GENERIC NAME: ECHOTHIOPHATE SOLUTION - OPHTHALMIC (eck-oh-THIGH-oh-fate)
BRAND NAME(S): Phospholine Iodide
Medication Uses | How To Use | Side Effects | Precautions | Drug Interactions | Overdose | Notes | Missed Dose | Storage
USES: This medication is used alone or with other medications to treat certain types of glaucoma and other eye conditions (e.g., accommodative esotropia, synechial formation). It is also used to test for certain eye conditions (e.g., accommodative esotropia). It works by causing the pupil to shrink, decreasing the amount of fluid within the eye, and affecting certain eye muscles.
HOW TO USE: Follow all directions supplied by the manufacturer for mixing the eye drops.To apply eye drops, wash your hands first. To avoid contamination, be careful not to touch the dropper to any surface or let it touch your eye.If you are wearing contact lenses, remove them before using eye drops. Wait at least 15 minutes before replacing your contact lenses.Tilt your head back, look upward, and pull down the lower eyelid to make a pouch. Hold the dropper directly over your eye and place one drop into the pouch. Let go of the eyelid and gently close your eyes. Place one finger at the corner of your eye (near the nose) and apply gentle pressure for 1 to 2 minutes. This will prevent the medication from draining out. Try not to blink and do not rub your eye. Repeat these steps for your other eye if so directed or if your dose is for more than 1 drop.Remove extra solution around the eye with a tissue, and wash your hands to remove any medicine that may be on them. Do not rinse the dropper. Replace the dropper cap after each use.If you are using another kind of eye medication (e.g., drops or ointments), wait at least 5 minutes before using the other medication. Use eye drops before ointments to allow the eye drops to enter the eye.The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Do not increase your dose or use more frequently than directed by your doctor. Doing so may increase the risk for serious side effects.
SIDE EFFECTS: Temporary irritation/burning/stinging of the eye, temporary blurred vision, eyelid muscle twitching, poor vision in dim light, headache, or brow ache may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor or pharmacist promptly. (See also Precautions section.)Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: eye pain, flushing, diarrhea, nausea, irregular heartbeat, stomach/abdominal pain or cramps, increased saliva, increased urination, unusual sweating, vision changes.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
PRECAUTIONS: Before using echothiophate, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: asthma, epilepsy, other eye problems (e.g., iritis, uveitis, detached retina), heart disease (e.g., heart failure, recent heart attack), low or high blood pressure, myasthenia gravis, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), Parkinsonism, stomach/intestinal problems (e.g., ulcers, spasms), certain urinary problems (e.g., blockage).After you apply echothiophate, your vision may become temporarily blurred or unstable. Vision in dim light may be affected. Do not drive (especially at night), use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.Avoid exposure to insecticides. Some types of insecticides may increase the risk of certain side effects. If you have contact with insecticides, wear a mask and/or gloves and wash or change clothing frequently. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for more information.Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist that you are using this medication.During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.It is not known if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially: other eye medications, certain drugs for myasthenia gravis (e.g., pyridostigmine, neostigmine), succinylcholine.This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.
OVERDOSE: This medicine may be harmful if swallowed. If swallowing or overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: increased saliva, irregular/slow heartbeat, nausea, diarrhea, increased sweating.
NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., eye exams) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
MISSED DOSE: If you are prescribed this medication on a once- or twice-daily schedule and miss a dose, apply it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.Ask your doctor ahead of time what you should do if you miss a dose while using this medication on another schedule besides a daily one.
STORAGE: Store the unmixed product in the refrigerator at 36-46 degrees F (2-8 degrees C) away from light and moisture. The mixed solution may be stored at room temperature about 77 degrees F (25 degrees C) for up to 4 weeks. Do not freeze. Do not store in the bathroom. Discard the mixed solution if it changes color, becomes cloudy, or develops particles. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Information last revised March 2013. Copyright(c) 2013 First Databank, Inc.
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CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment.