urinary incontinence
- Reduce urine output (oliguria)
- Frequent nighttime urination (nocturia)
- Blood in urine (hematuria)
- Penile discharge
Call your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms or serious side effects while using this drug:
- Serious heart symptoms include fast or pounding heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, shortness of breath, and sudden dizziness;
- Severe headache, confusion, slurred speech, severe weakness, vomiting, loss of coordination, feeling unsteady;
- Severe nervous system reaction with very stiff muscles, high fever, sweating, confusion, fast or uneven heartbeats, tremors, and feeling like you might pass out; or
- Serious eye symptoms include blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain or swelling, or seeing halos around lights.
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug. Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
- After Salmonella Cases Double in a Week, Cantaloupe Recall Expanded
- Soccer 'Heading' Tied to Declines in Brain Function
- Smoking Tobacco Plus Weed Greatly Raises Odds for Emphysema
- COVID Vaccines Curbed Pandemic-Linked Surge in Preemie Births
- Could a 'Brain Coach' Help Folks at Higher Risk for Alzheimer's?
- More Health News »
What are the dosages of estazolam?
Tablet: Schedule IV
- 1 mg
- 2 mg
- 1-2 mg orally at night
- Specific guidelines for dosage adjustments in hepatic impairment are not available; however, dosage adjustments may be needed due to a prolonged half-life of estazolam in patients with hepatic dysfunction.
- Specific guidelines for dosage adjustments in renal impairment are not available. For patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance less than 10 mL/min), a dosage reduction of up to 50% may be needed; patients should be closely monitored.
- Initial dose: 0.5 mg orally at bedtime in small or debilitated elderly patients; healthy patients may receive 1 mg
- Safety and efficacy not established
- Benzodiazepines, including estazolam have a high potential for abuse, misuse, and addiction which can lead to tolerance, dependence, and withdrawal symptoms upon discontinuation. Addiction and abuse can result in overdose and death.
- Estazolam overdose symptoms include confusion, lack of coordination, slurred speech, respiratory depression, and drowsiness progressing to coma and death.
- Treatment for estazolam overdose is supportive and symptomatic care including:
- Gastric lavage to eliminate any undigested drug in the gastrointestinal tract
- Maintenance of airway and respiratory support
- Intravenous fluids and medications
- Administration of flumazenil, an antidote to benzodiazepines (flumazenil can cause withdrawal symptoms including seizures in chronic benzodiazepine users and must be used with caution)
- Monitoring vital signs for an appropriate period after treatment, for residual benzodiazepine effects
- Up-to-date information on the management of hypnotic drug product overdose is available at Poison Control.
What drugs interact with estazolam?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
- Severe interactions of estazolam include:
- calcium/magnesium/potassium/sodium oxybates
- sodium oxybate
- Serious interactions of estazolam include:
- Estazolam has moderate interactions with at least 187 different drugs.
- Mild interactions of estazolam include:
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or healthcare provider about all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or healthcare provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Do not use estazolam to treat insomnia in pregnant women. Estazolam can cause fetal harm and withdrawal symptoms in the newborn if used during pregnancy.
- Women with pregnancy potential should practice effective contraception during estazolam therapy and discontinue the drug before becoming pregnant.
- It is not known if estazolam is present in breast milk, however, all benzodiazepines are expected to be excreted in breast milk. Do not use estazolam to treat nursing mothers.
What else should I know about estazolam?
- Take estazolam exactly as prescribed. Do not take a higher or more frequent dosage.
- Estazolam has a high potential for misuse, abuse, addiction, and dependence, even with prescribed doses, and can lead to fatal overdose. Use with extreme caution.
- In case of known or suspected overdose, seek immediate medical help or contact Poison Control.
- Do not take concurrently with opioid drugs unless administered by the healthcare provider under medical supervision. Concurrent use can cause profound sedation, respiratory depression and coma.
- Do not drink alcohol or take other drugs that can depress the central nervous system, while taking estazolam. It increases the risk for sedation, respiratory depression, coma and death.
- Estazolam should be tapered gradually, do not abruptly discontinue. Report to the physician if you experience withdrawal symptoms.
- Report to your physician immediately if you experience hypersensitivity reactions such as difficulty breathing, face, tongue and/or throat swelling, nausea or vomiting.
- Estazolam can impair mental and physical abilities. Avoid driving, operating heavy machinery or performing other potentially hazardous tasks while on estazolam therapy.
