Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of encephalopathy is an altered mental state. Other symptoms include lethargy, dementia, seizures, tremors, and coma. Treatment of encephalopathy depends on the type of encephalopathy (anoxia, diabetic, Hashimoto's, hepatic, hyper - hypotensive, infectious, metabolic, infections, uremic, or Wernicke's) are examples of types of encephalopathy. Read more: Encephalopathy Article
Related Disease Conditions
Kidney failure can occur from an acute event or a chronic condition or disease. Prerenal kidney failure is caused by blood loss,...
Cirrhosis of the liver refers to a disease in which normal liver cells are replaced by scar tissue caused by alcohol and viral...
Liver disease can be cause by a variety of things including infection (hepatitis), diseases such as: gallstones, high...
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches,...
Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) Symptoms and Treatments
Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the...
Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other...
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are...
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure is defined as a pressure of 140/90 mmHg or higher in the arteries. Genetic factors, high salt intake, and...
Hepatitis C (HCV, Hep C)
Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver due to the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is usually spread by blood transfusion,...
Stroke (Signs, Symptoms, Warning Signs)
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding...
Liver (Anatomy and Function)
The liver is the largest gland and organ in the body. There are a variety of liver diseases caused by liver inflammation,...
Tremor is the involuntary movements of one or more parts of the body. Causes of tremor include neurological disorders,...
Brain Tumor (Symptoms, Signs, Types, Causes, Survival Rates)
A brain tumor can be either non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), primary, or secondary. Common symptoms of a primary...
Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)
Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is a serious health problem for diabetics. There are two types of hyperglycemia, 1) fasting,...
Hepatitis B (HBV, Hep B)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV, hep B) is a unique, coated DNA virus belonging to the Hepadnaviridae family of viruses. The course of...
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and...
Hepatitis (Viral Hepatitis, A, B, C, D, E, G)
Hepatitis is most often viral, due to infection with one of the hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E, F (not confirmed), and G) or...
Seizures Symptoms and Types
Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from...
Dementia is defined as a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with...
Diabetes Treatment (Type 1 and Type 2 Medications and Diet)
The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar....
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are...
Alcoholism is a disease that includes alcohol craving and continued drinking despite repeated alcohol-related problems, such as...
Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)
Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2...
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs...
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Whooping cough (pertussis) is highly contagious respiratory infection that is caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There...
Newborn Jaundice (Neonatal Jaundice)
Newborn jaundice or neonatal jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the mucous membranes, whites of the eyes, and skin of a...
Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps, and fever are common symptoms. Mild...
Histoplasmosis is a disease caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. The symptoms are similar to those of pneumonia and...
MELAS syndrome, a rare form of dementia, stands for Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes....
Birth defects have many causes and currently, are the leading cause of death for infants in the first year of life. Some of the...
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...
Peritonitis is a bacterial infection inside of the abdomen. Some doctors choose to group the causes of peritonitis into five...
Mad Cow Disease
Mad cow disease (or bovine spongiform encephalopathy [BSE]) is a fatal disease that attacks the central nervous system of adult...
Reye's syndrome (RS or Reye syndrome) is a sudden, sometimes fatal, disease of the brain with degeneration of the liver. Reye...
Leigh's Disease (Leigh's Syndrome)
Leigh's disease (Leigh's syndrome) is a rare genetic neurometabolic disorder. The symptoms of Leigh's disease include loss of...
Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults (Symptoms, Signs, Causes, Treatment Options, Life Expectancy)
Brain and spinal tumor are diseases in which cancer (malignant) cells begin to grow in the tissues of the brain. Tumors that...
Cocaine and Crack Abuse
Cocaine is an addictive stimulant that is smoked, snorted, and injected. Crack is cocaine that comes in a rock crystal that is...
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Treatment (PBC)
Primary biliary sclerosis (PBC) is thought to be an autoimmune disorder that involves the deterioration of the liver's small bile...
