EBCT (also referred to as a calcium-score screening heart scan). This test is used to detect calcium deposits found in atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries of heart disease patients. The more coronary calcium means more coronary atherosclerosis, which can raise the risk of future cardiovascular problems. Read more: Heart CT Scan Article
Related Disease Conditions
A hematoma is a collection of blood that is outside a blood vessel. There are different areas where hematomas occur including; inside the skull, on the scalp, ears, septum, bones, finger nails, toenails, and intra-abdominal.
High-Sensitivity Troponin Test
The high-sensitive troponin test can detect very low levels of troponin T in the blood. (There are three types of cardiac troponin proteins, I, T, and C.), which helps doctors diagnose a heart attack more quickly. If troponin levels are elevated high and the ECG (EKG, electrocardiogram) indicates an acute heart attack, immediate cardiac intervention such as catheterization, stents, or a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). The high-sensitive troponin test can help diagnose heart conditions such as obstructive coronary disease (CAD), stable angina, congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathy, chronic heart failure, myocarditis, aortic dissection, cardiotoxic chemotherapy, blunt trauma to the chest, and strenuous exercise, for example, endurance athletes. You can prevent elevated troponin levels in the blood with a heart-healthy lifestyle a heart-healthy diet, maintaining your weight, limit alcohol, don’t smoke, practice stress reduction through stress reduction techniques, meditation, and yoga, manage your blood pressure and diabetes, and take all of your medications as your doctor has instructed you. Call 911 immediately if you have chest pain and have symptoms of a heart attack, which include nausea, vomiting, belching, indigestion, upper abdominal discomfort that feels like stomach pain in the middle of the upper abdomen, upper back and arm pain, feeling as though you are getting the flu, sweating, a vague feeling of illness, and sweating.
What Are the Four Main Functions of the Heart?
The heart is a muscular organ situated in the chest just behind and slightly toward the left of the breastbone. The heart works all the time, pumping blood through the network of blood vessels called the arteries and veins. The heart is enclosed within a fluid-filled sac called the pericardium. The pericardium is a protective covering that produces fluid, which lubricates the heart and prevents friction between the heart and the surrounding organs.
Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction)
A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
A heart murmur is a heart problem that can occur, for example, during pregnancy or exercise, or it can be a symptom of serious heart condition, for example, congenital heart defects or heart valve disease. A heart murmur makes a whooshing or swishing sound. Symptoms of a heart murmur include swelling of the legs or feet, dizzy or lightheaded, blackouts, chest pain, rapid heart rate (palpitations), difficulty doing normal daily activities, fatigue, and a bluish tinge on the skin, lips, and fingernails. Treatment for heart murmurs in infants, children, and adults depend on the cause. Some heart murmurs can be harmless while some are serious and life threatening.
Heart Attack Pathology: Photo Essay
A heart attack is a layperson's term for a sudden blockage of a coronary artery. This photo essay includes graphics, pictures, and illustrations of diseased heart tissue and the mechanisms that lead to coronary artery disease, and possible heart attack. A coronary artery occlusion may be fatal, but most patients survive it. Death can occur when the occlusion leads to an abnormal heartbeat (severe arrhythmia) or death of heart muscle (extensive myocardial infarction).
Heart Attack Prevention
Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- What Are The Four Heart Sounds?
- Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
- What Is the Difference Between Electrocardiogram and Electrocardiograph?
- How Is A Sternotomy Done?
- What Are Three Signs of Cardiac Tamponade?
- What Does a Cardiologist Do?
- How Long Does It Take to Recover from A Transradial Heart Catheterization?
- What Are the Common Complications of Pulmonary Artery Pressure Monitoring?
- What Is a Coronary Angiogram?
- What Is a Mitral Valvuloplasty Procedure?
- What Is PDA Heart Surgery?
- What Is a Percutaneous Valve Replacement Procedure?
- What Is Pericardiocentesis?
- How Long Does a Mitral Valvuloplasty Last?
- Why Are Ventricular Repair (Cardiorrhaphy) Procedures Performed?
- What Is a Transradial Heart Catheterization Procedure?
Medications & Supplements
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. hydrochlorothiazide
- Digoxin vs. digitalis
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. thiazide diuretics
- Digoxin vs. metoprolol
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. Demadex (torsemide)
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. Zaroxolyn (metolazone)
- Digoxin vs. amiodarone
- Lasix (furosemide) vs. Edecrin (ethacrynic acid)
- Metolazone vs. thiazide diuretics
- Digoxin vs. dobutamine
- Aldactone (spironolactone) Side Effects, Interactions, and Warnings
- Side Effects of Corlanor (ivabradine)
- ivabradine (Corlanor)
- Effient (prasugrel)
- Betapace (sotalol)
- Verquvo (vericiguat)
Prevention & Wellness
- AI May Not Be Better Than Experts at Reading Medical Scans
- Coronavirus Will Strain Radiology, Chest CT
- Even When Insured, Heart Disease Can Bankrupt Poor Families
- Scans Can Tell How Long Ago a Stroke Occurred
- Many Patients Know Too Little About Their MRI, CT Scans: Study
- Athletic Trainers' Group Advises Heart Tests for Young Athletes