Edema is the swelling of tissues as a result of excess water accumulation. Peripheral edema occurs in the feet and legs. There are two types of edema, non-pitting edema and pitting edema. Causes of pitting edema is caused by systemic diseases (most commonly involving the heart, liver, and kidneys), and medications. Local conditions that cause edema are thrombophlebitis and varicose veins. Edema or swelling of the legs, feet, ankles, and face are common during pregnancy. Idiopathic edema is edema in which the cause is not known. Pitting edema is scored on pitting edema measurement scales. Edema is generally treated with medication.Read more: Edema Article
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Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- furosemide (Lasix)
- Aldactone (spironolactone)
- hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide, Hydrodiuril, Ezide, and Hydro-Par have been discontinued)
- Thiazides (Diuretics)
- Diamox, Diamox Sequels (acetazolamide)
- torsemide (Demadex)
- bumetanide - injection, Bumex
- furosemide - injection
- triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide
- chlorthalidone, Thalitone (Hygroton discontinued brand in USA)
- mannitol (Osmitrol)
- metolazone, Zaroxolyn, Diulo (Discontinued); Mykrox (Discontinued)
- bumetanide, Bumex (discontinued brand)
- indapamide, Lozol (Discontinued)
- amiloride - oral, Midamor
- torsemide - injection, Demadex
Prevention & Wellness
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- Better Diabetes Blood Sugar Management Leads to Fewer Eye Surgeries
- Study Compares Drugs for Diabetes-Linked Eye Disease
- Many With Diabetes Don't Realize Disease Can Harm Vision
- FDA Approves Botox for Crow's Feet
- Climbers With Altitude Sickness Show Signs of Brain Bleeds Years Later
- Heart Failure Drugs Put to the Test
- FDA Gives Nod to First Drug for Diabetic Eye Disease
- Obesity May Raise Odds for Painful Leg Condition
- Zioptan Eyedrops Approved for Glaucoma, Ocular Hypertension
- Anthrax Vaccine Shows Promise in Monkeys
- Lucentis May Treat Diabetes-Related Vision Loss
- Drug Reverses Diabetes-Related Vision Loss