The major goal in treating diabetes is controlling elevated blood sugar without causing abnormally low levels of blood sugar. Type 1 diabetes is treated with:
- and a diabetic diet.
Type 2 diabetes is first treated with:
- weight reduction,
- a diabetic diet,
- and exercise.
When these measures fail to control the elevated blood sugar, oral medications are used. If oral medications are still insufficient, insulin medications are considered.Read more: Diabetes Treatment: Medication, Diet, and Insulin Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
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Related Disease Conditions
Normal Blood Sugar Levels (Ranges) In Adults with Diabetes
People with diabetes can manage and prevent low or high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia) by keeping a log of your blood sugar levels when you are eating and fasting and eat foods that are high in carbohydrates and sugar, for example, buttered potatoes, candy, sugary desserts, and fatty foods. Blood tests, for example, the hemoglobin A1c test (A1c test) and urinalysis can diagnose the type of diabetes the person has. Diabetes during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes, should be managed by you and your OB/GYN or another healthcare professional. Extremely high levels of blood glucose in the blood can be dangerous and life threatening if you have type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes. If you or someone that you are with has extremely high blood glucose levels, call 911 or go to your nearest Urgent Care or Emergency Department immediately. To prevent and manage high blood glucose levels in people with diabetes keep a log of your blood sugar levels, eat foods that are high in carbohydrates sugar, for example, buttered potatoes, candy, sugary deserts, and fatty foods that you can share with your doctor and other healthcare professionals.
Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plan
A type 2 diabetes diet or a type 2 diabetic diet is important for blood sugar (glucose) control in people with diabetes to prevent complications of diabetes. There are a variety of type 2 diabetes diet eating plans such as the Mediterranean diet, Paleo diet, ADA Diabetes Diet, and vegetarian diets.Learn about low and high glycemic index foods, what foods to eat, and what foods to avoid if you have type 2 diabetes.
Staph Infection (Staphylococcus Aureus)
Staphylococcus or staph is a group of bacteria that can cause a multitude of diseases. Staph infections can cause illness directly by infection or indirectly by the toxins they produce. Symptoms and signs of a staph infection include redness, swelling, pain, and drainage of pus. Minor skin infections are treated with an antibiotic ointment, while more serious infections are treated with intravenous antibiotics.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2)
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 (insulin dependent) and type 2 (non-insulin dependent). Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type.
Indigestion (Dyspepsia, Upset Stomach Pain)
Indigestion (dyspepsia) can be caused by diseases or conditions that involve the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and also by some diseases and conditions that do not involve the GI tract. Indigestion can be a chronic condition in which the symptoms fluctuate in frequency and intensity. Signs and symptoms that accompany indigestion include pain in the chest, upper abdominal pain, belching, nausea, bloating, abdominal distention, feeling full after eating only a small portion of food, and rarely, vomiting.
Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)
Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. There are other diseases that can cause a person's blood sugar levels to go too low, for example, pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, and pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and signs that your blood sugar levels are too low include palpitations, trembling, intense hunger, sweating, nervousness, and weakness. If your blood sugars become too low, use these nearby as a quick treatment table sugar, soda, juice, and glucose tablets.
Blood Clots (in the Leg)
Blood clots can occur in the venous and arterial vascular system. Blood clots can form in the heart, legs, arteries, veins, bladder, urinary tract and uterus. Risk factors for causes of blood clots include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, and family history. Symptoms of a blood clot depend on the location of the clot. Some blood clots are a medical emergency. Blood clots are treated depending upon the cause of the clot. Blood clots can be prevented by lowering the risk factors for developing blood clots.
High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia)
Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar is a serious health problem for diabetics. There are two types of hyperglycemia, 1) fasting, and 2)postprandial or after meal hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia can also lead to ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS). There are a variety of causes of hyperglycemia in people with diabetes. Symptoms of high blood sugar may include increased thirst, headaches, blurred vision, and frequent urination.Treatment can be achieved through lifestyle changes or medications changes. Carefully monitoring blood glucose levels is key to prevention.
Diabetes Symptoms in Men
Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which a person's blood sugar (blood glucose) is either too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia) due to problems with insulin regulation in the body. There are two main types of diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs during childhood, while type 2 diabetes usually occurs during adulthood, however, rates of both types of diabetes in children, adolescents, and teens is increasing. More men than women have diabetes in the US, and the disease can affect men differently than women.Warning symptoms of diabetes that men have and women do not include low testosterone (low-t), sexual problems, impotence (erectile dysfunction), decreased interest in sex, and retrograde ejaculation. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms and signs that are the same in men and women include skin infections, numbness or tingling in the feet or hands, nausea, excessive thirst or hunger, fatigue, irritability, blurred vision, weight gain, weight loss, urinary tract infections (URIs), and kidney problems. Treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin, and treatment for type 2 diabetes are lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, getting exercise daily, and if necessary, diabetes medications.
Dizziness is a symptom that often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of dizziness include low blood pressure, heart problems, anemia, dehydration, and other medical conditions. Treatment of dizziness depends on the cause.
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Swollen Ankles and Swollen Feet
Swollen ankles and swollen feet is a symptom of an underlying disease or condition such as edema, medications, pregnancy, injuries, diseases, infections, lymphedema, or blood clots.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a ballooning or widening of the main artery (the aorta) as it courses down through the abdomen. Most abdominal aortic aneurysms produce no symptoms. Treatment may include observation or surgical repair.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that may be reversible with diet and lifestyle changes. Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, and an unusual odor to your urine. Most people don't know they have type 2 diabetes until they have a routine blood test. Treatment options include medications, a type 2 diabetes diet, and other lifestyle changes.
Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of encephalopathy is an altered mental state. Other symptoms include: lethargy, dementia, seizures, tremors, and coma. Treatment of encephalopathy depends on the type of encephalopathy (anoxia, diabetic, Hashimoto's, hepatic, hyper - hypotensive, infectious, metabolic, infections, uremic, or Wernicke's) are examples of types of encephalopathy.
Gestational Diabetes (Diabetes during Pregnancy))
Learning how to avoid gestational diabetes is possible and maintaining a healthy weight and diet before and during pregnancy can help. Discover risk factors, tests and treatments for, and signs and symptoms of gestational diabetes.
Insulin Resistance (Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Reversal))
Insulin resistance is the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into muscle and other tissues. There are no signs or symptoms of insulin resistance. Causes of insulin can include conditions such as stress, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and steroid use. Some of the risk factors for insulin resistance include fatty liver, heart disease, strokes, peripheral vascular disease, high cholesterol, and smoking. Treatment for insulin resistance are lifestyle changes and if necessary, medication.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and brain. While there are many causes of peripheral vascular disease, doctors commonly use the term peripheral vascular disease to refer to peripheral artery disease (peripheral arterial disease, PAD), a condition that develops when the arteries that supply blood to the internal organs, arms, and legs become completely or partially blocked as a result of atherosclerosis. Peripheral artery disease symptoms include intermittent leg pain while walking, leg pain at rest, numbness in the legs or feet, and poor wound healing in the legs or feet. Treatment for peripheral artery disease include lifestyle measures, medication, angioplasty, and surgery.
Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness, weakness, burning pain (especially at night), and loss of reflexes. Possible causes may include carpel tunnel syndrome, shingles, vitamin or nutritional deficiencies, and illnesses like diabetes, syphilis, AIDS, and kidney failure. Peripheral neuropathy is diagnosed with exams and tests. Treatment for the condition depends on the cause. Usually, the prognosis for peripheral neuropathy is good if the cause can be successfully treated or prevented.
Type 1 vs. Type 2 Diabetes: Differences
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic condition in which a person's blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high. Over 29.1 million children and adults in the US have diabetes. Of that, 8.1 million people have diabetes and don't even know it. Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent, juvenile) is caused by a problem with insulin production by the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) is caused by: Eating a lot of foods and drinking beverages with simple carbohydrates (pizza, white breads, pastas, cereals, pastries, etc.) and simple sugars (donuts, candy, etc.) Consuming too many products with artificial sweeteners (We found out that they are bad for us!) Lack of activity Exercise Stress Genetics While the signs and symptoms of both types of diabetes are the same, which include: Increased urination Increased hunger Increased thirst Unexplained weight loss. However, the treatments are different. Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent, which means a person with this type of diabetes requires treatment with insulin. People with type 2 diabetes require medication, lifestyle changes like eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise.
Diabetes Symptoms in Women
Diabetes symptoms in women include vaginal itching, pain, or discharge, loss if interest or pain after having sex, polycystic ovarian syndrome (POS), and urinary tract infections or UTIs (which are more common in women. Symptoms of diabetes that are the same in women and men are excessive thirst and hunger, bad breath, and skin infections, darkening of skin in areas of body creases (acanthosis nigricans), breath odor that is fruity, sweet, or acetone, and tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, blurred vision, fatigue, tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, wounds that heal slowly, irritability, and weight loss or gain. Complications of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the same, for example, skin, eye, and circulation problems, low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), ketoacidosis, and amputation. If diabetes is not managed a person may not survive.
Prediabetes is a situation where a person's blood sugar levels are higher than they should be, but aren't high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. There are no signs or symptoms of prediabetes. Some of the risk factors for prediabetes are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, smoking, family history, poor diet, and lack of activity. Diet changes along with other healthy lifestyle changes are important in treating prediabetes.
Radiculopathy, a condition in which a nerve or nerves along the spine are compressed causing pain, numbness, weakenss, and tingling along the nerve(s). Some causes of radiculopathy include bone spurs, disc hernation, osteoarthritis, tumors, infection, and neuropathy. There are many types of radiculopathy, including cervical radiculopathy, lumbar radiculopathy, and thoracic radiculopathy. Treatment depends on the are of nerve compression. Surgery is generally not required.
Orthostatic hypotension symptoms include: LightheadednessWeaknessBlurred vision Syncope or passing out Causes of orthostatic hypotension include: Dehydration, Anemia, Medication Blood loss Low blood pressure Heat related illnesses Parkinson's disease Diabetes Treatment of orthostatic hypotension depends on the underlying cause.
Fatty Liver (NASH)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or NASH occurs due to the accumulation of abnormal amounts of fat within the liver. Fatty liver most likely caused by obesity and diabetes. Symptoms of fatty liver disease are primarily the complications of cirrhosis of the liver; and may include mental changes, liver cancer, the accumulation of fluid in the body (ascites, edema), and gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatment for fatty liver includes avoiding certain foods and alcohol. Exercise, weight loss, bariatric surgery, and liver transplantation are treatments for fatty liver disease.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Complications)
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a complication of type 1 diabetes that is life threatening. If a person thinks they may have diabetic ketoacidosis they should seek medical care immediately. Diabetic ketoacidosis happens when a person's insulin levels in the blood become dangerously low. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include dehydration, abdominal pain, confusion, and nausea and vomiting. Diabetic ketoacidosis needs medical treatment. It cannot be treated at home.
Snoring is caused by the vibrations of the soft tissues at the back of the nose and throat while a person sleeps. There are many causes of snoring like being pregnant, allergies, asthma, colds, the flu, excess alcohol, some medications, smoking, and sleep position. Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition that causes snoring and can be serious. Treatments to reduce or stop snoring include lifestyle changes, home remedies, antisnoring devices and aids, medical treatments, and at times, surgery.
Type 1 Diabetes (Symptoms, Causes, Diet, Treatment, Life Expectancy)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (juvenile) is an auto-immune disease with no known cause at this time, although there are a few risk factors. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include frequent urination, unintentional weight loss, dry and itchy skin, vision problems, wounds that heal slowly, and excessive thirst. Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed with blood tests. A healthy lifestyle and controlling blood glucose levels can improve life expectancy.
Esophageal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the esophagus. Risk factors of cancer of the esophagus include smoking, heavy alcohol use, Barrett's esophagus, being male and being over age 60. Severe weight loss, vomiting, hoarseness, coughing up blood, painful swallowing, and pain in the throat or back are symptoms. Treatment depends upon the size, location and staging of the cancer and the health of the patient.
How to Prevent Diabetes Naturally
Prediabetes is a condition in which a person has early symptoms of diabetes, but has not yet fully developed the condition. If prediabetes is not treated with lifestyle changes, the person could develop type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes and prediabetes can be prevented with lifestyle changes, for example, eating a healthy diet, getting more exercise, reducing stress, quitting smoking, reducing or managing blood pressure and cholesterol, and managing any other health conditions or risk factors that you may have for developing type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes Foot Problems
Diabetes related foot problems can affect your health with two problems: diabetic neuropathy, where diabetes affects the nerves, and peripheral vascular disease, where diabetes affects the flow of blood. Common foot problems for people with diabetes include athlete's foot, fungal infection of nails, calluses, corns, blisters, bunions, dry skin, foot ulcers, hammertoes, ingrown toenails, and plantar warts.
Diabetic Neuropathy (Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment)
Diabetic neuropathy a condition in which nerve damage has occurred as a complication of diabetes. The pain from the nerve damage can be severe with tingling or numbness in the part of the body affected. Diabetic neuropathy can occur anywhere in the body. Diabetic neuropathy can cause symptoms like intense pain, numbness, burning, or tingling in the part of the body affected by the condition. There are four types of neuropathy include peripheral, autonomic, proximal and focal. Natural therapies and medications may help relieve the pain and other symptoms of diabetic neuropathy.
Miscarriage is the medical term for the spontaneous loss of pregnancy from conception to 20 weeks gestation. Risk factors for a woman having a miscarriage include cigarette smoking, older maternal age, radiation exposure, previous miscarriage, maternal weight, illicit drug use, use of NSAIDs, and trauma or anatomical abnormalities to the uterus. There are five classified types of miscarriage: 1) threatened abortion; 2) incomplete abortion; 3) complete abortion; 4) missed abortion; and (5 septic abortion. While there are no specific treatments to stop a miscarriage, a woman's doctor may advise avoiding certain activities, bed rest, etc. If a woman believes she has had a miscarriage, she needs to seek prompt medical attention.
Eye Problems and Diabetes
Diabetes and eye problems are generally caused by high blood sugar levels over an extended period of time. Types of eye problems in a person with diabetes include glaucoma, cataracts, and retinopathy. Examples of symptoms include blurred vision, headaches, eye aches, pain, halos around lights, loss of vision, watering eyes. Treatment for eye problems in people with diabetes depend on the type of eye problem. Prevention of eye problems include reducing blood pressure, cholesterol levels, quitting smoking, and maintaining proper blood glucose levels.
Bowel Incontinence (Fecal Incontinence)
Bowel or fecal incontinence refers to the loss of voluntary control of stool, or bowel movements. The condition can include partial incontinence, in which a person loses only a small amount of liquid waste, to complete incontinence, in which the entire bowel movement cannot be controlled. Diet changes and elimination of certain medications can help patients to regain bowel control. Treatment involves a combination of medication, biofeedback, and exercise.
Sex, Urinary, and Bladder Problems of Diabetes
Having diabetes can mean early onset and increased severity of bladder symptoms (urinary incontinence and urinary tract infections) and changes in sexual function. Men may have erectile dysfunction; and women may have problems with sexual response and vaginal lubrication. Keep your diabetes under control, and you can lower your risk of sexual and urologic problems.
A diabetic diet, or diabetes diet helps keep blood glucose levels in the target range for patients. Exercise and medication may also help stabilize blood glucose levels. Keeping track of when you take your diabetic medicine, keeping track of food choices, eating the proper amount of fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates, and fats will also help maintain proper blood glucose levels.