- Store estazolam out of reach of children in a safe location not accessible to others.
Estazolam is a medication used for short-term management of insomnia characterized by difficulty in falling asleep, frequent awakening in the night and/or waking up extremely early in the morning. Do not use estazolam in pregnant or breastfeeding women. Benzodiazepines, including estazolam have a high potential for abuse, misuse, and addiction. Common side effects of estazolam include drowsiness (somnolence), diminished body movement (hypokinesia), dizziness, abnormal coordination, nervousness, hangover, confusion, anxiety, depression, abnormal thinking, abnormal dreams, headache, weakness (asthenia), feeling unwell (malaise), lower extremity pain, and others.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Sleep Disorders: Insomnia, Sleep Apnea, and More
Learn about the different types of sleep/wake disorders such as insomnia, narcolepsy, and sleep apnea. Explore the symptoms,...
Top Reasons Your Child Can't Sleep, Including You
From snoring and nightmares to sleep apnea and even you, see the bad habits that are keeping your child up all night.
Sleep Better, Conquer Insomnia
What is insomnia? Insomnia by definition is trouble falling or staying asleep. Insomnia causes are varied. Learn 10 tips on how...
Insomnia Quiz: What Is Insomnia?
Insomnia affects all age groups, and is the most common sleep disorder in the world. There also seems to be a link between...
Sleep Quiz: Sleep Hygiene & Sleep Facts
Take our Sleeping Quiz to learn which sleep disorders, causes, and symptoms rule the night. Trouble falling or staying asleep?...
20 Tips to Beat Insomnia and Sleep Better
Good sleep hygiene leads to better sleep. Avoid insomnia and sleep better by minimizing stress, exercising, and taking proper...
Sleep Health: 20 Facts About Your Biological Body Clock
Biological clocks control much of human biology, including aging, hormones, sleep, fertility, and seasonal cycles. The body clock...
Sleep: The Best and Healthiest Sleeping Positions for Your Health
What is the best and healthiest sleeping position? Learn ways to say good night to back pain, neck pain, snoring, arthritis, and...
Sleep Disorders: Causes of Nightmares
Everyone has nightmares from time to time. But could your habits make you more likely to have them?
Wake-Up Tips: How to Make the Morning Easier
Here are eleven ways from WebMD to bound out of bed when your alarm goes off.
Bed Basics: How to Get Your Best Sleep Ever
Sleep. It seems like the easiest thing in the world. Until it's not. See tips on how to get your best sleep. Our gallery shows...
Sleep Disorders: Foods That Help Sleep or Keep You Awake
Need more shut-eye? Your late-night cravings could be keeping you from a good night’s sleep. Should you drink green tea before...
Sleep Disorders: How to Get Back to Sleep
Wide awake in the middle of the night? These tips will help you peacefully drift back to sleep.
Sleep Health: What's Lurking in Your Mattress?
It's probably been years since you bought a new mattress. Find out what might be lurking inside your bed, including dust mites,...
Sleep Disorders: Why You Snore and How to Stop
Maybe you snore, and it keeps your partner up. Or maybe it's so loud it even wakes you up. But it can be more than a nuisance --...
Sleepless? Know the Signs of Sleep Deprivation
Think you may have sleep deprivation? Whether short term or long term, sleep deprivation can cause trouble. From weight gain to...
Sleep Disorders: Myths and Facts About Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Is it just snoring, or is it something more serious? We set the record straight on some myths and facts surrounding obstructive...
Sleep Disorders: Dos and Don'ts After a Bad Night's Sleep
You didn’t sleep last night. Now what? Find out from WebMD what to do to make the best of the day and night ahead.
Sleep Disorders: Natural Sleep Aids & Supplements
Lots of people turn to these drug-free herbal remedies for a better night's rest. Learn about some of the most popular natural...
Sleep Cycle: What Happens When You Sleep?
Sleep is a mystery to many of us, but scientists know quite a bit about how it affects us. Here's what happens to your body when...
Sleep: Health Benefits of Napping
Napping isn't just for babies. It can be great for adults, too. Learn why.
Sleeping Disorders: How Sleep Changes Throughout Your Life
WebMD explores how sleep patterns change as you age.
Sleep Disorders: Ways to Wreck Your Sleep
A lousy night's sleep can mean a bad day at the office. Here are a few things that can get in the way of good rest.
Night Shift: Jobs That Can Ruin Your Sleep
Some jobs can lead to sleep problems like insomnia, especially for graveyard and other shift work. Learn how work can disrupt...
Sleep Disorders: Natural Ways to Stay Awake With Narcolepsy
If you have narcolepsy, there may be ways besides medications to stay more alert during the day. Learn how diet, exercise, and...
Health and Beauty: The Benefits of Beauty Sleep
Are you a night owl? Your late hours might show up on your face, so check out this slideshow to see why you need your beauty...
Sleep Disorders: Myths and Facts About Snoring
Is your snoring harmless, or is it a sign of something more serious? Here's everything you need to know to sleep more soundly --...
Sleep Disorders: Ways to Sleep Cooler
Tossing and turning at night because your bed feels more like an oven? Try these tips to turn down the heat for a refreshing...
Busy Brain? Tips to Quiet an Active Mind for Sleep
Can’t sleep because your mind is racing? Learn how to slow your thoughts so you can finally get some rest.
Related Disease Conditions
What Are the Five Types of Insomnia?
The five types of insomnia are as follows: acute insomnia, chronic insomnia, onset insomnia, maintenance insomnia, and behavioral insomnia of childhood.
At What Age Is Co-Sleeping Safe With Your Baby?
What to know about sharing a bed with an infant. Learn about the benefits, risks, and the best age to co-sleep with your baby.
How Should You Sleep With Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids happen when pressure causes veins in your rectum and anus to stretch, swell, and bulge. Sleep with hemorrhoids by pushing them back in, taking a sitz bath before bed, using topical creams and using other strategies.
Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea, obstructive apnea (OSA), and a mixture of central and obstructive apnea. Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the brain to activate the muscles of breathing during sleep. OSA is caused by the collapse of the airway during sleep. OSA is diagnosed and evaluated through patient history, physical examination and polysomnography. There are many complications related to obstructive sleep apnea. Treatments are surgical and non-surgical.
What Is a Normal Heart Rate for a Sleeping Baby?
Normal heart rates for a sleeping baby range between 65-100 beats per minute, depending on their age. Heart rate is slower when they are asleep.
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep: 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement).
Which Way Should You Face Your Bed? Rules for a Better Sleep
There is a lack of convincing scientific evidence to say that you should face your bed in a “particular” way or direction. However, as per the ancient Chinese practice, feng shui, you should face your headboard toward the south.
Why Do I Have Insomnia Before My Period?
About 70% of all women say that they experience changes in their sleep before their period begins. This may be due to hormonal changes during menstrual periods.
Can You Recover from Years of Sleep Deprivation?
Learn what medical treatments can ease symptoms of sleep deprivation and help you recover from years of sleeping badly.
Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep; waking up too early in the morning; or unrefreshing sleep. Secondary insomnia is the most common type of insomnia. Treatment for insomnia include lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medication.
Do Sativa Strains Make You Sleepy?
Cannabis sativa strains of cannabis generally give you a high. The cannabis plant comprises three species, each containing a varying amount of psychoactive substance called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). These three types are C sativa, C indica, and C ruderalis. However, the most widely available Sativa strains mainly consist of a high limonene content that uplifts the mood.
How Can I Cure Insomnia Fast? 15 Tips
Insomnia is the medical term for the inability to fall asleep or to stay asleep not just for one night but from several days to months. Nearly 35 out of every 100 people suffer from insomnia.
What Is the Best Music to Listen to When Sleeping?
As per studies, slow music or classical music is more relaxing that can help you sleep. Classical music or instrumental music can help slow the pulse and decrease levels of stress hormones. Relaxing music triggers changes to the body and, in many ways, mimics a sleepy state.
Do Alzheimer's Patients Sleep a Lot?
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative disease of the brain. It is characterized by thinning of the brain surface and loss of brain cells, which gradually ceases a person’s ability to speak, express, or make decisions.
Can a Sleep Study Detect Heart Problems?
Sleep studies are used to identify sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and parasomnias. People with heart failure are more likely to experience central sleep apnea.
Sleep Disorders in Children and Teenagers
Sleep needs in children and teenagers depend on the age of the child. Sleep disorders in children such as: sleep apnea, parasomnias, confusional arousals, night terrors, nightmares, narcolepsy, and sleepwalking which can affect a child's or teen's sleep. Healthy sleep habits and good sleep hygiene can help your infant, toddler, preschooler, tween, or teenager get a good night's sleep.
Why Can't I Sleep by Myself?
There are several reasons why it's hard to fall asleep alone, but there are many things you can do to combat the problem. You may have a hard time sleeping by yourself because of fear, bad habits, hormones or grief.
How Do You Fall Asleep With Restless Legs?
Restless leg syndrome typically flares up at night, which can affect your quality of sleep and leave you feeling drowsy and irritable during the day. However, utilizing these ten lifestyle changes can help you manage your RLS symptoms.
How Do I Get Rid of My Fear of Sleeping?
If the thought of nightmares or paralysis makes you anxious, you may have somniphobia. Here’s how to overcome fear of sleep and when to seek treatment.
Do You Hallucinate During Sleep Paralysis?
Some people may experience hallucinations during sleep paralysis. The hallucinations may last from a few seconds to a few minutes.
Why Do People Sleepwalk (Somnambulism)?
Sleepwalking is a condition in which an individual walks or does other activities while asleep. Factors associated with sleepwalking include genetic, environmental, and physiological. Episodes of sleepwalking may include quiet walking to agitated running. Conditions that may have similar symptoms of sleepwalking, but are not include night terrors, confusional arousals, and nocturnal seizures. Treatment of sleepwalking generally include preventative measures. Medication may be prescribed if necessary.
How Can I Monitor Sleep Apnea at Home?
Sleep apnea is a medical condition where the breathing cycle stops for a short while during sleep. It is a potentially serious condition that can cause several complications including heart diseases and high blood pressure.
Does Tryptophan Actually Make You Sleepy?
Turkey is a good source of tryptophan, and tryptophan does play a role in helping you sleep. But the connection between eating turkey and a good night's sleep isn't as straightforward as you might have heard.
How Can I Fall Asleep in 2 Minutes?
Adequate quantity and quality of sleep are important for you to stay healthy, both mentally and physically. While for a blessed few dozing off is an easy affair, going to sleep can be a struggle for many. Falling asleep in a short while, such as in 2 minutes, may be achieved by following certain tips and sleep rituals.
Insomnia Treatment (Sleep Aids and Stimulants)
Insomnia is difficulty in falling or staying asleep, the absence of restful sleep, or poor quality of sleep. Insomnia is a symptom and not a disease. The most common causes of insomnia are medications, psychological conditions, environmental changes, and stressful events. Treatments may include non-drug treatments, over-the-counter medicines, and/or prescription medications.
Do You Sleep More Deeply When Pregnant?
When you are pregnant, you tend to sleep more but not as deeply. Many pregnant women experience poor quality sleep and wake up frequently throughout the night.
How Much Sleep Should a Pregnant Woman Get in Second Trimester Pregnancy?
On average, you will get seven and a half hours of sleep per night during the second trimester of pregnancy.
Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
Sleep-related breathing disorders are characterized by disruptions of normal breathing patterns that only occur during sleep. Snoring and sleep apnea are the most common sleep-related breathing disorders.
What Are the 5 Types of Sleep Disorders in Children?
Sleep disorders in children happen when they can’t fall asleep or stay asleep at night. The 5 types of sleep disorders in children are sleep apnea, parasomnias, insomnia, delayed sleep phase syndrome, and restless leg syndrome.
Why Would a Cardiologist Order a Sleep Study?
A cardiologist orders a sleep study to diagnose sleep apnea syndrome. Heart failure risk is increased by 140 percent by sleep apnea.
What Causes Insomnia?
Insomnia is defined as repeated difficulty with sleep initiation, maintenance, consolidation, or quality that occurs despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep and results in some form of daytime impairment. There are three types of insomnia.
Is It Good to Sleep With Music On?
You can take your mind off of your everyday thoughts and stresses by playing music. Music is a great option to help improve your sleep.
Can Dizziness Be a Symptom of Sleep Apnea?
Dizziness can be a symptom of sleep apnea, especially if it is associated with other symptoms such as snoring, disturbed sleep, and daytime sleepiness. Learn how sleep apnea causes dizziness and when to seek medical treatment. Check out the center below for more medical references on sleep apnea, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related diseases, treatment, diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
How Do You Fall Asleep as Soon as You Hit the Bed?
Insomnia or lack of sleep is a frustrating experience. It makes you irritable and dull, as well as affects your physical and mental performance. Poor sleep can cause depression, body pain, heart disease, and diabetes.
Why Am I Having Trouble Sleeping at Night?
Having repeated difficulty with sleep initiation, maintenance or poor quality of sleep that occurs despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep, resulting in some form of daytime impairment is called insomnia.
Why Can't I Sleep Although I'm Tired?
Difficulty falling asleep despite being tired is a sign that the circadian rhythm may be off. It more commonly affects young individuals, and it is seen in people with chronic insomnia. Insomnia is defined as repeated difficulty with sleep initiation, maintenance, consolidation, or quality that occurs despite adequate time and opportunity for sleep and that results in some form of daytime impairment.
Is It True That the Older You Get, the Less Sleep You Need?
It's a myth that you need less sleep as you get older. Older adults still need the same amount of sleep as younger adults — seven or more hours per night. Many older adults don't get as much sleep as they need for a variety of reasons.
Can’t Sleep Due to Overactive Bladder?
If you have an overactive bladder and get up frequently at night to use the bathroom, it can be difficult to get quality sleep. Here are 4 tips for getting better sleep with an overactive bladder.
When Should You Get Out of Bed If You Can't Sleep?
If you struggle to fall asleep within 15 to 20 minutes after going to bed, get out of bed and indulge in relaxing activities until you feel drowsy.
Why Is Preschool Sleep Important?
Sleep plays a crucial role in the overall development of a child. Preschool sleep is important because it enhances thinking, reasoning and memory-based skills; allows them to learn better; helps them reach their full academic potential; facilitates a better memory and makes them less irritable.
How Many Hours Should Kids Sleep (By Age Group)?
Sleep needs vary from child to child, and not everyone needs the same amount of sleep. Sleep guidelines by age can help ensure your child gets the proper amount of sleep to avoid health problems related to not sleeping enough or sleeping too much.
What Are the Four Warning Signs of Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that can potentially lead to serious systemic health complications. It is a condition that causes a person to intermittently stop breathing during sleep. Warning signs of sleep apnea include snoring, nighttime gasping, intermittent pauses during sleep, and daytime sleepiness.
What Snacks Can Help You Sleep?
Known for causing insomnia and weight gain, bedtime snacks should be avoided in the late hours; however, certain foods before bed may help you sleep better, such as these ten snacks.
How Do You Fall Asleep in 5 Minutes?
Good sleep hygiene means practicing habits that help you get good quality sleep every night. Adequate sleep is essential for your overall mental and physical health. There are no quick fixes to fall asleep within five minutes, but there are strategies to help you fall asleep faster.
How to Fall Asleep Fast
If you cannot fall asleep within 20-30 minutes of getting into bed or stay wide awake even after being extremely tired, then here are some tips.
What Are the Causes of Poor Sleep?
Some of the major reasons that may result in poor sleep include sleep disorders, mental health disorders, certain medications, and poor lifestyle choices.
Are Sleeping Pills Bad for You?
Sleeping pills are sedatives that may help people who are suffering from transient sleeping troubles. These medications are meant to be used for short periods. However, the overuse of sleeping pills has many side effects. It can lead to addiction, which is a major concern. There are multiple types of sleeping pills that work in different ways.
What Are the Three Types of Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that can potentially lead to serious health complications. In sleep apnea, the person may stop breathing for some time during sleep. The three kinds of sleep apnea are obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and mixed sleep apnea.
What Can Be Diagnosed From a Sleep Study?
A sleep study is the study of physiological parameters while a person sleeps. It measures your tissue oxygen levels, heart rate, electroencephalogram, blood pressure, and respiratory pattern.
Why Do the Elderly Have Trouble Sleeping at Night?
Aging often comes with trouble falling asleep, sleep that is less deep, frequent nighttime awakenings, overall less sleep. Here are 5 causes of sleep problems in the elderly.
What Are the 8 Types of Sleep Disorders?
Here are the 8 most common types of sleep disorders, which include obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, and narcolepsy.
How Do I Get My Baby to Sleep Longer at Night?
It's never too early to create a bedtime routine for your baby. Some of the things to include in your sleep routine include soothing activities, calming, shushing, and swaddling if your baby enjoys it.
Why Is Blue Light Bad for Sleep?
Blue light is a visible light spectrum with the shortest wavelength and highest energy. Exposure to blue light affects the sleep-and-wake cycle, or circadian rhythm, by altering the synthesis of melatonin in the brain.
What Is the Best Home Remedy for Sleep?
Most adults need at least 7-9 hours of sleep a night in order to maintain overall health. Here are the best home remedies for improving sleep and fighting insomnia.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Sleep Deprivation?
How do you know if you are deprived of sleep? Learn the signs and symptoms of sleep deprivation.
What Are the Symptoms of Shift Work Sleep Disorder?
A person may have trouble adjusting to a new shift that falls between 7 pm and 6 am. For a few weeks, the person does not face any sleep issues after getting seven to eight hours of sleep during any time of the day.
Can You Die From Lack of Sleep?
While it’s pretty rare to die from a lack of sleep, being sleep-deprived can increase your risk of fatal accidents and chronic long-term medical issues.
What Snacks Will Help Me Sleep?
Changing your diet may help increase your sleeping hours and improve your overall sleep quality. Learn fifteen snacks that can help you sleep better at night below.
What Is the Best Natural Sleep Aid?
If you have sleeping issues, below mentioned sleep aids may help. Simple changes in your daily habits can often help induce sleep quickly.
5 Types of Sleep Studies
A sleep study, also known as polysomnography, is a noninvasive overnight evaluation that allows doctors to monitor your brain and body while you sleep.
How Can I Test Myself for Sleep Apnea?
A sleep study, which allows for a definite diagnosis of sleep apnea, is the only way to be certain of the diagnosis. Learn five diagnostic tests and evaluations for sleep apnea.
Is It Okay to Take Sleeping Pills Every Night?
Experts agree that you should only take sleeping pills temporarily as prolonged use could lower their effectiveness and result in certain side effects. Check out the center below for more medical references on sleep disorders, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related disease conditions, treatment and diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
Can Working Out Mess Up Your Sleep?
Working out in the late evening does not interfere with sleep so long as you avoid vigorous exercising one hour before bedtime.
Can Diabetes Cause Lack of Sleep?
Diabetes can cause lack of sleep and poor sleep quality. This is often due to fluctuating blood sugar levels, which can cause frequent nighttime urination.
What Are Good Sleep Habits?
Good sleep habits, also called sleep hygiene, include these fifteen tips that can help you gain a night of restful sleep.
How Should You Sleep to Avoid Migraines?
Migraines can be avoided by practicing good sleep hygiene. Here are 11 tips for improving your sleep habits and preventing headaches.
Can Bad Sleeping Habits Cause Migraines?
Bad sleeping habits can cause migraines, as migraine attacks have been linked to the sleep-wake cycle or circadian rhythm. If your sleep-wake cycle is disrupted, it can trigger a migraine.
How Many Types of Insomnia Are There?
Insomnia is trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. The three types of insomnia include transient insomnia, short-term insomnia, and chronic insomnia.
How Much Sleep Does an Adult Need?
Getting meaningful and adequate sleep is also very important for adults to function properly. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) and Sleep Research Society (SRS) recommends that every person over the age of twenty sleep seven or more hours a night.
How Can I Help My Toddler With Sleep Problems?
Most toddlers need about 10-14 hours of sleep a day, which includes one to two daytime naps. Help your toddler with sleep problems by making sleep times fun, keeping a regular bedtime schedule, having a regular bedtime routine, ensuring your toddler has a balanced daytime schedule, and applying other strategies.
How Does Sleep Affect Your Heart?
Sleep is an important part of your body's functions. Getting too little or too much sleep can have a negative impact on your heart.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Child Sleep Solutions
- Sleep Apnea
- Sleep Paralysis
- Sleep: Getting a Good Night's Sleep -- Michael Breus, PhD
- Sleep: Hushabye with the Baby Whisperer -- Tracy Hogg
- Sleep: Every New Parent's Dream
- Sleep Solutions: Michael Breus, PhD
- Sleep and Health for Older Americans -- Sonia Ancoli-Israel, PhD
- Sleep Disorders
- Sleep: Your Child's Sleep Habits and You
- Sleep Disorders in Adults
- Sleep Disorders with Kids
- Sleep FAQs
- Insomnia FAQs
- Snoring...A Productivity Problem!
- Sleep: At The Wheel With Sleep Apnea!
- Progressive Muscle Relaxation
- Trouble Sleeping? Insomnia May Be Why
- 10 Tips to Avoid Insomnia and Get a Good Night's Sleep
- 8 Tips on How to Relax and Sleep When Stressed
- Sleep: Are You Sleep Deprived?
- Ambien: Sleeping Pill FAQs
- What Is Twilight Sleep in Obstetrics?
- How Can You Sleep if You're Stressed?
- Heartburn: Carbonated Soda & Sleeping Pills Increase Nighttime Heartburn
- Sleep Apnea Symptoms
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.