Endoscopy is a broad term used to described examining the inside of the body using an lighted, flexible instrument called an endoscope. Endoscopy procedure is performed on a patient to examine the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum; and look for causes of symptoms such as:Read more: Endoscopy (Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, EGD) Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Heartburn: Causes, Symptoms, Remedies, Treatments
Learn the symptoms of heartburn and which foods cause heartburn or GERD. Discover home remedies and which foods may provide...
Celiac Disease Quiz: What Is Celiac Disease?
Could celiac disease be the cause of your tummy troubles? Take the Celiac Disease Quiz to learn what certain foods may be doing...
GERD Quiz: Test Your Digestive Diseases IQ
Who is at risk for developing GERD? Are you? Take this quiz to learn what GERD is, if you're at risk, and what you can do about...
Picture of Gastroesophageal Reflux (GERD)
The stomach contents regurgitate and back up (reflux) into the esophagus The food in the stomach is partially digested by...
Picture of Stomach
The stomach is a muscular sac located on the left side of the upper abdomen. See a picture of the Stomach and learn more about...
Picture of Esophagus
The esophagus is a muscular tube connecting the throat (pharynx) with the stomach. See a picture of the Esophagus and learn more...
Signs of Cancer in Men: Could it Be Cancer?
See pictures of which 15 cancer symptoms men ignore such as skin changes, difficulty swallowing, rapid weight loss, a breast...
Related Disease Conditions
Colitis (Symptoms, Types, and Treatments)
Colitis refers to inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include...
Blood in the Stool (Rectal Bleeding)
Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding (hematochezia) refers to the passage of bright red blood from the anus. Common causes...
Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin...
Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis )
Stomach flu (gastroenteritis) is a term referred used to describe a variety of gastrointestinal problems. The most common signs...
Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment)
Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes...
Hiatal hernia is a condition in which a thin membrane of tissue connects the esophagus with the diaphragm becomes week, and a...
Heartburn (Acid Reflux)
Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced from acid reflux (GERD). Symptoms of heartburn include chest pain, burning in...
Peptic Ulcer (Stomach Ulcer)
Peptic or stomach ulcers are ulcers are an ulcer in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Ulcer formation is related...
Gastritis Symptoms, Diet, Causes, Treatment
Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Causes of gastritis include drinking too much alcohol, medications such as...
H. pylori (Helicobacter Pylori ) Infection
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacteria that causes chronic inflammation (gastritis) of the inner lining of the stomach,...
Thrush (Oral Candidiasis)
Thrush is an infection of the mouth caused by the Candida fungus. Symptoms of Thrush include pain or difficulty swallowing, a...
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Symptoms, Diet, Treatment, and Test
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal) disorder with signs and symptoms of: Abdominal...
Internal bleeding occurs when an artery or vein is damaged and blood to escapes the circulatory system and collects inside the...
GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn)
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is a condition in which the acidified liquid contents of the stomach backs up into the...
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect...
Esophagitis is caused by an infection or irritation of the esophagus. Infections that cause esophagitis include candida yeast...
Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus. Risk factors of cancer of the esophagus include...
Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease of the connective tissue. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue (fibrosis) in...
Gastroparesis is a medical condition in which the muscle of the stomach is paralyzed by a disease of either the stomach muscle...
Esophageal achalasia is a disease of the esophagus that mainly affects young adults. Achalasia makes it difficult to swallow, can...
Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...
Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach)
Indigestion (dyspepsia) can be caused by diseases or conditions that involve the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and also by some...
Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the...
Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia) is a parasite responsible for a common form of infectious diarrhea. The parasite lives in two...
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus. Eosinophilic esophagitis has many causes including acid reflux,...
Barrett's esophagus occurs as a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), primarily in white males. GERD...
Lactose intolerance is a common problem where a person's digestive system cannot digest lactose. Signs and symptoms include:...
IBS-D (Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea)
IBS-D or irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea refers to IBS with diarrhea. Symptoms of IBS-D include intestinal gas...
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD)
The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of...
The Digestion Process (Organs and Functions)
Digestion is the complex process of turning the food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also...
Though the cause of stomach cancer is unknown, risk factors for stomach cancer include diet, H. pylori infection, smoking age,...
Anal cancer, cancer located at the end of the large intestine, has symptoms that include anal or rectal bleeding, anal pain or...
Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, swallowing problems. Dysphagia is due to problems in nerve or muscle control. It is...
Acid backing up into the larynx (voice box) causes reflux laryngitis. Irritation of the lining of the esophagus, larynx, and...
Bowel or fecal incontinence refers to the loss of voluntary control of stool, or bowel movements. The condition can include...
The term oral cancer includes cancer of the mouth (oral cavity) and the back of the mouth (oropharynx). Red and white patches...
Salivary Gland Cancer
Salivary gland cancer is cancer that affects the parotid glands, sublingual glands, or the submandibular glands. Risk factors...
Schatzki (Schatzki's) ring, is a narrow ring of tissue located just above the junction of the esophagus and stomach. The cause of...
Head and Neck Cancer
Head and neck cancer is cancer of the oral cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, or lymph...
Portal hypertension is most commonly caused by cirrhosis, a disease in which results from scarring of a liver injury. Other...
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC)
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBS) is a liver disease in which bile building up in the organ damages bile ducts. Ultimately, this...
Duodenal diverticula (extramural or intramural), or duodenal diverticulum, is a pouch that is attached to the first part of the...
Carcinoid Syndrome (Carcinoid Tumor)
A carcinoid tumor is a tumor that develops from enterochromaffin cells. The important characteristic of carcinoid tumors that...
GERD and GER (Acid Reflux) in Infants and Children
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) is the upward movement of stomach content, including acid, into the esophagus and...
Prostatitis vs. BPH (Enlarged Prostate) Differences and Similarities
Prostatitis and BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia, enlarged prostate gland) are both conditions of the prostate gland. There...
Crohn's Disease vs. Ulcerative Colitis (UC): Differences and Similarities
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are diseases that cause inflammation of part of or the entire digestive tract (GI)....
Heartburn vs. Acid Reflux (Differences and Similarities)
Heartburn and acid reflux are not the same thing. Heartburn is actually a symptom of acid reflux. Heartburn gets its name...
Local ResourcesFind a local Gastroenterologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Celiac Disease Celiac Sprue FAQs
- GERD Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease FAQs
- Hospitals: Can Yours Handle Your Emergency?
- Bleeding Ulcer Symptoms and Causes
- Biopsy: Questions to Ask Your Doctor Before a Biopsy
- Ulcers: What Causes Ulcers?
- Hepatitis C: Nightmare in Vegas
- Ask the Experts - Gastroenterology (GI Testing)
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- Get Ready for Your 'Capsule Robot' Colon Cancer Check
- Can Breath Test Detect Stomach Cancers Earlier?
- Is There a Link Between Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer?
- Study Ties Inflammation, Gut Bacteria to Type 1 Diabetes
- Could Common Heartburn Drugs Up Stroke Risk?
- Health Tip: Managing Celiac Disease
- FAQ: New 'Stomach Pump' Weight Loss Device
- Balloon-in-a-Pill May Be New Weight-Loss Tool
- Time to Drop the 'No-Eating Rule' Before Colonoscopy?
- Doctors Report on Success of Throat Reconstruction
- Stomach Troubles Not Linked to Autism, Study Finds
- FDA Approves Redesign of Endoscope Tied to Infections
- Don't Let Reflux Ruin Your Thanksgiving
- 'Balloon-in-a-Pill' May Be New Weight-Loss Weapon
- FDA Orders Studies on Contaminated Endoscopes Tied to Illness Outbreaks
- Former President Carter's Cancer: FAQ
- For Endoscopes Tied to Serious Infections, Current Cleaning Methods Not Enough
- Unusual Capsule Could Help Spot Esophagus Cancer
- The Doctor Who Does Your Colonoscopy Matters
- Widespread Vaccination Fights Serious Stomach Infection in Kids: CDC
- Breath Test Might Spot Stomach Cancer Risk
- FDA Tightens Rules on Endoscopes Tied to 'Superbug' Outbreaks
- Despite Proper Cleaning, Endoscopes May Pass on E. coli
- Gene-Based Blood Test for Colon Cancer Shows Promise
- Endoscopes Not Always Cleaned Properly: Study
- Surgery Checklists Help OR Teams in a Crisis, Study Finds
- Endoscopy Overused in Heartburn Patients
- New Guidelines Urge Limiting Endoscopy for GERD
- Costly, Repeat Medical Testing Common for Medicare Patients: Study
- New Prep for Colon Screen Uses Four Pills, Not Liquid Laxative
- Less Invasive Surgery Safe for Harvesting Bypass Veins: Study
- Untreated Heartburn May Raise Risk for Esophageal Cancer, Study Says
- Every 3 Years Is Best for Stomach Cancer Tests: Study
- Treating Irritable Bowel Poses Challenges
- Patients Prefer More Invasive Form of Colon Scan: Study
- Birth Control Pills, HRT Tied to Digestive Ills
- Moveable Magnets Used to Forge Gastric Bypass in Pigs
- Common Blood Pressure Drugs May Not Cut Colon Cancer Risk
- Inadequate Bowel Prep May Invalidate Colonoscopy
- Endoscopy May Be Better Than Surgery for Severe Pancreatic Infection
- Too Many Americans Skipping Colon Cancer Screening
- Blood Test Shows Promise in Spotting Pancreatic Cancers Early
- Barrett's Esophagus May Be Less Risky Than Thought
- Infection Control Lacking at Surgical Centers
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter