The spleen is an organ in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen that is responsible for filtering blood. Enlargement of the spleen is medically known as splenomegaly.
An enlarged spleen may not cause any symptoms. When the enlargement is severe, pressure from the organ can cause
- an inability to eat a large meal or
- a feeling of discomfort, fullness, or pain on the upper left side of the abdomen.
Causes of an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)
Many different types of conditions, including infections, cancers, inflammatory diseases, blood disorders, trauma, or diseases in which abnormal proteins or other substances accumulate in body cells can cause splenomegaly.
Other enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) symptoms and signs
- Feeling of Discomfort, Fullness, or Pain on the Upper Left Side of the Abdomen
- Inability to Eat a Large Meal
Main Article on Enlarged Spleen (Splenomegaly) Symptoms and Signs
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
Digestive Disorders: Common Misconceptions
Learn about the digestive system and common misconceptions of digestive disorders. Read about what causes ulcers, heartburn,...
Digestive Disorders: Worst Foods for Digestion
Discover which foods to avoid in order to prevent diarrhea and digestive problems. Find out which foods can trigger diarrhea and...
Picture of Spleen
Front View of the Spleen. The spleen is an organ in the upper far left part of the abdomen, to the left of the stomach. See a...
Super Tips to Boost Digestive Health: Bloating, Constipation, and More
Upset stomach? Some foods may be the culprits, and bad habits may be to blame. Treat your body right with these simple nutrition...
Digestive Disorders Resources
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter