Diet and Nutrition Quiz: Plans & Facts

Read the Nutrition & Healthy Eating Article Diet & Nutrition FAQs
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According to the USDA, there is no difference between a "portion" and a "serving."

A "portion" is how much food you choose to eat at one time, whether in a restaurant, from a package, or in your own kitchen. Versus a portion, a "serving" size is the amount of food listed on a product's Nutrition Facts. Sometimes, the portion size and serving size match; sometimes they do not.

Keep in mind that the serving size on the Nutrition Facts is not a recommended amount of food to eat. It is a quick way of letting you know the calories and nutrients in a certain amount of food.

True False

______________ should be about the size of a baseball.

A serving of broccoli should be about the size of a baseball, which is equivalent to about one cup.

As for ice cream, according to MyPyramid.gov, one serving of ice cream should be no larger than the approximate size of a light bulb, which evens out to about a one-half cup sweet treat.

A Serving of Broccoli A Serving of Ice Cream

From which foods can we get carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates are called "simple" or "complex," depending on how fast your body digests and absorbs the sugar. You get simple carbohydrates from fruits, milk products, and table sugar. Complex carbohydrates include whole grain breads and cereals, starchy vegetables, and legumes. Complex carbohydrates and some simple carbohydrates provide vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Products made with refined sugar provide little nutrition. It is wise to limit these products.

Milk products and fruits Whole grain breads and cereals Table sugar, starchy vegetables, and legumes All of the above

Which has more calories?

A 4-inch regular toaster waffle with syrup has 129 calories.

A 4-ounce plain bagel with cream cheese has 91 calories.

A Plain Bagel with Cream Cheese A Toaster Waffle with Syrup

Which of the following is NOT true about water?

There is no evidence to show that drinking 10-12 glasses of water is necessary. Generally, nutritionists recommend we follow the "8x8" rule, which is to drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day.

Drinking more water does indeed boost metabolism - especially if your glass is icy cold. Your body must work to warm the water up, burning a few extra calories in the process.

As for other benefits of water, 85% of your brain tissue is water, which means that if you're dehydrated, both your body and your mind will be stressed.

Drinking water boosts metabolism 85% of human brain tissue is water A good rule of thumb is to drink 10-12 glasses of water per day Water reduces kidney stones

According to the USDA's famous Food Pyramid, we need 2-3 servings of which food group every day?

The USDA's famous Food Pyramid confirms that we need 2-3 daily servings from the milk, yogurt, and cheese group; 2-3 daily servings from the meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts group; 3-5 daily servings of vegetables; 2-4 servings from the fruit class; 6-11 daily servings from the bread, cereal, rice, and pasta category, and to use fats, oils, and sweets very sparingly.

Milk, cheese, and yogurt products Vegetables Cereal, bread, rice, or pasta A & B only

One serving of peanut butter is about the size of:

One serving of peanut butter is equivalent to two tablespoons, which, together are about the size of a ping pong ball.

A Ping Pong Ball A Pack of Gum

Diet is a major contributor to overweight and obesity. How many U.S. adults would you guess are overweight or obese?

More than two-thirds (68%) of all U.S. adults are overweight or obese.

This breaks down to 64.1% of U.S. women and 72.3% of U.S. men.

Nearly 50% of all U.S. adults are overweight or obese Nearly 60% of all U.S. adults are overweight or obese Nearly 70% of all U.S. adults are overweight or obese Nearly 80% of all U.S. adults are overweight or obese

A serving of which of the two foods below should be the size of a checkbook?

While MyPyramid.gov states that a serving of chicken breast should be about the size of a deck of cards, ideally, a burrito should be no larger than the size of a checkbook.

Bear in mind: Of all the varieties of burritos, a simple beef burrito or a simple bean burrito has the least amount of guilt at 297 calories (beef burrito) and 295 (bean burrito).

A Chicken Breast A Burrito

People with a body mass index (BMI) value of ________ or more are considered obese.

BMI values between 18.5 and 24.9 are considered to be a "normal" or "healthy" weight. BMI values between 25 and 29.9 are considered "overweight," while BMI values of 30 and above are considered "obese." BMIs above 25 are unhealthy and have been shown to increase the risk of certain chronic diseases. BMIs under 18.5 are considered "underweight."

20 25 29 30

According to the USDA, which of the following foods fall into the "grain" category?

Food made from wheat, rice, oats, corn, or another cereal is a grain product. Bread, pasta, oatmeal, cornflakes, and grits may not seem like it, but they are all grain products.

Beans, on the other hand, fall into the protein category, alongside meats.

Beans Pastas

Think of an ordinary computer mouse. Which food listed below should be about the same size as the mouse?

When choosing baked or sweet potatoes, be sure to choose a medium–sized potato.

A potato that is medium in size should be about the same size as an ordinary computer mouse.

As for a serving of olives, or anything high in fat, think in terms of a golf ball.

A Baked or Sweet Potato A Serving of Olives

To keep your diet in check, a correct-sized portion of ___________ should be near the size of a package of dental floss:

According to MyPyramid.gov, an ounce of chocolate should be about the size as a package of dental floss.

To best keep your diet in check, always be sure to use butter, margarine, and other oils very sparingly, and be sure to keep in mind that one tablespoon of fats and oils is about the same size as a poker chip.

Chocolate Butter

Three ounces of cooked, lean beef is nearly equivalent to the size of:

Beef''s bundle of nutrients is beneficial for growing, developing and maintaining overall health through all life''s stages.

With only 154 calories, one 3-ounce serving of lean beef (about the size of a deck of playing cards) contributes less than 10 percent of the calories, in a 2,000-calorie diet.

A Folded Dinner Napkin A Deck of Playing Cards

Most Americans consume the greatest amount of calcium from __________________?

While calcium is derived from various sources in the U.S. food supply, more than one-quarter (27%) of Americans get their calcium from cheese sources.

Whole Milk Cheese

Sources: Sources

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