Signs of Hypothermia
Hypothermia is low body temperature. Signs of hypothermia include memory loss, severe shivering, slurred speech, exhaustion, sleepiness, disorientation, and incoherence.
Action plan: Hypothermia is a medical emergency. If you are with someone you suspect has hypothermia, take his or her temperature if you have access to a thermometer. Body temperature at or below 95° indicates hypothermia. Seek emergency medical treatment. While you are waiting for emergency services, move the person to a warm environment. Remove any wet clothing from the victim. Try to get the victim’s core body temperature up by placing dry clothing and blankets on the patient. If the victim is conscious, encourage intake of warm, non-alcoholic beverages.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends seeking medical care in the event of frostbite. Since frostbite and hypothermia are the results of exposure to cold, always check frostbite victims for signs of hypothermia. If hypothermia is present, the patient’s condition is much more serious and it’s time to seek emergency medical treatment.