Renal Artery Stenosis
Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing of the diameter of the renal arteries. When the renal arteries narrow, the result is restricted blood flow to the kidneys, which may lead to impaired kidney function and high blood pressure (referred to as renovascular hypertension (RVHT). Renal artery stenosis can occur in one or both kidneys. The primary cause of renal artery stenosis is atherosclerosis. Symptoms of renal artery stenosis include high blood pressure that does not respond to treatment and severe high blood pressure in individuals younger than 30 or greater than 50 years of age. Renal artery stenosis is diagnosed with imaging and functional tests. Treatment for renal artery stenosis include medication or surgery.
Types of Diabetes Type 2 Medications
Type 2 diabetes oral medications are prescribed to treat type 2 diabetes in conjuction with lifestyle changes like diet and exercise. There are nine classes of drugs approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Examples of type 2 oral diabetes medications include acarbose (Precose), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL), and metformin (Glucophage). Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, dosage, and breastfeeding and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.
The main features of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol abnormalities, and an increased risk for clotting. Patients are most often overweight or obese. Lifestyle modification such as the Mediterranean diet, exercise, and quitting smoking are the preferred treatment of metabolic syndrome.
Enjoying a satisfying sex life as we age is important to both physical and mental health. As we age, diseases and conditions may pose challenges in our sexual health, and sexual experiences. Learn how to manage your conditions and still have a gratifying sex life as you age.
Diabetes and Kidney Disease
In the United States diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure. High blood pressure and high levels of blood glucose increase the risk that a person with diabetes will eventually progress to kidney failure. Kidney disease in people with diabetes develops over the course of many years. albumin and eGFR are two key markers for kidney disease in people with diabetes. Controlling high blood pressure, blood pressure medications, a moderate protein diet, and compliant management of blood glucose can slow the progression of kidney disease. For those patients who's kidneys eventually fail, dialysis or kidney transplantation is the only option.
Stiff-Person syndrome is a neurological disorder associated with features of an autoimmune disease. Signs and symptoms of Stiff-Person syndrome include a heightened sensitivity to stimuli (noise, touch, emotional distress) and fluctuating muscle rigidity of the trunk and limbs. Conditions associated with Stiff-Person syndrome include thyroiditis, vitiligo, pernicious anemia, and diabetes. Treatment for Stiff-Person syndrome is generally medication to control symptoms.
Tips for Managing Type 1 and 2 Diabetes at Home
Managing your diabetes is a full time commitment. The goal of diabetic therapy is to control blood glucose levels and prevent the complications of diabetes. Information about exercise, diet, and medication will help you manage your diabetes better. Blood glucose reagent strips, blood glucose meters, urine glucose tests, tests for urinary ketones, continuous glucose sensors, and Hemoglobin A1C testing information will enable you to mange your diabetes at home successfully.
Prader-Willi syndrome is a condition characterized by severe floppiness (hypotonia), poor growth, delayed development, and poor feeding problems in early infancy later followed in infancy by excessive eating that may lead to extreme obesity. The genitals in both females and males are underdeveloped and most are infertile. Prader-Willi syndrome is related to chromosome 15.
Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks
Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these indviduals at risk include: those with asthma, COPD, heart disease, liver or kidney disease, HIV, AIDs, elderly, women who are pregnant, and children under the age of two. Contact your physician if you have the flu immediately so that you receive the proper care to prevent serious complications.
Glycemic Index: How to Determine High vs Low-Glycemic Foods
The glycemic index (GI) is a numeric value assigned to foods based on how slowly or quickly they can increase your blood glucose levels. It is a rating system for carbohydrate-containing foods. Foods having a low GI are the ones that tend to release glucose slowly and steadily. By contrast, foods that fall high on the GI scale release glucose rapidly.
Disease Prevention in Men
Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in your own health care and discuss screening tests with your doctor early in life. Age of screening and timing of screening depends upon the condition being assessed. Diseases men should take steps to prevent include high blood pressure (hypertension), hypercholesterolemia, type II diabetes mellitus, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), colon cancer and colon polyps, prostate cancer, glaucoma, melanoma and other skin cancer, and bladder cancer.
What Are the Early Signs of Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by increased blood sugar (glucose) level. Type 2 Diabetes is caused by either insufficient insulin secretion or resistance to that hormone’s action. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and helps process the glucose in the blood. Thus, with inadequate insulin, the bodies can’t burn all the blood sugar for energy in an efficient way. This means the glucose level in the blood rises, causing a variety of symptoms and when severe may even lead to death.
Diabetes: Caring for Your Diabetes at Special Times
Taking care of a disease such as diabetes is a life-long process. Learn how to care for yourself or loved one with diabetes in situations such as illness, work, school, travel, or a natural disaster.
Local ResourcesFind a local Endocrinologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Hemoglobin A1c Test (HbA1c, A1c, Hb1c)
- Triglycerides (Tests and Lowering Your Triglyceride Levels)
- Glucose Tolerance Test
- Homocysteine (Normal and Elevated Levels Blood Test)
- Diabetes Urine Tests
- What Is Transmetatarsal Amputation?
- Does My Toe Need Amputation?
- What Is a Guillotine Ankle Amputation?
- Insulin Pump for Diabetes
- When Are Wrist and Forearm Amputations Performed?
- Islet Cell Transplantation
- Food Portion Distortion FAQs
- Diet & Nutrition FAQs
- Superfoods FAQs
- Sugar FAQs
- Fat and Fats FAQs
- Diabetes FAQs
- Salt FAQs
- Protein FAQs
- Type 2 Diabetes FAQs
- Type 1 Diabetes FAQs
- Avandia - Is It a Heart Risk?
