Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal urgency. Causes of diarrhea include viral, bacterial, or parasite infection, gastroenteritis, food poisoning, and drugs. Absorbents and anti-motility medications are used to treat diarrhea. Read more: Diarrhea (Causes, Medicine, Remedies, Treatment) Article
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Bacterial Infections 101: Types, Symptoms, and Treatments
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What's Causing Your Abdominal Pain?
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Digestive Disorders: What Your Poop Type and Color Mean
The different shapes and colors of your stool can tell you something about your health.
IBS - Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Symptoms, Diet, Treatment
What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)? Learn about symptoms, causes, and foods that trigger IBS. Get lifestyle tips for managing...
Worst Foods for Digestion
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Celiac Disease Quiz: What Is Celiac Disease?
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Stomach Pain Quiz: Nausea & Other Causes
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Celiac Disease: Symptoms, Gluten in Foods, Gluten Allergy Tests, and More
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Dehydration: Causes, Symptoms & Tips to Stay Hydrated
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Related Disease Conditions
Stool Color, Changes in Color, Texture, and Form
Stool color changes can very from green, red, maroon, yellow, white, or black. Causes of changes of stool color can range from foods a person eats, medication, diseases or conditions, pregnancy, cancer, or tumors. Stool can also have texture changes such as greasy or floating stools. Stool that has a uncharacteristically foul odor may be caused by infections such as giardiasis or medical conditions.
Labor Symptoms (Early Signs)
Every woman's experience with labor and delivery is unique for each woman, and thus "Normal" labor varies from woman to woman. Some of the common signs and symptoms of normal labor include the "baby dropping," increase urination, back pain, contractions, and diarrhea.
How to Stop Anal Itching
Anal itching is the irritation of the skin at the exit of the rectum, known as the anus, accompanied by the desire to scratch. Causes include everything from irritating foods we eat, to certain diseases, and infections. Treatment options include over-the-counter medications, using moist pads, and gentle cleaning and drying of the anus.
15 Foods That Cause Constipation
Constipation or the decrease in frequency and/or difficulty in passing stools (bowel movements) can be caused by a variety problems. Check out these top 15 foods to avoid because they cause constipation. Some foods to avoid include, white rice and breads, caffeine, bananas, alcohol, processed foods, and frozen dinners.
Colitis refers to inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. Symptoms of the inflammation of the colon lining include diarrhea, pain, and blood in the stool. There are several causes of colitis, including infection, ischemia of the colon, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, infectious colitis like C. difficile, or microscopic colitis). Treatment depends on the cause of the colitis.
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URTI)
An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx. Common causes of an upper respiratory infection include bacteria and viruses such as rhinoviruses, group A streptococci, influenza, respiratory syncytial, whooping cough, diphtheria, and Epstein-Barr. Examples of symptoms of upper respiratory infection include sneezing, sore throat, cough, fever, and nasal congestion. Treatment of upper respiratory infections are based upon the cause. Generally, viral infections are treated symptomatically with over-the-counter (OTC) medication and home remedies.
Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment)
Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food poisoning, GERD, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), ovarian cysts, abdominal adhesions, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, gallbladder disease, liver disease, and cancers. Signs and symptoms of the more serious causes include dehydration, bloody or black tarry stools, severe abdominal pain, pain with no urination or painful urination. Treatment for abdominal pain depends upon the cause.
An ulcerative colitis diet plan can help a person with the disease avoid foods and drinks that trigger flares. There also are foods that can soothe ulcerative colitis symptoms during a flare. Types of ulcerative colitis plans include a high-calorie diet, a lactose-free diet, a low-fat diet, a low-fiber diet (low-residue diet), or a low-salt diet. Self-management of ulcerative colitis using healthy lifestyle habits and a nutrient rich diet can be effective in management of the disease. Learn what foods to avoid that aggravate, and what foods help symptoms of the disease and increase bowel inflammation.
Diverticulitis (Diverticulosis, Diverticular Disease)
Most people with diverticulosis have few if any symptoms at all. When people do experience signs and symptoms of diverticulosis (diverticular disease) they may include abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, constipation, and bloating. Diverticulitis is a condition in which diverticuli in the colon rupture. The rupture results in infection in the tissues that surround the colon. Treatment methods for diverticulitis includes prescription medications, and in some cases, diverticulitis surgery.
Typhoid fever is an illness caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. The illness is contracted by ingesting the bacteria in contaminated water or food. Symptoms include headaches, fever, diarrhea, lethargy, aches and pains, and poor appetite. Treatment focuses on killing the Salmonella bacteria with antibiotics.
Teething in babies typically starts between 4 and 10 months of age. Symptoms and signs of cutting teeth include rash, drooling, decreased sleeping, fussiness, bringing the hands to the mouth, and rubbing the cheek or ear. Acetaminophen and ibuprofen may be used to treat teething pain.
Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence)
Gas (intestinal gas) means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching, burping, or farting (flatulence). Bloating or abdominal distension is a subjective feeling that the stomach is larger or fuller than normal. Belching or burping occurs when gas is expelled from the stomach out through the mouth. Flatulence or farting occurs when intestinal gas is passed from the anus. Causes of belching or burping include drinking too rapidly, anxiety, carbonated drinks, habit, and swallowing air. Learn about causes of intestinal gas, foods that cause gas and bloating, treatments that reduce excessive gas and soothe gas pain, and much more.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a GI (gastrointestinal) disorder with signs and symptoms that include abdominal pain, bloating, increased gas (flatulence), abdominal cramping, diarrhea, constipation, and food intolerance.Two new tests are now available that may help diagnose irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea and constipation (IBS-M) irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D), and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). Treatment for IBS includes diet changes, medications, and other lifestyle changes to manage symptoms.
Roseola is a viral illness that most commonly affects young children. Symptoms and signs include a sudden high fever that lasts for three to five days, swollen neck glands, runny nose, puffy eyelids, diarrhea, irritability, and a bulging soft spot on the head.
Jet lag (desynchonosis) is a temporary disorder that results from travel across time zones. Symptoms include anxiety, constipation, headache, nausea, dehydration, diarrhea, confusion, sweating, irritability, and even memory loss.
Food poisoning is common, but can also be life threatening. The symptoms for food poisoning are fever, abdominal pain, headache, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. Food poisoning has many causes, for example, chemicals (from toxic fish or plants) and bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus or Salmonella). Treatment of food poisoning depends upon the cause.
The Digestion Process (Parts, Organs, and Functions)
Digestion is the complex process of turning the food you eat into the energy you need to survive. The digestive process also involves creating waste to be eliminated, and is made of a series of muscles that coordinate the movement of food. Learn more about digestion and the body parts that make it possible, including the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, anus, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.
IBS Triggers (Prevention)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disease that can affect the quality of those who suffer from this condition. People with IBS can make lifestyle changes that may modify or control the number and severity of episodes. Certain foods, medications, and hormone levels may trigger IBS episodes, for example fatty foods, dairy products, eating foods in large quantities, foods that contain high levels of sorbitol, foods that produce intestinal gas (broccoli, onions, cabbage, and beans), chocolate, caffeine, physiological stress, some antibiotics, some antidepressants, medicine with sorbitol, and menstrual pain. Exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes can decrease IBS flares, and prevent the number and severity of IBS episodes of diarrhea and constipation.
E. coli (0157:H7) Infection
There are many types of E. coli (Escherichia coli). E. coli can cause urinary tract and bladder infections, or lead to sepsis. E coli O157:H7 (EHEC) causes bloody diarrhea and colitis. Complications of E. coli infection include hemorrhagic diarrhea, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Symptoms include severe abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea. E coli O157:H7 commonly is due to eating raw or undercooked hamburger or raw milk or dairy products.
Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach Pain)
Indigestion (dyspepsia) can be caused by diseases or conditions that involve the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and also by some diseases and conditions that do not involve the GI tract. Indigestion can be a chronic condition in which the symptoms fluctuate in frequency and intensity. Signs and symptoms that accompany indigestion include pain in the chest, upper abdominal pain, belching, nausea, bloating, abdominal distention, feeling full after eating only a small portion of food, and rarely, vomiting.
Is C. diff (Clostridium difficile) Contagious?
C. diff, or Clostridium difficile, is a bacteria that infects the colon. C. diff bacteria can be found on furniture, bathroom floors, telephones, fingernails, jewelry, toilet seats, and other places.Symptoms of C. diff infection are fever, abdominal pain, and cramps; however, not all people infected with C. diff have symptoms. Treatments for C. diff are antibiotics and surgery in some cases.
Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis) Symptoms, Signs Treatment Remedies, Diet
Stomach flu (gastroenteritis) is a term referred used to describe a variety of gastrointestinal problems. The most common signs and symptoms of gastroenteritis are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. The most common cause of gastroenteritis in the United States is Norovirus. Other causes of gastroenteritis include Rotavirus, Astrovirus, Adenovirus, and Sapovirus. There are bacterial causes of gastroenteritis such as Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter Aeromonas, E. coli, Clostridium, Vibrio, Campylobacter, and Yersinia spp. Parasites that cause gastroenteritis include Giardia, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, and Entamoeba. Treatment for gastroenteritis is generally home remedies such as keeping hydrated to prevent dehydration. At times, hospitalization may be necessary if dehydration occurs.
Colon cancer (bowel cancer) is a malignancy that arises from the inner lining of the colon. Most, if not all, of these cancers develop from colonic polyps. Removal of these precancerous polyps can prevent colon cancer.
Amebiasis (Entamoeba Histolytica Infection)
Amebiasis is an infection caused by an amoeba. Signs and symptoms include bloody stools, abdominal pain, weight loss, fever, and gas. Treatment may involve taking luminal agents or antibiotics. Surgery may be indicated for various reasons.
Hyponatremia (Low Blood Sodium)
Hyponatremia is a condition in which the levels of sodium in the blood is too low. Some of the symptoms of hyponatremia include headaches, muscle cramps or spasm, seizures, weakness, restlessness, and confusion. Hyponatremia can occur from excess fluid in the body, or a loss of sodium in body fluid. Causes of low levels of sodium in the blood include chronic diseases like kidney or congestive heart failure, adrenal gland problems, hypothyroidism, and liver cirrhosis, and some medications. Diet and other lifestyle changes in addition to treatment with electrolyte replacement with an IV. Other treatments for hyponatremia depend upon the cause.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a virus that is spread from person to person via spit, semen, vaginal secretions, urine, blood, sexual contact, breastfeeding, blood transfusions, organ transplants, and breast milk. Symptoms of CMV include fatigue, swollen glands, fever, and sore throat. You can take precautions to prevent CMV such as washing hands frequently and thoroughly and using condoms. If you work in a day care center, wash your hands thoroughly after contact with body secretions, and avoid oral contact with objects covered in saliva. Individuals with HIV infection are at most risk of contracting CMV.
Salmonella infection (salmonellosis) is typically caused by the consumption of contaminated foods. Symptoms of salmonellosis include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Salmonellosis typically resolves on its own in four to seven days. It's important to increase one's fluid intake to compensate for the fluid lost by vomiting and/or diarrhea.
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease, primarily involving the small and large intestine, but which can affect other parts of the digestive system as well. Abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and weight loss are common symptoms.
Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged vigorous exercise, and some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of dehydration include headache, lightheadedness, constipation, and bad breath. Treatment for dehydration is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
Malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria symptoms include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and body aches. Treatment involves supportive care and antibiotics.
Trichinosis Worm Infection
Trichinosis is a food-borne disease caused by ingesting parasites (roundworms) in undercooked pork or wild-game meat. Symptoms of trichinosis include diarrhea, nausea, muscle aches, itching, fever, chills, and joint pains.Trichinosis usually resolves without treatment, but more severe cases are treated with thiabendazole (Mintezol), albendazole (Abenza), or mebendazole (Vermox).
Amyloidosis is a group of diseases resulting from abnormal deposition of certain proteins (amyloids) in various bodily areas. The amyloid proteins may either be deposited in one particular area of the body (localized amyloidosis) or they may be deposited throughout the body (systemic amyloidosis). There are three types of systemic amyloidosis: primary (AL), secondary (AA), and familial (ATTR). Primary amyloidosis is not associated with any other diseases and is considered a disease entity of its own. Secondary amyloidosis occurs as a result of another illness. Familial Mediterranean Fever is a form of familial (inherited) amyloidosis. Amyloidosis treatment involves treating the underlying illness and correcting organ failure.
IBS-D (Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea)
IBS-D or irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea refers to IBS with diarrhea. Symptoms of IBS-D include intestinal gas (flatulence), loose stools, frequent stools, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and nausea. New non-FDA approved IBS tests may help diagnose IBS and IBS-D. Treatment of IBS-D is geared to toward managing symptoms with diet, medication, and lifestyle changes.
Cholera is an infectious disease characterized by intense vomiting and profuse watery diarrhea and that rapidly lease to dehydration and often death. Cholera is caused by infection with the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, which may be transmitted via infected fecal matter, food, or water.
IBS vs. IBD: Differences and Similarities
IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) and IBD (inflammatory bowel disease) are both problems with the digestive tract (gastrointestinal or GI tract), but they are not the same disease. IBS is a functional disorder (a problem with the way the GI tract functions), and IBD is a disease that causes chronic prolonged inflammation of the GI tract, that can lead to ulcers and other problems that may require surgery. The most common forms of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, or UC. Researchers do not know the exact cause of either disease, but they believe that IBS may be caused and triggered by a variety of factors (foods, stress, and the nervous system of the GI tract), while IBD may be genetic or due a problem with the immune system.Common symptoms of both diseases are an urgent need to have a bowel movement, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain and cramping. There are differences between the signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease, for example, symptoms unique to IBD are: Fever Joint pain or soreness Skin changes Rectal bleeding Anemia Eye redness or pain Unintentional weight loss Feeling tired Symptoms unique to irritable bowel syndrome include: Sexual problems Fibromyalgia Abdominal bloating Whitish mucous in the stool Changes in bowel movements and in the way stools look An urgent need to urinate Urinating frequently Treatment for IBS is with diet recommendations from a doctor or nutritionist, medication, and lifestyle changes like stress management and avoiding foods that trigger the condition. Treatments for IBD depend upon the type of disease, its symptoms, and health of the patient. Surgery may be necessary for some individuals.REFERENCES: Brown, AC, et al. "Existing Dietary Guidelines for Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis." Medscape. Lehrer, J. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome." Medscape. Updated: Apr 04, 2017. Rowe, W. "Inflammatory Bowel Disease." Medscape. Updated: Jun 17, 2016. Romanowski, A, MS, RD. "Matching the Right Diet to the Right Patient." Medscape. Jan 27, 2017.
Gallstones (Pain, Symptoms, Causes, Diet, and Treatment)
Gallstones are stones that form when substances in the bile harden. Gallstones (formed in the gallbladder) can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. There can be just one large stone, hundreds of tiny stones, or any combination. The majority of gallstones do not cause signs or symptoms; however, when they do occur the primary sign is biliary colic. Symptoms of biliary colic are constant pain for 15 minutes to 4-5 hours, and it may vary in intensity; nausea, severe pain that does not worsen with movement; and pain beneath the sternum. Treatment of gallstones depends upon the patient and the clinical situation.
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the colon. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. Ulcerative colitis is closely related to Crohn's disease, and together they are referred to as inflammatory bowel disease. Treatment depends upon the type of ulcerative colitis diagnosed.
SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth)
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) refers to a condition in which abnormally large numbers of bacteria (at least 100,000 bacteria per ml of fluid) are present in the small intestine, but they are more like the bacteria that are found in the colon. There are many conditions associated with SIBO, including: Diabetes Scleroderma Crohn's disease Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) It has been theorized that SIBO may be responsible for the symptoms of at least some patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Symptoms of SIBO include: Excess gas Abdominal bloating Abdominal pain Treatment for SIBO can include: Antibiotics Probiotics Low FODMAP Diet
Group A streptococcal infections are caused by group A streptococcus, a bacteria that causes a variety of health problems, including strep throat, impetigo, cellulitis, erysipelas, and scarlet fever. There are more than 10 million group A strep infections each year.
Clostridium Difficile Colitis (Antibiotic-Associated Colitis, C. difficile colitis)
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium, and is one of the most common causes of infection of the colon. C. difficile spores are found frequently in hospitals, nursing homes, extended care facilities, and nurseries for newborn infants. They can be found: on bedpans, furniture, toilet seats, linens, telephones, stethoscopes, fingernails, rings, floors, infants' rooms, and diaper pails. They even can be carried by pets. Antibiotic-associated (C. difficile) colitis is an infection of the colon caused by C. difficile that occurs primarily among individuals who have been using antibiotics. Treatment for C. difficile colitis includes: hydration, replenishment of electrolyte deficiencies, discontinuing the antibiotic that caused the colitis, and using antibiotics to eradicate the C. difficile bacterium.
Crohn's Disease vs. Ulcerative Colitis (UC)
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are diseases that cause inflammation of part of or the entire digestive tract (GI). Crohn's affects the entire GI tract (from the mouth to the anus), while ulcerative colitis or UC only affects the large and small intestine and ilium. Researchers do not know the exact cause of either disease. About 20% of people with Crohn's disease also have a family member with the disease. Researchers believe that certain factors may play a role in causing UC. Both Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are a type of inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis both have similar symptoms and signs, for example, nausea, loss of appetite, fatigue, weight loss, episodic and/or persistent diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain and cramping, rectal bleeding, bloody stools, joint pain and soreness, eye redness, or pain. Symptoms unique to Crohn’s disease include anemia and skin changes. Symptoms of unique to ulcerative colitis include, certain rashes, an urgency to defecate (have a bowel movement). Doctors diagnose both diseases with similar tests and procedures. While there is no cure for either disease, doctors and other health care professionals can help you treat disease flares, and manage your Crohn's or UC with medication, diet, nutritional supplements, and/or surgery.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a disease transmitted by rodents. Symptoms include fever and muscle pain. HPS can be prevented by sealing up rodent entry holes, trapping rats and mice with an appropriate snap trap, and cleaning up rodent food sources.
Giardiasis (Giardia lamblia) is a parasite responsible for a common form of infectious diarrhea. The parasite lives in two stages: trophozoites and cysts. People at risk for giardiasis are those that live in areas where there is inadequate sanitation or treatment of drinking water. Giardiasis also is a common cause of outbreaks of diarrhea in day-care centers. Symptoms of giardiasis include abdominal pain, stomach cramping, bloating, nausea, and fatigue. Treatment for giardiasis is with antibiotic medication.
Novel H1N1 influenza A virus infection (swine flu) is an infection that generally is transferred from an infected pig to a human, however there have been reported cases where infection has occured with no contact with infected pigs. Symptoms of swine flu are "flu-like" and include fever, cough, and sore throat. Treatment is generally with the antibiotics oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza).
Bladder Infection (Cystitis)
Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including females, the elderly, men with enlarged prostates, and those with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for bladder infection. Bladder infections are treated with antibiotics, but cranberry products and adequate hydration may help prevent bladder infections.
Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever)
Ebola hemorrhagic fever (HF) is an often-fatal disease that causes fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sore throat, stomach pain, rash, and red eyes. There is no standard treatment for Ebola HF.
Is E. coli Contagious? (Symptoms and Cure)
E. coli is an infection found worldwide. There are several subtypes of the E. coli species. E. coli spreads from person to person via contaminated food or water. Symptoms and signs of E. coli infection include diarrhea, stomach cramps, and sometimes fever. Antibiotics treat E. coli infection.
Lactose intolerance is a common problem where a person's digestive system cannot digest lactose. Signs and symptoms include: Diarrhea Gas Abdominal pain Abdominal bloating Abdominal distention (swelling) Nausea There are several tests to diagnose lactose intolerance. Treatment is generally made with dietary changes, supplements, and adaptation to small amounts of milk.
Schistosomiasis (snail fever), a disease caused by parasites, causes a variety of symptoms and signs, such as cough, rash and bloody diarrhea. Praziquantel is used in the treatment of schistosomiasis.
Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis or Kissing Bug Disease)
Chagas disease is an infection caused by the T. cruzi parasite. Symptoms of Chagas disease include rash, swollen lymph nodes, fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and the Romaña sign. An ELISA test is used to diagnose Chagas disease. Treatment depends upon the phase of the disease and the patient's age.
Typhus is a disease caused by Rickettsia bacteria. Symptoms and signs include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and rash. Antibiotics are recommended as the treatment for endemic and epidemic typhus infections.
Celiac disease is a condition in which a person has inflammation of the small intestinal mucosa when exposed to gluten in the diet. Symptoms of celiac disease include bloating, nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort. Treatment is a gluten free diet. Some individuals may have refractory celiac disease in which they do not respond to a gluten free diet.
Adenovirus 14 (Killer Cold Virus)
Adenovirus infection, particularly Ad14, or the "killer cold virus" has been on the increase in the past two years. Symptoms range from those experienced with colds, sore throat, bronchitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, pinkeye, fever, bladder infection, and neurological conditions. Diagnosis and treatment options need to be discussed with your physician.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes HIV infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Symptoms and signs of HIV infection include fatigue, enlarged lymph glands, and recurrent vaginal yeast infections. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the standard treatment for HIV infection.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (Intestinal Problems of IBD)
The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). The intestinal complications of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis differ because of the characteristically dissimilar behaviors of the intestinal inflammation in these two diseases.
Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD)
Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a condition that happens when immune cells from transplanted donor tissue attack the recipient's tissues. Signs and symptoms of acute GVHD include enteritis, hepatitis, and dermatitis. Chronic GVHD symptoms and signs include rash, skin discoloration, dry mouth or eyes, jaundice, fatigue, and wheezing, among others. The standard of GVHD treatment is immunosuppressant medications.
Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among infants and children throughout the world. Almost all children have become infected with rotavirus by their third birthday. Repeat infections with different viral strains are possible, and most children have several episodes of rotavirus infection in the first years of life. Children between the ages of six and 24 months are at greatest risk for developing severe disease from rotavirus infection. Rotavirus symptoms include: fever, vomiting, watery diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Rotavirus infection can be associated with severe dehydration in infants and children.
Microscopic Colitis (Lymphocytic Colitis and Collagenous Colitis)
Microscopic colitis (lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis) is a disease of inflammation of the colon. Microscopic colitis is only visible when the colon's lining is examined under a microscope. The cause of microscopic colitis is not known. Symptoms of microscopic colitis are chronic watery diarrhea and abdominal pain or cramps. Microscopic colitis is diagnosed through biopsies of several areas of the colon. There is no standardized treatment for microscopic colitis; however, eliminating NSAIDs, and treatment medications such as Imodium, Lomotil, Petpo-Bismol, Entocort EC, and mesalamine (Asacol) have been helpful in some individuals.
Stomach Flu vs. Food Poisoning
The stomach flu (viral gastroenteritis) and food poisoning are not the same infections. However, they do have a few similar symptoms, for example: Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Fever Abdominal (stomach) pain and cramping. Symptoms and signs of food poisoning show up earlier (2 hours up to a couple of days) in comparison to the stomach flu in which symptoms may take 4 hours up to 48 hours (2 days) before symptoms begin. Medical treatment for the stomach flu and food poisoning generally is not necessary. A bland diet, drinking plenty of fluids, and rest may be the only treatment necessary.
Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, fatigue, and muscle aches. The flu may be prevented with an annual influenza vaccination.
Norovirus infection causes stomach flu, or gastroenteritis. It's a very contagious illness with symptoms that include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, fever, headache, chills, and muscle aches. Norovirus infection cannot be treated with antibiotics, so treatment focuses on maintaining proper hydration.
Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Treatment focuses on symptom relief. The disease can be prevented with the measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox (varicella) vaccine (MMRV).
Cryptosporidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by the Cryptosporidium parasite. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea and vomiting, fever, weight loss, dehydration, and weight loss. Antibiotics are used in the treatment of cyptosporidiosis.
Is Colitis Contagious?
Colitis is a term that us used to describe inflammation of the colon. The terms enteritis, proctitis, and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) now include colitis. Colitis has many different causes. Some types of colitis are contagious and some are not contagious. Symptoms of colitis include diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, cramping, pain, and blood in the stools. Treatment for colitis depends on the cause and type of colitis.
Bowel Incontinence (Fecal Incontinence)
Bowel or fecal incontinence refers to the loss of voluntary control of stool, or bowel movements. The condition can include partial incontinence, in which a person loses only a small amount of liquid waste, to complete incontinence, in which the entire bowel movement cannot be controlled. Diet changes and elimination of certain medications can help patients to regain bowel control. Treatment involves a combination of medication, biofeedback, and exercise.
Travelers' diarrhea is generally contracted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Food is the primary source of travelers' diarrhea. Enterotoxigenic E. coli is the cause of up to 70% of all cases of travelers' diarrhea. There are five unique classes of E. coli that causes gastroenteritis. Other bacteria responsible for travelers' diarrhea include Campylobacter, jejuni, shigella, and salmonella. Viruses such as rotavirus and Norwalk virus (norovirus) and giardia lamblia a parasite may cause travelers' diarrhea. Prevention is careful eating and drinking of water.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Children (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in children is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with signs and symptoms of: Abdominal pain Bloating Diarrhea Constipation The cause of IBS is unknown, however, certain foods, stress, anxiety, and depression may contribute to the symptoms of IBS. There is no cure for IBS in children; however, medications, dietary changes, and stress management may relieve symptoms.
Are You Too Sick to Work?
When you're not feeling well, it may be difficult to decide whether to stay home or go to school or work. Conditions that are very painful may prevent you from working effectively. Anyone with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, or dizziness should stay home.
Shigellosis is a disease caused by the Shigella bacteria. Bloody diarrhea, stomach cramps, and fever are common symptoms. Mild infections usually resolve on their own. Antibiotics are used to treat more severe cases.
Cold Agglutinin Disease
Cold agglutinin hemolytic anemia or cold agglutinin hemolytic disease, is rare disorder of the autoimmune system. There are two types of cold agglutinin disease, primary and secondary. Characteristics, symptoms, and signs of in cold agglutinin disease are premature destruction of red blood cells in the body’s natural defense antibodies. The lifespan of red blood cells is approximately 120 before the spleen destroys the antibodies. In cold agglutinin disease, the severity of the condition is determined by how long it takes for the red blood cells to survive, and at the rate that the bone marrow continues to produce more red cells. Immune hemolytic anemias are classified by the optimal temperature when the antibodies try to destroy red blood cells. Cold agglutinin anemia occurs at temperatures between 10 C (50 F) and 37 C (F 98.6) or above while the body warms antibody hemolytic anemia. Usually, cold agglutinin anemia becomes apparent between the ages of 50 to 60. Other symptoms of the disease include fatigue, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), fingers and/or toes are cold and sweat, an uneven bluish or reddish discoloration of the toes, ankles, and wrists (Raynaud's syndrome), and fingers. Usually, cold agglutinin anemia affects people that are older. The disease is diagnosed by a physical exam, and the Coomb's test. If the red blood cells destruction seem to be slowing on its own, treatment therapies, usually, isn’t needed. Other treatments for cold agglutinin anemia are corticosteroids, and splenectomy (removal of the spleen). There is no cure for cold agglutinin disease.
Vibrio Infection (Vibriosis)
Vibrio bacteria thrive in warm coastal waters and cause illness when people eat undercooked shellfish or when brackish or saltwater comes in contact with an open wound. Treatment involves drinking plenty of liquid.
The bacteria Capnocytophaga canimorsus is common in the mouths of cats, people, and dogs. People with weak immune systems are at risk for contracting Capnocytophaga infections. Antibiotics can kill this bacteria.
Microsporidiosis is an infection caused by the microsporidia parasite. The disease is uncommon in people with normal immune systems. Symptoms in people with immune deficiency include diarrhea, malabsorption, gallbladder disease, cough, labored breathing, urinary tract infection, bowel perforation and keratoconjunctivitis. Microsporidiosis treatment depends on the site of infection and the species of microsporidia involved.
Marburg Virus Disease
Marburg virus disease is a zoonotic infection that produces symptoms such as chills, headaches, fever, and muscle aches. The treatment for Marburg virus disease involves supportive care. Barrier and isolation techniques are the best preventive measures for Marburg infections.
Adenovirus infections are common and often have no symptoms. Adenoviruses cause illnesses like bladder infections, diarrhea, pneumonia, bronchitis, pinkeye, colds, encephalitis, sore throat, and meningitis. Signs and symptoms of an adenovirus infection depend on the type of virus causing the infection. Treatment focuses on supportive care. A vaccine against adenovirus type 4 and 7 is available only to U.S. military personnel.
Bocavirus infection is usually only found in those with lower respiratory infections or diarrhea. Symptoms include cyanosis, cough, wheezing, runny nose, vomiting, and fever. There is no treatment that effectively targets the bocavirus strain.
Recreational Water Illnesses (RWI)
Recreational Water Illnesses (RWIs) are caused by germs spread by breathing in mists or aerosols, swimming, or having contact with contaminated water in hot tubs, water parks, water play areas, fountains, lakes, rivers, oceans, and swimming pools. Diarrhea is the most commonly reported recreational water illness. Diarrheal illnesses are caused by germs such as Crypto, Shigella, Norovirus, E. coli, and Giardia. Prevention of water born illnesses is key to avoid infection. Avoid swallowing water and practice good hygiene habits are a must.
The most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, itching, hives, eczema, asthma, lightheadedness, and anaphylaxis. Allergy skin tests, RAST, and ELISA tests may be used to diagnose a food allergy. Though dietary avoidance may be sufficient treatment for mild allergies, the use of an Epipen may be necessary for severe food allergies.
Travelers should prepare for their trip by visiting their physician to get the proper vaccinations and obtain the necessary medication if they have a medical condition or chronic disease. Diseases that travelers may pick up from contaminated water or food, insect or animal bites, or from other people include: malaria, meningococcal meningitis, yellow fever, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, polio, and cholera.
Is Cholera Contagious?
Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae. It's typically transmitted via infected fecal matter. Cholera causes frequent bouts of vomiting and watery diarrhea.
Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis)
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a parasite that causes infection when humans ingest food contaminated with feces from an infected individual. Symptoms include profuse diarrhea, abdominal pain, gas, cramping, and fatigue. A seven-day course of Bactrim or Septra is the standard treatment for cyclosporiasis.
Is the Ebola Virus Contagious?
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a highly contagious disease that is transmitted through direct contact. Ebola's incubation period ranges from two to 21 days, and it's considered contagious for a period of 21 days after successful treatment/hospitalization. Ebola symptoms and signs include headache, fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and hemorrhaging.
Enterovirulent E. coli (EEC)
Enterovirulent Escherichia coli (E. coli) are strains of related bacteria that have a strong propensity to cause gastrointestinal tract infections. Examples of strains include: EHEC (enterohemorrhagic E. coli), ETEC (enterotoxigenic E. coli), EPEC (enteropathogenic E. coli), EIEC (enteroinvasive E. coli), EAEC (enteroadherent E. coli), and EAggEC (enteroaggregative E. coli). Symptoms may vary depending on the strain the individual contracts. Infection is spread generally through contaminated food or drink.
How Do You Get Rid of Diarrhea?
Diarrhea is characterized as loose or runny stools that happen an abnormally high number of times throughout the day. Diarrhea can be linked to autoimmune diseases like Crohn’s or irritable bowel syndrome but is more often a sign of food intolerance (lactose is common), viral infection, food poisoning or other infectious diseases of varying severity.
Local ResourcesFind a local Gastroenterologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Tummy Trouble FAQs
- Celiac Disease Celiac Sprue FAQs
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): 17 Warning Signs of Serious Complications
- Ray Manzarek Dies of Bile Duct Cancer
- E. Coli in New Orleans Flood Waters
- Diarrhea: Moms Uninformed About Rotavirus Illness
- Food Allergies vs. Food Intolerance
- Cyclospora Outbreaks
- E. Coli Outbreaks in Potato Salad and Wading Pool
- Diarrhea: On The Go Diarrhea
- Facts About Thallium Poisoning
- Killer Cold Virus (Adenovirus Strains)
- Is It Salmonella?
- Cholera, a Disease That Keeps Repeating Its History
- Rifaximin (Xifaxan) for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Treatment
- Doctors Answer Digestion Questions
- What Does Bloody Diarrhea in Toddlers Mean?
- Symptoms of MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS-CoV) Virus Infection
- Norovirus Infection: A Cause for Travelers' Concern?
- Listeriosis Incubation Period and Risk Factors
- Celiac Disease Symptoms
- Listeriosis Symptoms, Signs, and Diagnosis
- Ricin Poison Symptoms
- A Doctor's View on Gastroenteritis Diagnosis
- Eating Tapeworms for Weight Loss
- When to Call the Doctor for Fever, Nausea, Diarrhea, Colds, and Coughs
- Abdominal Pain: Questions to Ask Your Doctor
- E. coli Infection Facts
- Cyclospora Outbreak - Berry, Berry, Quite Contrary
- Cryptosporidium Symptoms and Treatment
- Thyroid Storm
- Ask the Experts - Gastroentrology (Digestion)
Medications & Supplements
- Anticholinergic and Antispasmodic Drugs
- Cipro, Cipro XR (ciprofloxacin) Antibiotic Side Effects
- Levaquin (levofloxacin) Antibiotic
- cromolyn - oral, Gastrocrom
- sulfasalazine - oral, Azulfidine
- cholestyramine - oral, Prevalite, Questran
- diphenoxylate/atropine - oral, Lomotil
- alosetron - oral, Lotronex
- loperamide/simethicone chewable tablet - oral, Imodium Advanced
- loperamide/simethicone - oral, Imodium Advanced
- cromolyn liquid - oral, Gastrocrom
- loperamide liquid - oral, Imodium, Imodium A-D
- sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim (Bactrim)
- loperamide - oral, Imodium, Kaopectate 1-D, Maalo
- sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium lactate and calcium (Lactated Ringer's Solution)
- Cox-2 Inhibitors
- clonidine (Catapres, Catapres-TTS)
- colestipol (Colestid)
- octreotide (Sandostatin)
- diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil)
- loperamide (Imodium)
- lactobacillus acidophilus
- folic acid (folate, vitamin B9, FA-8, Folacin, Folic Acid, GNC Folic Acid 400, and many more)
- polyethylene glycol 3350 (Miralax, Glycolax)
- vancomycin, Vancocin
- rifaximin (Xifaxan)
- furazolidone (oral), Furoxone
- atropine (Atreza)
- hyoscyamine sublingual (Levbid, Levsin)
- bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto Bismol, Kaopectate)
- attapulgite (Kaopectate)
- hyoscyamine - oral, Anaspaz, Cystospaz, Donnamar,
- nitazoxanide (Alinia)
- Nitrofurantoin vs. Ciprofloxacin
- witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)-oral
- bulk-forming laxatives - oral
- opium tincture
- nitazoxanide - oral suspension, Alinia
- electrolyte replacement - oral, Equalyte, Pedialyte
- paromomycin - oral, Humatin
- hyoscyamine - disintegrating oral tablet, Nulev
- Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) and Electrolytes
- Levaquin vs. Zosyn
- polycarbophil - oral, Equalactin, Konsyl Fiber
- octreotide acetate (Sandostatin LAR)
- Dificid (fidaxomicin)
- difenoxin/atropine - oral, Motofen
- bilberry fruit (myrtilli fructus) - oral
Prevention & Wellness
- Animal-to-Human Diseases at Fairs and Zoos
- Dirty, Poopy Pools Cause Crypto Rate Spike in 2019
- Kroger Yellowfin Tuna Steaks Linked to Scombroid Poisoning Outbreak: FDA
- More Than 1,000 People Now Sickened by Salmonella from Live Poultry
- Climate Change Hiking Danger of Flesh-Eating Bacteria Infections
- CDC Warns of Drug-Resistant Salmonella in Beef, Cheese
- Disinfectants Can't Stop This Dangerous Hospital Germ
- Health Tip: Diarrhea in Kids
- All Mississippi Coastal Beaches Closed Due to Algae Bloom
- It's Mosquito Season: Here's How to Protect Yourself
- Packaged Vegetables Recalled by Growers Express
- Child Dies From E. Coli After Visit to San Diego County Fair
- Norovirus Fears Stir Recall of Frozen Blackberries
- WinCo Foods Recalls Frozen Raspberries for Norovirus Threat
- Sprouts Supermarkets Recalls Frozen Spinach Due to Listeria Fears
- CDC Warns Again of Salmonella From Pet Hedgehogs
- Health Tip: Understanding Crohn's Disease
- Salmonella Outbreaks Linked to Backyard Poultry: CDC
- Pool Chemicals Harm Thousands Every Summer
- Americans' Dirty Pool Habits Revealed in Survey
- Food Poisoning Cases Rise in U.S.
- Salmonella Outbreak Tied to Pre-Cut Melons Expands to More Than 100 Cases
- E. Coli Outbreak Tied to Ground Beef Expands to 10 States
- Balversa Approved for Advanced Bladder Cancer
- CDC Says Ground Beef Is Source of E. coli Outbreak, Cases Rise to 109
- Still No Source as E. Coli Outbreak Grows to 96 Cases Across 5 States: CDC
- Pet Hedgehogs Still Spreading Salmonella, CDC Warns
- Avocados Recalled by California Company
- Skin Fungi May Be Tied to Bowel Disease
- Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Raw Turkey Products Now at 279 Cases: CDC
- Chronic Wasting Disease Found in Deer in 24 States
- Opioid Addicts Are Overdosing on Diarrhea Drug
- Prepared Foods With Baby Spinach Recalled by Whole Foods Markets
- Snuggling Your Pet Hedgehog May Spread Salmonella, CDC Warns
- Health Tip: Prevent Rotavirus
- Health Tip: Prevent Travelers' Diarrhea
- California Farm Tied to E. coli Outbreak Expands Recall Beyond Romaine Lettuce
- California Farm Implicated in Outbreak of E. coli Tied to Romaine Lettuce
- More Cases in Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Recalled Beef
- More Raw Beef Recalled Due to Salmonella: USDA
- Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Tahini Imported from Israel: FDA
- 246 Sickened in Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Recalled Ground Beef: CDC
- More Raw Turkey Products Recalled
- Hospital Bed Sheets Still Germy Despite Washing
- More Illnesses in Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Gravel Ridge Farms Eggs
- Consumer Reports Says Warnings About Tainted Beef Don't Go Far Enough
- Ground Beef Recalled After E.Coli Outbreak
- Your Puppy Can Make You Very Sick: CDC
- Flooding One of Florence's Big Dangers
- Ground Chuck Products Recalled by Publix Super Markets
- Salmonella Outbreak in 4 States Linked to Kosher Chicken: CDC
- Severe Diarrhea Can Send IBS Patients Over the Edge
- E. Coli Found in Water at Tennessee Ziplining Facility
- 100 Now Sickened by Salmonella-Tainted Honey Smacks Cereal
- Illnesses Linked to Venezuela Crab Meat: FDA
- Yes, You Can Put Too Much Chlorine in a Pool
- Health Tip: Swim Safely in a Pool
- A Nasty Germ That Can Lurk in Favorite Foods
- Severity of E. Coli-Linked Diarrhea May Depend on Blood Type
- Pools, Hot Tubs Can Harbor Dangerous Germs
- Raw Oysters From British Columbia Linked to Norovirus Outbreaks
- Health Tip: Avoid Concentrated Caffeine
- New Mexico Woman Dies of Rare Rodent-Borne Hantavirus
- Cases Rise in E. Coli Outbreak Tied to Romaine Lettuce
- E. Coli Outbreak Hits 7 States, Source Is Unknown
- Health Tip: Coping With Polluted Water
- Health Tip: Treat Diarrhea in Young Babies
- That Ocean Swim May Come With Infection Risks
- Responding to Opioid Crisis, FDA Puts More Restrictions on Imodium
- People Picking Up Infection From Pet Store Puppies' Poop: CDC
- Health Tip: Leading Causes of Food Poisoning
- Before Volcano Buried Pompeii, Toxic Water May Have Plagued Residents
- Harvey's Floodwaters Harbor Many Health Hazards
- How Safe Is Your Drinking Water? Take a Look
- What's Your Real Salmonella Risk?
- Health Tip: Avoid a Sure Way to Ruin Your Vacation
- Mexican Papayas Linked to U.S. Salmonella Outbreak
- Rotavirus Vaccine Cut Kids' Hospitalization, Medical Costs
- Recurring Intestinal Infections on the Rise in U.S.: Study
- Many Parts of the World Lack Soap for Hand-Washing
- The Neighborhood Sandbox: A Breeding Ground for Germs
- Probiotic Supplements Failed to Prevent Babies' Infections
- Is Your Child's 'Penicillin Allergy' Real?
- Scientists Spot Genes Behind Crohn's, Ulcerative Colitis
- 'Good' Donor Bacteria Can Last Long Term in Stool Transplant Patients
- U.S. Hospitals Still Prescribe Too Many Antibiotics: Study
- Birth Control Pills Recalled Due to Danger of Unintended Pregnancy
- Health Tip: Keep Germs Out of Pool Water
- Wild 'Death Cap' Mushroom Seriously Sickens 14 in California
- The Water's Not Fine: U.S. Pool-Linked Infection Doubles in 2 Years
- New Bowel Disorder Treatments Needed, FDA Says
- Health Tip: Recognizing Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance
- Far Fewer Kids Are Dying Worldwide, but Gains Are Uneven
- Study Suggests Heartburn Meds-Superbug Infections Link
- Toothache? Neanderthals Might Have Reached for Aspirin, Too
- Xermelo Approved for Tumor-Related Diarrhea
- Could Fermented Foods Boost Your Health?
- Fecal Transplant Shows Early Promise Against Autism
- Antibiotic Overuse Behind 'Superbug' Outbreak in U.K. Hospitals
- Drug May Be New Weapon Against a 'Superbug'
- 'Red Yeast Rice' Statin Alternative Not Harmless Either, Study Says
- Half Report Severe Side Effects From Breast Cancer Therapy
- Trulance Approved for Chronic Constipation
- Know the Risks, Warning Signs of Ovarian Cancer
- Kids Born to Opioid-Addicted Moms Seem to Fare Poorly in School
- Parents Have Mixed Views on When to Keep Sick Kids Out of School
- Sushi Lovers, Beware: Tapeworm Now Found in U.S. Salmon
- Study Questions 'Fecal Transplant' Treatment for Gut Infection
- Special Diet May Be Boon for Kids With Crohn's, Colitis
- Heartburn Drugs May Raise Risk of Stomach Infections: Study
- Gastro Issues May Be Downside to Weight-Loss Surgery
- Short Course of Antibiotics Not Best for Kids' Ear Infections
- Products With Powdered Milk Recalled Due to Possible Salmonella Contamination
- GNC Pays $2.5 Million to Settle Improper Labeling Investigation
- New Drug Might Reduce Sickle Cell Pain Crises
- A Dirty Little Secret: Hand-Washing Spotty Among Day Care Staffers
- Health Tip: Get the Facts About Antibiotics
- U.S. Death Toll From Infectious Diseases Unchanged: Study
- Drug Stelara May Ease Crohn's Disease
- The Scoop About Healthy Poop
- Study: El Nino Could Boost Lyme Disease in Western U.S.
- Study Identifies Genetic Subtypes of Crohn's Disease
- If Patient in the Hospital Bed Before You Got Antibiotics -- Take Heed
- What's Behind the Gluten-Free Trend?
- Connecticut Toddler Latest U.S. Case of 'Superbug'
- Smoking Linked to Higher Relapse Risk After Surgery for Crohn's
- Health Tip: Learn About Salmonella
- FDA OKs New Injectable Type 2 Diabetes Medication
- What's Lurking in Your Beach's Water?
- Headed to the Pool? Protect Yourself From the Poop
- FAQ: New 'Stomach Pump' Weight Loss Device
- FDA Approves New Weight-Loss Device
- Health Tip: Laxatives Have Side Effects
- Health Tip: Is it Indigestion?
- Clean Pools Can Still Pose Health Hazards
- Stool Transplant Soothes Tough-to-Treat Colitis in Study
- Thousands of Public Pools, Hot Tubs Closed for Dirty Water: CDC
- Health Tip: Watch Medication Use During Pregnancy
- Think You're Allergic to Penicillin? Maybe Not
- Addicts Using Diarrhea Drug Imodium to Get High
- Day Care Babies Catch Stomach Bugs Earlier, But Get Fewer Later
- Norovirus a Costly Bug
- First Treatment Approved for Disease Linked to Stem Cell Transplant
- Study: Fecal Transplants May Help Colitis
- Health Tip: Want to Try Raw Milk?
- Teething Makes Babies Cranky, But Not Sick: Review
- Health Tip: Taking an Antidiarrheal Drug?
- Immunity Genes for E.Coli Found
- New IBS Drug Eases Stomach Pain and Diarrhea for Some: Study
- Fewer Cruises Rocked by Gastro Illness Outbreaks: CDC
- Frozen as Good as Fresh for Fecal Transplant: Study
- Psych Therapies May Have Long-Term Benefits for Irritable Bowel Patients
- The Rise of the Do-It-Yourself Fecal Transplant
- Celery-Onion Blend Is Cause of E.Coli Outbreak Tied to Costco Chicken Salad: CDC
- Ultrasound Might Speed Up Digestive Drug Delivery: Animal Study
- Lonsurf Approved for Advanced Colon Cancer
- Promacta Approval Expanded to Kids With Rare Blood Disorder
- Health Tip: Should I Talk to my Doctor About Gas?
- Beach Sand, Not Water, More Likely to Make You Sick
- Many Doctors Work While Sick, Survey Shows
- Yuck! What's Really in Your Pool?
- Widespread Vaccination Fights Serious Stomach Infection in Kids: CDC
- Germs in Foodborne Illness Gaining Resistance to Antibiotics, CDC Says
- 150 People May Have Had Contact With Lassa Fever Victim: CDC
- New Meds OK'd for Hard-to-Treat IBS With Diarrhea
- Health Tip: Swimming Pools Can Harbor Germs
- Stomach Bug Traced to Swimming in Contaminated Lake Water
- Health Tip: Coping With Diarrhea From Chemo
- Blood Thinner Warfarin May Pose Greater Bleeding Risk for Obese: Study
- 'Cruise Ship' Norovirus Bug Can Spread by Air, Study Finds
- 'Good' Bacteria Might Fight Common Hospital Infection: Study
- Outbreaks of Gut 'Superbug' More Common in Northeast: Study
- Travelers Bringing Drug-Resistant Bacteria to United States
- Steer Clear of Raw Milk, Researchers Warn
- Fecal Transplant Treats Serious, Recurrent Intestinal Infection
- Autism Tied to Higher Risk for Gut Troubles in Children
- When to Keep Kids Home From School
- Cholbam Approved for Rare Metabolic Disorders
- Health Tip: Reduce the Risk of Traveler's Diarrhea
- Pack a Travel First-Aid Kit for the Holidays
- Combination Antibiotic Zerbaxa Approved
- E. Coli Germs Found on Farmers Market Herbs
- Preliminary Studies Target Advanced Breast Cancers
- World War I Soldier Gives New Clues to Fighting Dysentery
- FDA Approves New Vaccine to Protect Against Meningitis
- Airborne Transmission of Ebola Highly Unlikely, Experts Say
- Beware Claims That Activated Charcoal Can Cure Gut Troubles
- Man Treated for Ebola in Atlanta Now 'Free' of the Virus
- Airport Screening in West Africa Will Curb Ebola's Spread: Study
- CDC Tightens Rules on Caring for Ebola Patients
- Ebola or Not? Rapid Test for the Virus Not Here Yet
- Esbriet, Ofev Approved to Treat Deadly Lung Disease
- U.S. Health Officials Resist Ban on Travel From West Africa
- Health Officials Reviewing Ebola Treatment Procedures at Dallas Hospital
- E-Doctors: Virtual Visits Give Patients Options
- Certain Autoimmune Drugs in Pregnancy May Up Newborn Infection Risk: Study
- Preterm Birth, Pneumonia Leading Causes of Death for Children Under 5
- Ebola Outbreak Could Infect 20,000 People, U.N. Says
- Most U.S. Babies Get Their Vaccines: CDC
- Don't Let Kids Drink Pool Water
- Diet Changes Can Alter Gut Bacteria, Study Says
- Your Stomach Bug May Well Be Norovirus
- Scientists Explore How Fecal Transplant Eases Tough Infection
- Health Tip: Preventing the Spread of Norovirus
- Vaccine for Infant Tummy Bug Cuts Hospitalizations: CDC
- Health Tip: Is a Stomachache Serious?
- Food Handlers Cause Most Food-Poisoning Cases
- FDA Approves Antibiotic for Skin Infections
- As Summer Arrives, CDC Offers Pool Chemical Safety Tips
- Gastro Woes More Common in Kids With Autism: Review
- Frozen as Good as Fresh for Fecal Transplants for Diarrhea: Study
- Bowel Illnesses Sometimes Coincide in Kids
- Health Tip: Signs That You've Become Ill on a Trip
- Health Tip: Be a Safe Patient
- Hospital-Related Infections Hit Nearly 650,000 Patients in 2011: CDC
- FDA Advisers: Pill for Ragweed Allergy Safe and Effective
- FDA Panel Considers First Pill for Ragweed Allergy
- Common Infant Vaccine Tied to Slight Rise in Risk for Bowel Complication
- Mekinist Plus Tafinlar Approved for Late-Stage Melanoma
- FDA OKs 2-Drug Combo Treatment for Advanced Melanoma
- Could Stem Cells Cure Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis?
- Big Strides in Battle Against Pediatric AIDS
- FDA Approves New Drug to Treat COPD
- Anoro Ellipta Approved for COPD
- Could a Tiny Worm Help Treat Autism?
- Nexavar Approval Expanded for Common Thyroid Cancer
- Imbruvica Approved for Mantle Cell Lymphoma
- Deadly Brain Illness Discovered in British Family
- Stomach Troubles Common for Kids With Autism, Study Confirms
- Two Questions May Rule Out Strep Throat
- U.S. Malaria Cases Hit 40-Year High
- Breast Milk Bought Online May Contain Harmful Germs: Study
- Shellfish Toxin Spreading to Eastern U.S., Report Says
- Health Tip: If You Get Food Poisoning
- Crohn's and Colitis May Be Tied to Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke
- Poultry Plants Linked to Salmonella Outbreak to Remain Open: USDA
- Antibiotic Resistance Ups Salmonella Hospitalizations: CDC
- 'Cruise Ship Virus' Vaccine a First-Class Idea?
- Poo in a Pill to Treat Gut Infection?
- Too Many Antibiotics Still Prescribed for Sore Throats, Bronchitis: Studies
- Health Tip: Ease Cramps From Irritable Bowel
- Bacterial Infection's Spread Occurs Beyond Health Care Settings: Study
- FDA Airs Plan to Strengthen Rules for Imported Foods
- CDC Sounds Alarm on Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria
- First Generic Version of Xeloda Approved
- Bullied Kids Often Develop Physical Symptoms, Study Says
- Antiviral Drug May Extend Brain Cancer Survival, Researchers Say
- Health Reporter Nearly Killed by Food Poisoning
- Probiotics Not Warranted for Seniors Taking Antibiotics: Study
- 400 Now Sickened in Stomach Bug Outbreak
- Bowel Issues Affect 3 Out of 4 Pregnant Women
- Many Public Pools Contaminated With Human Waste: CDC
- Fecal Transplant Studied for Kids With Bowel Disease
- Antihistamine Meds May Raise Risk for Diarrheal Illness
- Health Tip: How Did I Get Hemorrhoids?
- What Food Made You Sick?
- Constipation Treatments Not Equally Effective: Review
- Vaccinating Kids Against Common Gut Bug Helps Shield Adults Too: Study
- Unneeded Antibiotics May Lead to Diarrheal Illness, Study Finds
- Fulyzaq Approved for Diarrhea in People With HIV/AIDS
- Dishwashing Won't Kill Tummy-Troubling Norovirus: Study
- How Long Should Men's Urinary Infections Be Treated?
- New Drug Regimens May Slow Advanced Breast Cancer
- Health Tip: Make Sure Kids Get Enough Water
- Veggie Burgers Recalled Over Listeria Risk
- Trader Joe's Recalls Frozen Chicken and Rice Dish
- Diabetes Drug Metformin May Fight Cancer
- Cometriq Approved for Rare Thyroid Cancer
- Long-Term Use of Some Antipsychotics Not Warranted in Older Adults: Study
- 'Worm Therapy' Might Help Ease Colitis, Monkey Study Shows
- More Deaths, Illness Linked to Energy Drinks
- New Drug to Lower 'Bad' Cholesterol Shows Promise
- Health Tip: Signs That May Warn of Lactose Intolerance
- Recall: Salmonella in Nesquik Chocolate Powder?
- New Diabetes Drugs Have Different Advantages, Study Says
- New Arthritis Drug Xeljanz Gets FDA Approval
- Proton Beam Therapy Better for Prostate Cancer?
- Crohn's Disease in Children May Start From Bacteria
- Gene Study Yields New Clues to Crohn's Disease, Colitis
- Stimulation Device for Esophagus Might Ease GERD Symptoms
- More Antibiotic Use Tied to Rise in Diarrheal Infections in Hospitals: Study
- Hospital Food Contaminated With Dangerous Diarrhea Bug C. diff
- Colorful Detergent 'Pods' a Danger for Children: CDC
- Blood or Bone Marrow Better for Stem Cell Transplants?
- Is a New Crohn's Disease Treatment on the Horizon?
- Epilepsy Drug Shows Promise as Weight-Loss Aid, Study Says
- Marijuana Extract May Help Ease Muscle Stiffness in MS: Study
- Eyes May Possess Infection-Killing Power: Study
- Stivarga Approved for Advanced Colorectal Cancer
- Peanut Butter Recall Expands
- Many Children With Autism Have Other Health Problems, Study Says
- Trader Joe's Peanut Butter Recalled Nationwide
- Antibiotics May Raise Bowel Disease Risk in Kids
- Kroger Recalls Spinach in 15 States
- FDA Warns Against Use of Diarrhea Drug From El Salvador
- Health Tip: Keep Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Check
- Arsenic Found in Rice at High Levels
- Experimental MS Pill Continues to Show Promise
- FDA to Parents: Don't Give SimplyThick to Infants
- New Antibiotic in the Works for Dangerous C. Diff
- New Drug Might Help Treat Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Tainted Tap Water Sickens 1.1 Million Each Year
- Taking a Shot at Sinking the 'Cruise Ship' Virus
- New Leukemia Drug Bosulif Approved for Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
- FDA OKs Drug for Advanced Prostate Cancer
- More Benefits of Breast Milk Revealed
- Tiny Batteries a Rising Risk for Children
- New IBS Drug Linzess Approved
- Health Tip: If Bowel Control Is a Problem
- New Tick-Borne Disease: 'Heartland Virus'
- Health Tip: If Your Child Develops Food Poisoning
- Zaltrap Approved for Advanced Colorectal Cancer
- Most on Gluten-Free Diet Don't Have Celiac Disease
- Dole Recalls Bagged Salad Because of Listeria Risk
- Health Tip: Signs That May Indicate Ulcerative Colitis
- Effects of High Blood Pressure Drug May Mimic Celiac Disease
- Infant Dies in New E. Coli Outbreak
- Health Tip: Understanding Adult Dehydration
- Health Tip: Warning Signs of Infant Dehydration
- Chagas Disease FAQ
- Salmonella Concerns Prompt Baby Spinach Recall
- Birth Control Pills, HRT Tied to Digestive Ills
- Nationwide Recall of Bagged Salads Expands
- C. diff on Rise in Kids -- and Outside Hospital
- Experimental Drug Helps Fight Some Childhood Cancers, Study Finds
- 'Fish Pedicure' a Recipe for Bacterial Infection, Researchers Warn
- For Dementia Patients, Feeding Tubes May Increase Bed Sores
- Norovirus Outbreak Traced to Reusable Grocery Bag
- Probiotics Reduce Antibiotic Diarrhea
- Health Tip: When Baby Has a Fever
- Afinitor Approval Expanded to Include Benign Kidney Tumors
- Votrient Approved to Treat Cancer That Begins in Soft Tissue
- Levaquin Approved to Treat or Prevent Plague
- Children Usually Excluded From Clinical Drug Trials: Study
- Chemo and Radiation Best for Bladder Cancer, Study Finds
- Tuna Source of 20-State Salmonella Outbreak
- Health Highlights: April 9, 2012
- Health Highlights: April 5, 2012
- U.S. Deaths From Gastro Infections Doubled Over 8 Years: CDC
- Health Tip: Keep Crohn's Under Control
- One Antibiotic Appears to Ease Severe E. Coli Infection
- Clostridium difficile on the Rise: Is Your Doctor To Blame?
- Statin Risks Outweighed by Statin Benefits
- Health Tip: Help Manage IBS Symptoms
- Vitamin D May Ease Painful Periods
- Gluten Sensitivity: Fact or Fad?
- Health Highlights: Feb. 10, 2012
- Health Highlights: Feb. 9, 2012
- Rotavirus Vaccine Not Linked to Risk of Intestinal Disorder
- Health Highlights: Feb. 6, 2012
- Norovirus Causes Most Hospital Infection Outbreaks
- Gleevec Approval Widened to Include Rare Cancer
- New Type of Prostate Cancer Pill Extends Lives
- First Drug to Target Cause of Cystic Fibrosis Approved
- Erivedge Approved to Treat Basal Cell Carcinoma
- Tropical Trip OK for Most With Crohn's, Colitis
- Drug Approved for Advanced Kidney Cancer
- Weekly Shot Gets FDA Nod for Type 2 Diabetes
- More Newborns Suffering Drug Withdrawal at Birth
- New Drug Combo for Hepatitis C Shows Promise
- Drug Duo May Help Fight Aggressive Form of Breast Cancer
- FDA to Weigh Safety of Tobacco Lozenges, Strips
- Climate Tied to Inflammatory Bowel Disease Risk
- As Nations Develop, So May Bowel Disease
- Celiac Disease in Women Linked to Depression Risk
- Some 'Gluten-Free' Beers Really Aren't: Study
- Endometriosis Tied to Higher Risk of Crohn's, Colitis
- Recent E. Coli Outbreak Traced to Lettuce From One Farm: CDC
- Raw Cookie Dough Ready to Bake, Not Ready to Eat
- Progress Made on Vaccine for So-Called ‘Cruise Ship' Virus
- Smucker's Chunky Peanut Butter Recalled
- Erbitux Approval Expanded to Include Head and Neck Cancer
- Are Acid Reflux Drugs Overused?
- Buyer, Beware of Over-the-Counter Thyroid Supplements: Study
- Some Doctors Warming Up to Probiotics
- Very Restricted Diet May Reduce Symptoms of IBS
- Anti-Reflux Drugs, Antibiotics May Raise C. diff Risk
- Southerners May Be Less Likely to Have Crohn's
- Fecal Transplant May Treat Stubborn C. diff
- Science Probes How Probiotic Yogurts Affect Your Gut
- C. diff Infections in Hospitals Are Leveling Off
- Bacteria Are Hard to Avoid in Public Bathrooms
- C. Diff Vaccine Shows Promise
- Health Tip: Does My Pain Mean Endometriosis?
- 2 More Deaths in Listeria/Cantaloupe Outbreak
- Listeria Outbreak Now 2nd Largest in U.S. History
- 21 Deaths From Cantaloupe-Linked Listeria Outbreak: CDC
- 18 Deaths, 100 Cases in Listeria/Cantaloupe Outbreak
- Ground Beef Recalled in 14 States
- Listeria: Are You at Risk?
- Listeria in Cantaloupes: Deadliest Outbreak in a Decade
- Soliris Approval Expanded to Include Rare Blood Disorder
- 8 Dead From Listeria-Contaminated Cantaloupes
- Some Acid Reflux Drugs Linked to C. diff
- C. diff on the Rise Outside the Hospital
- Second Listeriosis Death From Contaminated Cantaloupes
- CDC Warning: Deadly Listeria in Cantaloupe
- More Ground Turkey Recalled Because of Salmonella Risk
- Study: Kids Are Getting Too Many Antibiotics
- Ground Beef Recalled Due to E. coli
- Teething May Not Be Linked to Fever
- Salmonella-Tainted Ground Turkey Outbreak Hits 26 States
- Listeria Forces Recalls of Ready-to-Eat Chicken, Meat
- Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Papaya
- Frogs That Spread Salmonella Are Being Sold Again
- Vegetarian Diet May Prevent Diverticular Disease
- Experimental Drug Bests Chemo in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Study
- Sprouts Linked to Salmonella Outbreak in U.S.
- New Insulin May Treat Dangerously Low Blood Sugar
- Little Insects, Big Allergic Reactions
- Rotavirus Vaccine Linked to Bowel Disorder
- 6 Americans Sickened by Deadly E coli in Germany
- E. coli Outbreak May Be a New Strain
- Experimental Drug May Treat Chronic Constipation
- What Are the Riskiest Food-Bacteria Combos?
- FDA Approves Prostate Cancer Drug Zytiga
- Gastric Bypass May Improve Diabetes Quickly
- Recalled Cucumbers in Your Fridge?
- New C. diff Drug OK'd by FDA Panel
- 27 Tons of Turkey Burgers Recalled
- FDA Approves New Melanoma Treatment Yervoy
- Gleevec Gets High Marks for Leukemia Treatment
- Bulking Agent May Help Fecal Incontinence
- School Band Instruments Are Bacterial Hot Spots
- Nuclear Meltdown in Japan: Radiation Risk?
- Ground Beef Recalled in 10 States
- New Lupus Treatment Benlysta: FAQ
- Celiac, Crohn's Disease Share Common Genetic Links
- 2 Weeks of Antibiotic Therapy Relieves IBS
- 1 in 6 Americans Gets Food-borne Illness
- E. coli Linked to Heart, Kidney Disease
- Ear Infections: Antibiotics Often Not Needed
- Egg Recall: Frequently Asked Questions
- Salmonella Outbreaks Spur Nationwide Egg Recall
- Tainted Pet Food Linked to Rare Salmonella Infection
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome in the Brain
- Kellogg's Cereal Recall Due to Odd Smell
- Frozen Meals Linked to Salmonella Outbreak
- Pill Shrinks Some Lung Cancers
- Are Hospitals Doing Enough to Fight C. diff?
- FDA: Rotavirus Vaccines Safe Despite Pig Virus
- Infections, Fractures Linked to Acid Reflux Drugs
- Romaine Lettuce Recalled Over E. coli
- IBD May Raise Risk of Pancreatic Cancer
- Day Care Dilemma: When to Send Sick Kids Home
- Fibromyalgia Gets Worse During Menstruation
- C. diff Infection Rate May Overtake MRSA
- Salmonella Risk Prompts Wider Food Recall
- Salmonella Found in Crushed Red Pepper
- Lactose Intolerance: Too Little Is Known
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