Seizure vs. Seizure Disorders (Differences and Similarities)
The differences between a seizure, epilepsy, and seizure disorders are confusing to many people. What makes it more confusing, is...
Encephalopathy - Type of Encephalopathy
From what type of encephalopathy did you suffer?Post View 22 Comments
Encephalopathy - Symptoms
What were the symptoms of encephalopathy in you or someone you know?Post View 3 Comments
Encephalopathy - Diagnosis
What types of tests and exams led to the diagnosis of encephalopathy in you, a friend, or relative?Post View 2 Comments
Encephalopathy - Prognosis
What is the outlook for a patient you know who had encephalopathy?Post View 2 Comments
Local ResourcesFind a local Neurologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
Prevention & Wellness
- Scientists Spot Marker for CTE in Living Football Players
- 20 Percent of U.S. Teens May Have Had a Concussion
- Youth Football Ups Odds of Brain Problems in Adulthood
- Nearly All Autopsied NFL Players Show Trauma-Linked Brain Disease
- NHL Veterans Pledge Their Brains to Research
- Repeat Head Hits May Not Put NFL Players at Risk of Motor Problems
- Small Study Uncovers Brain Disease in Former Soccer Players
- 30 Former NFL Players Pledge Their Brains for Research
- Tamer Version of Youth Football Looks to Address Safety Concerns
- Link Seen Between Concussions and Alzheimer's
- Was Football Safer Back in the Day?
- Researchers Explore Way to Detect Brain Injury in NFL Players
- More Years Playing Football, Greater Risk of Brain Disease: Study
- Concussion Study Shows Player-to-Player Hits Most Damaging
- Study Suggests Brain Damage in 40 Percent of Ex-NFL Players
- Head Injuries Tied to Buildup of Alzheimer's Plaques, Small Study Finds
- College Football Player's Autopsy May Offer Clues to Brain Trauma
- New Rules for Mammograms, Tanning Beds Top Health News of 2015
- Playing Contact Sports in Youth May Raise Risk for Degenerative Brain Disease
- After Concussion Symptoms Fade, Slowed Blood Flow in Brain May Persist
- Safe Tackling OK in Youth Football, Pediatricians' Group Says
- Preteen Football Tied to Brain Changes in Retired NFL Players: Study
- Rugby Player's Head Injuries Linked to Brain Decline
- For Safety's Sake: A Young Star Player Quits Pro Football...
- Greater Cooling of Oxygen-Deprived Infants Fails to Improve Survival
- Researchers Closer to Test for Human Form of 'Mad Cow' Disease
- Smaller Brain Volume Seen in College Football Players in Study
- Spotting Cause of Newborn Brain Injury Could Aid Prevention, Report Says
- Embryo Selection May Help Prevent Some Inherited Disorders
- NIH, NFL Team Up to Take On Concussion Research
- Expert Q&A: Childhood Vaccine Safety
- Health Highlights: Aug. 30, 2013
- Brain-Damaged Athletes May Show Mood or Thinking Impairments First
- Quarterback's Death, NFL Study Split Over Brain Disorder
- Multiple Concussions Could Up Depression Risk in Former NFL Players
- NFL's Seau Had Brain Trauma at Time of Suicide, Report Finds
- NFL Players at Higher Risk of Brain Diseases
- Ex-Players Sue NFL Over Brain Injuries
- 'Cooling' Helps Oxygen-Deprived Newborns: Study
- 'Blast Wind' Linked to Chronic Brain Injuries in Military
- For Some Athletes, Head Blows May Hamper Learning
- Health Highlights: May 3, 2012
- Health Highlights: April 27, 2012
- Health Highlights: April 26, 2012
- Health Highlights: April 25, 2012
- Mad Cow Disease in U.S. Raises Food Safety Questions
- When Does Boxing-Related Head Trauma Become Too Much?
- Heading Soccer Balls Could Injure Brain
- 2 Weeks of Antibiotic Therapy Relieves IBS
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter