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- What brand names are available for enoxaparin?
- Is enoxaparin available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for enoxaparin?
- What are the uses for enoxaparin?
- What are the side effects of enoxaparin?
- What is the dosage for enoxaparin?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with enoxaparin?
- Is enoxaparin safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about enoxaparin?
What are the uses for enoxaparin?
- Lovenox is used for preventing deep vein thrombosis after abdominal surgery, or hip or knee replacement surgeries, and in patients with reduced mobility due to illness.
- It is used both in and out of the hospital for treating deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.
- Lovenox also is used for preventing a second heart attack and related complications after a heart attack and for preventing blood clots in arterial stents.
What are the side effects of enoxaparin?
Common side effect associated with Lovenox are:
Other possible side effects include:
- Abnormal liver tests in the blood
- Mild local irritation
- Local injection site reaction
Possible serious side effects include:
What is the dosage for enoxaparin?
Lovenox is administered by injection under the skin (subcutaneous) or intravenously.
- Preventing deep vein thrombosis after abdominal surgery: 40 mg subcutaneous injection once daily.
- Preventing deep vein thrombosis after knee replacement: 30 mg subcutaneous injection every 12 hours.
- Preventing deep vein thrombosis after hip replacement: 30 mg every 12 hours or 40 mg once daily by subcutaneous injection.
- Preventing deep vein thrombosis in ill patients with limited mobility: 40 mg subcutaneous injection once daily.
- Treatment of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism: 1 mg/kg every 12 hours or 1.5 mg/kg once daily by subcutaneous injection.
- Outpatient treatment of deep vein thrombosis: 1 mg/kg subcutaneous injection every 12 hours.
- Treatment of severe heart attacks (ST elevation myocardial infarction or STEMI): For patients under the age of 75, 30 mg intravenously plus 1 mg/kg subcutaneously followed by 1 mg/kg every 12 hours (maximum of 100 mg for each of the first two subcutaneous doses only). For patients over age 75, 0.75 mg/kg subcutaneously every 12 hours (maximum of 75 mg for each of the first two subcutaneous doses only). All patients should receive aspirin. Doses should be reduced in patients with impaired kidney function.
- Treatment of chest pain (unstable angina) or mild heart attack (non-Q-wave myocardial infarction): 1 mg/kg subcutaneously every 12 hours with aspirin.
- For coronary artery stent procedures (percutaneous coronary intervention or PCI): Patients should receive 0.3 mg/kg during stent placement if the last dose of Lovenox was administered more than 8 hours before the procedure.
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Which drugs or supplements interact with enoxaparin?
- Medications that increase the risk of bleeding will add to the effects of Lovenox and further increase the risk of bleeding that is associated with Lovenox. Such medications include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), warfarin (Coumadin), other anticoagulants, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen (Motrin; Advil), naproxen (Naprosyn), diclofenac (Voltaren), and others.
Is enoxaparin safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- Lovenox does not cross the placenta and shows no evidence of effects on the fetus. It often is used during pregnancy as an alternative to oral anticoagulants such as warfarin (Coumadin), which cannot be safely used during pregnancy.
- Lovenox multiple-dose vials contain benzyl alcohol as a preservative. Benzyl alcohol has been associated with a fatal "gasping syndrome" in premature neonates. Lovenox vials preserved with benzyl alcohol should be used with caution in pregnant women and only if clearly needed because benzyl alcohol may cross the placenta.
- It is not known if Lovenox is excreted in breast milk. Since most medicines are excreted in breast milk, it is recommended that women receiving Lovenox should not breastfeed.
What else should I know about enoxaparin?
What preparations of enoxaparin are available?
- Lovenox is available in pre-filled syringes containing 30, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, and 150 mg.
- Multiple dose vial: 300 mg
How should I keep enoxaparin stored?
All Lovenox products should be stored at room temperature, between 15 and 30 C (59 and 86 F).
Lovenox (enoxaparin) is a medication prescribed for preventing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism after surgeries such as abdominal, hip or knee replacement, and in patients with reduced mobility due to illness. Lovenox is also prescribed to prevent a second heart attack and related complications after a heart attack, and for preventing blood clots in arterial stents. Side effects include
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Related Disease Conditions
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT, Blood Clot in the Legs)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot in the deep veins, and can be caused by broken bones, trauma to a limb, immobility, medications, smoking, cancer, genetic predisposition, and cancer. Symptoms of a deep vein thrombosis in a leg are swelling, tenderness, redness, warmth, and pain. Treatments for DVT include medications and surgery.
How the Heart Works (Sides, Chambers, and Function)
The heart is a very important organ in the body. It is responsible for continuously pumping oxygen and nutrient-rich blood throughout your body to sustain life. It is a fist-sized muscle that beats (expands and contracts) 100,000 times per day, pumping a total of five or six quarts of blood each minute, or about 2,000 gallons per day.
Heart Attack Treatment
A heart attack involves damage or death of part of the heart muscle due to a blood clot. The aim of heart attack treatment is to prevent or stop this damage to the heart muscle. Heart attack treatments included medications, procedures, and surgeries to protect the heart muscle against injury.
Pulmonary Embolism (Blood Clot in the Lung)
A pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when a piece of a blood clot from deep vein thrombosis (DVT) breaks off and travels to an artery in the lung where it blocks the artery and damages the lung. The most common symptoms of a pulmonary embolism are shortness of breath, chest pain, and a rapid heart rate. Causes of pulmonary embolism include prolonged immobilization, certain medications, smoking, cancer, pregnancy, and surgery. Pulmonary embolism can cause death if not treated promptly.
Heart disease (coronary artery disease) occurs when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply blood to the heart. Heart disease can lead to heart attack. Risk factors for heart disease include: Smoking High blood pressure High cholesterol Diabetes Family history Obesity Angina, shortness of breath, and sweating are just a few symptoms that may indicate a heart attack. Treatment of heart disease involves control of heart disease risk factors through lifestyle changes, medications, and/or stenting or bypass surgery. Heart disease can be prevented by controlling heart disease risk factors.
Blood Clots (In the Leg)
Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins, bladder, urinary tract and uterus. Risk factors for causes of blood clots include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and family history. Symptoms of a blood clot depend on the location of the clot. Some blood clots are a medical emergency. Blood clots are treated depending upon the cause of the clot. Blood clots can be prevented by lowering the risk factors for developing blood clots.
Phlebitis is the inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is when a blood clot causes the inflammation. Phlebitis can be superficial or deeper in the veins. A blood clot deep in a vein is deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Some of the common causes of phlebitis include prolonged inactivity, varicose veins, trauma to a vein, underlying cancers, clotting disorders, and other causes. Symptoms of phlebitis may be mild (pain, tenderness, redness, or bulging of a vein. Treatment of phlebitis depends on the cause.
Thrombocytopenia (Low Platelet Count)
Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count) refers to a decreased number of platelets in the blood. Symptoms of thrombocytopenia include: Increased bruising Spontaneous bleeding Small, purple spots under the skin called purpura There are many causes of thrombocytopenia such as decreased platelet production (viral infections for example rubella, mumps, chickenpox, hepatitis C, and HIV); increased platelet destruction or consumption (for example sulfonamide antibiotics, heparin, blood transfusions, and lupus); or increased splenic sequestration (enlarged spleen due to conditions for example liver disease, blood cancers, and more). Treatment of thrombocytopenia depends on the cause.
Heart Attacks in Women
Heart disease, particularly coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Women are more likely to die from a heart attack than men. High cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, and high triglycerides are contributors to heart disease. Some of the common symptoms of a heart attack in women include chest pain, shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint or woozy, and more. Heart disease can be prevented by lifestyle changes and controlling high blood pressure, cholesterol, weight, and diseases such as diabetes.
Heart Disease in Women
Heart disease in women has somewhat different symptoms, risk factors, and treatment compared to heart disease in men. Many women and health professionals are not aware of the risk factors for heart disease in women and may delay diagnosis and treatment. Lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, tobacco use, overweight/obesity, stress, alcohol consumption, and depression influence heart disease risk in women. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes also increase women's risk of heart disease. Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), stress-ECG, endothelial testing, ankle-brachial index (ABI), echocardiogram, nuclear imaging, electron beam CT, and lab tests to assess blood lipids and biomarkers of inflammation are used to diagnose heart disease. Early diagnosis and treatment of heart disease in women saves lives. Heart disease can be prevented and reversed with lifestyle changes.
Heart Disease Treatment in Women
Heart disease treatment in women should take into account female-specific guidelines that were developed by the American Heart Association. Risk factors and symptoms of heart disease in women differ from those in men. Treatment may include lifestyle modification (diet, exercise, weight management, smoking cessation, stress reduction), medications, percutaneous intervention procedure (PCI), and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Heart disease is reversible with treatment.
Atrial Fibrillation (AFib) Treatment Drugs
Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a heart rhythm disorder that causes irregular and often rapid heartbeat. The medications to treat AFib include beta-blockers, blood thinners, and heart rhythm drugs. Atrial fibrillation drugs can cause serious side effects like seizures, vision changes, shortness of breath, fainting, other abnormal heart rhythms, excessive bleeding while coughing or vomiting, blood in the stool, and bleeding into the brain.
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