Esophageal Cancer: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 6/14/2021

Esophageal cancer is a type of cancer that arises in the esophagus, or the tube that carries food to the stomach.

Signs and symptoms of esophageal cancer can include

Other associated symptoms can include

Cause of esophageal cancer

Doctors don't understand the exact cause of esophageal cancer, but there are risk factors for developing the condition that include smoking, older age, male sex, dietary factors, excessive alcohol consumption, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), previous damage to the esophagus, and a precancerous condition known as Barrett's esophagus.

Other esophageal cancer symptoms and signs


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Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.