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- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Quiz
- What is dicyclomine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for dicyclomine?
- Is dicyclomine available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for dicyclomine?
- What are the side effects of dicyclomine?
- What is the dosage for dicyclomine?
- Is dicyclomine safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about dicyclomine?
What is dicyclomine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Dicyclomine is a drug that is used for treating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Dicyclomine is in a class of drugs called anticholinergics. Anticholinergic drugs block the effects of acetylcholine, the chemical transmitter that nerves release in order to cause muscles to contract. They prevent contraction of muscles by blocking the acetylcholine receptors on the muscle cells. Anticholinergic drugs also have a direct relaxing effect on muscle. Dicyclomine is used to reduce contraction of the muscles in the intestines. Dicyclomine was approved by the FDA in 1950.
What are the side effects of dicyclomine?
Common side effects include:
- dry mouth,
- blurred vision,
- increased heart rate,
- heart palpitations,
- difficulty urinating, and
Other important side effects include:
What is the dosage for dicyclomine?
The recommended starting oral dose of dicyclomine is 20 mg given 4 times daily. The dose can be increased to 40 mg 4 times daily. The recommended intramuscular injection is 10 to 20 mg 4 times daily. The intramuscular injection is only used for 1 to 2 days if a patient cannot take capsules or tablets.
Is dicyclomine safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies of the effect of dicyclomine in pregnant women at recommended doses (80-160 mg/day). Observation of women who received dicyclomine (up to 40 mg/day) containing products during the first trimester of pregnancy did not reveal any increased risk of harm to the fetus.
Dicyclomine is excreted into breast milk. Since there have been reports of apnea (cessation of breathing) when dicyclomine has been given to children, it should not be used by nursing mothers.
What else should I know about dicyclomine?
What preparations of dicyclomine are available?
Capsules: 10 mg. Tablets: 20 mg. Syrup: 10 mg/5 mL. Injection (Intramuscular): 10 mg/ mL
How should I keep dicyclomine stored?
Capsules, tablets, and injection should be stored at room temperature, between 15 C to 30 C (59 F to 86 F). Injection should be protected from freezing.
Dicyclomine (Bentyl) is a drug prescribed for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
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