GENERIC NAME: DIPHTHERIA/TETANUS/PERTUSSIS/HAEMOPHILUS VACCINE - INJECTION (dip-THEER-ee-uh/TET-un-us/per-TUSS-iss/hee-MOF-ill-us vack-SEEN)
BRAND NAME(S): Tetramune
HOW TO USE: This medication is given by injection by a health care professional. It is usually given in the upper arm or in the upper thigh. It is routinely administered at 2, 4, 6 and 15 or 18 months of age as indicated in the recommended immunization schedule for infants and children.
SIDE EFFECTS: Most common is redness, warmth, swelling or pain at the injection site beginning within 3 days. For several weeks, it may be possible to feel a firm, hard spot at the injection site. Mild fever, irritability, sleepiness, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, cold symptoms or weakness may last 1-7 days. If any of these effects continue or become bothersome, inform your child's doctor. Notify your child's doctor if any of the following occur: high fever, persistent inconsolable crying beginning within 48 hours of the vaccination and lasting longer than 3 hours, seizure, unresponsiveness, breathing trouble. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
PRECAUTIONS: Tell your child's doctor if your child has: any illness, infections, blood disorders, seizure disorders, allergies. This vaccination should not be used in children who have had a previous reaction to pertussis vaccine or who have recovered from pertussis illness. This vaccine should not be administered to adults or to children 7 years of age or older.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Tell the doctor of any over-the-counter or prescription medication your child may take including: steroids, anticancer medications, immunosuppressants, blood thinners. Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly.
NOTES: There are various combinations of vaccines available. Based on previous reactions to vaccines, your child's health care professional will determine the most appropriate one to give. Inform your child's doctor if your child has had any previous reactions to any vaccines. Discuss the risks and benefits of vaccination with your child's health care provider.
MISSED DOSE: It is important your child receive each vaccination as scheduled. Be sure to make a note of when your child received their last vaccination for their medical record.
STORAGE: This medication is stored in the refrigerator as directed.
Related Disease Conditions
Tetanus is an often-fatal disease caused by nerve toxins produced by the common bacteria Clostridium tetani. In a 7-day period after infection, a person experiences muscle spasms, restlessness, headache, irritability, then lockjaw, and the lungs stop functioning. Tetanus is treatable with antibiotics and drainage. Sedation is often give to stop muscle spasms.
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. There are an estimated 300,000 plus deaths annually from whooping cough (pertussis). Whooping cough commonly affects infants and young children but can be prevented with immunization with the vaccine. First stage whooping cough symptoms are a runny nose, sneezing, low-grade fever, a mild cough with the cough gradually becoming more severe. After one to two weeks, the second stage of whooping cough begins.
Is Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Contagious?
Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by Bordetella pertussis. Whooping cough symptoms include severe coughing fits and whooping sound produced during inhalation. The bacteria spreads via airborne droplets produced during sneezing or coughing. There is a whooping cough vaccine that is typically administered during childhood vaccinations.
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