- 11 Diabetes Diet Tips for the Holidays
- Herbs: Toxicities and Drug Interactions
- Diabetic Ketoacidosis Symptoms
- Prediabetes Symptoms and Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Corticosteroids (Systemic, Oral, Injections, Types)
- ACE Inhibitors (Side Effects, List of Names, Uses, and Dosage)
- lisinopril (Zestril, Prinivil, Qbrelis) ACE Inhibitor
- Jardiance (empagliflozin)
- Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
- Metformin vs. Januvia
- metformin (Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Glumetza, Fortamet, Riomet)
- SGLT2 Inhibitors (Sodium-Glucose Co-Transporter 2)
- Types of Insulin Medications for Diabetes
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- Lipitor (atorvastatin)
- Metformin vs. Insulin
- Insulin for Diabetes Treatment (Types, Side Effects, and Preparations)
- Celexa vs. Cymbalta (Comparison of Differences and Similarities)
- Saxenda (liraglutide injection)
- losartan (Cozaar)
- Metformin (Glucophage) vs. Glipizide (Glucotrol)
- Actos (pioglitazone)
- glucose (Insta-Glucose, Dex4 & others)
- glucagon recombinant (GlucaGen)
- exenatide (Byetta)
- ramipril (Altace)
- How Long Does Insulin Last After Injection?
- Metformin vs. Lantus
- Precose (acarbose)
- What Is Intravenous Insulin Therapy?
- enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned)
- benazepril (Lotensin HTC)
- dapagliflozin, Farxiga
- repaglinide (Prandin)
- sitagliptin (Januvia)
- Victoza (liraglutide)
- Amaryl (glimepiride)
- metformin and sitagliptin (Janumet)
- Starlix (nateglinide)
- canagliflozin (Invokana)
- Trulicity (dulaglutide)
- Jardiance Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Qsymia (phentermine and topiramate extended-release )
- pramlintide (Symlin)
- glipizide and metformin
- How Do You Give Intravenous Insulin Therapy?
- quinapril (Accupril)
- omega-3-acid ethyl esters (Lovaza)
- fosinopril sodium, Monopril
- insulin glargine (Lantus)
- glipizide (Glipizide XL, Glucotrol)
- Glucovance (glyburide/metformin)
- Tradjenta (linagliptin)
- rosiglitazone (Avandia)
- Side Effects of Januvia (sitagliptin)
- Side Effects of Tradjenta (linagliptin)
- chlorpropamide, Diabinese
- Types of Diabetes Type I And II Medications
- miglitol, Glyset
- Victoza (liraglutide) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Adlyxin (lixisenatide)
- Xiaflex (collagenase clostridium histolyticum)
- Bydureon Bcise (exenatide)
- blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria, Spirulina)
- Avandamet (rosiglitazone/metformin)
- Side Effects of Janumet (metformin and sitagliptin)
- Side Effects of Farxiga (dapagliflozin)
- Side Effects of Xultophy (insulin degludec and liraglutide injection)
- tolazamide (Tolinase brand has been discontinued.)
- Baqsimi (glucagon)
- Actoplus MET
- Janumet XR
- Glucotrol XL
- Glynase Prestab
- Humulin R
- Humulin N
- Novolin R
Prevention & Wellness
- Diabetes, Cholesterol Drug Combo Could Be Toxic
- Common Diabetes Meds Linked to Serious Complication Risk
- Continuous Glucose Monitors Help With Type 1 Diabetes at Any Age
- Cost of Type 1 Diabetes: $2,500 a Year With Insurance
- Patch Pump Device Could Offer Cheaper Insulin Delivery
- Doctors Describe First Drone Delivery of Diabetes Meds to Patient
- New Tool Helps Muslims With Diabetes Manage Blood Sugar During Ramadan Fast
- Price Hikes Have Patients Turning to Craigslist for Insulin, Asthma Inhalers
- Medtronic MiniMed 600 Series Insulin Pumps Recalled
- Drug Duo Speeds Regeneration of Key Cells Lost in Diabetes
- Medicaid Expansion Meant More Poor in 'Diabetes Belt' Got Insurance
- FDA Not Recommending Recalls of Diabetes Drug
- Medicare Could Save Billions If Allowed to Negotiate Insulin Prices
- Big Advances Made Against Diabetes in 2019
- FDA Authorizes Marketing of Automated Insulin Dosing Controller
- Changing Timing, Frequency of Meals May Help With Diabetes
- As Diabetes Costs Soar, Many Turn to Black Market for Help
- FDA Testing Levels of Carcinogen in Diabetes Drug Metformin
- Taking Several Prescription Drugs May Trigger Serious Side Effects
- Health Tip: Thanksgiving and Your Heart Health
- Diabetes Technology Often Priced Out of Reach
- Why Are Insulin Prices Still So High for U.S. Patients?
- High-Tech Pacifier Might Monitor Baby's Blood Sugar
- You've Lost the Weight -- Now Keep It Off to Keep Diabetes at Bay
- Just a Little Weight Loss Can Put Diabetes Into Remission
- Older Diabetics May Be Getting Too Much Insulin
- FDA OKs New Pill for Type 2 Diabetes
- Keeping Blood Sugar Steady Helps You Live Longer With Diabetes
- Diabetes Control Has Stalled Across U.S.
- Fish Oil Not a Magic Pill Against Diabetes
- Study Finds Diabetes, Heart Failure a Dangerous Duo
- Keto Diet May Help Control Type 2 Diabetes
- Health Tip: Living With Hypoglycemia
- FDA Approves First Needle-Free 'Rescue' Drug for Low Blood Sugar Episodes
- Plant-Based Diet Helps Keep Diabetes at Bay
- Can You Live Well With Type 1 Diabetes for 81 Years? Just Ask Don Ray
- Easing Depression Can Bring Longer Life to People With Diabetes
- FDA Approves Victoza Injection for Children 10 Years and Older
- What and How You Eat Affects Your Odds for Type 2 Diabetes
- Tight Diabetes Control Alone May Not Benefit the Heart Long-Term
- New Gene Variants for Type 2 Diabetes Found
- Half-Price Version of Humalog Insulin Now Available
- Newer Diabetes Drugs Linked to 'Flesh-Eating' Genital Infection
- Newer Diabetes Drug Shows Promise in Kids, Teens
- Could Diabetes Drug Metformin Help Keep People Slim?
- No 'One-Size-Fits-All' Diet for Diabetics, Expert Panel Says
- Common Diabetes Drug May Also Shield Kidneys, Heart
- High Insulin Costs Come Under Fire on Capitol Hill
- Type 1 Diabetics Often Unaware of Low Blood Sugar Episodes
- First Steps After a Diabetes Diagnosis
- Eli Lilly to Sell Cheaper Version of Insulin Drug
- Coping With Diabetes Is a Family Affair
- AHA News: Diabetes Remains Dangerous Despite Modern Medicine
- Walnuts, Almonds Help the Hearts of Those With Type 2 Diabetes
- Continuous Glucose Monitors Make Managing Diabetes Easier
- High-Tech Capsule Could One Day Replace Insulin Injections
- White House Plan to Disclose Drug Prices May Not Drive Down Costs: Study
- Eating Before Bedtime Won't Send Blood Sugar Levels Soaring
- Insulin Price More Than Doubles in U.S.
- Experimental Drug Could Be New Option for Type 2 Diabetes
- FDA Panel Splits Vote on New Diabetes Drug
- Study Examines Link Between Type 1 Diabetes, Broken Bones
- Type 2 Diabetes Before 40 Tied to Mental Illness Hospitalizations
- Common Heart, Diabetes Meds May Help Ease Mental Illness
- Study Eases Concern That Common Diabetes Med Might Harm Bones
- Some Diabetes Drugs Linked to Higher Heart Risks
- Does Diabetes Damage Brain Health?
- Health Tip: Manage Diabetes During the Holidays
- High Cost Has Over 1 in 4 Diabetics Cutting Back on Insulin
- Sugary Drinks: A Big Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
- Doctor Not Available for Diabetes Care? Nurse Practitioners Do Just as Well
- Diabetes Drug Might Also Ease Heart Failure Risks
- Marijuana Use Tied to Serious Diabetes Complication
- For Diabetics, Going Vegan May Boost Mood Along With Health
- Diabetes Drug Might Help Shield the Heart From Smog's Ill Effects
- Storing Insulin in Home Fridges May Lower Effectiveness
- Can Intermittent Fasting Help Reverse Type 2 Diabetes?
- Type 2 Diabetes Tied to Raised Risk of Tumors, Cancer Deaths
- Common Diabetes Meds May Raise Odds for Amputation
- Want to Avoid Type 2 Diabetes? Eat More Whole Grains
- Early Onset Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Heart Disease, Shorter Life
- Just 2 Weeks' Inactivity Can Trigger Diabetes in at-Risk Seniors: Study
- Access to Diabetes Drugs Improved Under Affordable Care Act: Study
- A 3-Pronged Plan to Cut Type 2 Diabetes Risk
- Insurance Gaps Costly for Those With Type 1 Diabetes
- Will the Future Be Needle-Free for Diabetics?
- Artificial Pancreas Helps Hospitalized Type 2 Diabetics
- Aggressive Treatment Doesn't Slow Type 2 Diabetes in Children: Study
- TB Vaccine Linked to Better Type 1 Diabetes Control
- Stigma Adds to Burden of Type 1 Diabetes
- Low-Carb Diet May Benefit People With Type 1 Diabetes: Study
- Using Diet to Stave Off Diabetes
- Can Type 2 Diabetes Lead to Irregular Periods for Teen Girls?
- Add Muscle Weakness as Another Cost of Type 1 Diabetes
- For Hard-to-Manage Type 1 Diabetes, Transplant Makes Life Better
- Health Tip: Using Diabetes Equipment
- Primary Care Doctors Loosen Type 2 Diabetes Goals
- Health Tip: If You're Diabetic and Vegetarian
- Big Strides Made in Diabetes Care
- Ozempic Approved for Type 2 Diabetes
- Diabetes Pill Might Replace Injection to Control Blood Sugar
- New Diabetes Treatment Teaches Rogue Immune Cells to Behave
- Nevada Bill Aims to Limit Insulin Costs
- Language Barrier May Keep Some Hispanics From Good Diabetes Care
- Metformin Still Best as First Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
- Some Want a Federal Investigation as Insulin Prices Rise
- Intensive Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Can Extend Survival: Study
- Intensive Blood Sugar Control May Be Too Much for Some With Type 2 Diabetes
- Metformin Safer for Heart Than Other Common Type 2 Diabetes Drugs: Study
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Help Control Type 2 Diabetes in Long Run
- Artificial Pancreas to Get Long-Term 'Real-Life' Trial
- Promise From a New Weight-Loss Drug
- Are Seniors With Diabetes Overtreated?
- More Children in the U.S. Are Getting Type 1 Diabetes
- Painkiller Tramadol Linked to Low Blood Sugar
- Weight-Loss Surgery Has Low Complication Rates, Study Finds
- Type 1 Diabetes Increasing Among White American Kids
- Metformin Beats Other Type 2 Diabetes Drugs for First Treatment: Study
- Early Study Points to Diabetes Drug Controlled by Light
- Stem Cell Success Raises Hopes of Type 1 Diabetes Cure
- Impotence Drug Might Counter Common Gene Mutation in Type 2 Diabetes: Study
- Study Compares Insulin Regimens for Type 1 Diabetes
- Combo Diabetes Therapy Outperforms Other Treatments, Study Finds
- Gut Cells May Be Coaxed to Make Insulin for People With Type 1 Diabetes
- Diabetes Drug May Spur Weight Loss in Obese Nondiabetics
- Keep the Holidays Merry for Kids With Diabetes
- Could Dietary Tweaks Ease Type 1 Diabetes?
- Pain Reliever Lowers Blood Sugar in Type 2 Diabetics, Study Says
- Low Blood Sugar May Raise Dementia Risk in Diabetics: Study
- FDA Mulls Lifting Tight Safety Limits on Diabetes Drug Avandia
- 'Nano' Medicine Might Someday Free Diabetics From Daily Needles
- Hormone Shows Potential as Diabetes Treatment in Mice
- Health Tip: Dieticians Can Help Diabetics
- Three New Drugs Approved for Type 2 Diabetes
- Obese Women With Diabetes May Need Different Workouts Than Men
- For Texas Man, Bariatric Surgery Led to Diabetes-Free Life
- Weight-Loss Surgery Is New Diabetes Foe
- New Diabetes Guidelines May Lower Patient Medical Bills
- Airport Security X-Rays May Damage Diabetes Devices
- Popular Diabetes Meds Put to the Test
- Diabetes Patients Should Have More Voice in Treatment: Experts
- New Devices Improve Diabetes Control
- Half of Heart Patients Make Medication Errors
- Bariatric Surgery May Help Diabetic Kidney Disease
- Many People With Type 1 Diabetes Missing Treatment Goals: Study
- Oxygen Therapy Slows Type 1 Diabetes in Mice, Study Says
- Treating Gum Disease May Help Diabetics Avoid Complications
- Type 1 Diabetes Treatment Disappoints in Trial
- Lifestyle Counseling Helps Diabetes Patients Control Blood Sugar
- CDC: Big Drop in Diabetes Amputations
- Diabetes Medications May Double as Weight Loss Drugs
- Report Looks at Best Diets, Easiest to Follow
- New FDA Guidelines for Testing Artificial Pancreas
- Most Drug-Related Hospitalizations Due to Handful of Drugs
- New Type 1 Diabetes Genes Found
- Nuts Good for Some With Diabetes
- New Clues to Low-Calorie Diets and Longer Life
- Gastric Bypass May Improve Diabetes Quickly
- 'Mini-Strokes' May Increase Risk of Heart Attack
- Diabetes Drug Actos May Also Help Prediabetes
- Unhealthy Diet Raises Heart Risk of Obese Teens
- Blood Test May Predict Risk of Diabetes
- New Insight on Weight Gain After Prostate Cancer Therapy
- Diabetes Raises Depression Risk
- New Technique May Help Diagnose Asthma, COPD
- Apple-Shaped Obesity, Other Forms Equally Risky, Study Finds
- West Virginia Most Obese State, Colorado Least
- Coffee May Lower Stroke Risk
- 384,000 J&J Animas Insulin Pump Cartridges Recalled
- Survey Reveals the Nation's Happiest States
- New Alternative to BMI for Measuring Body Fat
- Diabetes Risks Go Beyond Heart Attacks, Strokes
- Charlie Sheen Substance Abuse: FAQ
- What's the Best Test for Children's Diabetes?
- Breastfeeding by Diabetic Moms Cuts Babies' Obesity Risk
- Fatty Liver May Be Linked to Diabetes Risk
- Higher Vitamin D Intake Could Cut Cancer Risk
- Americans Worry About Getting Alzheimer's
- Where Do the Most Active People Live?
- New Guidelines on Women's Heart Risk
- Wireless Sensor Monitors Heart Failure Patients
- Salty Diet Linked to Stroke Risk
- Many in U.S. Get Unneeded Heart Screening Tests
- Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Memory Loss
- Stroke History of Moms Predicts Risk for Daughters
- Artificial Pancreas Could Help Pregnant Diabetic Women
- Obesity Rates Weigh Down Cities' Budgets
- Celiac, Crohn's Disease Share Common Genetic Links
- CDC: 26 Million Americans Have Diabetes
- Weight Lifters Turning to Human Growth Hormone
- Flu Is Widespread in 11 States
- Healthy Hearts in Mediterranean Lands? Maybe Not
- Sitting for Too Long Is Bad for Your Health
- Mediterranean Diet May Keep Aging Mind Sharp
- Study: Newer Antipsychotic Drugs Are Overused
- Team Treatment Helps Depression, Chronic Disease
- Recall of Defective Glucose Test Strips
- Psoriasis, Heart Disease, and Diabetes: What's the Link?
- Good Cholesterol May Lower Risk of Alzheimer's Disease
- Experts: Exercise Crucial for Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
- Heart Attack Risk Quickly Follows RA Diagnosis
- Healthy Lifestyle May Help Prevent Stroke
- New Links Seen Between Depression and Diabetes
- Bad Economy, Bad Health?
- Low Grades in U.S. for Eating Fruits and Veggies
- Arthritis Drugs Linked to Lower Odds of Alzheimer's
- Obese Teens at Risk for Severe Adult Obesity
- Many With Heart Attack Symptoms Delay Care
- Child's Waist Size Indicates Future Health Risks
- Proposed Nutrition Labels May Exclude Sugar
- New Genes Linked to Obesity, Belly Fat
- Exercise Fights Breast Cancer
- Exercise Helps You Sleep
- FDA Panel Is Split on Ban of Diet Drug Meridia
- Vitamin D May Improve Asthma Control
- Some Dieters Are Set Up to Regain Weight
- Hormone in Hair May Reveal Heart Risk
- Weight Loss Pill Meridia Raises Heart Attack, Stroke Risks
- Diabetes Has an Impact on Sex Life
- Breastfeeding May Lower Moms' Diabetes Risk
- Type 2 Diabetes May Have Link to Alzheimer's
- Green Leafy Veggies May Cut Diabetes Risk
- Wine May Cut Decline in Thinking Skills
- Pro Golfer Phil Mickelson Treated for Psoriatic Arthritis
- Big Waist Increases Death Risk
- Resveratrol May Slow Aging in Humans
- Too Much Pregnancy Weight Gain Raises Child's Obesity Risk
- More Evidence Links Fractures to Diabetes Drugs
- Diet Drug Lorcaserin Safe, Effective, Study Finds
- FDA Panel Splits Over Avandia Ban
- New Insurance Rules: Free Preventive Health Care
- Vitamins D and E May Affect Dementia Risk
- Obese Kids Have More Reflux Disease
- Deadly Cancer Risk Linked to Cell Age
- Blood Pressure and Diabetes: How Low Should You Go?
- Might You Live to 100? Gene Test Tells
- Obesity Rate Swells in 28 States
- New Type of Diabetes Drug Drops Weight With Blood Sugar
- Obesity After Age 50 Raises Diabetes Risk
- How Red Wine Helps the Heart
- Low Vitamin D Linked to Poor Diabetes Control
- Walk Your Dog to Unleash Better Health
- Exercise May Boost Men's Sexual Prowess
- New Aspirin Guidelines for Diabetes Patients
- Cut Back on Sodas to Lower Blood Pressure
- ED a Red Flag for Heart Attack, Strokes
- New Clues to Stubborn Urinary Tract Infections
- Processed Meat Linked to Heart, Diabetes Risks
- Breastfeeding Cuts Fever Risk After Vaccines
- Concerns Raised About Drugstore Genetic Test
- Air Pollution Increases Heart Attack, Stroke Risk
- iPods, Texting at 100: How Centenarians Stay Hip
- Diabetes Nerve Pain May Worsen at Night
- Weight Loss Pill Also Lowers Blood Pressure
- High Doses of Vitamin D May Cut Pregnancy Risks
- Prehypertension, Prediabetes Predict Heart Risk
- $1,000 Personal Genome Coming: Are We Ready?
- Drug Reverses Diabetes-Related Vision Loss
- Is Drinking Wine a Key to Antiaging?
- Many in U.S. Have at Least 1 Heart Risk Factor
- Higher Vitamin D, Better Golden Years?
- Bret Michaels' Condition: How Serious Is It?
- Cost Concerns Delay Heart Attack Care
- Disabilities Sidelining Middle-Age Adults
- Baby Boomers May Outlive Their Kids
- Sleep Apnea Increases Stroke Risk
- Should Healthy People Take Statins?
- Cancer Linked to Other Chronic Illnesses
- Overactive Thyroid May Raise Early Stroke Risk
- Breastfeeding Rates Vary by Race, Region
- FDA OKs Insulin Pump Plus Glucose Monitor System
- ED, Heart Disease May Be Deadly Duo
- Salsalate May Help Treat Type 2 Diabetes
- Cardiac Catheterizations: Too Many Performed?
- A1c Test Identifies Diabetes, Heart Risk
- U.S. Has Racial Gap in Stroke Rate
- Heart Warning Signs in Obese 3-Year-Olds
- Gestational Diabetes Underdiagnosed
- Belly Fat Is Culprit in Stroke Gender Gap
- Strokes Are Increasing Among Young
- Single Men Have Higher Risk of Stroke
- Early Pregnancy Weight Gain Ups Diabetes Risk
- BPA Not Linked to Ill Effects in 2 Studies
- Survey: Asthma Control Still Poor
- Life Expectancy Up, but So Is Poor Health
- New Way to Predict Women's Heart Risk